Geoffrey J.D. Hewings

Geoffrey J.D. Hewings
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign | UIUC · Regional Economics Applications Laboratory

Ph.D. University of Washington

About

445
Publications
100,352
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8,314
Citations
Citations since 2017
89 Research Items
3319 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500600
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500600

Publications

Publications (445)
Article
Consumer expenditures in the United Kingdom account for over 50% of Gross Domestic Product on the expenditure side, yet their impact on economic activity is often overshadowed by attention to technological change, value chain analysis and especially international trade. In this paper, a recently developed interregional model of the UK economy, SEIM...
Article
Full-text available
While considerable attention has been directed to the national‐level impacts of global value chains, far less attention has been focused on the way in which global production fragmentation has affected regional economies. Using some measures derived from a multiregional, multisectoral input–output model, this paper analyzes the position and share o...
Chapter
While there has been a great deal of attention directed to the structure and structural changes in world trade, there is a growing interest in exploring the integration of international and interregional trade. The paper focuses on the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei mega-metropolitan region (hereafter JingJinJi) through the development of a five-region mode...
Article
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The Kuwaiti economy is characterized by two major structural imbalances – heavy dependence on oil and dominance of the public sector. Kuwait has struggled over the years to implement a two-pronged development strategy – diversifying the country’s economic base away from oil and promoting private sector development. This paper will explore the econo...
Article
The information industry has become a “new engine” driving the growth of the world economy. However, there are many controversies about whether digital technology can reduce the intensity of carbon emissions. Based on OECD data, KPWW method and multiple panel regression, this paper explores the impact and mechanism of digital technology innovation...
Article
This paper reassesses the wage curve applying regional price deflators, whereas in the literature only uniform national price levels are generally used in wage curve regressions. Existing estimates for the unemployment elasticities vary across countries but lie mostly in the neighborhood of -0.1. Using the data for the 49 US states over the 2008-20...
Article
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Production processes depend on fragmented and interdependent value chains; nowadays, a single product often includes components produced in dozens of countries. Many public health measures being implemented to prevent the spread of COVID-19 have dampened economic activity of ‘non-essential’ sectors. The decreased production affects other industries...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper introduces a new specification for the nonparametric production-frontier based on Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) when dealing with decision-making units whose economic performances are correlated with those of the neighbors (spatial dependence). To illustrate the bias reduction that the SpDEA provides with respect to standard DEA method...
Article
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This paper focuses on the physical attributes of land that intrinsically limit land use and possibly affect land values. In particular, we investigate if the slope of a land does decrease its price and investigate the role of land slope in forming more reliable constant-quality land price indices and aggregate house price indices. We find that, whi...
Article
This paper focuses on progress in achieving greater integration between demographic and economic components in system-wide modeling. It underlines the importance of Czamanski’s Baltimore model as well as other influential research based on the two-sector economic base model, before proceeding to review more complex, spatially-disaggregated economy-...
Preprint
This paper focuses on the physical attributes of land that intrinsically limit land use and possibly affect land values. In particular, we investigate if the slope of a land does decrease its price and investigate the role of land slope in forming more reliable constant-quality land price indices and aggregate house price indices. We find that, whi...
Data
R-package documentation for measuring spatial concentration according to the transportation problem approach.
Article
This paper examines the progress of countries’ integration within the EU, and the expansion to include many Eastern European countries in this phenomenon. We create a multisectoral and multiregional input-output model (MRIO) to study a group of “counterfactuals” to evaluate the economic integration/disintegration phenomenon in this context. As an i...
Article
Spatial CGE models rely on detailed multiregional input-output (MRIO) tables. This paper compares two different approaches to compiling MRIO tables for Austria-an algorithm-based approach that regionalizes national input-output tables (IOT) and generates trade estimates using a predefined set of regional variables (i.e. Horridge's algorithm), and a...
Article
The traditional shift‐share analysis and its existing spatial versions fail to detect the simple effects related to the underlying spillovers derived from the neighbourhood and regional contexts. This paper presents a formulation of the spatial shift‐share that incorporates novel effects and classifies the regions in a multi‐contextual framework (n...
Article
This paper will propose an index for measuring spatial concentration, which is based on the solution of a particular transportation problem. This approach extends a new index proposed for the measurement of seasonality to the spatial case, and it takes into account the level of the concentration of the phenomenon of interest according to its spatia...
Chapter
Regional information about gross domestic product or gross added value is usually available with annual frequency. However, higher-frequency data at regional level is not so frequently available. This type of information is essential in order to (i) monitor the economic situation and (ii) forecast future values of regional output. The application o...
