## About

98

Publications

10,434

Reads

**How we measure 'reads'**

A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more

1,966

Citations

Citations since 2017

## Publications

Publications (98)

In this work, we consider a novel model for a binary mixture of inert gases. The model, which preserves the structure of the original Boltzmann equations, combines integro-differential collision operators with BGK relaxation terms in each kinetic equation: the first involving only collisions among particles of the same species, while the second one...

In the present work, we first introduce a general framework for modelling complex multiscale fluids and then focus on the derivation and analysis of a new hybrid continuum-kinetic model. In particular, we combine conservation of mass and momentum for an isentropic macroscopic model with a kinetic representation of the microscopic behavior. After in...

Nonlinear Fokker-Planck equations play a major role in modeling large systems of interacting particles with a proved effectiveness in describing real world phenomena ranging from classical fields such as fluids and plasma to social and biological dynamics. Their mathematical formulation has often to face with physical forces having a significant ra...

We introduce and discuss a system of one-dimensional kinetic equations describing the influence of higher education in the social stratification of a multi-agent society. The system is obtained by coupling a model for knowledge formation with a kinetic description of the social climbing in which the parameters characterizing the elementary interact...

We propose a novel Structure-Preserving Discontinuous Galerkin (SPDG) operator that recovers at the discrete level the algebraic property related to the divergence of the curl of a vector field, which is typically referred to as div-curl problem. A staggered Cartesian grid is adopted in 3D, where the vector field is naturally defined at the corners...

The spread of COVID-19 has been thwarted in most countries through non-pharmaceutical interventions. In particular, the most effective measures in this direction have been the stay-at-home and closure strategies of businesses and schools. However, population-wide lockdowns are far from being optimal, carrying heavy economic consequences. Therefore,...

In the present work, we first introduce a general framework for modelling complex multiscale fluids and then focus on the derivation and analysis of a new hybrid continuum-kinetic model. In particular, we combine conservation of mass and momentum for an isentropic macroscopic model with a kinetic representation of the microscopic behaviour. After i...

In this survey we report some recent results in the mathematical modelling of epidemic phenomena through the use of kinetic equations. We initially consider models of interaction between agents in which social characteristics play a key role in the spread of an epidemic, such as the age of individuals, the number of social contacts, and their econo...

In this paper, we derive second order hydrodynamic traffic models from kinetic-controlled equations for driver-assist vehicles. At the vehicle level we take into account two main control strategies synthesising the action of adaptive cruise controls and cooperative adaptive cruise controls. The resulting macroscopic dynamics fulfil the anisotropy c...

In this work, we present a family of time and space high order finite volume schemes for the solution of the full Boltzmann equation. The velocity space is approximated by using a discrete ordinate approach while the collisional integral is approximated by spectral methods. The space reconstruction is implemented by integrating the distribution fun...

Deterministic solutions of the Boltzmann equation represent a real challenge due to the enormous computational effort which is required to produce such simulations and often stochastic methods such as Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) are used instead due to their lower computational cost. In this work, we show that combining different technolog...

We introduce and discuss a system of one-dimensional kinetic equations describing the influence of higher education in the social stratification of a multi-agent society. The system is obtained by coupling a model for knowledge formation with a kinetic description of the social climbing in which the parameters characterizing the elementary interact...

In this survey we report some recent results in the mathematical modeling of epidemic phenomena through the use of kinetic equations. We initially consider models of interaction between agents in which social characteristics play a key role in the spread of an epidemic, such as the age of individuals, the number of social contacts, and their econom...

In this work, using a detailed dataset furnished by National Health Authorities concerning the Province of Pavia (Lombardy, Italy), we propose to determine the essential features of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in terms of contact dynamics. Our contribution is devoted to provide a possible planning of the needs of medical infrastructures in the Pa...

In this paper we introduce a space-dependent multiscale model to describe the spatial spread of an infectious disease under uncertain data with particular interest in simulating the onset of the COVID-19 epidemic in Italy. While virus transmission is ruled by a SEIAR type compartmental model, within our approach the population is given by a sum of...

