Georg Wolff

Georg Wolff
Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf | UKD · Klinik für Kardiologie, Pneumologie und Angiologie

Dr. med.
Senior Clinician Scientist; Intensive Care Medicine; Cardiovascular Health Services Research; Innovative Digital Tech

About

87
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Introduction
Clinical research on risk assessment and risk management in interventional cardiology and intensive care medicine, cardiovascular health services research, evidence based medicine & meta-analyses in cardiovascular care, innovative digital technologies in cardiovascular care

Publications

Publications (87)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Older critically ill patients with COVID-19 have been the most vulnerable during the ongoing pandemic, with men being more prone to hospitalization and severe disease than women. We aimed to explore sex-specific differences in treatment and outcome after intensive care unit (ICU) admission in this cohort. Methods: We performed a sex-spe...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) frequently suffer from anemia, but its role in patients admitted to an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is unclear. This analysis evaluates the prognostic relevance of different degrees of anemia and their specific impact on disease severity and the outcome in critically ill ACS patients. Methods The...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiogenic shock is a clinical syndrome of impaired tissue perfusion caused by primary cardiac dysfunction and inadequate cardiac output. It represents one of the most lethal clinical conditions in intensive care medicine with mortality >40%. Management of different clinical presentations of cardiogenic shock includes guidance of cardiac preload,...
Article
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Red blood cells (RBCs) were shown to transport and release nitric oxide (NO) bioactivity and carry an endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). However, the pathophysiological significance of RBC eNOS for cardioprotection in vivo is unknown. Here we aimed to analyze the role of RBC eNOS in the regulation of coronary blood flow, cardiac performance, and acute...
Article
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Background Diabetes mellitus is an established risk factor for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Incidence of AMI in people with diabetes remains significantly higher than in those without diabetes. However, published data are conflicting, and previous reviews in this field have some limitations regarding the definitions of AMI and source populati...
Article
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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication post-PCI. Here, in a single-center observational registry, we compared the frequency of AKI in patients at elevated risk for AKI (based on Mehran risk stratification scoring) who underwent VA-ECMO- or Impella-supported high-risk PCI. A total of 28 patients scheduled for elective high-risk PCI with...
Article
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Background: Previous studies reported regional differences in end-of-life care (EoLC) for critically ill patients in Europe. Objectives: The purpose of this post-hoc analysis of the prospective multi-centre COVIP study was to investigate variations in EoLC practices among older patients in intensive care units during the coronavirus disease 2019...
Article
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Aims: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a major risk factor for mortality in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This prospective international multicentre study investigates the role of pre-existing CHF on clinical outcomes of critically ill old (≥70 years) intensive care patients with COVID-19. Methods and results: Patients with pre-existing CHF...
Article
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Purpose: Critically ill old intensive care unit (ICU) patients suffering from Sars-CoV-2 disease (COVID-19) are at increased risk for adverse outcomes. This post hoc analysis investigates the association of the Activities of Daily Living (ADL) with the outcome in this vulnerable patient group. Methods: The COVIP study is a prospective internatio...
Article
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Objectives Bempedoic acid (BA) is a novel oral low-density lipoprotein cholesterol lowering drug. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to assess efficacy and safety for clinical outcomes in high cardiovascular (CV) risk patients. Data sources MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Google Scholar, Embase, ClinicalTrials.g...
Article
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Background: health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important patient-centred outcome in patients surviving ICU admission for COVID-19. It is currently not clear which domains of the HRQoL are most affected. Objective: to quantify HRQoL in order to identify areas of interventions. Design: prospective observation study. Setting: admissions to E...
Article
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Patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) present an increased incidence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome and release of Troponin T coinciding with cardiac dysfunction. The nature of the cardiocirculatory alterations remains obscure as models to investigate systemic interferences of the brain-heart-axis following AIS are sparse. Thus, thi...
Article
Background: The SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is challenging health care systems globally. The disease disproportionately affects the elderly population, both in terms of disease severity and mortality risk. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate machine-learning based prognostication models for critically ill elderly COVID...
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has led highly developed healthcare systems to the brink of collapse due to the large numbers of patients being admitted into hospitals. One of the potential prognostic indicators in patients with COVID-19 is frailty. The degree of frailty could be used to assist both the triage into intensive care, and decisions re...
Article
Full-text available
Vascular complications (VCs) remain an important source of morbidity and mortality following percutaneous arterial catheterization. Vascular closure devices are popular and frequently used, but sometimes cause vessel occlusions that may require vascular surgery or complex endovascular procedures. In this case report, we describe the endovascular re...
Article
Background Bempedoic acid (BA) is a novel oral low-density lipoprotein cholestrol (LDL-C) lowering drug. Its efficacy and safety for clinical outcomes in high cardiovascular risk patients remains unknown. Objectives and methods A systematic review was performed and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of BA vs. placebo in high cardiovascular risk p...
Article
