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Gholamreza Heydari

Gholamreza Heydari
Tobacco prevention and control research center · Reseach

Doctor of Philosophy by research

About

59
Publications
5,254
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Introduction
I am director of Tobacco Prevention & Control Research Center based in Tehran, chairman of monthly tobacco control journal in Iran and the senior associate editor of tobacco regulatory science journal (TRSJ). I am conducting several studies on tobacco control and smoking cessation in the EM region. The latest one was the first report of implementation of WHO FCTC article 5.3 and tobacco industry interference (TII) index based on the standard questionnaire.
Additional affiliations
January 1998 - October 2015
Tobacco prevention and control research center
Position
  • Managing Director

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Background: Few studies have shown that smokers are more likely than nonsmokers to contract COVID-19, while others report that smokers are underrepresented among those requiring hospital treatment for this illness. This study was designed and implemented for investigating the severity and outcome of COVID-19 based on underlying smoking status. Ma...
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To determine the concentration of benzene series (BTEX) compounds, 33 samples were collected from indoor air of Ghalyan cafés (GHC), cigarette cafés (CC) and smoking-free cafés (SFC) in Bushehr city, Iran, and analyzed using gas-chromatography - flame ionization detector (GC-FID). The results of this study indicated that the mean±SD values of ΣBTEX...
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To determine the concentration of particulate matters (PM2.5 and PM10), 36 samples were collected from indoor/outdoor air of hookah cafés (HS), cigarette cafés (CS), both hookah and cigarette (HCS), and no-smoking building (NS) in Tehran City from December 2017 to March 2018. The mean ± SD of PM10 concentration in the indoor air of the cafés in ter...
Article
BACKGROUND: In 2015, it was estimated that the burden of disease in Iran comprised of 19 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), 74% of which were due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The observed leading causes of death were cardiovascular diseases (41.9%), neoplasms (14.9%), and road traffic injuries (7.4%). Even so, the health resear...
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Background In 2015, it was estimated that the burden of disease in Iran comprised of 19 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), 74% of which were due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The observed leading causes of death were cardiovascular diseases (41.9%), neoplasms (14.9%), and road traffic injuries (7.4%). Even so, the health researc...
Article
Background Iran and Iraq are the two main target markets for tobacco smuggling in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Tow cigarette pack survey in Tehran, were done in 2009 and 2015 which were showed that illicit cigarettes used rate were 20.9% and 15.4% respectively. We designed this study to update trends in the illicit cigarette trade in Tehran....
Article
Introduction The World Health Organization (WHO) introduced a package to parties including six main policies (MPOWER) to control tobacco use. Our objective was to perform a quantitative analysis of MPOWER in countries and regions to make challenges between parties. Methods: This cross-sectional study collected information using pages 136 to 149 of...
Article
Introduction Tobacco smoking is very common in drug abusers and here is a challenge to accept that smoking cessation can be added to treatment for it. The aim of this study was to present efficacy of merging smoking cessation with drug abuse treatment nationally. Methods This was a cross sectional study of merging quit smoking intervention with be...
Article
Background A report of the MPOWER activities of countries worldwide is published once every two years by the WHO. Our objective was to perform a quantitative analysis of WHO report on tobacco control program in countries and regions to make a simple view of global tobacco control programs and to find best parties on it. Methods This was a cross-se...
Article
Background Dual use of tobacco products such as cigarettes and water pipe may be associated with increased risk of nicotine dependence and smoking-related complications. Accurate statistics are not available in this regard in Iran. Thus, this study sought to assess the prevalence of dual cigarette/water pipe smoking and its related factors in Iran....
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This study was conducted to quantify the implementation of the MPOWER policies and to assess any possible changes across Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMcountries. In this comparative cross-sectional study based on 10 categories mentioned in MPOWER report 2015 a checklist was designed. Seven questions were scored from 0-4 and three from 0-3. The 22...
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Background Providing smoking cessation services are special importance to tobacco control programs. To date, Champix is a new expensive medication for smoking cessation available nationally. Champix has both agonist and antagonist activities and can reduce nicotine dependence and withdrawal symptoms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the du...
Article
Abstract SETTING: Smoking is reported to be associated with tuberculosis (TB), but its effect on sputum smear conversion remains a matter for discussion. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of smoking and smoking cessation on treatment outcomes in patients newly diagnosed with TB in Iran. DESIGN: Newly diagnosed smear-positive TB patients were incl...
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Background Tuberculosis (TB) and tobacco use are two major alarming global health issues that tend to be co-prevalent in many developing countries and various surveys have provided evidence on their entangled associations. Accordingly, it is strongly suggested that smoking cessation be incorporated in TB control programs. Therefore, we aimed to eva...
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Background: The association between pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and tobacco smoke has been verified by most studies on the subject; figures from different countries for the prevalence of smoking among PTB patients vary. Objective: To assess the prevalence of and factors associated with smoking among TB patients in Iran. Design: In this cross-...
