Gerhard Liebisch

Gerhard Liebisch
University Hospital Regensburg | Uni Regensburg · Klinische Chemie und Laboratoriumsmedizin

PD Dr. rer. nat.

About

429
Publications
64,440
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Introduction
Gerhard Liebisch currently works at the Klinische Chemie und Laboratoriumsmedizin , University Hospital Regensburg. Gerhard does research in Clinical Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry with a focus on Lipidomics. Their current project is 'MyNewGut Project: Microbiome's influence on energy balance and brain development/function put into action to tackle diet-related diseases and behaviour.'
Additional affiliations
May 1999 - present
University Hospital Regensburg

Publications

Publications (429)
Article
Lipoproteins are of fundamental importance for the lipid transport and cardiovascular disease. The function and metabolism of lipoproteins is intimately linked to the biophysical properties of their surface lipids. Although a number of disease associations were found for lipid species in plasma, only a few studies reported lipid profiles of lipopro...
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Nature provides an enormous diversity of lipid molecules that originate from various pathways. To gain insight into the metabolism and dynamics of lipid species, the application of stable isotope-labeled tracers combined with mass spectrometric analysis represents a perfect tool. This review provides an overview of strategies to track fatty acid, g...
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Compensation of matrix effects is the main obstacle to achieve accurate quantification in LC-MS/MS. Therefore, quantitative LC-MS/MS typically relies on addition of internal standards (ISs). Here, we present a systematic comparison of ISs from a routine LC-MS/MS method for bile acid (BA) analysis with a focus on tauro-conjugated. Both human serum b...
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A comprehensive and standardized system to report lipid structures analyzed by mass spectrometry is essential for the communication and storage of lipidomics data. Herein, an update on both the LIPID MAPS classification system and shorthand notation of lipid structures is presented for lipid categories Fatty Acyls (FA), Glycerolipids (GL), Glycerop...
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Modern mass spectrometric technologies provide quantitative readouts for a wide variety of lipid specimens. However, many studies do not report absolute lipid concentrations and differ vastly in methodologies, workflows and data presentation. Therefore, we encourage researchers to engage with the Lipidomics Standards Initiative to develop common st...
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Background Thyroid hormone responsive protein (THRSP) is a lipogenic nuclear protein that is highly expressed in murine adipose tissue, but its role in humans remains unknown. Methods We characterized the insulin regulation of THRSP in vivo in human adipose tissue biopsies and in vitro in Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS) adipocytes . To this...
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The ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) is a relevant effector downstream the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), best known for its role in the control of lipid homeostasis. Consistent with this, mice lacking the S6k1 gene have a defect in their ability to induce the commitment of fat precursor cells to the adipogenic lineage, which...
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Fatty acid (FA) metabolism is a series of processes that provide structural substances, signalling molecules and energy. Ample evidence has shown that FA uptake is mediated by plasma membrane transporters including FA transport proteins (FATPs), caveolin-1, fatty-acid translocase (FAT)/CD36, and fatty-acid binding proteins. Unlike other FA transpor...
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Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a rapidly growing liver disease. The chemoattractant chemerin is abundant in hepatocytes, and hepatocyte expressed prochemerin protected from NASH. Prochemerin is inactive and different active isoforms have been described. Here, the effect of hepatocyte expressed muChem-156, a highly active murine chemerin is...
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Goslin is the first grammar-based computational library for the recognition/parsing and normalization of lipid names following the hierarchical lipid shorthand nomenclature. The new version Goslin 2.0 implements the latest nomenclature and adds an additional grammar to recognize systematic IUPAC-IUB fatty acyl names as stored, e.g., in the LIPID MA...
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Takotsubo syndrome (TTS), also known as the transient left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome, is in contemporary times known as novel acute cardiac syndrome. It is characterized by transient left ventricular apical akinesis and hyperkinesis of the basal left ventricular portions. Although the precise etiology of TTS is unknown, events like the...