Applications of virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) assist both health care providers and patients in cardiovascular education, complementing traditional learning methods. Interventionalists have successfully used VR to plan difficult procedures and AR to facilitate complex interventions. VR/AR has already been used to treat patients, d...
Article
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Background: The primary aim of this study was to assess the outcome of elderly intensive care unit (ICU) patients treated during the spring and autumn COVID-19 surges in Europe. Methods: This was a prospective European observational study (the COVIP study) in ICU patients aged 70 years and older admitted with COVID-19 disease from March to Decem...
Article
PURPOSECritically ill elderly patients who suffer from Sars-CoV-2 disease are at high risk for organ failure. The modified MELD-XI score has not been evaluated for outcome prediction in these most vulnerable patients.METHODS The Corona Virus disease (COVID19) in Very Elderly Intensive Care Patients study (COVIP, NCT04321265) prospectively recruited...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 is challenging health care systems globally. The disease disproportionately affects the elderly population, both in terms of disease severity and mortality risk. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate machine learning–based prognostication models for critically ill elderly COVID-19 pat...
Article
Full-text available
Background Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a major adverse event in patients undergoing coronary angiography. The Mehran risk model is the gold-standard for CIN risk prediction. However, its performance in comparison to more contemporary National Cardiovascular Data Registry-Acute Kidney Injury (NCDR-AKI) risk models remains unknown. We aimed...
Article
Purpose: Old (>64 years) and very old (>79 years) intensive care patients with sepsis have a high mortality. In the very old, the value of critical care has been questioned. We aimed to compare the mortality, rates of organ support, and the length of stay in old vs. very old patients with sepsis and septic shock in intensive care. Methods: This ana...
Article
Background Arterial hypertension affects cardiovascular outcome in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). We hypothesized that angioplasty of peripheral arterial stenoses decreases aortic (aBP) and brachial blood pressure (bBP). Methods and Results In an index cohort (n=30), we simultaneously measured aBP, bBP, augmentation index (AIx), an...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has led highly developed healthcare systems to the brink of collapse due to the large numbers of patients being admitted into hospitals. One of the potential prognostic indicators in patients with COVID-19 is frailty. The degree of frailty could be used to assist both the triage into intensive care, and decisions r...
Article
Background: Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is one of the most common valve diseases in the western world. In our previous results, we could show that mice with global endothelial nitric oxide synthase knock out (eNOS KO), a genotype characterised by endothelial dysfunction, develop a spontaneous AS in aging mice. The underlying events on the cellular l...
Article
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Background Guidelines recommend the PRECISE-DAPT (PD) score to adapt duration of dual antiplatelet therapy due to bleeding risk. However, there is first evidence that PD predicts mortality and ischemic events as well. Methods We investigated PD Score in 994 patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). PD was correlated with clinically...
Article
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Background Surgical risk prediction models are routinely used to guide decision-making for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). New and updated TAVR-specific models have been developed to improve risk stratification; however, the best option remains unknown.Objective To perform a comparative validation study of six risk models for the pre...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has led highly developed healthcare systems to the brink of collapse due to the large numbers of patients being admitted into hospitals. One of the potential prognostic indicators in patients with COVID-19 is frailty. The degree of frailty could be used to assist both the triage into intensive care, and decisions re...
Article
Background Real-time echocardiography-fluoroscopy fusion imaging (FI) merges real-time echocardiographic imaging with fluoroscopic images allowing intuitive anatomical spatial orientation during structural heart disease interventions. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of FI during percutaneous left atrial appendage closure (LAAC). Methods...
Article
Background and purpose Risk prediction with the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk model is guideline-recommended in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. However, the performance of more contemporary scores derived from ACTION (Acute Coronary Treatment and Intervention Outcomes Network) and National Cardiovascular Data (NCDR)...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Etwa 14% der COVID-19-Patienten weisen einen schwereren und ca. 5% einen kritischen Krankheitsverlauf auf. Besonders gefährdet sind ältere Personen, männliches Geschlecht, Raucher und stark adipöse Menschen. Wird der Patient invasiv oder nichtinvasiv beatmet, so steigt die Mortalität auf 53% respektive 50% an. In der Regel beträgt d...
Article
Background Risk prediction with the GRACE risk model is guideline-recommended clinical practice in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, more modern risk models such as ACTION (Acute Coronary Treatment and Intervention Outcomes Network) Registry–GWTG (Get With the Guidelines) and National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) risk models are availa...
Article
Background Uninterrupted anticoagulation during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (CAAF) became standard of care after positive results of trials investigating vitamin K antagonists (VKA). Previous studies and meta-analyses of uninterrupted direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) vs. VKA have given controversial results. We thus aimed to elucidate...
Poster
Introduction and purpose Patient risk in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) depends on clinical setting, individual patient variables and procedural characteristics. Standardized risk-adjusted periprocedural management for catheterization procedures using a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) was investigated to evaluate associa...
Article
Background Iron is essential to the mitochondrial energy production in cardiomyocytes and its depletion is negatively associated with symptoms, functional capacity, quality of life and outcomes in patients with heart failure – independent of anemia. The relevance of iron deficiency in adults with congenital heart disease however has not been evalua...
