Gerardo Damonte

Gerardo Damonte
Pontifical Catholic University of Peru | PUCP · Department of Social Sciences

PhD Anthropology

About

105
Publications
40,281
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496
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Introduction
I'm interested in how social actors establish resource governance regimes in the context of resource extraction and climate change. Through ethnographic and comparative case studies, I want to understand how local communities resist, negotiate and / or collaborate with private and state powers, generating processes of institutional hybridization and socio-political change.
Additional affiliations
July 2007 - present
Pontifical Catholic University of Peru
Position
  • Professor (Full)
January 2007 - present
Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Education
August 2001 - December 2006
Cornell University
Field of study
  • Anthropology

Publications

Publications (105)
Chapter
El objetivo del presente ensayo es explicar la naturaleza de los retos que afrontamos como país históricamente dependiente de la extracción de recursos —en particular mineros— al momento de plantearnos un desarrollo sustentable. Con este fin, el texto presenta un breve recuento sobre la emergencia de la sustentabilidad ambiental como objetivo mundi...
Article
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This paper looks at the institutional emergence, particularly space rights, within the culture of the Peruvian bay scallop (Argopecten purpuratus) in Sechura Bay. The institutional system developed within a period of 20 years from an open-access, gold rush scenario to a rather structured, formal activity-however, still relies on a lot of informalit...
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Las políticas públicas y privadas típicamente consideran la construcción de infraestructuras como la respuesta más apropiada a los problemas de escasez y disputas por el agua en contextos de minería a gran escala. Sin embargo, la infraestructura en sí misma no siempre trae soluciones. En este contexto, nos preguntamos: ¿Cuáles son las lógicas que g...
Chapter
In large-scale mining contexts and the consequent generation of socio-environmental inequalities related to access to water, indigenous peoples and peasant communities demand the recognition of other ways of understanding water. In these contexts of dispute, emerge what we call plural water governances, which position diverse relationships and infr...
Article
In the context of institutional transformations that resulted from the mining expansion in Latin America, this article explores the emergence of a social institutional innovation: community based water monitoring. From a qualitative perspective the emergence of a new community form of environmental control in Argentina and Peru is analyzed. The art...
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Article
In the Peruvian Amazon region, mining activities have contaminated land, riverbeds and shores, including in protected areas, causing serious social and environmental impacts. Against this backdrop the Peruvian state decided to implement a formalization plan to regulate small-scale mining and to eradicate mining activities in conservation areas. Aft...
Article
Mining has historically facilitated urban growth, and water access in towns and cities has become one of the most prevalent and divisive of the unresolved problems surrounding mining. Urban areas in the vicinity of large-scale mining ventures endure chronic water shortages, and these areas often turn to remote water sources to meet their needs even...
Chapter
A principio de los años noventa comenzó en el Perú un nuevo ciclo de expansión de las industrias extractivas (minería e hidrocarburos), que está llegando a su fin. Este ciclo ha estado caracterizado por un vertiginoso crecimiento económico liderado por la gran minería. En este contexto, se han producido un conjunto de cambios institucionales interr...
Article
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The expansion of large-scale mining projects in Latin America has led to the application of several different institutional and business-endorsed water monitoring systems. These have attempted to deal with their vast environmental consequences. The methods are based on the devaluation of other forms of knowledge. As a response to this tendency, com...
Article
El libro Local Experiences of Mining in Peru: Social and Spatial Transformations in the Andes nos muestra cómo las experiencias y representaciones van construyendo y reconstruyendo los sitios mineros. Para ello, el autor nos incorpora a los debates sobre los cambios institucionales, políticos, económicos o culturales que la minería corporativa cont...
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In the face of global change, the exploration of possible futures of marine social-ecological systems (MSES) becomes increasingly important. A variety of models aims at improving our understanding of ecosystem dynamics and complexities by assessing how systems react to internal and external drivers of change. However, these models are often built f...
Article
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Este texto busca analizar cómo las infraestructuras hídricas responden a proyectos técnico-políticos de control territorial ubicados en áreas de influencia minera que más que resolver el problema de acceso y abastecimiento terminan por profundizar las desigualdades en el acceso local al agua. Se comparan infraestructuras construidas en el contexto...
Article
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En América Latina, las políticas nacionales de gobernanza hídrica se centran en una noción que ignora los derechos previos y las formas alternativas de manejo del agua. Como consecuencia, se han generado conflictos respecto a las concepciones y los derechos en torno al agua, así como al manejo de las infraestructuras. A partir del análisis compara...
Article
El artículo explora los procesos de construcción simbólica territorial a partir de la noción de "narrativas territoriales". En particular, el análisis aborda las tensiones entre narrativas que surgen a partir de la expansión minera en la Provincia de San Juan. Mediante un abordaje cualitativo, se ha estudiado el despliegue de una "narrativa territo...
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El artículo explora los procesos de construcción simbólica territorial a partir de la noción de "narrativas territoriales". En particular, el análisis aborda las tensiones entre narrativas que surgen a partir de la expansión minera en la Provincia de San Juan. Mediante un abordaje cualitativo, se ha estudiado el despliegue de una "narrativa territo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Este documento presenta la problemática en torno a la gobernanza en escenarios de escasez hídrica y proporciona recomendaciones de políticas públicas para mejorar el acceso al agua para consumo humano en territorios altoandinos con minería a gran escala. A partir de la evidencia recogida en los casos de San Juan en Argentina y Espinar en Perú, se s...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Este documento presenta la problemática en torno a la gobernanza en escenarios de escasez hídrica y proporciona recomendaciones de políticas públicas para mejorar el acceso al agua para consumo humano en territorios altoandinos con minería a gran escala. A partir de la evidencia recogida en los casos de San Juan en Argentina y Espinar en Perú, se s...