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Massive accumulation of lipids is a characteristic of alcoholic liver disease. Excess of hepatic fat activates Kupffer cells (KCs), which affect disease progression. Yet, KCs contribute to the resolution and advancement of liver injury. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of KC depletion on markers of liver injury and the hepatic li...
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Vertebrate lonesome kinase (VLK) is the only known extracellular tyrosine kinase, but its physiological functions are largely unknown. We show that VLK is highly expressed in hepatocytes of neonatal mice, but down-regulated during adulthood. To determine the role of VLK in liver homeostasis and regeneration we generated mice with a hepatocyte-speci...
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The H19X-encoded miR-424(322)/503 cluster regulates multiple cellular functions. Here, it is reported for the first time that it is also a critical linchpin of fat mass expansion. Deletion of this miRNA cluster in mice results in obesity, while increasing the pool of early adipocyte progenitors and hypertrophied adipocytes. Complementary loss and g...
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Pancreatic cancer has the worst prognosis among all cancers. Cancer screening of body fluids may improve the survival time prognosis of patients, who are often diagnosed too late at an incurable stage. Several studies report the dysregulation of lipid metabolism in tumor cells, suggesting that changes in the blood lipidome may accompany tumor growt...
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Background Dysregulated lipid metabolism is critically involved in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The respective metabolic pathways affected in HCC can be identified using suitable experimental models. Mice injected with diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and fed a normal chow develop HCC. For the analysis of the pathophysiology of HCC in...
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In the last two decades, lipidomics has become one of the fastest expanding scientific disciplines in biomedical research. With an increasing number of new research groups to the field, it is even more important to design guidelines for assuring high standards of data quality. The Lipidomics Standards Initiative (LSI) is a community-based endeavor...
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Background: Based on reports on elevated cholesterol levels in cancer cells, strategies to lower cholesterol synthesis have been suggested as an antitumour strategy. However, cholesterol depletion has also been shown to induce tumour-promoting actions in tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs). Methods: We performed lipidomic and transcriptomic ana...
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Impaired glucose homeostasis in obesity is mitigated by enhancing the glucoregulatory actions of glucagon‐like peptide 1 (GLP‐1), and thus, strategies that improve GLP‐1 sensitivity and secretion have therapeutic potential for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. This study shows that Holdemanella biformis, isolated from the feces of a metabolically h...
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Lipidomics aim to quantify lipid species in all kinds of samples, including tissues. To subject a fixed amount of sample to various workflows, tissue homogenates were frequently prepared at defined concentrations in water or by addition of organic solvents. Here, we investigated this first step of tissue lipidomics by quantitative flow injection an...
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We have found that group VIA calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2β) has specificity for hydrolysis of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) in mouse livers. Phospholipids (PLs) are transported to plasma membrane and some PLs including PE are externalized to maintain membrane PL asymmetry. Here we demonstrated that hepatocytes of iPLA2β-null (KO) mic...
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Citrate is important for lipid synthesis and epigenetic regulation in addition to ATP production. We have previously reported that cancer cells import extracellular citrate via the pmCiC transporter to support their metabolism. Here, we show for the first time that citrate is supplied to cancer by cancer-associated stroma (CAS) and also that citrat...
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Background Butyrogenic bacteria play an important role in gut microbiome homeostasis and intestinal epithelial integrity. Previous studies have demonstrated an association between administration of short chain fatty acids like butyrate and protection from acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Me...
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) still remains a difficult to cure malignancy. In recent years, the focus has shifted to lipid metabolism for the treatment of HCC. Very little is known about hepatitis B virus (HBV) and C virus (HCV)-related hepatic lipid disturbances in non-malignant and cancer tissues. The present study showed that triacylglycerol a...
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Even though colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most preventable cancers, it is currently one of the deadliest. Worryingly, incidence in people <50 years has increased unexpectedly, and for unknown causes, despite the successful implementation of screening programs in the population aged >50 years. Thus, there is a need to improve early diagnosis...