The spread of COVID-19 has been thwarted in most countries through non-pharmaceutical interventions. In particular, the most effective measures in this direction have been the stay-at-home and closure strategies of businesses and schools. However, population-wide lockdowns are far from being optimal carrying heavy economic consequences. Therefore,...

Deterministic solutions of the Boltzmann equation represent a real challenge due to the enormous computational effort which is required to produce such simulations and often stochastic methods such as Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) are used instead due to their lower computational cost. In this work, we show that combining different technolog...

We introduce a mathematical description of the impact of the number of daily contacts in the spread of infectious diseases by integrating an epidemiological dynamics with a kinetic modeling of population-based contacts. The kinetic description leads to study the evolution over time of Boltzmann-type equations describing the number densities of soci...

In this paper, we propose a novel space-dependent multiscale model for the spread of infectious diseases in a two-dimensional spatial context on realistic geographical scenarios. The model couples a system of kinetic transport equations describing a population of commuters moving on a large scale (extra-urban) with a system of diffusion equations c...

In this paper we introduce a space-dependent multiscale model to describe the spatial spread of an infectious disease under uncertain data with particular interest in simulating the onset of the COVID-19 epidemic in Italy. While virus transmission is ruled by a SEIAR type compartmental model, within our approach the population is given by a sum of...

In this work, we present a family of time and space high order finite volume schemes for the solution of the full Boltzmann equation. The velocity space is approximated by using a discrete ordinate approach while the collisional integral is solved by spectral methods. The space reconstruction is realized by integrating the distribution function, de...

In this work, using a detailed dataset furnished by National Health Authorities concerning the Province of Pavia (Lombardy, Italy), we propose to determine the essential features of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in term of contact dynamics. Our contribution is devoted to provide a possible planning of the needs of medical infrastructures in the Pav...

In the numerical simulation of fluid dynamic problems there are situations in which acoustic waves are very fast compared to the average velocity of the fluid and conversely situations in which the fluid moves at high speed and shock waves may be present. Ideally, a numerical method should be able to treat these different regimes without strong lim...

In this paper, we derive second order hydrodynamic traffic models from kinetic-controlled equations for driver-assist vehicles. At the vehicle level we take into account two main control strategies synthesising the action of adaptive cruise controls and cooperative adaptive cruise controls. The resulting macroscopic dynamics fulfil the anisotropy c...

In this work we propose a novel space-dependent multiscale model for the spread of infectious diseases in a two-dimensional spatial context on realistic geographical scenarios. The model couples a system of kinetic transport equations describing a population of commuters moving on a large scale (extra-urban) with a system of diffusion equations cha...

In this paper, we present a conservative semi-Lagrangian scheme designed for the numerical solution of 3D hydrostatic free surface flows involving sediment transport on unstructured Voronoi meshes. A high-order reconstruction procedure is employed for obtaining a piecewise polynomial representation of the velocity field and sediment concentration w...

We introduce a class of one-dimensional linear kinetic equations of Boltzmann and Fokker–Planck type, describing the dynamics of individuals of a multi-agent society questing for high status in the social hierarchy. At the Boltzmann level, the microscopic variation of the status of agents around a universal desired target, is built up introducing a...

We introduce a mathematical description of the impact of sociality in the spread of infectious diseases by integrating an epidemiological dynamics with a kinetic modeling of population-based contacts. The kinetic description leads to study the evolution over time of Boltzmann-type equations describing the number densities of social contacts of susc...

We develop a mathematical framework to study the economic impact of infectious diseases by integrating epidemiological dynamics with a kinetic model of wealth exchange. The multiagent description leads to the study of the evolution over time of a system of kinetic equations for the wealth densities of susceptible, infectious, and recovered individu...

In this work, a family of high order accurate Central Weighted ENO (CWENO) finite volume schemes for the solution of nonlinear kinetic equation of relaxation type is presented. After discretization of the velocity space by using a discrete ordinate approach, the space reconstruction is realized by integration over conformal arbitrary shaped closed...