Article
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La problemática hídrica es uno de los motores de los múltiples conflictos socioambientales generados por la expansión de la minería a gran escala en territorios andinos. Como respuesta al acaparamiento del agua por parte de las empresas, la falta de disponibilidad y acceso para la población disponible de este recurso y la contaminación de las fuent...
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El artículo analiza el problema de la escasez de agua en los territorios altoandinos con minería a gran escala. Muestra que la producción y reproducción de la escasez de agua está estrechamente relacionada con la expansión minera. El artículo argumenta que los desarrollos mineros han desencadenado procesos de urbanización, aumentando la desconfianz...
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Resumen: En las últimas décadas, se han desarrollado políticas internacionales para guiar los procesos de Reubicación Involuntaria con el fin de garantizar la reconstrucción social y mejoras en los estándares de vida de las comunidades reasentadas; sin embargo, las experiencias andinas nos muestran que, en general, estos objetivos no han sido alcan...
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This presentation introduces a special issue that analyzes the new territorial configurations taking shape in the Andean region under the developmentalist governments of the 21st century. The new territorial projects seek to increase the extraction of resources, the transference of crucial products on local level, and economic development. This rem...
Article
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During the 2000s, the Ica region, located on the Peruvian coast, gained notoriety as the main stage of what the media and politicians called the "agricultural export miracle." The exponential growth of nontraditional exports that ensued, along with the rising importance of the agroindustry in generating foreign currency, led to the emergence of an...
Article
Pastoral communities are facing mounting pressure on their livelihoods due to misconceptions about pastoralism and global trends including population growth and climate change. In this context, this article seeks to establish a correlation between pastoral land tenure systems and the sustainability of pastoralism as a production system. Using a com...
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In recent decades, an agro-export boom has deeply transformed Peru’s coastal valleys, resulting in dramatic territorial changes and social inequality in the Ica Valley. This article explains how politico-economic and socio-institutional forces have triggered the emergence of a new ‘hydrosocial territory’, transforming the Ica Valley into a virtual-...
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Since the publication of the Brundtland Report in 1987, social inequality has been a topic of concern for the international development community. In the last decade, given the rise of global inequality the subject gained even more prominence as several international organizations (UNDP, World Bank, OECD) began emphasizing the negative impact of so...
Article
This article analyses the Peruvian government's quest to formalize small‐scale mining in the Amazon as a political process which shows how state governance problems are reproduced in the margins of the state. It asks why the central state is unable to govern mining activities in the Madre de Dios region, and examines how small‐scale miners have rea...
Research
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Based on research into the evolution of land tenure regimes and their implications for the sustainability of pastoral production systems, this document provides public policy recommendations to help sustainable development of pastoralist societies. Evidence shows that collective land regimes create the conditions for the development of sustainable...
Research
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Considering communal or condominium land tenure regimes enable sustainable pastoral production systems, public policy should be re-oriented to support pastoralist families’ collective land right access.
Research
Los regímenes de tenencias de tierra comunales o de condominio hacen posible la reproducción de modelos de producción pastoril sostenibles; por ello, las políticas públicas deben ser reorientadas para permitir a las familias pastoras el acceso a derechos colectivos sobre la tierra.
Article
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RESUMEN El boom agroexportador en la región costera de Ica ha provocado dos procesos interrelacionados: la generación situaciones de estrés hídrico y la emergencia del grupo agroexportador como un nuevo actor social. El papel asignado a los agroexportadores en la narrativa de desarrollo regional les ha concedido una posición dominante en la gestión...
Book
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Este libro presenta un análisis de la emergencia e influencia que han logrado las sociedades civiles de países seleccionados de América Latina en la política minera. Cada capítulo estudia la adopción de la política minera neoliberal desde la década de 1980, la forma en la que la sociedad civil se organiza para politizar los efectos de la misma y la...
Technical Report
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Este documento ofrece recomendaciones de política pública para ayudar al desarrollo sostenible de sociedades pastoras hechas a partir de una investigación sobre la evolución de los regímenes de tenencia y sus implicancias en la sostenibilidad del sistema de producción pastoril. La evidencia muestra que los regímenes colectivos de tierra generan con...
Article
The Peruvian government is attempting to implement a formalization plan to deal with the chaotic expansion of small-scale mining activities in the Amazon. However, this plan has been contested, delayed and halted by local miners. Why exactly has it been so hard for the government to enforce a formalization plan in Madre de Dios? This article aims t...
Article
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During the last decades the growth of the agricultural exports sector in Peru has brought significant transformations to the hydric territories, especially in the valleys of the Peruvian coasts. Based on a case study, this research explains how these transformations have led to the redefinition of hydro-social territories, starting with the consoli...
Chapter
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Introducción al libro "Agenda de investigación en temas socioambientales en el Perú"
