Ghassan Aouad

Ghassan Aouad
Applied Science University

About

199
Publications
94,638
Reads
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4,029
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 1992 - December 2011
University of Salford
Position
  • Professor, HoD, Dean and Pro Vice Chancellor for Research and Innovation

Publications

Publications (199)
Article
Some tasks in the construction industry and urban management field such as site selection and fire response management are usually managed by using a Geographical Information System (GIS), as the tasks in these processes require a high level and amount of integrated geospatial information. Recently, a key element of this integrated geospatial infor...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an insight for future innovation research activities and for the role of universities in working with industry to promote innovation. Design/methodology/approach – The paper provides an overview and synthesis of the literature on innovation and the role of universities. This is supported by intervi...
Chapter
Full-text available
The construction industry has been facing a paradigm shift to (i) increase; productivity, efficiency, infrastructure value, quality and sustainability, (ii) reduce; lifecycle costs, lead times and duplications, via effective collaboration and communication of stakeholders in construction projects. Construction Lifecycle Management with BIM seeks to...
Article
Full-text available
Emerging technologies offer new solutions to the construction industry, improving processes, enabling automation and effective decision-making mechanisms and changing current ways of work. Previous research has tended to consider a direct causal relationship between the emerging and prospective technologies and the future of construction. However,...
Conference Paper
Building Information Modelling has been recognised as one of the Information Technology/Information Systems that could assist construction delivery in achieving Integrated Practice. However, the level of uptake currently varies between one organisation to another and has raised the need to determine whether the uptake is moving towards integrated p...
Book
Full-text available
Efficient communication, collaboration, data exchange and sharing are crucial for the success of today's many multi-disciplinary and interdisciplinary work environments. The implementation of computer integrated environments (CIE) is increasing and the requirements engineering necessary for the development of these systems is critical. Requirements...
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IntroductionContribution to Knowledge SocietyMain Conclusions Recommendations for the FutureReferences
Chapter
IntroductionProject Start-offRequirements ElicitationBuilding a Shared UnderstandingVisioning and Process Modelling (Storyboarding)System DesignUse Case and Object Modelling with UMLIncremental Prototyping with the End User Tests as an Agile ProcessSummary of Mastering the Requirements Engineering ProcessReferences
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IntroductionImproving the Requirements Engineering ProcessMeasuring the Success of Requirements Engineering ProcessComparative Analysis and EvaluationReferences
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IntroductionThe Construction Industry and its FeaturesThe Scope and Roles of CIE in ConstructionImplementation of CIE in the Construction IndustryThe CIE Case Study Project 1The CIE Case Study Project 2The CIE Case Study 3The CIE Case Study 4References
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IntroductionRequirements EngineeringRequirements Fundamentals and PrinciplesRequirements Engineering ProcessReferences
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DefinitionsWhy Requirements Engineering Is Needed for the CIE DevelopmentHow the Requirements Engineering Approach Is FormulatedReferences
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IntroductionCIE Systems from Technological PerspectiveRequirements Engineering in the CIE CommunityInterviews in the Construction CIE CommunityReferences
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IntroductionThe Need for the CIE System As a BIM ToolThe Requirements Engineering ProcessThe Requirements Deliverables from Use Case ModellingThe Requirements Deliverables from Contextual Design TechniqueThe Requirements Deliverables from the Incremental Prototyping with the User TestsCritical Analysis and Reflections of the Requirements Engineerin...
Chapter
IntroductionScope of the Evaluation and Assessment ModelThe Evaluation and Assessment in Case Study 3Survey Results and EvaluationReferences
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IntroductionInternal (Dependent) EvaluationExternal (Independent) EvaluationReferences
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework for the standardisation of the work breakdown structure (WBS) for building projects. This is based on the premise that buildings in general retain basic elemental options, and that there is a commonality of activities in the procurement of building projects. Design/methodology/approach –...
Article
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The Health and Care Infrastructure Research and Innovation Centre is a collaboration between existing research centres at Imperial College London and the Universities of Loughborough, Reading and Salford. Additional partners from other universities, industry and the care system are involved in specific research projects. Together this represents a...