Article
After fifteen years of railway concessions in Brazil, the rail freight sector became responsible for over 26% of the total transported volume in the country, an increase of 20% during this period. This Brazilian experience led a recovery in productivity and investment levels, with an improvement in service quality and modernization of the sector. N...
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Full-text available
We develop a Multi-Regional Spatial Computable General Equilibrium (TurkSCGE) model for economic analysis of highway projects, estimating their impacts on regional welfare and economic outcomes in Turkey. The framework integrates a transport sub-model that estimates minimum distances with a multiregional Computable General Equilibrium model that es...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND An ongoing outbreak of a novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pneumonia has spread to many parts of the world generating concerns about the possibility of an extensive pandemic. China has adopted unprecedented mitigation policies especially strict quarantine measures since January 2020, to contain the spread of the epidemic. However, the long-te...
Preprint
BACKGROUND An ongoing outbreak of a novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pneumonia has spread to most parts of the world generating concerns about the possibility of an extensive pandemic. China has adopted unprecedented mitigation policies especially strict quarantine measures since January 2020, to contain the spread of the epidemic. However, the long-te...
Article
Full-text available
A new production-frontier specification is proposed when dealing with decision-making units whose efficiencies are correlated with the performances of the neighbors (spatial dependence), providing a bias reduction with respect to standard data envelopment analysis (DEA) methods. For the constructed European Union (EU) regional production frontiers...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates whether the recent rise in tariffs on goods produced in China will lead processing trade manufacturing plants now located in China to delocate to the U.S. By using a hypothetical extraction method and examining the global value chains of income, we compare the factor payments in the Chinese and U.S. manufacturing sectors. Ou...
Preprint
This paper proposed a quarantine-susceptible-exposed-infectious-resistant (QSEIR) model which considers the unprecedented strict quarantine measures in almost the whole of China to resist the epidemic. We estimated model parameters from published information with the statistical method and stochastic simulation, we found the parameters that achieve...
Article
This paper investigates differences in economic growth determinants for 187 regions across 12 European countries. The study focuses on a period of increasing inequalities including the peak of global recession (1981 – 2009). The conditional convergence model is estimated, removing the assumption of linearity, by using a spatial quantile regression....
Article
Land-use planning influences economic performance as it can intervene with location-specific and heterogeneous production externalities. This paper examines the impacts of heterogeneous externalities on local employment growth using a panel model framework with block-level land-use data inventory for Chicago. Cross-industry spillovers provide posit...
Book
Input-output analysis is a method by which the flow of production can be traced among the various sectors of the economy, through to final demand or export. The most fundamental problem of input-output analysis is to calculate the necessary output levels of each industry required to achieve a final output. What is the effect upon the local economy...
Chapter
In the modifiable areal unit problem (MAUP) literature, it is known that in measuring spillover effects, the magnitudes of spillovers are different depending on the scale of the temporal/spatial units. However, the research has not addressed whether the magnitude of the spillover increases or decreases as the unit of measurement increases. From an...
Chapter
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The recent upward trend in the direct costs of natural disasters is a reflection of both an increase in asset densities and the concentration of economic activities in hazard-prone areas. Although losses in physical infrastructure and lifelines are usually spatially concentrated in a few areas, their effects tend to spread geographically and tempor...
Article
The regulation of urban land in China has become more important as a policy instrument, suggesting that land supply may be a catalyst for urban economic growth. Based on official data on land use change for the period 2005 to 2014, an econometric model of urban GDP growth reveals lagged effects of land supply on economic growth. Land supply has a m...
Article
Full-text available
The spatial dimensions of economic activity have received increasing attention in the last 20 years(Fujita et al., 2001). Parallel to these developments in economics has been the widespread adoption of geospatial analysis and technologies across the wider social sciences (Goodchild et al.,2000), which reflects the ability of these methods to provid...
Article
Wilson’s original introduction of the concept of entropy to the modelling of input–output and commodity flow systems provided a more flexible alternative to the prevailing state of the art. Following a brief review of prior approaches, the modified Wilson approach is presented and illustrated with an application to Korea. Thereafter, recent develop...
Article
This article explores the spatiotemporal pattern in the local tax system of Extremadura, a region in the southwest of Spain. Using the most relevant tax in terms of revenues at the local level in Spain, the property tax on urban land, a very general space–time dynamic panel data model with spatial and time period fixed effects, has been estimated t...