We introduce a class of one-dimensional linear kinetic equations of Boltzmann and Fokker--Planck type, describing the dynamics of individuals of a multi-agent society questing for high status in the social hierarchy. At the Boltzmann level, the microscopic variation of the status of agents around a universal desired target, is built up introducing...

We develop a mathematical framework to study the economic impact of infectious diseases by integrating epidemiological dynamics with a kinetic model of wealth exchange. The multi-agent description leads to study the evolution over time of a system of kinetic equations for the wealth densities of susceptible, infectious and recovered individuals, wh...

This article deals with the development of a numerical method for the compressible Euler system valid for all Mach numbers: from extremely low to high regimes. In classical fluid dynamic problems, one faces both situations in which the flow is subsonic, and consequently acoustic waves are very fast compared to the velocity of the fluid, and situati...

We study the derivation of second order macroscopic traffic models from kinetic descriptions. In particular, we recover the celebrated Aw-Rascle model as the hydrodynamic limit of an Enskog-type kinetic equation out of a precise characterisation of the microscopic binary interactions among the vehicles. Unlike other derivations available in the lit...

The development of efficient numerical methods for kinetic equations with stochastic parameters is a challenge due to the high dimensionality of the problem. Recently we introduced a multiscale control variate strategy which is capable to accelerate considerably the slow convergence of standard Monte Carlo methods for uncertainty quantification. He...

In most countries, alcohol consumption distributions have been shown to possess universal features. Their unimodal right-skewed shape is usually modeled in terms of the Lognormal distribution, which is easy to fit, test, and modify. However, empirical distributions often deviate considerably from the Lognormal model, and both Gamma and Weibull dist...

We study the derivation of second order macroscopic traffic models from kinetic descriptions. In particular, we recover the celebrated Aw-Rascle model as the hydrodynamic limit of an Enskog-type kinetic equation out of a precise characterisation of the microscopic binary interactions among the vehicles. Unlike other derivations available in the lit...

We study the derivation of second order macroscopic traffic models from kinetic descriptions. In particular, we recover the celebrated Aw-Rascle model as the hydrodynamic limit of an Enskog-type kinetic equation out of a precise characterisation of the microscopic binary interactions among the vehicles. Unlike other derivations available in the lit...

In this work, we develop a new class of numerical schemes for collisional kinetic equations in the diffusive regime. The first step consists in reformulating the problem by decomposing the solution in the time evolution of an equilibrium state plus a perturbation. Then, the scheme combines a Monte Carlo solver for the perturbation with an Eulerian...

We consider the development of high order space and time numerical methods based on Implicit-Explicit (IMEX) multistep time integrators for hyperbolic systems with relaxation. More specifically, we consider hyperbolic balance laws in which the convection and the source term may have very different time and space scales. As a consequence the nature...

Kinetic equations play a major rule in modeling large systems of interacting particles. Uncertainties may be due to various reasons, like lack of knowledge on the microscopic interaction details or incomplete informations at the boundaries. These uncertainties, however, contribute to the curse of dimensionality and the development of efficient nume...

In most countries, alcohol consumption distributions have been shown to possess universal features. Their unimodal right-skewed shape is usually modeled in terms of the Lognormal distribution, which is easy to fit, test, and modify. However, empirical distributions often deviate considerably from the Lognormal model, and both Gamma and Weibull dist...

We introduce an extension of the fast semi-Lagrangian scheme developed in J Comput Phys 255:680–698 (2013) in an effort to increase the spatial accuracy of the method. The basic idea of this extension is to modify the first-order accurate transport step of the original semi-Lagrangian scheme to allow for a general piecewise polynomial reconstructio...

The development of efficient numerical methods for kinetic equations with stochastic parameters is a challenge due to the high dimensionality of the problem. Recently we introduced a multiscale control variate strategy which is capable to accelerate considerably the slow convergence of standard Monte Carlo methods for uncertainty quantification. He...

Kinetic equations play a major rule in modeling large systems of interacting particles. Uncertainties may be due to various reasons, like lack of knowledge on the microscopic interaction details or incomplete informations at the boundaries. These uncertainties, however, contribute to the curse of dimensionality and the development of efficient nume...

