Geraint Ellis

Geraint Ellis
Queen's University Belfast | QUB ·  Institute of Spatial and Environmental Planning (ISEP)

PhD

About

89
Publications
24,595
Reads
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2,581
Citations
Citations since 2017
34 Research Items
1720 Citations
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Introduction
Additional affiliations
January 1998 - May 2016
Queen's University Belfast
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (89)
Article
Natural environments, such as parks, woodlands and lakes, have positive impacts on health and wellbeing. Urban Green and Blue Spaces (UGBS), and the activities that take place in them, can significantly influence the health outcomes of all communities, and reduce health inequalities. Improving access and quality of UGBS needs understanding of the r...
Article
Full-text available
Background Evidence for the health benefits of urban green space tends to stem from small, short-term quasi-experimental or cross-sectional observational research, whilst evidence from intervention studies is sparse. The development of an urban greenway (9 km running along 3 rivers) in Northern Ireland provided the opportunity to conduct a natural...
Article
CITY KNOW-HOW Worrying trends in terms of human health and planetary health are receive increasing global concern, on a daily basis. City leadership, planning, development and governance can each be used to support positive change, or to place constraints on urban behaviours and lifestyles, and accelerating the problems. It is imperative that human...
Article
Use of parks is important for the healthy ageing of older adults as it is associated with substantial physical, mental and social health benefits. However, parks are generally underused by older adults, and we know little about which physical environmental factors influence their use of parks. This study aimed to use interviews to qualitatively exp...
Article
This editorial introduces the origin, purpose and scope of a Special Issue on COVID-19. It brings together 43 contributions from across the globe that examine the way in which COVID-19 has challenged the way we think about urban design, spatial planning and city governance. The editorial draws out a number of key messages from this body of work, hi...
Article
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This paper is concerned with the strategic policy processes, economic structures and tactics within which age and plac e programmes are formed, implemented and evaluated. The research draws on the Multiple Streams Approach to understand the relationship between problem identification, policy processes and politics and how they come together to resp...
Article
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Age-friendly cities and communities have emerged as a significant policy, participative and governance response to ageing and its spatial effects. This paper argues that it has important benefits in mobilizing older people, placing age on the urban agenda and building recognition across politicians, policy makers and programme managers. Based on th...
Article
Although there is a clear positive link between community wind energy (CWE) projects and social acceptance, there is still empirical and conceptual ambiguity concerning the details of why. To fill this gap, we revisit foundational papers in this field and then, focusing on empirical case studies between 2010 and 2018 (n = 15), trace how recent rese...
Article
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Debates around the impacts of the UK’s exit from the European Union (‘Brexit’) have exposed the limited critical attention given to how planning systems intersect with environmental protection. This is an important omission, especially given deregulatory pressures on both planning and environment in many countries. In response, this paper uses docu...
Article
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Developing urban environments that promote healthy, active living for older adults is at the forefront of global planning policy debates, resulting in concepts and design guidelines to support population ageing. However, current urban planning in India is overlooking the design of age-friendly cities. The share of older adults in India is estimated...
Poster
Full-text available
The poster outlines the background to the research as well as the research aim and research design.
Article
Processing decisions for accelerometry data can have important implications for outcome measures, yet little evidence exists exploring these in older adults. The aim of the current study was to investigate the impact of three potentially important criteria on older adults, physical activity, and sedentary time. Participants ( n = 222: mean age 71.7...
Article
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Coasts are dynamic socio-ecological systems, subject to increasing anthropogenic pressures that present complex challenges for the design of effective coastal and marine governance systems. There are many contributing factors to the unsustainability of the marine environment, including weak governance arrangements. Typically, the managementof coast...
Book
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RTPI study opens debate in post-Brexit environmental planning 23 January 2019 The UK has made “substantive gains” from EU environmental directives but a lack of resources in their implementation and complexity of environmental assessments are growing concerns, according to a study commissioned by the RTPI. The study looks at how planning and envir...
Article
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Background In order to accurately measure and monitor levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) in older adults, cost efficient and valid instruments are required. To date, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) has not been validated with older adults (aged 60 years plus) in the United K...
