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Georgia Tsartsidou

Georgia Tsartsidou
Ephoreia of palaeoanthropology-Speleology SG, Athens Greece

PhD

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37
Publications
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Citations

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Full-text available
Report on the 2014 excavation campaign at the Lower Palaeolithic site Marathousa 1 (Megalopolis Basin, Greece).
Article
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The transformation of food ingredients into meals corresponds to complex choices resulting from the interplay of environmental and cultural factors: available ingredients, technologies of transformation, cultural perceptions of food, as well as taste and food taboos. Project PLANTCULT (ERC Consolidator Grant, GA 682529) aims to investigate prehisto...
Article
Full-text available
This paper applies phytolith analysis to bedrock installations at the Early Neolithic site of Paliambela Kolindros in Northern Greece. The phytolith remains retrieved from these installations document for the first time in Greece that the cylindrical cavities dug into the bedrock were used as mortars for pounding and dehusking wheat inflorescences....
Article
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Exposures of Middle Pleistocene lacustrine sediments at the margins of an open-cast lignite mine at Marathousa near Megalopolis, western Arcadia, Greece yielded the partial remains of a Palaeoloxodon antiquus skeleton which exhibited signs of being butchered. Sedimentation occurred between ca. 400 and 480 ka. Lithic artefacts were found in close sp...
Article
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Marathousa 1 is a Lower Palaeolithic open-air site located in the Megalopolis basin, an area in Southern Greece known for its fossiliferous sediments. Mining activities in the basin uncovered a thick sequence of Middle Pleistocene lacustrine deposits representing the environment of a palaeolake. Marathousa 1 was discovered in 2013 during a targeted...
Article
Nucleated tell sites emerged on the Great Hungarian Plain nearly a millennium after the earliest agricultural communities established sedentary settlements at the beginning of the Neolithic period. Once established, these unprecedentedly large population centers had a dramatic impact on their local environment. In this article, we present the resul...
Article
The study presents the combined results of wood charcoal and phytolith analysis at Alepotrypa Cave, southern Peloponnese, Greece. The cave preserves rich cultural remains (hearth and floor constructions, pits and platforms, human bone scatters, massive quantities of fine pottery, lithic artefacts and ornaments) spanning the late Early to the Final...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction Tempering pottery with organic material is a practice widely attested from the beginning of the Neolithic in SE Europe and Anatolia (around 7000 BCE). The presence of organic tempering in pots is not solely a technological feature, but, at least in some cases, an indicator of identity of potters and regional social groups. In this proj...
Conference Paper
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The Megalopolis Basin (Peloponnesus, Greece) has long been known for its Middle Pleistocene mammal fossils (see Melentis, 1961). In 2013 a palaeolithic/palaeoanthropological survey, conducted by a joint team of the Ephorate of Palaeoanthropology-Speleology of the Greek Ministry of Culture and the University of Tübingen in the frame of the ERC proje...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Three environmental proxies have been analysed in order to shed some light on our understanding of the vegetaon and climate during the past human visits in Marathousa 1 site. Phytoliths, a terrestrial proxy as well as diatoms and sponges, both wet body proxies, were extracted from the sediments following the same methodology as all of them belong t...
Article
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Archaeobotanical data are often employed to reconstruct a site's or a region's palaeoecology, human use of plants such as agricultural regimes, and the interplay between vegetation and anthropogenic factors in the palaeoenvironment. This paper aims to show that a context-specific integration of such data helps to guide the focus beyond the macrosca...
Article
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This paper presents the results of phytolith analysis carried out on sediments from Theopetra Cave in Thessaly, Central Greece. Theopetra is one of the most important late Pleistocene sites in the region, with occupation spanning the Middle Palaeolithic to the end of the Neolithic. The aim of this study is to contribute to our understanding of the...
Article
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Aşıklı Höyük is the earliest known preceramic Neolithic mound site in Central Anatolia. The oldest Levels, 4 and 5, spanning 8,200 to approximately 9,000 cal B.C., associate with round-house architecture and arguably represent the birth of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic in the region. Results from upper Level 4, reported here, indicate a broad meat diet...
Article
