Georgina M Lambert

Georgina M Lambert
The University of Arizona | UA · School of Plant Sciences

Bachelor of Science in Plant Science

About

46
Publications
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Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Somatic polyploidy caused by endoreplication is observed in arthropods, molluscs, and vertebrates, but is especially prominent in higher plants where it has been postulated to be essential for cell growth and fate maintenance. However, a comprehensive understanding of the physiological significance of plant endopolyploidy has remained elusive. Here...
Article
Full-text available
It has recently been established that synthesis of double-stranded cDNA can be done from a single cell for use in DNA sequencing. Global gene expression can be quantified from the number of reads mapping to each gene, and mutations and mRNA splicing variants determined from the sequence reads. Here we demonstrate that this method of transcriptomic...
Article
Interest in measuring the nuclear holoploid genome sizes of higher plants reflects not just the status of the nucleus as a defining characteristic of eukaryotic organisms. Higher plants also attract interest in that they display an unusually large range of genome sizes, current measurements indicating an almost 2,500-fold difference between the sma...
Article
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Flax (Linum usitatissimum) is an ancient crop that is widely cultivated as a source of fiber, oil and medicinally relevant compounds. To accelerate crop improvement, we performed whole-genome shotgun sequencing of the nuclear genome of flax. Seven paired-end libraries ranging in size from 300 bp to 10 kb were sequenced using an Illumina genome anal...
Article
Flow cytometry has been employed for the analysis of higher plants for approximately the last 30 years. For the angiosperms, ∼500,000 species, itself a daunting number, parametric measurements enabled through the use of flow cytometers started with basic descriptors of the individual cells and their contents, and have both inspired the development...
Article
Full-text available
The genome of Thellungiella parvula, a halophytic relative of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), is being assembled using Roche-454 sequencing. Analyses of a 10-Mb scaffold revealed synteny with Arabidopsis, with recombination and inversion and an uneven distribution of repeat sequences. T. parvula genome structure and DNA sequences were compared...
Article
Full-text available
We describe a simple and highly effective means for global identification of genes that are expressed within specific cell types within complex tissues. It involves transgenic expression of nuclear-targeted green fluorescent protein in a cell-type-specific manner. The fluorescent nuclei are then purified from homogenates by fluorescence-activated s...
Data
Hybridization plan for both human genomic microarrays and microRNA arrays. This describes specifically on which array each sample is hybridized.
Data
Statistical results for all genes represented on the human genomic microarray. The normalized means of median intensities for all the scans, plus information relating to the statistical analysis, including the q values (adjusted p values), and the significant trends (higher or lower) for each comparison.
Article
Full-text available
High-throughput gene expression analysis of genes expressed during salt stress was performed using a novel multiplexed quantitative nuclease protection assay that involves customized DNA microarrays printed within the individual wells of 96-well plates. The levels of expression of the transcripts from 16 different genes were quantified within crude...
Article
Full-text available
In the most general sense, studies involving global analysis of gene expression aim to provide a comprehensive catalog of the components involved in the production of recognizable cellular phenotypes. These studies are often limited by the available technologies. One technology, based on microarrays, categorizes gene expression in terms of the abun...
Article
Full-text available
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the most important food crop in the world and a model system for plant biology. With the completion of a finished genome sequence we must now functionally characterize the rice genome by a variety of methods, including comparative genomic analysis between cereal species and within the genus Oryza. Oryza contains two cultiv...
Article
Full-text available
Eukaryotic organisms are defined by the presence of a nucleus, which encloses the chromosomal DNA, and is characterized by its DNA content (C-value). Complex eukaryotic organisms contain organs and tissues that comprise interspersions of different cell types, within which polysomaty, endoreduplication, and cell cycle arrest is frequently observed....
Article
Full-text available