Presentation
Full-text available
Introduction: The influence of environments upon older adult physical activity (PA) is becoming increasingly widely documented. However, whilst our understanding of ‘macroscale’ influences (e.g. walkability) advances, there remains limited understanding on the influence of ‘micro- scale’ features, i.e. those characteristically found along streetsca...
Article
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Anaerobic digestion (AD) for biogas production forms one of the fundamental building blocks of the bioeconomy, and a research programme has been under way in Northern Ireland, which culminated in the publication of a Biogas Research Action Plan 2020 in 2014. One important element of this programme was the identification of the need for an evidence...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The ability to 'age in place' is dependent on a range of inter-personal, social and built environment attributes, with the latter being a key area for potential intervention. There is an emerging body of evidence that indicates the type of built environment features that may best support age friendly communities, but there is a need to...
Article
Coastal states are increasingly urged to transform their sectoral and fragmented marine governance regimes, and to implement integrated and holistic management approaches. However, to be successful, integrated governance mechanisms, such as marine spatial planning and ecosystem-based management, will involve transformative change of institutions, v...
Poster
Full-text available
The overall aim of the HULAP Study is to enhance the understanding of the built environment influence on the physical activity and sedentary behavior of older adults in the UK (Belfast), and Brazil (Curitiba). This will be done using a combination of measurement approaches, including; accelerometry, Global Positioning Systems (GPS), surveys, Geogra...
Article
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In an effort to understand how to promote more sustainable forms of energy provision, researchers have begun addressing the scale of political and governance processes, yet the effects of sub-national government remain neglected. At the same time, analysts of political devolution, decentralisation and independence have rarely given attention to the...
Article
Background Many studies have used the concept of ‘walkability’ to assess how conducive a neighbourhood is to physical activity, especially active travel. Studies in the United States and Australia have traditionally used a road-based network system of intersection density to derive a walkability index. However, other studies suggest that analyses b...
Article
The UK has a ‘national’ strategy to decarbonise its energy sector, yet the transfer of key responsibilities to its Devolved Administrations has meant that they control many of the powers that determine the rate and extent of the decarbonisation process. This reflects an asymmetrical distribution of legal responsibilities that has cast a complex ran...
Article
Full-text available
CITY KNOW-HOW Planetary health and human health are influenced by city lifestyles, city leadership, and city development. Changing the trajectory requires concerted action, and the journal Cities & Health journal is dedicated to supporting the flow of knowledge, in all directions to help make this happen. We are dedicated to supporting communicatio...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Social acceptance is a key challenge for the deployment of wind energy and could limit the overall wind resource we are able to exploit to meet climate change targets. Social acceptance can be influenced by a very wide range of factors, including project characteristics, perception of the distribution of costs and benefits, degree of public partici...
Article
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Amidst growing analytical interest in the spatial dimensions of sustainable energy transitions, relatively little attention has been given to the role of sub-national government, or the ways in which dominant socio-technical regimes for energy navigate diverse contexts. This paper addresses these two concerns by assessing the impacts of devolution...
Chapter
The UK’s Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI) has celebrated its centenary in 2014, marking 100 years of close relationships between university-based planning schools and a professional body focused on planning practice. During this period, the context for university education and the very idea of planning have changed dramatically contributing to...
Article
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Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) has rapidly become the most commonly endorsed management regime for sustainable development in the marine environment. MSP is advocated as a means of managing human uses of the sea in a sustainable manner, in the face of ever-increasing demands on marine resources. While MSP is quickly becoming the dominant marine mana...
Article
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There is now a strong body of research that suggests that the form of the built environment can influence levels of physical activity, leading to an increasing interest in incorporating health objectives into spatial planning and regeneration. There have been a number of strands to this research, one of which has sought to develop objective measure...
Conference Paper
Bioenergy is a key component of the European Union long term energy strategy across all sectors, with a target contribution of up to 14% of the energy mix by 2020. It is estimated that there is the potential for 1TWh of primary energy from biogas per million persons in Europe, derived from agricultural by-products and waste. With an agricultural se...