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Objective Lipidomic changes were causally linked to metabolic diseases, but the scenario for colorectal cancer (CRC) is less clear. We investigated the CRC lipidome for putative tumour-specific alterations through analysis of three independent retrospective patient cohorts from two clinical centers, to derive a clinically useful signature. Design...
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Lipids are a ubiquitous class of structurally complex molecules involved in various biological processes. In the fast-growing field of lipidomics, preanalytical issues are frequently neglected. Here, we investigated the stability of lipid profiles of murine liver, brain, lung, heart, and spleen homogenates by quantitative flow injection analysis us...
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The current limitations in evaluating synovial fluid (SF) components in health and disease and between species are due in part to the lack of data on normal SF, because of low availability of SF from healthy articular joints. Our study aimed to quantify species-dependent differences in phospholipid (PL) profiles of normal knee SF obtained from equi...
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Background Gastrointestinal dysfunction is a frequent and disabling manifestation of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS-1), a rare monogenic multi-organ autoimmune disease caused by the loss of central AIRE-controlled immune tolerance. Objective We aimed to understand the role of the gut microbiome in APS-1 symptoms and potentially alle...
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Background and purpose: The analysis of human faecal metabolites can provide an insight into metabolic interactions between gut microbiota and host organism. The creation of metabolic profiles in faeces has received little attention until now and reference values, especially in the context of dietary and therapeutic interventions, are missing. Exp...
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Scope. Dietary-based strategies are regularly explored in controlled clinical trials to provide cost-effective therapies to tackle obesity and its comorbidities. We present a complementary analysis based on a multivariate multi-omics approach of a caloric restriction intervention with fibre supplementation to unveil synergic effects on body weight...
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Diurnal regulation of whole-body lipid metabolism plays a vital role in metabolic health. Although changes in lipid levels across the diurnal cycle have been investigated, the system-wide molecular responses to both short-acting fasting-feeding transitions and longer-timescale circadian rhythms have not been explored in parallel. Here, we perform t...
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Lipidomics data require consideration of ions with near-identical masses, which comprises amongst others the Type-II isotopic overlap. This overlap occurs in series of lipid species differing only by number of double bonds (DB) mainly due to the natural abundance of ¹³C-atoms. High-resolution mass spectrometry, such as Fourier-Transform mass spectr...
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Gut microbiota significantly influence the plasma and liver lipidome. An interconnecting metabolite is acetate generated after degradation and fermentation of dietary fiber by the gut microbiota, which is metabolized in the liver into longer chain fatty acids and complex lipids reaching the circulation. Whether these systemic changes are accompanie...
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Gut microbiota represents a therapeutic target for obesity. We hypothesize that B. uniformis CECT 7771 combined with wheat bran extract (WBE), its preferred carbon source, may exert superior anti-obesity effects. We performed a 17-week intervention in diet-induced obese mice receiving either B. uniformis, WBE, or their combination to identify inter...
Preprint
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Pancreatic cancer has the worst prognosis among all cancers1. Cancer screening programs based on the analysis of body fluids can improve the survival time of patients, who are often diagnosed too late at an incurable stage2. Several studies have reported the dysregulation of lipid metabolism in tumor cells and tissues3, suggesting that the changes...
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Background Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is of particular importance in cholesterol metabolism with high levels contributing to hypercholesterolemia. Cholesterol and sphingolipids are low in patients with liver cirrhosis. Purpose of this study was to find associations of plasma PCSK9 with circulating cholesterol and sphingol...
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Lipid accumulation is associated with various forms of acute renal injury; however, the causative factors and pathways underpinning this lipid accumulation have not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we performed lipidomic profiling of renal tissue following ischaemia‐reperfusion injury (IRI). We identified a significant accumulation of c...
