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Gerardo Prieto

Gerardo Prieto
Universidad de Salamanca · Departamento de Psicología Básica, Psicobiología y Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento

Doctor of Psychology

About

147
Publications
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2,237
Citations
Citations since 2016
33 Research Items
1107 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction
Gerardo Prieto currently works at the Departamento de Psicología Básica, Psicobiología y Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento, Universidad de Salamanca. Gerardo does research in Psychometrics. Their current project is 'Invariant measurement of the emotional vocabulary of Spanish in Spain and Latin America '.
Additional affiliations
September 1974 - present
Universidad de Salamanca
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (147)
Article
Full-text available
The functional approach of emotion regulation has been mainly used in the clinical context. However, other fields such as traffic psychology have also adopted this perspective, showing interest in how difficulties in emotion regulation might interfere in driving. Various driving styles have been associated with maladaptive emotion regulation. Diffi...
Article
Background: Little is known about the role of emotion regulation in driving. This study analyzed the psychometric properties of one of the most commonly-used tests for the evaluation of emotion regulation in a drivers' sample. Methods: A total of 318 male drivers (M age = 41.6 years, SD = 11.1, age range 20-69 years, half with road traffic offen...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Durante la infancia y la adolescencia la regulación de las emociones tiene repercusiones en diferentes ámbitos, tanto en estas etapas como en la vida adulta. El objetivo de este artículo fue evaluar un test de regulación emocional, Emotional Regulation Checklist (ERC), utilizando el CET-R como marco de referencia. Se analizaron 71 artículos...
Article
Although neuropsychological assessments include some measures that are administered, scored, or interpreted using new technologies, most researchers in this area advocate that more technology should be integrated. The current situation in neuropsychological assessment may be conceptualized as triggering a crisis leading to a paradigm shift, as ther...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Interviews to obtain statements in judicial procedures need to be adapted to the witness’ abilities to testify. Also, knowing the cognitive abilities involved in testifying provides relevant criteria to assess statement credibility. As age or Intelligence Quotient (IQ) are not enough to estimate these capabilities, an instrument to evaluat...
Article
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Various traditions have investigated the relationship between emotion and language. For the basic emotions view, emotional prototypes are lexically sedimented in language, evidenced in cultural convergence in emotional recognition and expression tasks. For constructionist theories, conceptual knowledge supported by language is at the core of emotio...
Conference Paper
Introduction There has been a significant increase in average life expectancy. This increase brought more focus on aging with more health, autonomy and independence. Among current public health concerns, the detection of cognitive decline in older individuals stands out, namely in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Accura...
Article
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The assessment of emotion regulation requires not only knowledge of the construct and the tests that evaluate it, but also of the quality of those instruments. The objective of this article is to analyze, using the Cuestionario de Evaluación de Test Revisado [Revised Test Evaluation Questionnaire], the psychometric properties of the two most common...
Article
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Aunque el EAT-26 es un test muy utilizado mundialmente en el diagnóstico e investigación de los trastornos alimenticios, apenas existen estudios de sus propiedades psicométricas, utilizando el Modelo de Rasch (RM). El objetivo principal de este estudio ha sido analizar, con el Modelo de Escalas de Calificación, un modelo tipo Rasch para ítems polit...
Article
Objective: The objective of this study was to provide normative data for the 5 Objects Test in a large Spanish community sample, as well as some validity evidence. Methods: The sample was composed of 427 participants (of which 220 females, age 15 to 95 years old; educational level range: 2-17 years). Normative data are provided, as well as corre...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was the validation of the Colombian version of The Quantitative Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (Q-CHAT) by means of the Rasch Rating Scale Model. The Q-CHAT was applied to parents of 100 typically developing toddlers and 40 toddlers and preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The Q-CHAT scores showed some lim...
Article
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Differential item functioning (DIF) is of the utmost importance in order to corroborate the generalized validity of test scores in different groups. DIF indicates that an item does not function equally in different groups such as age, gender or cultural ones. Our objective was to contrast the generalized validity of the Emotion Knowledge (EK) test...
Article
This study analyzes the performance and improvement in reading and writing in the last two years of Preschool, according to age and sex. Psychometric properties of tests to evaluate these learning are also analysed. 130 four and 144 five-year-olds (44.6% and 45.1% males and 55.4% and 54.9% females, respectively), belonging to public schools (52.2%)...