Article
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Small-scale, decentralized and community-owned renewable energy is widely acknowledged to be a desirable feature of low carbon futures, but faces a range of challenges in the context of conventional, centralized energy systems. This paper draws on transition frameworks to investigate why the UK has been an inhospitable context for community-owned r...
Article
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Efforts to rescale governance arrangements to foster sustainable development are rarely simple in their consequences, an out-turn examined in this paper through an analysis of how the governance of renewable energy in the UK has been impacted by the devolution of power to Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Theoretically, attention is given to th...
Article
This paper reflects on the enduring value of Jane Jacobs' The Death and Life of Great American Cities in the context of child-friendly cities. This is explored through a project in Belfast that has engaged primary school children in how they understand their local environment. The project has demonstrated that while children can effectively contrib...
Article
Full-text available
Studies of urban metabolism provide important insights for environmental management of cities, but are not widely used in planning practice due to a mismatch of data scale and coverage. This paper introduces the Spatial Allocation of Material Flow Analysis (SAMFA) model as a potential decision support tool aimed as a contribution to overcome some o...
Article
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There is a dearth of evidence regarding the impact of urban regeneration projects on public health, particularly the nature and degree to which urban regeneration impacts upon health-related behaviour change. Natural experiment methodology enables comprehensive large-scale evaluations of such interventions. The Connswater Community Greenway in Belf...
Article
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Political support for renewable energy development, especially offshore renewables, is particularly conspicuous in Scotland and is a centrepiece of SNP policy. However, this is built on something of a paradox because, put simply, without the subsidies paid by electricity consumers in the rest of the UK, the Scottish Government's ambitious targets f...
Article
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This short paper explores a number of issues arising from a recent ESRC project that has explored the role of the UK Devolved Administrations in the policy and deployment of renewable energy. It suggests that recent changes in the political control of central and devolved governments has set in train a new dynamic to understanding the divergences o...
Article
The public is typically in agreement with the renewable energy targets established in many national states and generally supports the idea of increased reliance on wind energy. Nevertheless, many specific wind power projects face significant local opposition. A key question for the wind energy sector is, therefore, how to better engage local people...
Article
Over the last 5–10 years, marine spatial planning (MSP) has emerged as a new management regime for national and international waters and has already attracted a substantial body of multi-disciplinary research on its goals and policy processes. This paper argues that this literature has generally lacked deeper reflexive engagement with the emerging...
Article
Full-text available
Marine spatial planning is taking on greater international significance as a response to increased perceived threats to the marine environment and the need for more systematic maritime governance. It also expands the horizons of spatial planning and leads to calls for interdisciplinary research to support its development. This special issue brings...
Chapter
Travelling through the countryside in Denmark, North Germany, Spain or even certain parts of North America, one cannot help but notice the thousands of wind turbines dominating the landscape. Yet in other countries, such as the UK, Ireland or Switzerland, wind projects are still relatively isolated features. This reflects the fact that different co...
Chapter
Full-text available
The medium to long term outlook for global energy supply is extremely challenging, as Chapter 1 emphasised. In recognition of this, many countries are strongly promoting renewable energy, and much progress has been made. However, fossil fuels still meet the vast majority of global energy needs, and in consequence atmospheric concentrations of green...
Chapter
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Energy has always been important for human societies, but across the world energy issues are now being given unprecedented priority by governments, communities and citizens. According to Zimmerer (2011: 705), energy is ‘far and away the most significant international resource system and political economic nexus’, not least because energy questions...
Article
The skills to manage sustainable and cohesive communities have placed a particular emphasis on collaborative and consensual methods of working. This paper suggests that in ethnically divided places, the notion of collaboration is largely conceptual and that more agonistic strategies provide a sounder basis for marginal communities to advance their...
Article
This paper aims to contribute to the current debate on Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) by exploring the issue of stakeholder engagement. MSP is an emergent policy field that is subject to an increasing body of research, yet the role, scope and nature of participatory engagement within the process remains a neglected topic. This paper briefly reviews...
