George Monaghan

George Monaghan
Indiana University Bloomington | IUB · "Glenn A Black" Laboratory of Archaeology

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40
Publications
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229
Citations

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Mount Baldy dune is one of the largest active eolian dunes along the southern shore of Lake Michigan and a famous tourist attraction within the Indiana Dunes National Park. It is an anthropogenically disturbed landform where restoration efforts include native beach-grass plantings and restricted foot traffic. In July 2013, a 6-year-old boy was buri...
Article
Mississippian mounds in the south‐eastern and mid‐continental United States often contain multiple construction stages and a diverse array of features. Investigating mound construction with excavation is expensive, logistically challenging, and sometimes politically impossible. Three mounds at the Angel site (12VG1), a Mississippian village (ca ad...
Article
A multifaceted, multidisciplinary research strategy was employed to reconstruct the taphonomy and environmental history of a late Holocene coastal archaeological site (20LU115) at Sleeping Bear Point on the northeast coast of Lake Michigan, USA. Our case study shows how interdisciplinary examination of coastal processes that impact archaeological s...
Article
Full-text available
Geophysical survey and excavations from 2010–2016 at Lawrenz Gun Club (11CS4), a late pre-Columbian village located in the central Illinois River valley in Illinois, identified 10 mounds, a central plaza, and dozens of structures enclosed within a stout 10 hectare bastioned palisade. Nineteen radiocarbon ( ¹⁴ C) measurements were taken from single...
Article
The Indiana Dunes is a name commonly used for the eastern part of the Calumet Lacustrine Plain, generally referring to the large dunes along the coast from Gary, Indiana, eastward to the Michigan state line. However, the Calumet Lacustrine Plain also contains complex coastal landscapes associated with late Wisconsin to Holocene phases of ancestral...
Article
This field guide provides an updated synthesis of the stratigraphy and chronology of glacial deposits in central Indiana near the southern limit of glaciation in the midcontinent. Central Indiana contains evidence of multiple glaciations-deposits from the last two glaciations (Oxygen Isotope Stages [OIS] 2 [Wisconsin Episode] and 6 [Illinois Episod...
Article
Radiocarbon dates from the base of Serpent Mound in Ohio demonstrate that it was built 2,100–2,300 years ago during the Adena period but was subsequently rebuilt or repaired about 900 years ago during the Fort Ancient period. We describe the basis for supporting the chronology of this building sequence, why it is the best and most complete explanat...
Article
Full-text available
The long-term variation in archaeological site distribution in alluvial settings results from how changing environmental conditions and drainage basin evolution interplay with cultural needs and choices to configure site distribution. These relationships are often believed synchronous with large-scale climate and environmental changes. Research res...
Article
Recent radiocarbon dating (Herrmann et al. 2014) found that Serpent Mound was likely built during the Early Woodland period—around 320 BC. Herrmann et al. (2014) also suggested that the effigy was repaired or restored during Fort Ancient times, thereby accounting for the late prehistoric radiocarbon-dated samples recovered by Fletcher et al. (1996)...
Poster
The path of the Laurentide Ice Sheet has not been thoroughly explored in Indiana with respect to which lobes, Michigan, Huron-Erie, and Saginaw flowed through the area. Heavy minerals as a means of differentiating between these lobes has been successful across the upper Great Lakes in Michigan and Ontario, but has not been applied in Indiana. For e...
Conference Paper
Mt. Baldy Dune is an active coastal parabolic dune in the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore near Michigan City, Indiana. To understand the sediment distribution within and below the dune, 11 km of multi-spectral ground penetrating radar (GPR) and 19 sediment cores were collected along transects oriented longitudinal to the direction of dune movement...
Poster
Full-text available
The path of the Laurentide Ice Sheet has not been thoroughly explored in Indiana with respect to which lobes, Michigan, Huron-Erie, and Saginaw flowed through the area. Heavy minerals as a means of differentiating between these lobes has been successful across the upper Great Lakes in Michigan and Ontario, but has not been applied in Indiana. For e...
Article
Full-text available
For the first time in North American archaeology, absorbed residue analysis was conducted on multiple samples from the same vessel, a complete Mississippi Plain jar from Angel Mounds (12Vg1). This approach provided comprehensive, residue-based interpretations of the form and function of a single pot. The Mississippi Plain jar was recovered from a b...