Article
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Objective: Two scoring systems for a verbal fluency test were compared using the Rasch Rating Scale Model. Method: The analysis was carried out on 289 participants, 92 of whom had had a Parkinson’s disease diagnosis. Scores were calculated with two different category systems: a conventional procedure and a percentile-based one. Results: The percent...
Article
Objective: The present study aims to analyze the psychometric characteristics of the TeLPI (Irregular Words Reading Test), a Portuguese premorbid intelligence test, using the Rasch model for dichotomous items. Results: The results reveal an overall adequacy and a good fit of values regarding both items and persons. A high variability of cognitiv...
Article
The results of several studies suggest that spatial ability can be improved through direct training with tasks similar to those integrated in the tests used to measure the ability. However, there is a greater interest in analyzing the effectiveness of indirect training such as games or of learning subjects that involve spatial processes to a certai...
Article
Full-text available
Background Psychological constructionist models like the Conceptual Act Theory (CAT) postulate that complex states such as emotions are composed of basic psychological ingredients that are more clearly respected by the brain than basic emotions. The objective of this study was the construction and initial validation of Emotion Knowledge measures fr...
Data
EK tests raw data (A) subject id, sex, age, educational level. (B) Item data: EV (V1–V40), CES (C1–C40), FES (F1–F40).
Article
Full-text available
The Screen for Caregiver Burden (SCB) is a measure designed to identify and assess caregivers with burnout who are caring for impaired elderly persons. The present study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the SCB and compared its discriminative efficacy to the Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale (ZCBS) using the Rasch model. T...
Article
Aunque el EAT-26 es un test muy utilizado mundialmente en el diagnóstico e investigación de los trastornos alimenticios, apenas existen estudios de sus propiedades psicométricas, utilizando el Modelo de Rasch (RM). El objetivo principal de este estudio ha sido analizar, con el Modelo de Escalas de Calificación, un modelo tipo Rasch para ítems polit...
Article
Full-text available
In order for practitioners to be able to use tests appropriately, they must have rigorous information on the quality of the tests. This is why the Spanish test review model (Prieto & Muñiz, 2000) has been applied for a number of years. The goal of this paper is to update and revise this model in order to incorporate the recommendations that have be...
Article
Full-text available
An effective reading comprehension measurement demands robust psychometric tools that allow teachers and researchers to evaluate the educational practices and track changes in students' performance. In this study, we illustrate how Rasch model can be used to attend such demands and improve reading comprehension measurement. We discuss the construct...
Article
Full-text available
Aplicação do Rasch Rating Scale Model ao Inventário de Sintomas Obsessivo-Compulsivos Aplicação do Rasch Rating Scale Model ao Inventário de Sintomas Obsessivo-Compulsivos • pág. 77-93 Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyse, using the Rasch Rating Scale Model, an instrument of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (ISOC), presented in 2008 by Ro...
Article
Full-text available
O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar, com o Modelo de Rasch, um inventário de sintomas obsessivo-compulsivo (ISOC), trabalhado por Rosa e Baptista, em 2008, que consiste de 105 itens de sintomas característicos da perturbação obsessivo-compulsiva (POC). Duzentos evinte pacientes (87 com diagnóstico de POC e 133 sem esta perturbação) preencheram o I...
Article
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Este trabajo muestra la utilidad de un modelo de Rasch (Many-Facet Rasch Measurement, MFRM) para medir la competencia de los examinados, la severidad de los calificadores, la dificultad de las tareas y de las variables puntuadas en las pruebas de respuesta construida que se suelen emplear para evaluar el desempeño. Inicialmente se describe el model...
Article
Este trabajo describe el proceso de validación de un banco de ítems de Visualización basado en una tarea de Desarrollo de Superficies. El banco de ítems fue construido en el marco del diseño cognitivo. Los subtests fueron aplicados a muestras de estudiantes universitarios de ingeniería. Se estimó la dificultad de los ítems mediante el modelo de Ras...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) symptoms, disgust vulnerability, and the Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality. The sample consisted of 100 adult patients with OCD as a primary diagnosis and 246 with other anxiety disorders (OADs), who responded to OCD, disgust vulnerability, anxiet...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar las propiedades psicométricas de un cuestionario compuesto por diferentes indicadores de depresión en población joven española con el objetivo de mejorar su calidad técnica. Participaron 310 sujetos de entre 18 y 24 años, con estudios de nivel básico, medio y superior. Los datos se analizaron con el modelo de...
Article
Full-text available
The psychometric properties of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) were examined by using the Partial Credit Model. The study sample included 897 participants who were distributed into two main subgroups: (I) the clinical group (90 patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment, 90 patients with Alzheimer's disease, 33 patients with Frontotemporal De...