In this work, we consider the development of implicit explicit total variation diminishing (TVD) methods (also termed SSP: strong stability preserving) for the compressible isentropic Euler system in the low Mach number regime. The scheme proposed is asymptotically stable with a CFL condition independent from the Mach number and it degenerates in t...

We develop a new Monte Carlo method that solves hyperbolic transport equations with stiff terms, characterized by a (small) scaling parameter. In particular, we focus on systems which lead to a reduced problem of parabolic type in the limit when the scaling parameter tends to zero. Classical Monte Carlo methods suffer of severe time step limitation...

Kinetic equations play a major rule in modeling large systems of interacting particles. Recently the legacy of classical kinetic theory found novel applications in socio-economic and life sciences, where processes characterized by large groups of agents exhibit spontaneous emergence of social structures. Well-known examples are the formation of clu...

This paper investigates cell proliferation dynamics in small tumor cell aggregates using an individual-based model (IBM). The simulation model is designed to study the morphology of the cell population and of the cell lineages as well as the impact of the orientation of the division plane on this morphology. Our IBM model is based on the hypothesis...

In this work, we introduce a new class of numerical schemes for rarefied gas dynamic problems described by collisional kinetic equations. The idea consists in reformulating the problem using a micro-macro decomposition and successively in solving the microscopic part by using asymptotic preserving Monte Carlo methods. We consider two types of decom...

In this work, we discuss the generalization of the hybrid Monte Carlo schemes proposed in [1, 2] to the challenging case of the Boltzmann equation. The proposed schemes are designed in such a way that the number of particles used to describe the solution decreases when the solution approaches the equilibrium state and consequently the statistical e...

In this paper we deal with the extension of the Fast Kinetic Scheme (FKS) [J. Comput. Phys., Vol. 255, 2013, pp 680-698] originally constructed for solving the BGK equation, to the more challenging case of the Boltzmann equation. The scheme combines a robust and fast method for treating the transport part based on an innovative Lagrangian technique...

This article deals with the discretization of the compressible Euler system for all Mach numbers regimes. For highly subsonic flows, since acoustic waves are very fast compared to the velocity of the fluid, the gas can be considered as incompressible. From the numerical point of view, when the Mach number tends to zero, the classical Godunov type s...

In this paper, we are interested in studying self-alignment mechanisms described as jump processes. In the dynamics proposed, active particles are moving at a constant speed and align with their neighbors at random times following a Poisson process. This dynamics can be viewed as an asynchronous version of the so-called Vicsek model. Starting from...

In this paper we genealize the fast semi-Lagrangian scheme developed in [J. Comput. Phys., Vol. 255, 2013, pp 680-698] to the case of high order reconstructions of the distribution function. The original first order accurate semi-Lagrangian scheme is supplemented with polynomial reconstructions of the distribution function and of the collisional op...

We consider the development of high order asymptotic-preserving linear multistep methods for kinetic equations and related problems. The methods are first developed for BGK-like kinetic models and then extended to the case of the full Boltzmann equation. The behavior of the schemes in the Navier-Stokes regime is also studied and compatibility condi...

In this paper we consider the extension of the method developed in Dimarco and Loubère (2013) [22] and [23] with the aim of facing the numerical resolution of multi-scale problems arising in rarefied gas dynamics. The scope of this work is to consider situations in which the whole domain does not demand the use of a kinetic model everywhere. This i...

In this paper we demonstrate the capability of the fast semi-Lagrangian scheme developed in [20] and [21] to deal with parallel architectures. First, we will present the behaviors of such scheme on a classical architecture using OpenMP and then on GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) architecture using CUDA. The goal is to prove that this new scheme is w...

In this work we present an efficient strategy to deal with plasma physics simulations in which localized departures from thermodynamical equilibrium are present. The method is based on the introduction of intermediate regions which allows smooth transitions between kinetic and fluid zones. In this paper we extend Domain Decomposition techniques, ob...

