Gerhard Meisenberg

Gerhard Meisenberg
Ross University, School of Veterinary Medicine · Biochemistry

Dr. rer. nat.

About

56
Publications
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317
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
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Death rates from SARS-Cov2 in England and Wales are examined for the major ethnic minorities. Substantial differences in death rate of different ethnicities were found that are not easily explained by demographic characteristics of these groups such as age and urban-versus-rural residence. This study looks at possible explanations for these dispari...
Article
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Some authors have proposed that research on cognitive differences, including differences between ethnic and racial groups, needs to be prevented because it produces true knowledge that is dangerous and socially undesirable. From a consequentialist perspective, this contribution investigates the usually unstated assumptions about harms and benefits...
Article
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This editorial introduces the concept of meritocracy. Its role in developed and less developed countries is discussed, as well as its relation to ongoing developments in the molecular genetics of social mobility.
Article
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Data are reported for the Standard Progressive Matrices Plus, applied to a sample of 1641 male and 1441 female school students aged 6 to 18 years old in Cambodia. Scores were higher than those recorded in earlier studies of non-verbal intelligence in Cambodia, indicating an average IQ near 100. There were no consistent gender differences. In additi...
Article
In this comment on the target article by Federico Leon and Mayra Antonelli-Ponti, I examine whether there are any known mechanisms through which effects of UV radiation on the skin can possibly induce changes in the brain. The conclusion is that several possible mechanisms exist. However, this does not imply that UV radiation does indeed induce imp...
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Richard Lynn’s developmental theory of sex differences in intelligence is evaluated using the administration of the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery in the NLSY79. Score increases between age 15 and age 23 are found to be greater in males than in females, supporting an essential element of the theory. On the other hand, neither the sex di...
Poster
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The cause of socially defined ethnic/racial behavioral and social differences in the Americas is an open question of serious social interest. Different models have been proposed: common culture (X factor), appearance-based (e.g. skin color) discrimnation, and familial (vertical environment and genetics). In particular, it has been claimed that stud...
Article
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One year ago, in the Summer 2016 issue of Mankind Quarterly, I wrote an editorial drawing the reader's attention to a "paradigm shift" in the social sciences, triggered by the discovery of genetic variants associated with educational attainment. Three large meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) had reported about one hundred regio...
Article
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In a number of countries, earlier studies have reported significant associations between regional differences in intelligence within countries and economic and social phenomena. Using scores on the Program of International Student Assessment (PISA) tests as indicator of intelligence, we find statistically significant correlations for the 27 states...
Preprint
In the United States, cognitive ability, socioeconomic status (SES), and genetic ancestry vary by race/ethnic identification. However, it is not known to what degree genetic ancestry is a useful predictor of outcomes independent of those cultural factors related to race/ethnic identification. Data from the Pediatric Imaging, Neurocognition, and Gen...
Article
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In this paper the authors propose ways of implementing peace education and integrating it in the routine curriculum. Unlike the teaching of academic and vocational skills, which are based on the transmission of knowledge and skills alone, peace education is based on understanding of human motives and, above all, on example. The key individuals in t...
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This study analyzes gender differences in scholastic achievement of 15-year-olds in 75 countries that participated in the OECD's PISA (Programme of International Student Assessment) tests. The cultural and socioeconomic determinants of three outcome measures were investigated: (1) overall achievement (math, reading, science average); (2) gender-typ...
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Several studies have investigated the nonverbal intelligence of Zulu speaking children in KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) since the mid-20 th century. We review four studies of schoolchildren that have been performed between 1948 and 2004 and that allow us to estimate secular trends in test performance. The results show that generational gains (Flynn...
Article
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While country-level differences in psychometric intelligence and school achievement are used increasingly in cross-cultural research, far less is known about country-level differences in personality. This article summarizes crosscountry research with measures of the Big Five personality dimensions. The conclusion is that these measures have limited...
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Presentation
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This presentation analyses the nature of problems communicating the results of intelligence research to the wider public. It was delivered at the First London Conference on Intelligence Research in London, 15 May 2014.
Article
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The relationship of religiosity with education and intelligence was investigated with data from the World Values Survey covering a total of 345,743 respondents in 96 countries. The individual-level relationship of education with religious belief was slightly but significantly negative in the majority of countries, although its relationship with rel...
Article