Article
Full-text available
This investigation aimed to develop and collect psychometric data for two tests assessing listening comprehension of Portuguese students in primary school: the Test of Listening Comprehension of Narrative Texts (TLC-n) and the Test of Listening Comprehension of Expository Texts (TLC-e). Two studies were conducted. The purpose of study 1 was to cons...
Article
Full-text available
Os objetivos deste estudo foram desenvolver uma versão computadorizada para um teste de reconhecimento associativo, desenvolver itens para a construção e informatização de um teste de reconhecimento de itens, utilizando o modelo de Rasch. Também foi objetivo deste estudo testar as hipóteses dos níveis de dificuldade dos itens e buscar evidência de...
Article
Full-text available
Functional assessment methods are an important element in multidimensional neuropsychological evaluations, particularly in older adults. The Adults and Older Adults Functional Assessment Inventory is a new measure of basic and instrumental activities of daily living. Rasch model analyses were used to analyze the psychometric characteristics of the...
Article
Full-text available
Reading comprehension assessments are important for determining which students are performing below the expected levels for their grade's normative group. However, instruments measuring this competency should also be able to assess students' gains in reading comprehension as they move from one grade to the next. In this paper, we present the constr...
Article
Full-text available
Research into Differential Item Functioning (DIF) has been an active research area in language testing (Ferne and Rupp, 2007). In this study we analyzed the DIF of two groups with different types of native language (927 Italians and 280 Asians) in a reading comprehension task forming part of an exam in Spanish as a foreign language. The Mantel-Haen...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study we analyzed the psychometric characteristics of the MoCA (Portuguese version) using the Rasch model for dichotomous items. The total sample comprised of 897 participants distributed between two main subgroups: (I) healthy group that was comprised of 650 cognitively healthy community dwellers and (II) clinical group that was com...
Article
Full-text available
El Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (ACE) es un test cognitivo breve disenado para detectar y diferenciar entre demencia tipo Alzheimer y demencia frontotemporal, recientemente validado en Espana. En el presente estudio se evaluaron las propiedades psicometricas de la version espanola del ACE mediante el modelo de Rasch y se comparo la eficacia...
Article
Full-text available
Research into Differential Item Functioning (DIF) has been an active research area in language testing (Ferne and Rupp, 2007). In this study we analyzed the DIF of two groups with different types of native language (927 Italians and 280 Asians) in a reading comprehension task forming part of an exam in Spanish as a foreign language. The Mantel-Haen...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes how a Many Faceted Rasch Measurement (MFRM) approach can be applied to performance assessment focusing on rater analysis. The article provides an introduction to MFRM, a description of MFRM analysis procedures, and an example to illustrate how to examine the effects of various sources of variability on test takers' performance...
Article
Full-text available
The clinical use of mindfulness has increased recently, and the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) has become one of the most used tools to measure it. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of mindfulness training and analyzing the psychometric properties of the MAAS scores in a clinical sample using the Rasch Model. One hundred...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the psychometric properties of the Spanish adaptation of the De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale by means of the Rasch model. Participants were 614 Spanish community-dwelling older adults (60-96 years). Convergent/divergent validity was examined by correlating the scale with both the PANAS scale and a satisfaction with life scale....
Article
Full-text available
Background: The purpose of this work was to collect construct and criterion-related evidence of validity for a reading comprehension test (TCL - Teste de Compreensão da Leitura) with three vertically scaled forms, designed to assess students from second, third and fourth grade. Method: Two studies were conducted. In the first (n = 1,229), a conf...
Article
Full-text available
Our objective was to conduct a validation study of the Portuguese version of the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) by means of the Rasch Rating Scale Model, and then compare it with the most used scales of anxiety in Portugal. The sample consisted of 1,160 adults (427 men and 733 women), aged 18-82 years old (M=33.39; SD=11.85). Instruments were Beck An...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the psychometric properties of the Spanish adaptation of the De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale by means of the Rasch model. Participants were 614 Spanish community-dwelling older adults (60-96 years). Convergent/divergent validity was examined by correlating the scale with both the PANAS scale and a satisfaction with life scale....
Data
Full-text available
In accordance with Item Response Theory, a computer memory battery with six tests was constructed for use in the Portuguese adult population. A factor analysis was conducted to assess the internal structure of the tests (N = 547 undergraduate students). According to the literature, several confirmatory factor models were evaluated. Results showed b...