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Sun dried mud bricks are a common building material across the globe, found in many archaeological sites in the Old World since ca. 11,000 years ago. This material is known to disintegrate due to exposure to the elements, mostly affected by rain. Yet, the geomorphic and sedimentological characteristics of this disintegration process have never been...
Chapter
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The Southern Albania Neolithic Archaeological Project’s (SANAP) regional reconnaissance of Early Neolithic sites in 2006 and excavation at Vashtëmi in 2010, 2011, and 2013 sheds new light on the transition to agriculture in southern Europe. Radiocarbon dates from the site places its earliest occupation in the mid-seventh millennium B.C., contempora...
Article
Unlike floors that have been given a lot of attention in archaeological research, the study of roofs is long neglected. Here, we present a study of modern abandoned and burnt mud brick structures, conducted in southern Israel and northern Greece. Using macroscopic observations and interviews together with micromorphology, mineralogical, phytolith,...
Article
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Përnjohja në shkallë rajoni e vendbanimeve të neolitit të hershëm në vitin 2006 dhe gërmimet në Vashtëmi në vitet 2010, 2011 dhe 2013 të ndërmarra nga Projekti Arkeologjik i Neolitit të Hershëm në Shqipërinë Jugore (The Southern Albania Neolithic Archaeological Project - SANAP) hedhin dritë mbi çeshtjen e njohjes së bujqësisë në Evropën jugore. Dat...
Conference Paper
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excavations were conducted at a Late Bronze Age chamber tomb cemetery on the hillside of Ayia Sotira, outside the village of Koutsomodi near Ancient Nemea. 1 These investigations followed the discovery in 2002 of a tomb in the process of being looted, and the salvage excavation of this tomb (Tomb 1) by Evangelia Pappi of the 4 th Ephorate of Prehis...
Article
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Dispilio is a lakeside settlement by the Orestias Lake, Kastoria, northern Greece. The site was inhabited from the Middle Neolithic to the Chalcolithic, with some surface evidence of Bronze Age occupation. Microfacies analysis of the sediments, supported by a suite of environmental indices, has provided detailed paleoenvironmental data and elucidat...
Article
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Phytolith analysis was conducted at the Prehistoric site of Dispilio in order to investigate the plant input in the Neolithic village. Twenty-nine samples were collected from cores drilled in the site by P. Karkanas and K. Pavlopoulos. The sediments were treated chemically in order to extract phytoliths and were examined under a petrographic micros...
Article
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Phytolith analyses were conducted in a Pottery Neolithic village (Makri) of Northern Greece in order to reconstruct aspects of past human activities as a function of both space and time. The analyses of phytolith assemblages were based on a reference collection of modern plant phytoliths (Tsartsidou et al., 2007), as well as an ethnographic study i...
Article
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Phytolith assemblages are analysed in an ethnographic agro-pastoral community in Northern Greece. A new method for analyzing the data, combined with the concentrations of phytoliths per gram sediment, helps to differentiate diverse uses of space in the village. The Phytolith Difference Index (PDI) contrasts the phytolith assemblages in sediment sam...
Article
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The phytolith record from archaeological strata is a powerful tool for reconstructing aspects of past human behaviour and ecology. Considerable insights into the problems and potentials of this record can be obtained by studying phytoliths in modern plants. We prepared a phytolith reference collection of modern plants mostly from northern Greece th...
Article
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A survey was conducted in southern Greece in 2003 to test a predictive Mesolithic site-location model. We selected the coastal region of Kandia in the Argolid because the present shoreline is near the position of the early Holocene shoreline (c. 9,000 to 10,500 Cal BP). Marine transgression brought the shoreline near its present position by 9,000 C...
Article
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Current models of interactions between Neanderthals and modern humans and the Middle-Upper Palaeolithic transition are contradictory due to the uncertainties of the dating methods and the lack of diagnostic hominid fossil remains associated with early Upper Palaeolithic assemblages. In the Balkans and southeastern Europe available evidence consists...
Article
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Geomorphological and archaeological data have been used to reconstruct the paleoenvironment of the inner Laconic gulf. Two emerged marine terraces (Eu-and Neo-Tyrrhenian) have been traced along both the east and west coasts of the gulf. The terraces contain characteristic fossils (Strombus bubonius Lmk.) and archaeological finds (Paleolithic). Mari...

Projects

Projects (10)
Project
To help develop a chronological and paleoenvironmental framework for the paleolithic of Greece and re assess the human fossil record from the region.
Archived project