Article
Background: The percentage of patients in intensive care who are 80 years old or older is continually increasing. Such patients already made up more than 20% of all patients in intensive care in Germany in the years 2007-2011. Meanwhile, effective treatments that support the organs of the body and keep severely ill patients alive are also being co...
Article
Nonvitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) or direct oral anticoagulants comprise inhibitors of factor Xa (rivaroxaban, apixaban, edoxaban) or factor IIa (dabigatran). Both classes efficiently interfere with the final or penultimate step of the coagulation cascade and showed superior net clinical benefit compared with vitamin K antagonists for preven...
Article
Purpose The approach to limit therapy in very old intensive care unit patients (VIPs) significantly differs between regions. The focus of this multicenter analysis is to illuminate, whether the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is a suitable tool for risk stratification in VIPs admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) in Germany. Furthermore, this invest...
Article
Aims: Virtual Reality (VR) has been used successfully in different clinical settings to treat anxiety. This prospective, randomized pilot study investigates the feasibility and safety of VR in patients undergoing conscious sedation during transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods and results: Thirty-two patients were i...
Article
Post-occlusive reactive hyperemia (PORH) is a key feature of physiological vasomotion to appropriately match the supply/demand ratio of tissues. This adaptive mechanism is severely disturbed in endothelial dysfunction with a reduced flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Reduced PORH and FMD are powerful prognostic risk factors in cardiovascular disease. Wh...
Article
Background: Periprocedural uninterrupted anticoagulation for catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) became standard after positive results of vitamin K antagonist (VKA) trials. Previous studies of uninterrupted direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) vs. VKA have given controversial results. We thus aimed to elucidate the risk/benefit ratio of un...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose The National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) risk scores for mortality, bleeding and acute kidney injury (AKI) are accurate outcome predictors of coronary catheterization procedures in North American populations. However, their application in German clinical practice remained elusive and we thus aimed to verify their use....
Article
Full-text available
Background: In-depth knowledge about potential predictors of mortality in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is still warranted. Currently used risk stratification models for TAVR often fail to reach a holistic approach. We, therefore, aimed to create a new staged risk model for 1-year mortality including several new categories includin...
Poster
Background and purpose Previous studies and meta-analyses of perioperative levosimendan to improve the outcomes of patients with low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) undergoing cardiac surgery have given controversial results and the optimal time of infusion of levosimendan remains uncertain. We thus aimed to elucidate the risk/benefit ratio of preop...
Poster
Background and purpose EuroSCORE (ES) and Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) risk prediction models are routinely used to guide decision-making for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), however their accuracy remains limited, especially in very old and high-risk patients. New and updated scoring models have thus been developed to improve r...
Conference Paper
Background and purpose Although endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is guideline-recommended to improve functional recovery, thus far there are only inconclusive data from underpowered singular trials of EVT vs. medical therapy (MT) on mortality. We here aimed to perform a meta-analysis on short-term mortality in guidelin...
Poster
Background and purpose The risk of major cardiovascular events (MACE) is increased in patients with diabetes mellitus. Recently published clinical trials of three different pharmacological classes (DPP4 inhibitors (DPP4i), SGLT2-inhibitors (SGLT2i), GLP-1-receptor-antagonists (GLP1RA)) of new anti-diabetic agents (ADA) showed potential benefits for...
Poster
Background Cardiovascular guidelines recommend adjunct glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPI) only in selected patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Purpose This study aimed to evaluate routine GPI use in STEMI treated with primary PCI. Methods Online databases were systematically searched for randomised controll...
Poster
Background For transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) morbidity- and outcome relevant factors like paravalvular aortic regurgitation, vascular access complications and the need for permanent pacemaker implantation remain key challenges. New-generation devices for TAVR have been optimized to improve clinical outcome. Purpose We aimed to addr...
Poster
Background Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is the treatment option of choice in inoperable and high-risk patients and only recently even revealed favorable outcome in an intermediate risk cohort. Morbidity- and outcome relevant factors like paravalvular aortic regurgitation, vascular access complications and the need for permanent pac...
Article
Background: Guidelines recommend adjunct glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) only in selected patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study aimed to evaluate routine GPI use in STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods: Online databases were searched for randomized controlled...
Article
Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and atrial fibrillation have increased risks for stroke and bleeding under oral anticoagulation (OAC). We investigated an alternative therapy of percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) in CKD patients in this study. Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing LAAO were included in a re...
Article
Importance Although endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) in acute ischemic stroke is recommended by guidelines to improve functional recovery, thus far there are insufficient data on its association with mortality. Objective To identify guideline-relevant trials of EVT vs medical therapy reporting 90-day mortality and perform a meta-analysis. Data Sou...
Article
Full-text available
Current risk stratification trials include the option to resort to POET in stabilized low-risk cases with infective endocarditis. However, our case of stabilized prosthetic endocarditis showed an early worst-case clinical course: A 69-year-old male patient in healthy condition was presented with suspected infective endocarditis of a surgical aortic...