Data
This study investigated the specificities and communalities of visuospatial and verbal memory contents, as well as short-term memory and working memory (STM and WM) processes with the use of Rasch models as an alternative to the previous studies based on the classical test theory. A sample of 547 undergraduate students executed four computerised ta...
Article
Full-text available
The present study analyzes the psychometric properties of the Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale — Short Form (CDSE-SF) in a sample of Portuguese secondary education students using the Rasch model. The results indicate that the 25 items of the CDSE-SF are well fitted to a latent unidimensional structure, as required by Rasch modeling. The response...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The clinical use of mindfulness has increased recently, and the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) has become one of the most used tools to measure it. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of mindfulness training and analyzing the psychometric properties of the MAAS scores in a clinical sample using the Rasch Model...
Article
Full-text available
In accordance with Item Response Theory, a computer memory battery with six tests was constructed for use in the Portuguese adult population. A factor analysis was conducted to assess the internal structure of the tests (N = 547 undergraduate students). According to the literature, several confirmatory factor models were evaluated. Results showed b...
Article
Full-text available
Our aim was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Mini-Mental State Examination-37 using the Rasch Model (RM) in order to identify the cognitive domains that optimize detection of dementia in the Spanish population. All participants (n = 3955) were part of the NEDICES (Neurological Disorders in Central Spain) cohort study designed to detect...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the characteristics of the specific memory factors (processes and content) that are associated to the Gsm from the CHC model. Memory tasks with different content, including various aptitude tests and a general intelligence test, were administered to a sample of university students. Two models that relate the general Gsm apti...
Article
Full-text available
A visualização espacial é definida como a capacidade para gerar uma imagem mental, avaliar as transformações e armazenar as modificações produzidas. Pesquisas revelam que a visualização espacial, enquanto fator da habilidade espacial está diretamente relacionada com o bom desempenho escolar, principalmente, em Matemática, Física e Geografia, as qua...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study consisted on evaluating the psychometrical characteristics of the Portuguese version of the Rosenberg Scale by means of the Rating Scale model, an extension for the polytomic items of the Rasch Model. A sample of 510 college students was collected, 223 males and 287 females, with an average of 21.7 years (SD = 3.80). The...
Article
Full-text available
Tests on spatial aptitude, in particular visualization, have been shown to be efficient predictors of the academic performance of technical drawing students. It has recently been found that spatial working memory (a construct defined as the ability to perform tasks with a figurative content that require simultaneous storage and transformation of in...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the specificities and communalities of visuospatial and verbal memory contents, as well as short-term memory and working memory (STM and WM) processes with the use of Rasch models as an alternative to the previous studies based on the classical test theory. A sample of 547 undergraduate students executed four computerised ta...
Article
Full-text available
The spatial visualization is defined as the ability to manipulate, rotate and realize objects images inversions. This is the most important cognitive ability of the spatial aptitude and it can be considered as a predictive academic achievement. Consider this, the present study aimed to evaluate the spatial ability achievement and its relationship w...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes how the Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (MFRM) can be applied to constructed-response items and rater analysis. The article provides an introduction to MFRM, a description of facet analysis procedures, and an illustrative example to examine the effects of various sources of variability on students' performance on a DELE (Diplomas...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabajo procura analizar las características de los factores específicos de la memoria (procesos o contenidos) asociados a Gsm del modelo CHC. Para esto, a una muestra de estudiantes universitarios se le administraron tareas de memoria con diferentes contenidos, varios tests de aptitudes y una prueba de inteligencia general. Se evaluaron dos m...
Article
Comparing the height of males and females would be impossible if the measuring device did not have the same properties for both populations. In a similar way, the cognitive level of diverse groups of patients should not be compared if the test has different measurement properties for these groups. Lack of Differential Item Functioning (DIF) is a co...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabajo describe cómo se puede aplicar el modelo Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (MFRM) para medir los elementos de las facetas (examinados, ítems y califi cadores) involucradas en las pruebas para evaluar la ejecución. Con este fi n se incluye una introducción al MFRM, una descripción de los procedimientos de análisis y un ejemplo ilustrativo de...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to construct a recognition test, using the Rasch model, composed of 64 items to be recognized, 32 items for study and 32 distracters. The pairs of items comprised written words or figures, they were either modal or cross-modal; half of them belonged to the same semantic category and the other half to a variety of other cat...
Article
Full-text available
The Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES) assesses motivation for treatment in the drug-dependent population. The development of adequate measures of motivation is needed in order to properly understand the role of this construct in rehabilitation. This study probed the psychometric properties of the SOCRATES in the Po...