Article
Full-text available
Effigy mounds occur across the midcontinent of North America but their cultural purposes and construction chronologies are rarely known and often controversial. Determining the age and construction history of monuments is important to relate religious symbolism, scientific knowledge, and cultural continuity to groups within a region. Based mainly o...
Article
Full-text available
Angel Mounds was a heavily fortified Mississippian settlement with several discrete palisades. Although the palisades were identified early on, the construction sequence has remained elusive because the construction episodes do not have stratigraphic relationships with one another. Recent work at the site reexamined old test excavations and collect...
Article
Full-text available
Mound F was the second-largest platform mound at Angel Mounds (12Vg1), a Mississippian town in southwestern Indiana. It consisted of a simple truncated pyramid shape, but excavations in 1939–1942 and 1964–1965 revealed at least two platforms that once contained buildings buried within it. Each of these mounds and buildings were successively larger...
Conference Paper
Angel Mounds, a prehistoric town occupied AD 1050-1450, occurs along the Ohio River near Evansville, Indiana and includes eleven earthen mounds. Two of the largest mounds (A, F) were studied in detail and, based on 14C ages, were constructed in 2-3 stages between AD 1050-1400. Mound F, excavated in 1939-42 and 1964-65, had two buried platforms. The...
Conference Paper
Angel Mounds (AD 1050-1450) is a late prehistoric town on the Ohio River near Evansville, Indiana, and includes eleven earthen mounds. Chronologies for the largest mounds (A, F) show that they were constructed in stages between AD 1050-1400. A recent NSF-sponsored study at the site provides more details related to mound construction chronologies an...
Article
Analysis of regional site taphonomy that incorporates depositional and postdepositional histories has become increasingly important in understanding the nature of preserved site populations and the strategies necessary for their discovery. We applied a systematic archival and field strategy directed at understanding such taphonomic processes in the...
Article
Complex sets of environmental factors have interacted over the past 5,000 years to affect how changes in climate, temperature, relative precipitation, and the levels of Lake Michigan influence the preservation of archaeological sites in coastal sand dunes along Lake Michigan. As a collaboration between earth scientists, archaeologists, and geoarcha...
Article
Lake Nipissing phase deposits occur between two cultural zones in exposures at the Weber I archeological site along the Cass River in Saginaw County, Michigan. Radiocarbon dates from the lower cultural zone suggest that the Lake Nipissing transgression did not reach an altitude of 180.7 m before about 4600–5000 BP, whereas dates from the upper cult...
Article
Mound A is the largest platform mound at the Angel site (12VG1), a Middle Mississippian town along the Ohio River in southwestern Indiana, and consists of an upper and lower platform joined by an offset conical peak. Solid-earth cores, geophysical data, and 14C ages indicate that mound construction began at 900 B.P. by stacking 10-15 cm-thick turf...
Article
Directly dated Cucurbita from archaeological sites near Lake Huron expand the range and human usage of adventive, cultivated wild gourds or squash into the Great Lakes region, USA, by 4000 14C yr BP. The data also show that domesticated C. pepo squash was cultivated there by 3000 14C yr BP. Although milder Hypsithermal climate may have been a contr...
Article
The Brook Run site (44CU122) is an Early Archaic jasper quarry situated near the eastern margin of the Triassic-age Culpeper Basin in Virginia, USA. It occupies the upland margin of a relatively broad and shallow, first-order tributary valley of the Rapidan River. Archaeological and geological investigations focused on site stratigraphy, chronology...
Article
The Schultz site (20SA2) is a benchmark site for understanding the Woodland adaptations of the Upper Great Lakes, although its older excavation data is not comparable with recent Eastern Woodlands research, which consistently uses fine-grained recovery techniques. The 1991 Schultz-site research collected supplementary and upgraded subsistence and e...
Article
While vast improvements in equipment and data processing over the past few decades have resulted in the regular application of geophysical prospection in archaeological survey, little is known about the relative costs and outcomes of such survey relative to invasive methods of survey for deeply buried cultural strata. This paper presents some resul...
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Michigan State University. Dept. of Geological Sciences, 1989. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 62-67). Microfilm.

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