Article
This paper evaluates skills for managing ethno-religious diversity in the context of regeneration, spatial planning and the pursuit of sustainable communities. It draws on experiences in Northern Ireland to explore the type and range of skills required in a society emerging from prolonged conflict and residential segregation. The paper concludes by...
Article
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papier publie dans la cadre d'un interface: Ellis, Geraint, Cowell, Richard, Warren, Charles, Strachan, Peter, Szarka, Joseph, Hadwin, Richard, Miner, Paul, Wolsink, Maarten and NadaI, Alain(2009) 'Wind Power: Is There A "Planning Problem"?Expanding Wind Power: A Problem of Planning, or of Perception?The Problems Of Planning--A Developer's Perspect...
Article
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Although widely debated, some of the defining professional characteristics of planners appear to be competencies in coordination , mediation and multidisciplinary working. Despite this, there is little pedagogical reflection on how interprofessional skills are promoted in planning programmes. This paper reflects on the experience of bringing togeth...
Article
Sustainable development is now widely held as a transcendental ideal of town and country planning, yet the way in which it is taught in planning schools remains problematic. This arises from a range of factors, including the all‐persuasive nature of sustainability and the lack of solid examples of success through implementation. The issue of how be...
Article
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A key obstacle to the wide-scale development of renewable energy is that public acceptability of wind energy cannot be taken for granted when wind energy moves from abstract support to local implementation. Drawing on a case study of opposition to the siting of a proposed off-shore wind farm in Northern Ireland, we offer a rhetorical analysis of a...
Article
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This paper explores the nature of public acceptance of wind farms by investigating the discourses of support and objection to a proposed offshore scheme. It reviews research into opposition to wind farms, noting previous criticisms that this has tended to provide descriptive rather than explanatory insights and as a result, has not effectively info...
Article
It is an axiom of good planning practice that procedure is informed by up-to-date research. <?tlsb=-.02w><?tws=.2w><?tlss=.2w>Consequently, it is surprising to discover that there remains a dearth of specialised planning-enforcement <?tws><?tlss><?tlsb>literature relating to theory and implementation. In this paper an evaluation is given of the eff...
Article
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Public participation is central to the practice, legitimacy, and dominant normative principles of spatial planning. It has a strong presence in the discourse of communicative governance, which suggests that participatory rights should be strengthened as part of a systematic institutional design. Interest in the concept of rights within planning has...
Article
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The potential introduction of third party planning appeals in the United Kingdom as a result of the Human Rights Act 1998 has increased interest in those countries that have established third party appeal procedures. The closest of these is the Republic of Ireland, which has had a third party right of appeal since 1963. This paper describes the imp...
Article
English The Good Friday Peace Agreement has attempted to establish a constitutional settlement in Northern Ireland by trying to address the long-term causes of conflict in the region. While it primarily deals with the region’s relationship to Britain and the Republic of Ireland, it also includes measures that tackle social exclusion and discriminat...
Article
The Republic of Ireland has witnessed dramatic economic growth in the last ten years, resulting in the major social, physical and cultural transformation of Dublin, its capital. This growth has outstripped the city's ability to expand its infrastructure, so that Dublin now faces severe crises in transport and housing supply. A strong policy and ins...
Article
The ways the British planning system fosters racial disadvantage and the initiatives taken by local authorities to address such bias have been subject to a number of studies over the last 17 years. This body of research has revealed isolated examples of progressive professional practice within a general pattern of inaction and ignorance. This paper...
Article
This paper reviews how inequality is accentuated by the planning process and how discrimination may take place in terms of ethnicity, gender and disability. The specific situation in Northern Ireland is described and government attempts to reduce inequality in policy are outlined. The impact of one of these initiatives, Policy Appraisal and Fair Tr...
Article
For the last three decades Belfast has suffered from the economic and political consequences of an intense sectarian conflict that has shaped the city's management. The ongoing peace process has resulted in the election of a new Northern Ireland Assembly and has sown the seeds for a long-term constitutional settlement. It is hoped that this will br...

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