To investigate the relationship between developmental events and gene expression, cell-specific resolution of gene activity is critical. Such high-resolution data have been difficult to obtain at a genomic level because cells first need to be isolated, and then sufficient amounts of mRNA must be collected, or subsequently amplified, for a large-sca...
Article
Full-text available
The nuclear DNA content of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennnadius) was estimated using flow cytometry. Male and female nuclei were stained with propidium iodide and their DNA content was estimated using chicken red blood cells and Arabidopsis thaliana L. (Brassicaceae) as external standards. The estimated nuclear DNA content of male and female B....
Article
Using flow cytometric analysis of fluorescence, we measured the genome sizes of 18 cultured “free-living” species and 29 Symbiodinium spp. isolates cultured from stony corals, gorgonians, anemones, jellyfish, and giant clams. Genome size directly correlated with cell size, as documented previously for most eukaryotic cell lines. Among the smallest...
Article
Most current commercial flow cytometers employ analog circuitry to provide feature values describing the pulse waveforms produced from suspended cells and particles. This restricts the type of features that can be extracted (typically pulse height, width, and integral) and consequently places a limit on classification performance. In previous work,...
Article
Full-text available
Electroneutral monovalent cation/proton antiport across the chloroplast envelope has been shown previously to have an important regulatory effect on stromal pH and thereby on photosynthetic carbon reduction. Here we report that an Arabidopsis nuclear gene, AtCHX23, encodes a putative Na(+)(K(+))/H(+) exchanger and functions in the adjustment of pH...
Article
Full-text available
A global map of gene expression within an organ can identify genes with coordinated expression in localized domains, thereby relating gene activity to cell fate and tissue specialization. Here, we present localization of expression of more than 22,000 genes in the Arabidopsis root. Gene expression was mapped to 15 different zones of the root that c...
Article
Nuclear movement and targeting of a green fluorescent protein (GFP)–nuclear localization sequence (NLS)–β-glucuronidase (GUS) chimeric protein to the roots of transformed Arabidopsis has been studied using time lapse analysis. To characterize the mechanism governing this movement, metabolic inhibitors, and chemicals that alter the concentrations of...
Article
This is the first of a series of units discussing the application of cytometry to plant material. Techniques commonly used for mammalian nuclei evaluation need considerable modification to be successful with plant material. David Galbraith and his colleagues bring together many years of knowledge in plant cytometry. Their unit provides detailed pro...
Article
Full-text available
The nucleus is a definitive feature of eukaryotic cells, comprising twin bilamellar membranes, the inner and outer nuclear membranes, which separate the nucleoplasmic and cytoplasmic compartments. Nuclear pores, complex macromolecular assemblies that connect the two membranes, mediate communication between these compartments. To explore the morphol...
Article
We describe a novel concept and corresponding methods for the analysis of transcription in higher plant cells. The concept is that an examination of the presence of different polyadenylated transcripts within isolated nuclei reflects the state of gene expression at a given moment more precisely than do conventional techniques using total cellular m...
Article
The soluble proteins of the nucleoplasm are synthesized on cytoplasmic ribosomes. Proteins larger than about 40 kDa are post-translationally targeted to the nucleus via energy-dependent processes, passing through the nuclear pore complex into the nucleoplasm. Targeting involves nuclear localization signals (NLSs) found within the primary sequences...
Article
Full-text available
The green-fluorescent protein (GFP) from Aequorea victoria has been shown to be a convenient and flexible reporter molecule within a variety of eukaryotic systems, including higher plants. It is particularly suited for applications in vivo, since the mechanism of fluorophore formation involves an intramolecular autoxidation and does not require exo...
Article
In flow cytometry, the typical use of front-end analog processing limits the pulse waveform features that can be measured to pulse integral, height, and width. Direct digitizing of the waveforms provides a means for the extraction of additional features, for example, pulse skewness and kurtosis, and Fourier properties. In this work, we have first d...
Article
This chapter discusses the flow cytometric analysis of transgene expression in higher plants. The first consideration in flow cytometric analysis is the verification of proper alignment and instrument performance. This is usually done by checking the data obtained from running calibration beads or other standard cells. Once instrument performance h...