Article
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Wireless technology is already available and used in several industrial sectors. In the next few years it is envisaged that the technology will mature and converge with other technologies providing the ability to communicate and exchange data and information easily and effectively anytime, anywhere, and in any place. Alongside this, security techno...
Article
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Construction skill is one of the vital aspects of construction work which is growing in importance due to skill gaps and skill shortages during different economic cycles. The aim of this study was to investigate competence development strategies by a traditional construction company within its own pool of skill resources and among its supply chain...
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Electronic Journal of Information Technology in Construction Vol.14, 540 - 555 This paper presents a scenario planning effort carried out in order to identify the possible futures that construction industry and construction IT might face. The paper provides a review of previous research in the area and introduces the scenario planning approach. It...
Article
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The August 2009 special issue of ITCon addresses the issues related to next-generation construction IT, technology foresight, roadmapping and scenario planning. A paper titled 'Application of D4AR A 4-Dimensional augmented reality model for automating construction progress monitoring data collection, processing and communication' by Golparvar-Fard,...
Article
The accurate and up to date measurement of work in progress on construction sites is vital for project management functions like schedule and cost control. Currently, it takes place using traditional building surveying techniques and visual inspections. The usually monthly measurements are error prone and not frequent enough for reliable and effect...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present a conceptual framework that categorises the features and characteristics of the built environment that impact on health outcomes. Design/methodology/approach – An extensive literature review was carried out. A total of 1,163 abstracts were assessed, leading to 92 papers being reviewed. Findings –...
Article
Purpose – This paper seeks to focus on the requirements to manage change, tangible and intangible benefits in a joint approach to deliver outputs on time, to quality and cost without failing to realise the benefits of the change. The aim of the paper is to demonstrate the need for benefits-driven programme/project management as well as the importan...
Article
Full-text available
This research investigates the use of modern electronic communication management systems, and how these systems affect the success of construction projects in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The research starts with a literature survey, and a brief background on how the communication mechanism works; how using these systems influence relationships...
Article
The development of an integrated data repository for urban sustainability analysis is presented; it aims to enhance quantitative analysis of urban sustainability on real statistical data with relevant geographic references. The method is complementary to qualitative and quantitative analyses of sample data, which are the main approaches adopted in...
Conference Paper
Integrated practice in construction industry is identified as one of the solution that could be used to minimise the problems associated with fragmentation in construction. Many solutions are identified to support integrated practice and such of them are Integrated Project Delivery, Integrated Design Solution and nD Modelling. The aforementioned so...
Article
Risk management (RM) comprises of risk identification, risk analysis, response planning, monitoring and action planning tasks that are carried out throughout the life cycle of a project in order to ensure that project objectives are met. Although the methodological aspects of RM are well-defined, the philosophical background is rather vague. In thi...
Article
There is a growing realization that proper information management is a prerequisite factor for effective supply chain integration and management. This research aims to investigate the development of an nD enabled construction supply chain information system serving both temporary project implementation and long term organization collaboration. Mixe...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research in the documentation and visualization of as-built construction sequences focused on time-lapse movies. However, a major drawback associated with this approach is the difficulty of interacting with the scene in the image. This does not aid comprehension and interpretation of the job site. In order to address this issue, this resea...
Chapter
Half TitleTitleCopyrightContentsPrefaceContributorsAcknowledgements
Chapter
Product development in manufacturingThe need for new product development (NPD)NPD activitiesNPD modelsNPD modelsApplying product development to construction: historical backgroundConstruction project process modelsProcess development in constructionConclusion
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Implementation issuesA case study of implementation: Britannia WalkThe futureConclusion
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What do we mean by ‘process’?Drivers behind the processConstruction and ‘process’Manufacturing and ‘process’The terms of reference for designing the Process ProtocolFactors identified with problems in the design and construction processThe concept of the Process Protocol: the drivers and philosophiesOperation of the ProtocolThe Process Protocol des...
Chapter
Approaches to process modellingProcess improvementIT and the design and construction processLegacy archive and process information managementLatest technology developmentApplying product development to construction: historical backgroundFuture vision
Article
Information integration has been recognized as key factors for effective construction supply chain (CSC) management. It acts as an enabler to implement lean production philosophy by facilitating information sharing, joint decision making, process integration and team cooperation. This paper aims to explore an nD modelling based information system t...
