Gerald G Wulf

Gerald G Wulf
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen | GAUG · Hematology and Medical Oncology

Professor

About

356
Publications
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Introduction
Hematological Malignancies: mechanism of disease; treatment; cellular therapy

Publications

Publications (356)
Article
Hematotoxicity after chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy is associated with infection and death but management remains unclear. We report results of 31 patients receiving hematopoietic stem cell boost (HSCB; 30 autologous, 1 allogeneic) for either sustained severe neutropenia of grade 4 (<0.5 x109/l), sustained moderate neutropenia (less...
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The phase III study was designed to compare event‐free survival (EFS) after treosulfan‐based conditioning with a widely applied reduced‐intensity conditioning (RIC) busulfan regimen in older or comorbid patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). A prev...
Article
7548 Background: Elderly pts with R/R LBCL are at risk of inferior outcomes, increased toxicity, and inability to tolerate second-line (2L) SOC treatment (Tx) (Di M, et al. Oncologist. 2021). Further 2L SOC Tx is often associated with poor health-related quality of life (QoL) (Lin V, et al. J Clin Oncol . 2020;38:e20070). In the pivotal Phase 3 ZUM...
Article
We conducted a single-arm phase-II trial (AMLSG 16-10) to evaluate midostaurin with intensive chemotherapy followed by allogeneic hematopoietic-cell transplantation (HCT) and a one-year midostaurin maintenance therapy in adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD). Patients 18-70 years of age with new...
Article
Second allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo‐SCT2) represents a rescue option for selected patients (pts) with relapsed/refractory (r/r) acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Still, relapse rates post‐allo‐SCT2 remain high and effective anti‐relapse strategies and predictive biomarkers remain to be defined. We here analyzed a cohort of 41 AML pts unde...
Article
CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells have evolved as new standard-of-care (SOC) treatment in patients with relapsed/refractory large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL). Here, we report the first German real-world data on SOC CAR-T cell therapies with the aim to explore risk factors associated with outcome. Patients who received SOC axicabtagen...
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Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is the only curative treatment for patients with myeloid/lymphoid neoplasm (MLN) with FGFR1 rearrangement, but data on overall results are limited. We report on the largest series of patients (n = 22) with FGFR1-rearranged MLN undergoing allo-HCT. Distribution according to cytogenetic subtype...
Preprint
Background: The advance directive holds patients’ health care choices and fosters the patients’ autonomy. Nevertheless, understanding the patients’ wishes based on the information provided in advance directives, remains a challenge for health care providers. Based on the ethical premises of positive obligation to autonomy, an advanced directive tha...
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The HLA-DRB3/4/5 loci are closely linked to the HLA-DRB1 gene. Mismatches in these loci occur with a frequency of about 8%–12% in otherwise 10/10 HLA-matched transplant pairs. There is preliminary evidence that these disparities may associate with increased acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) rates. The aim of this study was to analyze a large c...
Article
Introduction: A common genetic variant within the TCRA-TCRD locus has been recently identified as a predictive factor of thymic function and T cell repertoire diversity (Clave et al., 2018). Specifically it was shown in a mouse model that transplantation of rs2204985 AA human hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) into immunodeficient mice led to lower thy...
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Introduction. Malignant diseases treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) predominantly occur beyond the 7 th decade of life. Numerical age per se is not regarded an adverse risk factor in alloHSCT. In an aging society, interventions historically deemed high risk are increasingly used in elder patients. Methods. Ep...
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Introduction: Total body irradiation (TBI) continues to be an important part of the conditioning regimen for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Previous dose escalation studies showed that higher than 12-Gray (Gy) was toxic and did not provide any apparent survival benefit - at least in p...
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Introduction The CD19 targeting CAR-T cell constructs axicabtagene ciloleucel (axi-cel) and tisagenlecleucel (tisa-cel) have become an accepted standard salvage treatment of LBCL beyond the second line. Patients scheduled for approved CAR-T cell therapies usually have 4-8 weeks wait time for CAR-T cell infusion, thus often requiring bridging strate...
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Introduction Although the labeled CD19 targeting CAR-T cell constructs axi-cel and tisa-cel are generally associated with an acceptable safety profile, non-relapse deaths can occur. Little is known about timing, causes and predictors of NRM following SOC CAR-T cell therapy for LBCL. Here, we analyzed frequency, causes, and risk factors of non-relap...
Article
BACKGROUND: Midostaurin is a first-generation, type I multi-targeted kinase inhibitor with inhibitory activity against FLT3-ITD and -TKD mutations. Midostaurin is approved by FDA and EMA in combination with intensive induction and consolidation chemotherapy for adult patients with AML exhibiting an activating FLT3 mutation; the EMA label also inclu...
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Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cells are increasingly used for the treatment of hematologic malignancies. Treatment success relies highly upon sufficient expansion of CAR-T effector cells. Accordingly, longitudinal quantification of CAR-T cells during therapy is clinically important. Techniques to quantify CAR-T cells in patient’s blood samples...
Article
Background The aim of this phase 2 study (NCT00777998) was to compare autologous-allogeneic tandem stem cell transplantation (auto-allo) and tandem autologous transplantation (auto-auto), both followed by maintenance therapy in transplant-eligible patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). Methods Between 2008 and 2014 a total of 210 M...