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Background Emerging data support a role for lipids in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in humans. With experimental models such data can be challenged or validated. Mice fed a low-methionine, choline-deficient (LMCD) diet develop NASH and, when injected with diethylnitrosamine (DEN), HCC. Here, lipidomic analy...
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Chronic inflammation is now a well-known precursor for cancer development. Infectious prostatitis are the most common causes of prostate inflammation, but emerging evidence points the role of metabolic disorders as a potential source of cancer-related inflammation. Although the widely used treatment for prostate cancer based on androgen deprivation...
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Scope Brown and brite adipocytes within the mammalian adipose organ provide non‐shivering thermogenesis and thus, have an exceptional capacity to dissipate chemical energy as heat. Polyunsaturated fatty acids of the n3‐series, abundant in fish oil, have been repeatedly demonstrated to enhance the recruitment of thermogenic capacity in these cells,...
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Polymorphisms of group VIA calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2β orPLA2G6) are positively associated with adiposity, blood lipids, and Type-2 diabetes. Theubiquitously expressed iPLA2β catalyzes the hydrolysis of phospholipids (PLs) to generate a fattyacid and a lysoPL. We studied the role of iPLA2β on PL metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty li...
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Objectives: There is increasing evidence that intestinal microbiota play a role in diverse metabolic processes via intestinal butyrate production. Based on bariatric surgery data in humans it has been suggested that the gut-brain axis is also involved in this process, however the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. Design: We therefore comp...
Article
Recent studies indicate that adipose tissue in obesity promotes breast cancer progression by secreting pro-tumorigenic chemokines, growth factors and fatty acids. However, the detailed mechanisms by which hypertrophic adipose tissue influences breast cancer cells are still not well understood. Here we show that co-culture with adipose tissue from h...
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Lipidomic analyses aim for absolute quantification of lipid species profiles in biological samples. In the past years, mass spectrometry (MS) methods based on high resolution accurate masses (HRAM) have increasingly been applied to identify and quantify lipid species on MS-level. This strategy requires consideration of isobaric overlaps which may a...
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MicroRNA-221-3p (miR-221-3p) is associated with both metabolic diseases and cancers. However, its role in terminal adipocyte differentiation, adipocyte lipid metabolism, and lipid signaling in human disease are uncharacterized. miR-221-3p or its inhibitor were transfected into differentiating or mature human adipocytes. Triglyceride (TG) content an...
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This study aimed to investigate the effects of a short-term (36h) fasting period combined with an acute bout of exercise on markers of immune function and inflammation in healthy human subjects. Fourteen moderately trained male subjects (aged 19-39 years) participated in a 36 hrs Fasting-Trial (FA-T) followed by an acute bout of moderate exercise (...
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Objectives: Imbalanced nutrition and obesity are risk factors for depression, a relationship that in rodents can be modeled by depression-like behavior in response to high-fat diet (HFD). In this work, we examined the role of the intestinal microbiota and the adipocytokine leptin as potential mediators of the effects of HFD to induce anhedonia-like...
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The intestinal microbiome plays an important role in human health and disease and fecal materials reflect the microbial activity. Thus, analysis of fecal metabolites provides insight in metabolic interactions between gut microbiota and host organism. In this work, we applied flow injection analysis coupled to Fourier transform mass spectrometry (FI...
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Background While the impact of metformin in hepatocytes leads to fatty acid (FA) oxidation and decreased lipogenesis, hepatic microRNAs (miRNAs) have been associated with fat overload and impaired metabolism, contributing to the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods We investigated the expression of hundreds of miRNAs...
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Background: The hypothesis was tested that insect meal (IM) as protein source influences intermediary metabolism of growing pigs. To test this, 30 male, 5-week-old crossbred pigs were randomly assigned to 3 groups of 10 pigs each with similar body weights (BW) and fed isonitrogenous diets either without (CON) or with 5% IM (IM5) or 10% IM (IM10) f...