Geoffrey M. Malinga

Geoffrey M. Malinga
Gulu University (GU) · Department of Biology

PhD (Biology) MSc BSc

About

56
Publications
11,535
Reads
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441
Citations
Citations since 2017
47 Research Items
423 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
Introduction
Dr. Malinga Geoffrey Maxwell is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Gulu University, Uganda. He is an insect ecologist and is currently undertaking research towards developing technology for mass rearing of one of the most economically important edible insect in Africa, Ruspolia differens (locally called Nsenene).
Additional affiliations
February 2015 - January 2022
Gulu University (GU)
Position
  • Senior Lecturer
Education
September 2015 - September 2019
University of Eastern Finland
Field of study
  • Postdoc-Edible insect ecology
January 2011 - November 2014
University of Eastern Finland
Field of study
  • PhD. Biology
August 2008 - January 2012
Makerere University
Field of study
  • MSc. Environment and Natural Resources

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background Climate change poses severe threats to smallholder farmers' agricultural livelihoods and food security in Sub Saharan Africa. Understanding long-term rainfall trends of variability and extremes at local scales and perceptions regarding long-term changes in climate variables is important in planning appropriate adaptation measure...
Preprint
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Background Food safety is a major public health issue, particularly in developing countries. Ready-to-eat street-vended foods contribute to daily dietary life, but with elevated food safety burden. Here, hygiene and food safety practices as well as the microbial contamination in Uganda's edible grasshopper value chain was evaluated. Methods This w...
Article
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Background Deteriorating soil fertility is a major constraint to agricultural production and food security among smallholder farmers in Uganda and throughout sub-Saharan Africa, where the majority of the population relies on subsistence farming for its livelihoods. Unfortunately, inorganic fertiliser used as a significant soil nutrient replenishmen...
Poster
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The rapid decline of natural tropical forest ecosystems has caused severe changes and the loss of insect communities. Restoration of these forests has now emerged as a global priority. Yet, it is still poorly understood how efficiently forest restoration can bring back the complexity of functioning ecosystems, such as the crucial networks of specie...
Poster
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Describing fauna is an urgent task due to the current rapid destruction of natural tropical forest ecosystems. However, the majority of tropical insects still remain insufficiently explored in terms of their taxonomy and ecology due to the difficulties in obtaining the data. Since 2011 we have been carrying out fieldwork in Kibale National Park in...
Article
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Background: Tsetse flies are vectors of the genus Trypanosoma that cause African trypanosomiasis, a serious parasitic disease of people and animals. Reliable data on the vector distribution and the trypanosome species they carry is pertinent for planning sustainable control strategies. This study was carried out to estimate the spatial distributio...
Article
Full-text available
Termites are the most destructive pests in many agricultural and forest plantations in Uganda. Current control of termites mostly relies on chemical pesticides. However, the adverse effects of chemical insecticides necessitate the need to search for and popularize the usage of environmentally safer options. Plants represent one of the most accessib...
Article
Ruspolia differens (Serville) (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae), also known as the ‘edible grasshopper’, ‘African edible bush-cricket’, and ‘nsenene’, is regarded as one of the most promising edible insect species that can be used for food, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, there is insufficient information on suitable diets and their effects...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the fact that compost projects under the Cleaner Development Mechanism (CDM) have been implemented in Sub-Saharan Africa in recent years, there is a paucity of information on the quality of compost produced from the compost plants. This study fills this gap by evaluating the properties of MSWC produced from 12 CDM plants in Uganda based on...
Article
With increasing incidences of the negative impacts of climate change to smallholder farming, an understanding of the effects of farmers’ adaptation options to climate change on crop yield is critical in designing practical measures and policies for increasing food production and food security. This study assessed the effects of smallholder farmers...
Article
Full-text available
Background Tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the 13th leading cause of death worldwide. The emergence of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) poses a major health security threat. Plants have traditionally been used as a source of medicine, since olden days and 80% of the communities in Africa still rely on herbal medicines for t...
Article
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Background Effective management of solid waste is one of the most serious environmental problems confronting urban governments in developing countries due to insufficient financial resources and institutional capacity to provide basic solid waste management infrastructure, impoverished urban populations, low rates and coverage of collection, and ri...
Article
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Background: African trypanosomiasis, caused by protozoa of the genus Trypanosoma and transmitted by the tsetse fly, is a serious parasitic disease of humans and animals. Reliable data on the vector distribution, feeding preference and the trypanosome species they carry is pertinent to planning sustainable control strategies. Methodology: We depl...
Chapter
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Mixing of diets is a notable dietary practice that is believed to improve performance-related characteristics such as growth, survival rate and egg-laying potential among insect herbivores. However, currently there is limited information regarding the performance of edible insects either on artificial and natural diets or their mixtures. This chapt...
Article
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Restoration has now emerged as a global priority, with international initiatives such as the “UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration (2021-2030)”. To fulfil the large-scale global restoration ambitions, an essential step is the monitoring of vegetation recovery after restoration interventions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of remote...