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Purpose: Extrinsic factors and genetic predisposition contribute to the etiology of sarcoidosis, converging in a phenotype of altered immune response associated with multisystemic inflammatory granulomatous tissue infiltration. Immunological reconstitution after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) may represent a unique window for the pa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose Extrinsic factors and genetic predisposition contribute to the etiology of sarcoidosis, converging in a phenotype of altered immune response associated with multisystemic inflammatory granulomatous tissue infiltration. Immunological reconstitution after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) may represent a unique window for the pat...
Article
Purpose: In contrast to 5-azacytidine (5-aza), allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) represents a curative treatment strategy for patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), but therapy-related mortality (TRM) limits its broader use in elderly patients with MDS. The present prospective multicenter study compared HSCT following 5-aza pretr...
Article
The antibody-drug conjugate polatuzumab vedotin (pola) has recently been approved in combination with bendamustine and rituximab (pola-BR) for patients with refractory or relapsed (r/r) large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL). To investigate the efficacy of pola-BR in a real-world setting, we retrospectively analyzed 105 patients with LBCL who were treated in...
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The German study groups, the German Low-Grade Lymphoma Study Group (GLSG) and Ostdeutsche Studiengruppe Hämatologie und Onkologie (OSHO), initiated in 2007 a double randomized trial to investigate efficacy and safety of rituximab maintenance versus observation in remission after randomly assigned induction treatment in the first-line follicular lym...
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Second- and third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) play an important role in the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph + ALL). However, data on feasibility and efficacy of using these drugs for persisting or relapsed Ph + ALL after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) are scarce. Based o...
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In elderly patients (pts) with aggressive B cell lymphoma (aNHL), curative treatment often cannot be administered because of comorbidities and tolerability. We analyzed the influence of age in pts > 60 years receiving the R-CHOP-14 regimen within different prospective DSHNHL trials. Of the RICOVER-60 trial and CHOP-R-ESC trials, 1171 aNHL pts were...
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Background Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a complication of allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). ASP0113, a DNA-based vaccine, contains two plasmids encoding human CMV glycoprotein B and phosphoprotein 65 (pp65). We assessed ASP0113 in CMV-seropositive allo-HCT recipients. Methods In this phase 3, randomised, placebo-controlled stu...
Article
In the international randomized phase III RATIFY trial, the multi-kinase inhibitor midostaurin significantly improved overall and event-free survival in patients 18-59 years of age with FLT3-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, only 59% of patients on the midostaurin arm achieved protocol-specified complete remission (CR) and almost half...
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T-cell epitope matching according to the TCE3 algorithm classifies HLA-DPB1 mismatches in permissive and non-permissive. This classification has been shown to be predictive for mortality and acute GvHD (aGvHD) events in large international cohorts. We retrospectively genotyped HLA-DPB1 in 3523 patients transplanted in Germany between 2000 and 2014...
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Lymphoma-associated Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) represents a severe complication of disease progression, mediated through cytokine release from the lymphoma cells. Cytokine adsorption may contribute as a supportive treatment to stabilize organ function by reduction of cytokine levels. So far, no experiences of cytokine adsorption and s...
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PTCL patients exhibit poor survival with existing treatments. We investigated the efficacy of CHOP combined with alemtuzumab in 116 PTCL patients age 61–80 in an open-label, randomized phase 3 trial. Alemtuzumab was given on day 1, to a total of 360 mg in 21 patients, or 120 mg in 37. Hematotoxicity was increased with A-CHOP resulting in more grade...
Article
Standard first-line therapy for younger patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma consists of six courses of CHOP or CHOEP consolidated by high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (AutoSCT). We hypothesized that consolidative allogeneic transplantation (AlloSCT) could improve outcome. 104 patients with nodal peripheral T-cell lymph...
Article
Introduction The antibody-drug conjugate polatuzumab vedotin (Pola) has recently been approved in combination with bendamustine and rituximab (Pola-BR) for patients with r/r diffuse LBCL (DLBCL). Methods To characterize the efficacy of Pola-BR in a real-world setting, we retrospectively analyzed data from 97 patients with r/r LBCL who were treated...
Article
Background: FLT3-ITD occurs in ~25% of adult AML patients (pts) and is associated with poor prognosis. MRD monitoring is of high prognostic relevance, but restricted to certain AML subtypes. FLT3-ITD represents an attractive target for MRD monitoring in particular in pts treated with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor. FLT3-ITD MRD monitoring is hampered...
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Brugada syndrome (BrS) is one of the major causes of sudden cardiac death in young people, while the underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. Here, we investigated the pathophysiological phenotypes and mechanisms using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes (CMs) from two BrS patients (BrS-CMs) carrying a heterozygo...
Article
Monitoring of measurable residual disease (MRD) provides prognostic information in patients with Nucleophosmin1 mutated (NPM1mut) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and represents a powerful tool to evaluate treatment effects within clinical trials. We determined NPM1mut transcript levels (TL) by RQ-PCR and evaluated the prognostic impact of NPM1mut MRD...