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Background: The epidemic of smoking is a great concern of health systems. Moreover, the number of smokers is increasing worldwide and this has led to an escalating trend of morbidity, mortality, and burden of smoking-related diseases. Therefore, monitoring the implementation of tobacco control laws in different countries is of extreme importance....
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Background: Several studies have shown that smoking, as a modifiable risk factor, can affect tuberculosis (TB) in different aspects such as enhancing development of TB infection, activation of latent TB and its related mortality. Since willingness to quit smoking is a critical stage, which may lead to quit attempts, being aware of smokers' intenti...
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Background Concurrent use of tobacco products such as cigarettes and water pipes may be associated with increased risk of nicotine dependence and smoking-related complications. Accurate statistics are not available regarding the prevalence of water pipe use or concurrent use of cigarettes and water pipe in the Iranian population. Thus, this study s...
Article
Background: The harmful effects of smoking on the postsurgical wound healing disturbances have been widely investigated across various surgical procedures. These effects after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery have been less explored. We aimed to investigate the association of smoking and the wound healing problems in post-CABG patients....
Article
Introduction: Smoking is the most preventable cause of disease and death in the world .increasing taxes on tobacco product is one of the best known methods for reducing smoking in the community. Aim: Evaluation of Iranian general population attitudes towards tobacco taxes and proposed ways for allocating it. Methodology: This cross-sectional study...
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Background: Children and adolescent smoking is one of the most important health problems in the world. There is a major concern that child labor may generate a pseudo maturity syndrome, including smoking.The current survey focus on smoking behavior, knowledge and attitude of child labor are working in Tehran.Materials and Methods: The study adopted...
Article
Introduction: Smoking was significantly associated with substance abuse. Youths who smoke are more likely to experience dangerous jobs, so smoker are morelikelyto havesubstance abuse. Because in both cases, the same reasons such reducing stress or opposition to adult authority, may be proposed Aim: evaluating causes of starting smoking and substanc...
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Evidence from the USA and elsewhere has linked smoking depictions in movies with youth smoking initiation. Prior research has not focused on depictions in films produced in the Middle East, however. We reviewed the 10 most commercially successful Iranian films released each year over three decades (1982-2011) to determine trends in depictions of to...
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Background: The prevalence of water pipe (WP) smoking was studied using a standard questionnaire. Pulmonary function tests were also compared between WP smokers and non-smokers. Materials and Methods: The prevalence of WP smoking was studied using a standard questionnaire. Pulmonary function tests including forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expi...
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Context: Studies on the World Health Organization Frame-work Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) are scarce in Iran and the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). Aim: This study was conducted in 2007-2008 in Iran to design a practical evaluation model of the implementation of FCTC with the potential to be adopted in the EMR. Given that, the findi...
Article
Scenes depicting smoking are among the causes of smoking initiation in youth. The present study was the first in Iran to collect some primary information regarding the presence of smoking scenes in movies and propagation of tobacco use. This cross-sectional study was conducted by polling audience about smoking scenes in Persian movies on theaters i...
Article
A major type of smoking in Middle Eastern countries is water pipe (WP) smoking. In the present study, pulmonary function tests (PFT) and respiratory symptoms (RS) were compared in WP smokers and deep inspiration (S-DI) or normal inspiration (S-NI) cigarette smokers. Pulmonary function and RS were compared among WP smokers, deep or normal inspiratio...
Article
The velocity field and deposition fraction of the particles in the trachea and the first third generations of tracheobronchial tree are investigated with CFD simulation. The air flow rate of trachea is considered to be in the range of 15-60l/min in accordance to four different activity levels of male adults. A physiologically realistic dichotomic a...
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Iran is one of the countries that has ratified the World Health Organization Framework Convention of Tobacco Control (WHO-FCTC), and has implemented a series of tobacco control interventions including the Comprehensive Tobacco Control Law. Enforcement of this legislation and assessment of its outcome requires a dedicated evaluation system. This stu...
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The prevalence of smoking was studied using a questionnaire. Pulmonary function tests and respiratory symptoms were evaluated in 176 smokers. The total studied population with family and co-workers were 13289. The number of smokers among studied population was 11.7%. The rate of smoking among male subjects was 17.2% and in female 2.5%. All values o...
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Background Cigarette smoking is considered the first preventable cause of death in the world. Social, familial, and personal factors play an important role in prevention or cessation of smoking. Educating the public in order to enhance their knowledge, change their attitude and improve their habits is also effective in this respect. In 2007, the ex...
Article
Smoking is known as a major cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this study the prevalence of smoking in the population of Mashhad city was evaluated as well as pulmonary function tests (PFTs) of smokers. The prevalence of smoking was studied using a standard questionnaire. Pulmonary function tests, including forced vital capac...