Chapter
This chapter presents the Type I, II and III demand-driven regional and interregional input–output (IO) models and their microeconomic foundations. It discusses why realistic multipliers probably lay somewhere halfway between the Type I and Type II multipliers and how they can be used in impact analyses. It continues with the presentation of the du...
Chapter
Interregional trade has been relatively neglected by most trade analysts. A dearth of data has limited formal explorations of interregional trade but the magnitudes of the volumes revealed suggest that greater attention should be directed to this form of connectivity between economies. The chapter begins with a review of the theory and tests of int...
Chapter
This chapter presents and critically evaluates the economic assumptions and applicability of a series of regional and interregional interindustry models. It begins with the demand-driven, single-region Leontief quantity model and its cost-push price dual. Then Section 4 discusses the ideal, full information, interregional input-output model with in...
Preprint
The presence of \b{eta}-convergence in European regions is an important issue to be analyzed. In this paper, we adopt a quantile regression approach in analyzing economic convergence. While previous work has performed quantile regression at the national level, we focus on 187 European NUTS2 regions for the period 1981-2009 and use spatial quantile...
Article
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Foreclosures have negative impacts not just on homeowners, but also on neighboring properties. Due to the heterogeneous characteristics of the housing market, different neighborhoods can be impacted differently by foreclosures. This study focuses on the varying impacts of foreclosures on nearby property values across space. These results can provid...
Article
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The empirical literature on tax-induced migration (TIM) primarily focused on estimating the average elasticity of migration to interregional tax differentials but ignores the potential effect of the variations around this average. This paper extends the work of Moretti and Wilson (Am Econ Rev 107:1858–1903, 2017) and finds salient nonlinearity in t...
Article
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In this paper, hierarchical feedback loop analysis is employed to identify changes in the economic interactions among sectors during the process of structural transformation of the Chicago economy. The application in our paper differs from previous studies adopting this methodology as it focuses on the time dimension of change through analysis of f...
Article
This paper addresses the economic and environmental effects of three scenarios of change for the electricity sector in Spain, in line with the European Union targets: (1) to address the low trade with the rest of Europe, increasing the integration with the European network; (2) to enhance environmental sustainability, increasing the use of renewabl...
Article
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Forecast combination methods reduce the information in a vector of forecasts to a single combined forecast by using a set of combination weights. Although there are several methods, a typical strategy is the use of the simple arithmetic mean to obtain the combined forecast. A priori, the use of this mean could be justified when all the forecasters...
Article
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Tolerance, Technology and Talent indexes that are found in the literature and used to compare cities tend to focus more on economic and technologic progress. However, time is important, this paper presents a Life Expectancy Index (LEI) for the 40 OECD countries computed as a weighted average of three dimensions: population pyramid base (such as fer...
Article
This paper assesses the impact of China's air pollution abatement (APA) policies on both the economy and environment in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) area, using a multi-regional energy-environment-economy computable general equilibrium (CGE) model incorporating the direct abatement expenditure of the proposed policies. The results show that, ove...
Article
On March 8, US President Donald Trump approved new import tariffs on ‘iron and steel’ and ‘aluminum’ of 25% and 10%, respectively. The aim of this paper is to estimate the impact that this decision might have on the Spanish regions. Our empirical strategy combines three powerful models to address the trade effect both over the global economy, and m...
Article
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Many subnational economies are facing severe fiscal stress often generated by the devolution of responsibilities that have been accompanied by little devolution of fiscal resources. In 2011, the Illinois state government raised individual and corporate income taxes as one contribution to easing the problem of short term and longer‐term fiscal defic...
Article
This paper investigates the formation of employment sub-centers from a new perspective of heterogeneity in agglomeration economies. Using highly granular commercial and residential land-use data (2001-2011) in Chicago, we measure how the locations of jobs, population, quality-of-life amenities, and transportation networks shape specific and heterog...
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This study investigates the potential role of variations in technical efficiency as a contributing factor in providing explanation for convergence or divergence in West-Europe. To control for spatial dependence among regions, the paper uses a spatial stochastic frontier framework that integrates spatial econometric techniques with stochastic fronti...
Article
This paper analyzes regional price differentials in Poland at the NUTS-2 and NUTS-3 levels. It applies unique raw-price data and calculates regional purchasing power parity (PPP) deflators for the 16 NUTS-2 regions. It then estimates PPP deflators for the 66 NUTS-3-level regions by applying the multiple imputation approach. Finally, it verifies whe...