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Using a sample of up to 62 countries, this study finds that differential fertility influences trend lines in the prevalence of theistic religious belief at the country level. High religiosity of females relative to males is an additional, though less consistent, predictor. These effects are demonstrated on the background of two other causal influen...
Article
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Little is known about the acceptance of different teaching/learning modalities by students and faculty in the preclinical semesters of medical school. We report the results of an anonymous survey at Ross University School of Medicine, where most of the currently popular instructional methods are used. Study subjects included 327 students and 30 fac...
Article
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"Human capital" is a key requirement for the establishment and maintenance of effective institutions. It is the ultimate requirement for innovation, efficient use of resources, and economic growth. This contribution describes two measures of cognitive human capital: the average IQ of the population, and the performance of school children on interna...
Article
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Using data from the World Values Survey covering the period from 1981 to 2008, this study examines trends in the strength of religious belief worldwide. At the country level, the most important predictors of current religiosity are high intelligence and a history of communist rule, both of which reduce religious belief. However, religiosity has bee...
Article
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A negative relationship between intelligence and fertility in the United States has been described repeatedly, but little is known about the mechanisms that are responsible for this effect. Using data from the NLSY79, we investigate this issue separately for Blacks, non-Hispanic Whites and Hispanics. The major findings are: (1) Differential fertili...
Article
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Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB). The rise in scores on ASVAB subtests, IQ and g is essentially linear from age 15 to 23. The rise is greater for males than females, a difference that is statistically significant (p<.01) for g in the white but not the black group. The rate of age-dependent score increases is considerably greater i...
Article
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To what extent did the genetic constitution of human population change in the recent past, and how fast are evolutionary changes proceeding in present-day populations? This review summarizes the available evidence about genetic adaptations that evolved after the dispersal of modern humans from Africa about 50,000 years ago and especially since the...
Article
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In international comparisons, a high level of racial diversity is associated with a high level of income inequality. One hypothesis proposes that racial diversity leads to increased variance in intellectual ability, which leads to increased income inequality presumably through the action of market forces. A second hypothesis proposes that racially...
Article
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In many countries of the world the extent of ethnic, cultural and racial diversity is increasing as a result of international migration. One frequently voiced concern is that as populations become more diverse, socioeconomic inequalities within countries will become greater. The present study presents new measures of ethnic, racial and religious di...
Article
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Many social consequences and correlates of test intelligence have been described in modern industrialized societies, but we do not know which of these are culture-dependent and which (if any) are culturally invariant. The present study describes the relationships of test intelligence with social outcomes in the Caribbean island nation of Dominica....
Article
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On the Caribbean island of Dominica, mental test scores have risen by approximately 1.2 standard deviations (18 IQ points) over the past 35 years. In this paper we relate this secular trend to some of the social, educational and material conditions that could conceivably affect mental ability. We find that measures of formal schooling are the stron...
Article
On the Caribbean island of Dominica, mental test scores have risen by approximately 1.2 standard deviations (18 IQ points) over the past 35 years. In this paper we relate this secular trend to some of the social, educational and material conditions that could conceivably affect mental ability. We find that measures of formal schooling are the stron...
Article
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Between 40% and 80% of the variability in test intelligence among adults in modern societies is accounted for by genetic factors. Therefore there must be "genes for intelligence" that are responsible for this genetic contribution. In this review I survey the results about the molecular genetics of intelligence up to October 2005, including (1) dire...
Article
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Mental ability, as assessed by standardized tests, is not fixed in time. Large IQ gains have been recorded in many industrialized countries during the 20 th century, but very little is known about IQ trends in the less developed countries. The present study investigates generational changes in mental test performance on the Caribbean island of Domi...
Article
Full-text available
Mental ability, as assessed by standardized tests, is not fixed in time. Large IQ gains have been recorded in many industrialized countries during the 20 th century, but very little is known about IQ trends in the less developed countries. The present study investigates generational changes in mental test performance on the Caribbean island of Domi...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the dimensions of cultural variation in the modern world as assessed by the World Values Survey. It confirms the previously reported existence of two major dimensions of cultural variation that can be described as “modern” and “postmodern,” respectively. Modern values are characterized by skepticism and critical thinking, wi...
Article
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The question of cognitive differences between human populations is one of the most contentious issues in the study of human diversity. After reviewing the worldwide patterns of cognitive test performance, this article evaluates alternative causal hypotheses and evolutionary mechanisms. Racial affiliation and latitude correlate with IQ test performa...

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