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Objective(s): Since the smoking reason for different smokers needs different treatment methods and special advices, it is necessary to specify these reasons. This study designed to know the main smoking causes in Iran, in order to design proper treatment methods and behavioral therapies for smoking cessation. In addition the study thought to evalua...
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Objective(s): To assess knowledge, attitude and practice about smoking should be evaluated as their cigarette smoking may lead to smoking among teachers in Tehran, Iran. Methods: This was a cross sectional study carried out in Tehran, Iran. A random sample of teachers from 50 schools were selected. Data on knowledge, attitude and practice about smo...
Article
Background: Smoking is among the most common preventable causes of early death in the world. Implementation of smoking cessation programs is among the effective strategies of tobacco control. More than half the smokers experience nicotine withdrawal syndrome after quitting and this could be one of the main reasons of unsuccessful smoking cessation....
Article
Background: Cigarette smoking is among the main preventable causes of untimely death, morbidity and mortality in the world. Various reasons have been suggested for cigarette smoking among students which are mostly related to the culture and customs of a country. This study aimed to evaluate the factors associated with cigarette smoking among studen...
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Abstract Objective: High prevalence of tobacco consumption in childbearing ages is an important topic of consideration as its ill effects have influences on fertility. Worldwide studies have shown that general knowledge on fertility issues is low. Aim of the current study was to assess tobacco harm knowledge and attitude in infertile couples refer...
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ABSTRACT Background: Smoking is the first preventable cause of mortality in the world. Smoking cessation is affected by various factors like nicotine dependence rate, individual issues and social factors. Measuring the level of exhaled carbon monoxide is a simple noninvasive diagnostic method for determination of smoking status and nicotine depende...
Article
Background: The global tobacco epidemic is currently responsible for 5.2 million morbidity and mortality per year seventy percent of which occur in developing countries. Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) is the first international public health treaty ratified by all countries in order to encounter the ever-growing tobacco epidemic. Th...
Article
Background: Smoking causes 5.2 million deaths annually in the world of which 70% occur in developing countries. Hookah smoking is increasing around the world especially in the Eastern Mediterranean Region including Iran. This study was carried out to evaluate the pattern of tobacco smoking in both forms of cigarette and hookah smoking. Materials an...
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Introduction: Cigarette smoking is a major public health hazard which may cause different diseases such as fertility disorders through numerous mechanisms. Smoking decreases sperm quality and its fertilizing capacity; it prevents growth of ovarian follicles and decreases female fertility. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence...
Article
Background: Smoking is the first cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the world. This study aimed to compare different methods in reducing the students' tendency towards smoking. Materials and Methods: This semi-experimental study comprised all 7 th grade students studying in middle schools throughout Iran in the year 2005-2006. Students...
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Background: Smoking is considered the first preventable cause of mortality worldwide. There are many predictive factors on smoking cessation including social, family and individual issues. High nicotine dependency is one of the factors that make the cessation harder for the smoker. There are several methods for estimating the nicotine dependency ra...
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Background: Complications of cigarette smoking are of the major obstacles of a society. Both active and passive smoking cause various forms of diseases in men, women and children. Since almost one third of the world's population are children under 14 years of age, preventing the unwanted health consequences of involuntary smoking can help in improv...
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Background : Smoking is the leading cause of preventable deaths worldwide. Since the price and expense of tobacco products are important factors relating to smoking and tobacco control, it is necessary to calculate the expense of daily smoking in order to enforce tobacco control programs. This study was done to assess the expense of daily smoking a...
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Background : The medical community has a special role both in preventing and controlling smoking. According to research studies conducted in many countries, many medical staff members are smoker themselves and there is a significant correlation between the rate of smoking in physicians and smoking in the society. Considering the fact that we did no...
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Background : Cigarette smoking is the first preventable death in the world. The number of cigarettes smoked per day and the years of smoking are considered as the main risk factors in causing the related disease, mortality, and morbidity. Since it seems that the age at which smoking is started has decreased in our society, it is important to recogn...
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Background: This study describes the status of 548 smokers who participated in the monthly quitting course of the first " Smoking Cessation Clinic" in Iran between the years 1998 through 2000. Materials and Methods: All the target population completed the educational courses, which consisted of 7 sessions of 90 minutes in the groups of 6-15. Cigare...
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Background: Cigarette smoking is considered as the commonest preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. Materials and Methods: The present study shows that over a 2- year period, a total of 743smokers have been registered in monthly therapeutic and training courses of Smoking Cessation Clinic. They have received audio-visual training and behavio...

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