Book
To deliver a construction project on time, at cost and of appropriate quality, it is critical to manage the design and construction process effectively. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of process management in design and construction in order to meet the business needs of the construction industry as they change in toda...
Article
The use of hybrid concrete technologies as a viable solution to traditional frame design has been inhibited by a general lack of information. The uptake of this technology has therefore been slow and parochial, as designers have tended to stay loyal to 'traditional', tried and tested technologies—their 'comfort zone'. This research identifies the b...
Chapter
The Importance of Managing Projects Definition of a Process Approaches to Process Modeling Process Management and New Product Development Generic Design and Construction Process Protocol (GDCPP) Product Modeling Object Modeling Activity/Process Modeling The Future References
Article
Full-text available
E-learning has occurred in the academic world in different forms since the early 1990s. Its use varies from interactive multimedia tools and simulation environments to static resources within learning management systems. E-learning tools and environments are no longer criticised for their lack of use in higher education in general and within the co...
Article
Over the last two decades, there has a substantial body of research concerned with a more integrated use of IT in the design process in the construction industry and broader engineering sector. The main focus of this research has been on achieving integration via product data sharing and exchange. This paper reviews the main research efforts in pro...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this article is to develop a quantitative building accessibility assessment model for the construction industry. Design/methodology/approach – The building accessibility assessment criteria are incorporated in a hierarchy structure based on the relevant building regulations and British standards. The analytic hierarchy proc...
Article
Purpose – This paper intends to focus on interoperability issues in IT-based the lifecycle costing (LCC) applications and on improving LCC decision making based on cost performances of various options of constructing techniques and materials, excluding energy calculations. Design/methodology/approach – This project mainly is an IT development proje...
Article
Full-text available
Building information modelling has emerged to address the issues associated with information integration and interoperability in the architectural, engineering and construction (AEC) industry. Today, building information models (BIMs) have become capable of representing detailed geometrical and semantic information about building elements. On the o...
Article
Engaging end-users effectively in the construction process is becoming increasingly important in the UK. However, this engagement is often hindered by the amount and complexity of information and knowledge that needs to be communicated among project stakeholders. This can often create a `mismatch' between stakeholders' expectations and the physical...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The concept of Building Information Modelling (BIM) has its roots in 2D digital drawings and product modelling. Early modelling efforts emerged in order to provide a solution to data exchange problems between several CAD and analysis systems. BIMs which used STEP as their base standard, adopted STEP data exchange and sharing mechanisms, enabling da...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Some urban management tasks such as disaster management, delivery of goods and services, and city-scape visualisation are managed by using a GIS as the current state-of-art, as the tasks in these processes require high level and volume of integrated geospatial information. Several of these tasks such as fire response management also require detaile...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A standard building information model Industry Foundation Classes, is maturing today. On the other hand Geographical Information Systems are used in several stages of construction life cycle and certain activities in the construction industry, like site selection, require the transfer of building related information into a geographical information...
Article
Full-text available
The simulation of building efficiency and cost is a crucial driver to contemporary building design today. This paper presents the development of a software tool to simulate the lifecycle costs of building construction and maintenance. It is a part of the nD modelling tool development and also based on the overall system architecture of the nD model...
Article
Full-text available
The development of e-learning tools for construction education has been continuously growing. However, development of new tools and platforms is costly, time consuming and soon become out of date. This is mainly because of the fast changes in the information and communication technology and their incompatibility with the old systems. As a result, n...
Article
This study focuses on developing a space-centred CAD tool to enable designers to effectively manage and implement the information of design guidance information and user requirements during design processes, especially for the stages of design briefing and conceptual design. It aims to structure and store design guidance and user requirements for h...
Article
Integrating new knowledge created through research with teaching has become an important area that needs prompt attention with the growing emphasis on student learning activities, quality assurance procedures and research funding mechanisms within the UK higher education system. The link between research and teaching is not automatic. Thus, it need...
Article
Both process modelling and simulation play an important role in understanding healthcare processes. Since IDEF0 can effectively capture requirements and is relatively easy to communicate, combining IDEF0 with simulation provides a promising way to analyse processes dynamically and to assist in decision-making. This paper explores the feasibility of...
