Gerhard Haszprunar

Gerhard Haszprunar
Zoologische Staatssammlung München

Prof. Dr.

About

197
Publications
67,724
Reads
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6,039
Citations
Citations since 2016
52 Research Items
2346 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300
20162017201820192020202120220100200300
20162017201820192020202120220100200300
20162017201820192020202120220100200300
Education
October 1976 - February 1981
University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Field of study
  • Zoology and botany

Publications

Publications (197)
Article
For over 50 years Winston Ponder has been at the forefront of molluscan research. Young Winston collected land snails in the environs of Lower Hutt, New Zealand and marine species at Waikanae Beach northwest of Wellington. He attended Victoria University in Wellington in 1959 but moved to Auckland University in 1960 to study under Professor John E....
Article
Full-text available
New material and new methodologies substantially widen the anatomical knowledge on cocculinid limpets. We first provide 3D-anatomies of Fedikovella caymanensis and Teuthirostria cancellata based on serial sections. Both species differ in several major points (mainly the gill-type and several features of the alimentary tract) from typical cocculinid...
Article
Full-text available
This contribution is an update to the 2014 compilation of all supra- and (infra-) specific taxa of extant and fossil Valvatidae, a group of freshwater operculate snails near the base of Heterobranchia with a nearly worldwide distribution. This update includes corrections and many additions (two replacement taxon names, 21 mainly fossil taxa previou...
Article
Full-text available
Determining the size of the German insect fauna requires better knowledge of several megadiverse families of Diptera and Hymenoptera that are taxonomically challenging. This study takes the first step in assessing these “dark taxa” families and provides species estimates for four challenging groups of Diptera (Cecidomyiidae, Chironomidae, Phoridae,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Mollusca are comprised by about 120 000 species (80% Gastropoda, 15% Bivalvia) and thus is the second most diverse animal phylum occurring in all major environments except the aerospace. It is also the leading phylum concerning endangered and vulnerable species. Mollusca is bilateral (or secondarily asymmetrical) Protostomia (Lophotrochozoa). Thoug...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Lodderena Iredale, 1924 has been classified in the Skeneidae by most recent authors. However, this family, originally characterized by their minute size, lack of nacre in the teleoconch and a rhipidoglossate radula, is currently considered to be polyphyletic assemblage, and preliminary molecular systematic data suggest exclusion of Lodder...
Book
803 pages with 350+ color plates covering more than 1400 species of molluscs from European seas
Article
Full-text available
DNA metabarcoding was utilized for a large‐scale, multi‐year assessment of biodiversity in Malaise trap collections from the Bavarian Forest National Park (Germany, Bavaria). Principal Component Analysis of read count‐based biodiversities revealed clustering in concordance with whether collection sites were located inside or outside of the National...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed to perform molecular identification of lepidopteran larvae from canopy fogging including gut-content analyses. A total of 130 lepidopteran larvae were selected from 37 fogging samples at the Panguana station, district Yuyapichis, province Puerto Inca, department Huánuco, Peru. Target trees were pre-identified and subsequentl...
Preprint
Full-text available
A total of 130 lepidopteran larvae were selected from 37 fogging samples at the Panguana station, district Yuyapichis, province Puerto Inca, department Huánuco, Peru. Target trees were pre-identified and subsequently submitted to molecular confirmation of identity with three markers (rbcL, psbA and trnL-F). Identification of 119 lepidopteran larvae...
Article
Solenogastres (Mollusca, Aplacophora) form a common part of the benthic malacofauna in the deep sea, but their diversity in the Northwest Pacific is poorly understood. In this study, we analyze the systematics and distribution of Solenogastres sampled during the Kuril-Kamchatka Biodiversity Studies II expedition to the hadal Kuril-Kamchatka Trench,...
Article
Full-text available
As a result of the commercial importance of food relevant crustaceans belonging to the order Decapoda, reliable methods for species identification are required to protect consumers against adulteration and mislabelling of crustacean products. The aim of this present study is, therefore, to compare three marker regions for their suitability to ident...
Article
Full-text available
High Throughput Sequencing as a novel quality control method for industrial yeast starter cultures The use of pure starter cultures is largely responsible for the great success of today's fermentation products market. With their implementation, fermentations (e.g., beer fermentation) have become predictable, effi cient, controllable and reproducibl...
Article
Full-text available
This study summarizes results of a DNA barcoding campaign on German Diptera, involving analysis of 45,040 specimens. The resultant DNA barcode library includes records for 2,453 named species comprising a total of 5,200 BINs, including 2,700 CO1 haplotype clusters without species level assignment, so called “dark taxa”. Overall, 88 out of 117 famil...
Article
Fast, reliable and easy to handle methods are required to survey the introduction of foreign eel species into German waters, to detect incorrect labelling of food as well as for ecological field studies e.g. on board a ship. Several DNA-based methods are available for identification of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla). However, the need for exp...