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Acute graft-vs.-host disease (aGvHD) is one of the most frequent causes of transplant-related mortality (TRM) after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT). Its treatment is complex and costly. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the impact of country-specific socioeconomic factors on outcome of patients who experie...
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CD19-directed CAR-T-cells (CD19-CAR) have demonstrated remarkable clinical results in patients suffering from refractory or relapsed lymphoma and acute lymphoblastic leukemia. In order to further optimize follow-up, to explain treatment failure, and to control adverse events biomarkers for monitoring of response are urgently needed. Peak expansion...
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The purpose of our study is to provide information on safety and efficacy of ibrutinib as salvage treatment after allo-HSCT for CLL. A total of 56 patients were included, 36 (64%) males; median age at transplantation was 48 years (range: 35–64) and the median number of treatment lines prior to transplantation was 3 (1–10). The median time between a...
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Elevated serum ferritin levels occur due to iron overload or during inflammation and macrophage activation. A correlation of high serum ferritin levels with increased mortality after alloSCT has been suggested by several retrospective analyses as well as by two smaller prospective studies. This prospective multicentric study aimed to study the asso...
Article
Initial treatment with the monoclonal anti-CD52 antibody alemtuzumab induces responses in the majority of patients with T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL). In eligible patients, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is an option to consolidate hematological remissions. Here, we report our experience with 10 patients who...
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Tightly regulated activity of the transcription factor MYC is essential for orderly cell proliferation. Upon deregulation, MYC elicits and promotes cancer progression. Proteasomal degradation is an essential element of MYC regulation, initiated by phosphorylation at Serine62 (Ser62) of the MB1 region. Here we found that Ser62 phosphorylation peaks...
Article
Myeloproliferative Neoplasm (MPN), unclassifiable (MPN‐U) is a heterogeneous disease with regards to both clinical phenotype and disease course. Patients may initially be asymptomatic or present with leucocytosis or thrombocytosis, anaemia, progressive splenomegaly, constitutional symptom, thromboses or accelerated/blastic phase disease. Treatment...
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Full-text available
Brugada syndrome (BrS) is one of the major causes of sudden cardiac death in young people, while the underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. Here, we investigated the pathophysiological phenotypes and mechanisms using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes (CMs) from two BrS patients (BrS-CMs) carrying a heterozygo...
Article
Full-text available
PURPOSE High CD33 expression in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with mutated NPM1 provides a rationale for the evaluation of gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) in this AML entity. We conducted a randomized trial to evaluate GO in combination with intensive induction and consolidation therapy in NPM1-mutated AML. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between May 2010 and Sept...
Article
Background Six cycles of R-CHOP (rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) are the standard treatment for aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In the FLYER trial, we assessed whether four cycles of CHOP plus six applications of rituximab are non-inferior to six cycles of R-CHOP in a population of patients with B-...
Article
Introduction Myeloproliferative Neoplasm (MPN) unclassifiable (MPN-U), is a heterogeneous disease that presents with an MPN-type clinical/ histological phenotype yet fails to meet diagnostic criteria for other MPN entities. Incidence is <5% of all MPN when stringent World Health Organisation (WHO) 2016 classification is followed. No well-defined tr...
Article
Introduction For patients (pts) with aggressive B-cell lymphoma immunochemotherapy with R-CHOP (Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, Prednisolone) represents the standard of care with curative intention. For elderly pts a dose-reduced R-mini-CHOP protocol is feasible. No standard of care exists for frail or very old (>80 yrs) pts...
Article
Uric acid is a danger signal contributing to inflammation. Its relevance to allogeneic stem cell transplantation derives from preclinical models where the depletion of uric acid led to improved survival and reduced graft-versus-host disease. In a clinical pilot trial, peri-transplant uric acid depletion reduced acute graft-versus-host disease incid...
Article
Background: Further improvement of preparative regimens before allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an unmet medical need for the growing number of older or comorbid patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndrome. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of conditioning with treosulfan plus fludarabine...
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Full-text available
Preliminary data suggest that allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) may be effective in T-prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL). The purpose of the present observational study was to assess the outcome of allo-SCT in patients aged 65 years or younger with a centrally confirmed diagnosis of T-PLL. Patients were consecutively registered with the...
Article
Background Peripheral T‑cell lymphomas (PTCL) comprise a heterogeneous group of lymphomas with a mature T‑cell phenotype, mostly presenting as aggressive disease with a poor prognosis. Innovative therapies are currently under investigation and may change the treatment of some PCTL subtypes in the near future. Objectives The aim of this article is...
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The aim of this randomized phase-II study was to evaluate the effect of substituting cytarabine by azacitidine in intensive induction therapy of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Patients were randomized to four induction schedules for two cycles: STANDARD (idarubicin, cytarabine, etoposide); and azacitidine given prior (PRIOR), concurren...