Article
Today, building information modelling (BIM) plays a crucial role in the research and development fields of construction information integration and interoperability. This paper, from an information technology point of view, outlines the definition and aims of the “3D to nD Modelling” project, a platform grant-funded project by UK’s British Engineer...
Article
Full-text available
Computer Integrated Construction (CIC) systems are computer environments through which collaborative working can be undertaken. Although many CIC systems have been developed to demonstrate the communication and collaboration within the construction projects, the uptake of CICs by the industry is still inadequate. This is mainly due to the fact that...
Article
Hybrid concrete construction is a technologically advanced approach to frame construction. It utilizes an optimal mix of structural materials;eg, in situ concrete with precast concrete and steelwork. The process of selecting an hybrid-optimized solution, however, often requires several factors to be considered, eg, “hard”criteria such as time and c...
Article
Hybrid concrete construction is a technologically advanced approach to frame construction. It utilizes an optimal mix of structural materials; eg, in situ concrete with precast concrete and steelwork. The process of selecting an hybrid-optimized solution, however, often requires several factors to be considered, eg, 'hard' criteria such as time and...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the analysis of the existing business process in reactive maintenance projects including the information and communication technology that supports the process. All information reported in this research is mainly primary data gathered from interviews with the parties that are involved in the process. The analysis consists of ide...
Article
Recent developments in technologies make the World Wide Web more intelligent and provide higher-level services to its users through the Semantic Web. The Semantic Web is an extension of the current World Wide Web, promoting information that is intended not only for human readers, but also can be processed by machines, enabling intelligent informati...
Article
Full-text available
The terms ‘nD modelling’ and ‘nD CAD’ are becoming escalating idioms associated with ICT-based (information communication technologies) building design; a concept which has been heightened by the £0.5 million funded 3D to nD modelling project at the University of Salford. An nD model is an extension of the building information model that incorporat...
Article
nD modelling is a research topic that has started to gain momentum and interest worldwide. This roadmap is an update of the 2005 RICS paper series ‘nD modelling - a driver or enabler for construction improvement?’ (Lee et al, 2005). This paper accumulates the results of 5 workshops to produce a ‘roadmap’ of how nD modelling can help the design and...
Article
The link between Research and Teaching (R&T) has long been studied. Most research concludes by saying that there is no explicit or automatic relationship between these two activities. Separate quality assurance mechanisms and imbalanced funding lead to a trade-off between scholarly research and excellent teaching in higher education institutions. T...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – There is no automatic link between research and teaching in higher education institutions. Hence, in order to achieve a productive relationship, these two activities need to be linked through effective mechanisms. The research reported in this paper aims at identifying such strategies that are appropriate to a research-based department, i...
Article
Purpose " The purpose of this paper is to identify interdependent barriers to the search and selection of new technologies by design engineers at industry, organisation and individual levels. A "proof of concept"? HyCon tool is presented to demonstrate the role of information technology design support tools in supporting designers to overcome these...
Article
Full-text available
Collaborative working using Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) systems in construction has become a reality as many activities are performed globally with actors located in various geographical locations. Computer Integrated Construction (CIC) is the type of ICT system that binds a fragmented and geographically distributed set of cons...
Article
Full-text available
Collaborative working using Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) systems in construction has become a reality as many activities are performed globally with actors located in various geographical locations. Computer Integrated Construction (CIC) is the type of ICT system that binds a fragmented and geographically distributed set of cons...
Article
The number and variety of design and construction stakeholders can make effective and efficient collaboration difficult, a situation that is not helped by the sequential way in which many of the processes work. This paper presents the findings of a number of workshops focussing on the problems and barriers inherent in the industry which would curre...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – This paper aims at proposing a process of requirements engineering for the human centred, adaptive computer integrated construction systems development through industry wide information sharing. Design/methodology/approach – The research strategy is based on case study research methodology. The EU‐funded DIVERCITY project was analysed. T...
Article
4D CAD has been an active research area for many years. The first generation 4D tools simulated construction schedules and demonstrated the potential benefits in several case studies. Researchers tried to improve the functionality of the first generation 4D tools by adding annotations and highlighting the building elements that have problems. The f...
Article
The nD modelling research agenda is looking at how information technology can help to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the building design and construction process. Building design is a complex task as there are different, sometimes conflicting, factors to be considered. One of the key challenges for nD modelling is the integration of th...