Technical Report
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Los países de América Latina y las corporaciones se han dado cuenta que deben regular mejor el acceso a la tierra para las actividades extractivas. ¿De qué manera han tratado de lograr un equilibrio entre la industria extractiva y el uso sostenible del suelo? Esta guía analiza las principales políticas relacionadas con el uso del suelo y las indust...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This ELLA Brief presents cases of land grabbing in Latin America and explores the controversy around this phenomenon. It reviews the causes and characteristics of land grabbing around the world and specifies the ways in which land grabbing in Latin America differs from typical scenarios in Africa and Asia. In particular, this Brief explains the his...
Article
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La promulgación de la Ley de Consulta Previa a los Pueblos Indígenas u Originarios como mecanismo estatal de participación e inclusión social ha generado debates conceptuales sobre cómo identificar a la población indígena andina. ¿Por qué esta ley tiene dificultades para otorgar a la población andina derechos indígenas a la consulta previa? El pres...
Technical Report
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In the context of both increasing mineral prices and mining companies’ profits, governments naturally seek to maximise their revenue in order to achieve maximum social welfare. By taking a panoramic look at the taxation regimes in place across Latin America, the authors compare two different regimes: profit-based vs. production-based fiscal regimes...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Is it possible to develop extractive industries while preserving the environment? Several Latin American countries have been attempting to improve the environmental sustainability of their extractive industry sectors by developing their legal frameworks, in particular through the use and adaptation of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) tool....
Article
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El desarrollo de proyectos mineros de gran escala ha generado cambios político-institucionales en las zonas rurales andinas del Perú. ¿Cómo han cambiado las instituciones más representativas del ámbito rural peruano: la municipalidad rural y la comunidad campesina? ¿Cuáles son los principales cambios en relación con las formas de liderazgo y repres...
Technical Report
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Given the surge in socio-environmental conflicts that extractive industry activity has generated in Latin America, particularly in the last decade, it is only natural that countries in the region have begun to consider how different rent distribution schemes could be used to prevent or mitigate such struggles. By taking a panoramic look at the dist...
Technical Report
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Experience from Latin America shows how community consultation can be an important strategy used to manage conflict in Extractive Industries activities. This Brief characterises and analyses the different types of local consultation seen in the region, focusing on the diverse actors that lead the processes and providing illustrative examples of eac...
Technical Report
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Gaining access to land with mineral and hydrocarbon resources can present a significant challenge. Experiences from Latin America show that direct land expropriation has been abandoned in favour of social licence, meaning securing community or individual agreement about the use of land for extractive activities. This brief describes the key factors...
Technical Report
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Exploration and exploitation activities have already advanced into remote, resource-rich lands inhabited by indigenous people across the southern hemisphere. Developing extractive projects in indigenous territory is especially challenging and frequently triggers social unrest and conflict. Drawing on Latin American experiences, this Brief outlines...
Technical Report
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Ecuador’s innovative proposal for not developing its Yasuní-Ishpingo Tambococha Tiputini (Yasuní-ITT) oil fields presents an alternative strategy for resolving the conservation versus extractive industry development dilemma. Ecuador proposed the creation of a global fund to finance sustainable development activities in the country in exchange for i...
Technical Report
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With consumption of natural resources continuing to increase worldwide, resource-rich countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America are positioned to play an increasingly crucial role supplying the demand, and reaping increased revenues, for decades to come. This Guide presents a concise introduction to the different Latin American policy models appl...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The rapid expansion of extractive industries in Latin America is transforming the societies and territories in which it is occurring. This phenomenon has provoked social and environmental conflict, especially involving the rural and indigenous communities that are most immediately affected. How are Latin American countries seeking to mitigate and a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Latin American countries and corporations are learning that they need to better regulate how land is accessed and used for extractive activities. How have Latin American countries sought to achieve a balance between extractive industry activities and sustainable land use? This Guide considers this question by presenting and analysing different poli...
Technical Report
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This Brief presents a concise overview of the Latin American (LA) gas industry, focusing on its policy experience and performance. In particular, it reviews the advantages and disadvantages of the region's three different policy models: state-led, private and state-private. It describes the evidence suggesting that in LA the state-private model has...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This Brief presents a concise overview of the context of the Latin American (LA) oil industry and its performance. It analyses the advantages and disadvantages of the three main investment models followed, focusing primarily on the policy experience of Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela. Finally, it presents evidence and analysis sugg...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Born in Latin America, Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) programmes target poor families, offering cash subsidies in exchange for a commitment by households to invest in the human capital of their children. Backed up by country examples, this guide provides an overview to CCT programmes in Latin America, including their history, objectives and use, e...