Article
Understanding of how biodiversity can recover after anthropogenic disturbances, such as selective logging, is important for planning conservation strategies for tropical forests and for more sustainable timber harvest re-gimes. However, the knowledge of insect community compositions in regenerating logged forests is still limited, especially in the...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In the Acholi sub-region, consumption of wild edible plants is still an integral part of the food culture, particularly during times of food shortage. However, much of indigenous traditional knowledge has not been documented due to the history of prolonged civil war in the area. We conducted an ethnobotanical survey to document the wild...
Article
Full-text available
Background Climate change poses a threat to the sustainability of food production among small-scale rural communities in Sub-Saharan Africa that are dependent on rain-fed agriculture. Understanding farmers’ adaptations and the determinants of their adaptation strategies is crucial in designing realistic strategies and policies for agricultural deve...
Article
The African edible bush‐cricket, Ruspolia differens (Serville) (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae), is an economically valuable insect in sub‐Saharan Africa. For its mass‐rearing, suitable diets that can sustain its performance need to be identified. This study aimed at finding inflorescence diets of 10 host plant species and their mixtures that result in...
Article
Background: Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in most developing countries, and in Uganda, over 95% of the country is endemic with malaria. Given the increasingly widespread resistance to current drugs, the high cost of procurement of antimalarial drug combination therapy, the use of herbal medicines is seen as a sustainable sol...
Article
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Background: Diarrhoea remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa. Of the three East African countries, Uganda has the worst mortality rate in children < 5 years, with 22% of these deaths attributed to diarrhoea. For proper planning and implementation of control, an understanding of the prevalen...
Article
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Mycotoxin contamination of cereals is a significant health risk for humans and animals, particularly in developing countries. To gain insight into food safety related to agricultural practices, we assessed levels of mycotoxin contamination in 105 samples of food grains raised and stored for consumption by rural households in the post-conflict distr...
Article
The edible katydid, Ruspolia differens (Serville), is an economically and nutritionally important insect species that is common and widespread in Africa. Currently, there are aims to develop mass-rearing methods suitable for this species, but a critical first step would require a suitable oviposition medium to ensure economic and easy production of...
Article
Full-text available
Cowpea is an important legume crop widely grown in sub‐Saharan Africa for food and feed. However, it is largely challenged by bruchid, a serious storage pest resulting in losses in quantity and quality of grains. Therefore, this research was designed to contribute to the breeding of cowpea resistance to bruchid through the identification of candida...
Article
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Objective: To determine the prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum multi-drug resistant gene-1 (Pfmdr-1) N86Y and D1246Y genotypes among febrile malaria outpatients attending Lira Regional Referral Hospital, Uganda. Results: Overall, 92.3% (n = 48/52) and 90% (n = 45/50) of the parasites detected carried the wild type alleles 1246D and N86, respective...
Article
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The edible Ruspolia differens (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) is a widely‐consumed insect in East Africa but surprisingly little is known of its host plant use in the field. We studied host plants used by non‐swarming R. differens for 15 months, in central Uganda. In particular, we assessed the use of host plant species with respect to host cover in th...
Article
Ruspolia differens (Serville) (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) is a highly valued edible grasshopper species in Africa. However, the effects of plant diets on lipid content and fatty acid composition of R. differens are not well understood. We tested the effects of four diets on the total lipid content and fatty acid composition of R. differens. Sixth i...
Article
Full-text available
The edible Ruspolia differens (Serville) (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) is an important source of food in East Africa, but the seasonality of its population dynamics and host plant use are not fully understood. We studied seasonal patterns in the population density and relative frequency of developmental stages, sexes, colour morphs and host plants of...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To develop successful mass-rearing programs of edible insects, knowledge of the feeds and their influence on nutritional content is critical. We assessed the influence of natural food plants (grass inflorescences) and their mixtures on fatty acid profiles of edible Ruspolia differens. We reared neonate nymphs to adult on six dietary trea...
Article
There are increasing interests in rearing edible insects in Africa, but information on how the feeds modify their fatty acids is largely lacking. In this work, the influence of artificial diets on the fatty acid contents and composition in the edible Ruspolia differens (Serville, 1838), in Uganda was assessed. R. differens was reared on the mixture...
Article
Full-text available
The bruchid, Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) is one of the most destructive pests and causes substantial losses to cowpea during storage in tropical and subtropical regions. The development of successful breeding strategy requires knowledge on gene action and trait inheritance in local and improved sources. In this study, the mode of inheritance, the...
Article
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Groundnut leaf miner (GLM) (Aproaerema modicella) (Deventer) is one of the most destructive pests of soybean and groundnuts. In this study, the mode of inheritance, general combining ability (GCA), specific combining ability (SCA) effects, maternal effects of resistance to GLM and grain yield ha⁻¹ were determined. Thirteen soybean parental genotype...
Article
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Objective: Nodding syndrome (NS) is a type of epilepsy characterized by repeated head-nodding seizures that appear in previously healthy children between 3 and 18 years of age. In 2012, during a WHO International Meeting on NS in Kampala, Uganda, it was recommended that fungal contamination of foods should be investigated as a possible cause of th...