Article
Full-text available
So-called ‘dorsal vessels’ are poorly described network-like structures associated with the renopericardial system and located dorsally beneath the epidermis in different groups of heterobranch gastropods. So far, homology assumptions among the different ‘dorsal vessel systems’ have been hampered by a lack of comparative histological and ultrastruc...
Article
Full-text available
Pseudovermidae is the only clade of nudibranchs entirely comprised of mesopsammic species probably resulting from paedomorphosis. These minute slugs show a worldwide distribution with most lineages described from European waters. The present study redescribes the type species of Pseudovermidae, Pseudovermis paradoxus Pereyaslavtzeva, 1891, from the...
Article
Full-text available
Throughout the years, DNA barcoding has gained in importance in forensic entomology as it leads to fast and reliable species determination. High‐quality results, however, can only be achieved with a comprehensive DNA barcode reference database at hand. In collaboration with the Bavarian State Criminal Police Office, we have initiated at the Bavaria...
Article
Full-text available
In 2015, the Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority (Bayerisches Landesamt für Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit) initiated controls of Asian buffets to verify declaration of animal species. Especially Mongolian buffets, where raw meat of partly exotic animal species is offered with side dishes and sauces, enjoy high popularity in Germany. A...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid and reliable methods for fish authentication are required to protect consumers against food fraud. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is known as a fast and accurate method for microorganisms. In this study, the effect of five preparation protocols for fish samples on the quality and re...
Poster
A major challenge of forensic entomology is warranting rapid, exact, and reliable species identification, as immature life stages of many arthropods share similar features, thus making a purely morphology-based determination difficult or impossible. Collected larvae usually need to be reared under special conditions to obtain the imago stage, which...
Article
Solenogastres form a small clade of worm-shaped molluscs distributed world-wide with most of the approx. 300 species occurring in the deep sea. A recent diversity study from the abyssal plain in the Northwest Pacific has revealed a wealth of new abyssal solenogaster lineages highlighting the need for further alpha-taxonomic work. During the ‘Sea of...
Article
Full-text available
The toolbox of instruments regulating access, transfer and use of biological material is currently re-equipped: the Nagoya Protocol was initiated to provide a legal framework to the third objective of the Convention on Biological Diversity – the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilisation of genetic resources and associated...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung de Die Größe von Organismen ist ein vielschichtiges Phänomen, welches bei allen biologischen Überlegungen zu funktionellen Fragen nicht ignoriert werden sollte, sei es nun bezüglich des Organismus selbst (Funktionsmorphologie, Physiologie, Reproduktionsbiologie), seiner Umwelt (Autökologie) oder aber zum Verständnis der Evolution....
Poster
Full-text available
Solenogastres (or Neomeniomorpha) have been collected in the oceans worldwide in all depth zones from the shallow subtidal to the abyssal. But the species diversity, distribution and biogeographic patters of the different clades of these enigmatic worm-molluscs still remain poorly explored. The Pruvotinidae (Cavibelonia) form a well-known family wh...
Article
Full-text available
Mayflies, stoneflies and caddisflies (Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera) are prominent representatives of aquatic macroinvertebrates, commonly used as indicator organisms for water quality and ecosystem assessments. However, unambiguous morphological identification of EPT species, especially their immature life stages, is a challenging, yet...
Article
Full-text available
Background Biodiversity patterns are inherently complex and difficult to comprehensively assess. Yet, deciphering shifts in species composition through time and space are crucial for efficient and successful management of ecosystem services, as well as for predicting change. To better understand species diversity patterns, Germany participated in...
Data
Result of the BIN discordance analysis (BOLD, September 25th 2015) for all BINs.
Data
Compilation of all specimens not identified to species level with embedded links leading to the respective BIN or specimen page on BOLD for an easy entry point to start refinements of taxonomic placements.
Article
Full-text available
We present a DNA barcoding study on the insect order Orthoptera that was generated in collaboration between four barcoding projects in three countries, viz. Barcoding Fauna Bavarica (Germany), German Barcode of Life, Austrian Barcode of Life, and Swiss Barcode of Life. Our dataset includes 748 COI sequences from 127 of the 162 taxa (78.4%) recorded...
Poster
Full-text available
A major challenge of forensic entomology is warranting rapid, exact, and reliable species identification, as immature life stages of many arthropods share similar features, thus making a purely morphology-based determination difficult or impossible. Collected larvae usually need to be reared under special conditions to obtain the imago stage, which...
Poster
Full-text available