Article
A semi-rigid 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) analogue, RU28253 [5-methoxy-3-(1′,2′,5′,6′-tetrahydropyridin-3′-yl) indole], is a potent 5-HT1 and 5-HT2 agonist. It is isomeric to RU24969 [5-methoxy-3-(1′,2′,5′,6′-tetrahydropyridin-4′-yl) indole], a conformationally restricted 5-HT homologue, which has been extensively used in the study and classification...
Conference Paper
In flow cytometry, the pulse waveform features measurable by current analog instruments are limited to the pulse integral, peak, and width. Digitalization of the waveforms provides a means for the extraction of additional features, such as skewness, kurtosis, and Fourier properties. The introduction of additional features requires automated procedu...
Article
Current commercial flow cytometers employ analog circuits to produce the feature values of the pulse waveforms that result from particle analysis. The use of analog pulse processing limits the features that can be measured to pulse integral, pulse height, and pulse width, and a large amount of potentially relevant information about the shape of the...
Article
Full-text available
Nuclear DNA content of 62 species of angiosperms including 52 monocotyledons and ten dicotyledons has been estimated by flow cytometry using Nicotiana tabacum var. Xanthi as the internal standard. These data, considered together with previous data on diploid species, suggest the following: 1) Most families and orders of monocotyledons have small ge...
Article
Nuclear DNA content of 62 species of angiosperms including 52 monocotyledons and ten dicotyledons has been estimated by flow cytometry using Nicotiana tabacum var. Xanthi as the internal standard. These data, considered together with previous data on diploid species, suggest the following: 1) Most families and orders of monocotyledons have small ge...
Article
A series of new derivatives of 3-(1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridin-4-yl)indole (4-THPI) has been synthesized, and their dissociation constants at the 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 serotonin (5-HT) receptor subtypes have been determined. The new data were combined with similar binding data on a related set of THPI analogs reported previously (Taylor et al. Mol. Pharmac...
Article
Although many different types of compounds have been tested for 5-hydroxytryptamine1A (5-HT1A) binding affinity, much remains to be learned about the structural requirements associated with 5-HT1A agonism, partial agonism, and antagonism. The present study uses the forskolin-stimulated adenylate cyclase (FSC) assay as a functional screen in rat hip...
Article
Abstract Intravenous infusions of the opioid receptor antagonist, naloxone, caused a significant rise in luteinizing hormone (LH) pulse frequency in male and female ferrets which had been gonadectomized 10 days earlier while in breeding condition; mean LH concentrations and LH pulse amplitudes were not affected. By contrast, naloxone failed to stim...
Article
Experiments were conducted to assess the time course of behavioral and endocrine changes which occur in female ferrets as they switch from estrus to the pseudopregnant state. Significant reductions in females' acceptance of neck gripping by a stimulus male (receptivity) and in their latency to approach a stimulus male in an L-maze (proceptivity) we...
Article
A comparison of activities and affinities of several known and novel compounds in the isolated rat thoracic aorta (RA) and the rabbit femoral artery (RFA) was undertaken to evaluate these two tissues for use in screening for functional 5-hydroxytryptamine2 (5-HT2) receptor activity. Affinities for 5-HT and for ketanserin against 5-HT-elicited contr...
Article
The putative serotonin (5-HT) agonist RU 24969 [5-methoxy-3-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridin-4-yl)indole; 5-MeO-THPI] has been extensively used in the study and classification of 5-HT receptors. In order to study molecular determinants for recognition of THPIs at central 5-HT recognition sites, about 25 additional THPI derivatives were synthesized, incorp...
Article
[3H]Spiroxatrine was examined as a potential ligand for the labeling of 5-HT1A sites in the rat hippocampus. Analysis of the binding of [3H]spiroxatrine in the absence and presence of varying concentrations of three monoamine neurotransmitters revealed that serotonin (5-HT) had high affinity (IC50 = 20.7 nM for the [3H]spiroxatrine binding sites, c...
Article
(³H)Spiroxatrine was examined as a potential ligand for the labeling of 5-HT/sub 1A/ sites in the rat hippocampus. Analysis o the binding of (³H)spiroxatrine in the absence and presence of varying concentrations of three monoamine neurotransmitters revealed that serotonin (5-HT) had high affinity for the (³H)spiroxatrine binding sites, consisten...

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