Article
Ruspolia differens (Serville) (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae, Conocephalinae) (its common names including ‘African edible bush‐cricket’, ‘edible grasshopper’, and ‘nsenene’) is an important source of food for humans in East Africa, but its ecology and biology are poorly understood. We explored the host plants of R. differens with a series of no‐choice...
Article
Full-text available
Cowpea bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) is a major constraint to cowpea production throughout sub-Saharan Africa. The identification of sources of C. maculatus resistance and their incorporation into breeding programs would be a beneficial strategy to combat the devastation caused by the bruchid in stored cowpea. We evaluated 145 cowpea genoty...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background: The housefly, Musca domestica L., is a major public health and domestic pest that spoils food and causes irritation and is a vector of many infectious disease pathogens of medical and veterinary importance. Currently, its control relies largely on chemical pesticides. However, the adverse health and environmental effects of pes...
Article
On‐farm evaluation of 15 common bean varieties was undertaken with nine farmer groups under two fertilizer applications levels in four subcounties of Hoima and Rakai districts for two seasons to select farmers’ desired and undesired varieties. Farmers’ votes for acceptance and rejection of varieties at podding stage were converted to a preference i...
Article
The edible grasshopper Ruspolia differens (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) gathered seasonally from the wild is a highly valued and an economically important edible insect, particularly in East Africa. To reduce the pressure on wild populations, a sustainable mass production technique needs to be developed. Unfortunately, however, basic biological know-...
Article
Full-text available
Diet mixing is a common feeding habit among polyphagous insect herbivores and is believed to be advantageous for performance-related factors like growth, survival and oviposition. However, relatively little is known about the influence of artificial diet or their mixtures on the performance of edible insects. We examined the effects of artificial d...
Article
Edible insects have been suggested as an alternative and sustainable source of fats, proteins and vitamins for humans. However, their nutritional content may largely depend on the diets offered for insects. Diet-based manipulation of fatty acids in edible insects shows promise to possibly increase their essential and long-chained polyunsaturated fa...
Article
Full-text available
Bruchids are the most destructive pest of stored cowpea seeds leading to losses in quantity and quality of seeds. To overcome this problem, farmers use different synthetic insecticides but these have toxic effects on the environment and non-target organisms. The use of resistant genotypes is considered a cost effective and safe alternative to synth...
Article
Abstract Understanding variety × environment interaction (VEI) and variety × management interaction (VMI) are critical for deploying superior crop varieties to responsive environments. We evaluated 15 common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) varieties in a split-plot design under two fertilizer regimes, for two seasons, and in six locations in Rakai and...
Article
The relative importance of different bottom-up-mediated effects in shaping insect communities in tropical secondary forests are poorly understood. Here, we explore the roles of vegetation structure, forest age, local topography (valley vs. hill top) and soil variables in predicting fruit-feeding butterfly and tree community composition, and tree co...
Article
Active restoration of rainforests is essential in enhancing the recovery of biodiversity in many tropical regions suffering from deforestation. However, the value of actively restored rainforests for birds is still relatively poorly understood because of the short history of active restoration programs. Here, we studied the recovery of bird communi...
Article
Predicting the recovery processes in tree communities after logging is critical when developing conservation strategies. We assessed the patterns in tree communities in logged and primary forests in Kibale National Park, Uganda, representing 9- to 19-year-old clear-cuts of former conifer plantations, 42- to 43-year-old logged forests and primary fo...
Article
In the face of the continuing destruction of tropical rainforests, a major challenge is to understand the consequences of these habitat changes for biodiversity and the time scale at which biodiversity can recover after such disturbances. In this study, we assessed the patterns in communities of birds among forests of varying age consisting of clea...
Article
Full-text available
Background Livestock trypanosomiasis, transmitted mainly by tsetse flies of the genus Glossina is a major constraint to livestock health and productivity in the sub-Saharan Africa. Knowledge of the prevalence and intensity of trypanosomiasis is important in understanding the epidemiology of the disease. The objectives of this study were to (a) asse...
Article
Increasing anthropogenic disturbance in tropical rainforests is a major challenge to biodiversity conservation. The responses of herbivorous insect communities to habitat changes are not well understood. In this study, we investigated the resilience of galling insect communities associated with Neoboutonia macrocalyx (Euphorbiaceae) trees to loggin...
Article
Full-text available
The responses of Afrotropical galling insects to habitat fragmentation are poorly understood. We studied the influence of fragmentation and fragment characteristics on communities of galling insects on Neoboutonia macrocalyx trees, in six forest fragments around Kibale National Park, Uganda. Insect galls were collected from six randomly cut tips of...
Article
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The relative importance of host-plant resources, natural enemies or their interactions in controlling the population of galling insects and their parasitism is poorly known for tropical gallers. In this study, we assessed the impacts of plant quality and density of host trees in regulating the densities of a galler species, the cecidomyiid leaf gal...
Article
The effects of bottom‐up forces on the community structure of tropical insect gallers and within species variation in gall morphotype assemblages are not well understood.We tested the roles of increased nutritional quality and density of host plants with respect to structuring the galling insect communities and gall morphotype assemblages on Neobou...

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