In this survey we consider the development and the mathematical analysis of numerical methods for kinetic partial differential equations. Kinetic equations represent a way of describing the time evolution of a system consisting of a large number of particles. Due to the high number of dimensions and their intrinsic physical properties, the construc...

We study a system of self-propelled particles which interact with their
neighbors via alignment and repulsion. The particle velocities result from
self-propulsion and repulsion by close neighbors. The direction of
self-propulsion is continuously aligned to that of the neighbors, up to some
noise. A continuum model is derived starting from a mean-fi...

In the present work, we extend a novel numerical algorithm which was constructed for the solution of gas dynamics problems (Degond et al., J. Comput. Phys. 209:665–694, 2005; Degond et al., J. Comput. Phys. 227:1176–1208, 2007) to build a domain decomposition method for the solution of the Vlasov–Poisson equation in combination with the Euler–Poiss...

The main concern of this paper is to derive numerical schemes for the solution of kinetic equations with diffusive scaling which works efficiently for a wide range of the scaling parameter ε. We will concentrate on the simple Goldstain-Taylor model from kinetic theory and propose a resolution method based on the reformulation first introduced in [8...

We consider the development of accurate and efficient numerical methods for the solution of the Vlasov–Landau equation describing a collisional plasma. The methods combine a Lagrangian approach for the Vlasov solver with a fast spectral method for the solution of the Landau operator. To this goal, new modified spectral methods for the Landau integr...

This paper deals with the development and the analysis of asymptotic stable and consistent schemes in the joint quasi-neutral and fluid limits of the collisional Vlasov Poisson system. In these limits, the classical explicit schemes suffer from time step restrictions due to the small plasma period and Knudsen number. To solve this problem, we propo...

We consider an Individual-Based Model for self-rotating particles interacting
through local alignment and investigate its macroscopic limit. This model
describes self-propelled particles moving in the plane and trying to
synchronize their rotation motion with their neighbors. It combines the
Kuramoto model of synchronization and the Vicsek model of...

In this paper we develop a class of Implicit-Explicit Runge-Kutta schemes for
solving the multi-scale semiconductor Boltzmann equation. The relevant scale
which characterizes this kind of problems is the diffusive scaling. This means
that, in the limit of zero mean free path, the system is governed by a
drift-diffusion equation. Our aim is to devel...

We discuss Implicit-Explicit (IMEX) Runge Kutta methods which are
particularly adapted to stiff kinetic equations of Boltzmann type. We consider
both the case of easy invertible collision operators and the challenging case
of Boltzmann collision operators. We give sufficient conditions in order that
such methods are asymptotic preserving and asympt...

In a recent paper we presented a new ultra efficient numerical method for
solving kinetic equations of the Boltzmann type (G. Dimarco, R. Loubere,
Towards an ultra efficient kinetic scheme. Part I: basics on the 689 BGK
equation, J. Comp. Phys., (2013), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcp.2012.10.058).
The key idea, on which the method relies, is to so...

In this work we propose a generalization of the Moment Guided Monte Carlo
method developed in [11]. This approach permits to reduce the variance of the
particle methods through a matching with a set of suitable macroscopic moment
equations. In order to guarantee that the moment equations provide the correct
solutions, they are coupled to the kineti...

In this paper we present a new ultra efficient numerical method for solving
kinetic equations. In this preliminary work, we present the scheme in the case
of the BGK relaxation operator. The scheme, being based on a splitting
technique between transport and collision, can be easily extended to other
collisional operators as the Boltzmann collision...

We introduce a class of exponential Runge-Kutta integration methods for kinetic equations. The methods are based on a decomposition of the collision operator into an equilibrium and a non equilibrium part and are exact for relaxation operators of BGK type. For Boltzmann type kinetic equations they work uniformly for a wide range of relaxation times...

In this work we consider the development of a new family of hybrid numerical methods for computing the time evolution of charged particles described by kinetic equations. In particular, we focus on problems in which the multiscale nature of the solutions makes the traditional approaches ineffective. The basic idea consists of coupling the macroscop...