Forensic entomology aims to use insects to estimate the post mortem interval of a carcass. A major problem however is the rapid, exact, and reliable identification of the insect species. Eggs and early larval stages of many insects share similar features, making it difficult to distinguish between species based on morphology. Often, collected larva...
Data
List of Barcode Index Numbers (BINs) detected for each insect order. The score of each BIN as well as the detection within the sorted and/or the combined sample are indicated. (DOCX)
Data
List of all families per insect order studied and number of family representatives detected for each order. (DOCX)
Data
Percentages of insect families discovered in the malaise trap sample. (TIF)
Article
Full-text available
The German Barcoding initiatives BFB and GBOL have generated a reference library of more than 16,000 metazoan species, which is now ready for applications concerning next generation molecular biodiversity assessments. To streamline the barcoding process, we have developed a meta-barcoding pipeline: We pre-sorted a single malaise trap sample (obtain...
Article
Biodiversity loss is mainly driven by human activity. While concern grows over the fate of hot spots of biodiversity, contemporary species losses still prevail in industrialized nations. Therefore, strategies were formulated to halt or reverse the loss, driven by evidence for its value for ecosystem services. Maintenance of the latter through conse...
Poster
Full-text available
The deep-sea benthos is one of the largest and continuous habitats on earth, yet its diversity remains largely unknown. The Kuril-Kamchatka Biodiversity Studies (KuramBio) Cruise set out to explore the benthic fauna of the Kuril-Kamchatka trench and its adjacent abyssal plains. Among the organisms collected with an epibenthic sledge were numerous S...
Article
Full-text available
The microanatomy of Ventsia tricarinata Warén & Bouchet, 1993, a small coiled ‘skeneimorph’ gastropod from Pacific hydrothermal vents, is described based on computer-aided reconstructions of semithin section series and visualized by interactive 3D-modelling. This is the most complete account of the anatomy and histology of a seguenzioid vetigastrop...
Article
Solenogastres (Mollusca) have a quite uniform bodyplan and an evolutionary history with few shifts out of their deep-water habitat and beyond their epibenthic lifestyle. Consequently, few clades inhabit the shallow subtidal mesopsammon; only Meiomeniidae (order Pholidoskepia) is entirely restricted to this habitat. What was initially designed as a...
Article
Full-text available
The family Skeneidae, originally characterized by their minute size, lack of nacre and a rhipidoglossate radula, is an example of a polyphyletic assemblage. Most ‘skeneimorph’ species are based on the shell, sometimes the radula and rarely features of the external body. Data on internal anatomy are almost entirely lacking. In order to provide a com...
Article
Full-text available
Recent investigations by means of high-tech morphology, evo-devo studies and molecular data suggest that the taxon Xenacoelomorpha (Nemertodermatida and Acoela plus Xenoturbella), formerly considered as primitive flatworms (Plathelminthes) or even bivalve Mollusca, represents either a quite plesiomorphic grouping as the earliest bilaterian offshoot...
Poster
Full-text available
Solenogastres is a small clade of worm-shaped molluscs. Most of the approx. 300 species inhabit the deep-sea and are described based on single findings. Specimens frequently only reach a few millimeters in body length, making subdivision for morphological and molecular studies impracticable. The present study explores different approaches to combin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The German Barcode initiatives (BFB & GBOL) generated a reference library of 16,000 German animal species which is now ready for effective biodiversity assessment. We pre-sorted one single malaise trap sample (1 week) into 12 groups of arthropod orders (Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, Araneae, Collembola, Blattodea, Neurop...
Article
Full-text available
The Mediterranean chiton fauna was known to comprise three representatives of the genus Acanthochitona: A. fascicularis, A. crinita and A. oblonga. Between 1990 and 2014, in Banyuls sur Mer, France a fourth, previously undescribed species was collected inside the so called “trottoir”, a eulittoral area mainly dominated by en- crustations of the red...
Article
Full-text available
Siveter et al. [[1][1]] recently described a new putative megacheiran arthropod, Enalikter aphson , from the Silurian Herefordshire Lagerstatte and discussed its impact on arthropod phylogeny and the survival of megacheirans beyond the Cambrian Period. In this comment, we should like to suggest an
Article
We present the first comprehensive DNA barcoding study of German reptiles and amphibians representing likewise the first on the European herpetofauna. A total of 248 barcodes for all native species and subspecies in the country and a few additional taxa were obtained in the framework of the projects 'Barcoding Fauna Bavarica' (BFB) and 'German Barc...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents DNA barcode records for 4118 specimens representing 561 species of bees belonging to the six families of Apoidea (Andrenidae, Apidae, Colletidae, Halictidae, Megachilidae and Melittidae) found in Central Europe. These records provide fully compliant barcode sequences for 503 of the 571 bee species in the German fauna and partial...
Article
Full-text available
Beetles are the most diverse group of animals, and are crucial for ecosystem functioning. In many countries, they are heavily used for environmental impact assessment, but even in the well-studied Central European fauna, species identification can be very difficult. A comprehensive and taxonomically well curated DNA barcode library could remedy thi...