Article
Using data from Chicago, this paper analyzes different housing appreciation patterns from 1983 to 2005 depending on the initial level of income of the neighborhoods where these properties are located. Findings suggest that appreciation patterns of low-income neighborhoods are different than those of high-income neighborhoods. Moreover, appreciation...
Article
A value proposition articulates the essence of a business, defining how products and services are assembled and delivered to final users in order to meet their needs. Maslow developed value curves of the human need groups relative to time, and the sum of the curves yields an almost sigmoid curve. Winters and others created transportation groups of...
Article
Distance to the CBD and neighboring commercial employment (land-use) have been the core determinants of spatial-related production externalities for firms. In these models, travel time to work (firms) is the single most important factor for residential land-use allocation. New theories of complex urban systems (CUS), however, have begun to cast som...
Article
Full-text available
This paper evaluates the long-run regional impacts of the construction of three oil refineries proposed for Brazil’s Northeast (NE) region. A dynamic, interregional computable general equilibrium (CGE) model was developed, with 28 regions in the NE and the rest of Brazil and 30 sectors. The database construction methodology could be applied to any...
Article
Extended input–output models require careful estimation of disaggregated consumption by households and comparable sources of labor income by sector. The latter components most often have to be estimated. The primary focus of this paper is to produce labor demand disaggregated by workers’ age. The results are evaluated through considerations of its...
Article
Median-based Housing Price Indices (HPIs) generate potentially misleading indicators especially when applied to Small Spatial Units (SSUs) such as small Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) or neighborhoods within larger metropolitan regions. Given the small total number of sales in SSUs and the even smaller number of repeat sales, traditional alt...
Article
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The need to be compliant with the fiscal frameworks of the European Union and Spain has generated asymmetric fiscal behavior across the Spanish government tiers regarding the distribution of the needed fiscal efforts to pursue public finance sustainability and macroeconomic stability in the medium-to-long term and to meet citizen needs in the shor...
Chapter
This chapter estimates dynamic effects of population aging on regional economies using a recursive-dynamic interregional CGE-Population model of Korea. The model accounts for the economic behavior of producers and consumers on the real side economies of two regions: the Seoul Metropolitan Area and the rest of Korea. Population demographics in each...
Article
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Motivated by both the need to model recent structural economic changes and the need to understand better the nature of environmental–economic interactions, this paper introduces a continuous-time regional econometric input–output model for the Chicago economy that can be used to analyze, at disaggregated sectoral and temporal levels, the economic a...
Book
Originally published in 1977. This book provides an introduction to some of the more important techniques of regional analysis – techniques derived from geographical, regional economic and regional science theory – and describes the way some of these techniques have been applied in the identification of problems, development of strategy and evaluat...
Article
Following Ertur and Kock (2007) and Elhorst et al. (2010), a spatially-extended neoclassical Solow growth model is developed to explore the spatial characteristics of regional economic growth at the prefecture level over the period 1992–2010 in China. A Spatial Durbin Model with the spatial fixed effects is verified in empirical analysis. The resul...
Article
The Human Development Index, computed by the United Nations, has been challenged since it does not measure the real development of a country. It needs to be combined with other indexes and ratios (poverty, Gini index). Using the same data as the United Nations, an additional dimension (time) is added to create a Time Human Development Index (THDI)...
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The estimation of the impact of public investment on regional economic growth requires consideration of the spatio-temporal dynamics among the state variables of each region. Recent austerity policies in Spain that feature temporary decreases in the accumulation of regional public capital should thus be evaluated in terms of their impact on the eco...
Chapter
Full-text available
Regional modelers have spent a great deal of time and energy worrying about the level of sectoral aggregation but relatively little time considering the implications of aggregation of households into a representative household. In the US, households account for 70% of GDP on the expenditure side and increasing concerns about rising income inequalit...
Article
The fragmentation of production across national boundaries has become an important feature of the world economy. This present paper adopts the viewpoint that not only the size and composition of carbon footprints are relevant but also the border-crossing frequency associated with these carbon footprints, which is defined as the number of borders a...
Article
Pollution haven hypothesis is an important debate on the environmental effects of international trade, the pattern of which has been reshaped obviously by global production fragmentation recently. The production process is distributed globally, and the pollution haven effect of international trade is becoming more complicated. For instance, interme...
Article
Municipal mergers have become a worldwide phenomenon in the past few decades, primarily advanced to exploit economies of scale. While most evaluations of municipal mergers have focused on the efficiency of local public goods provision, it is rare in the literature to explore how such mergers promote economic growth in a developing country context....
Article
This article contributes to the recent literature in spatial econometrics that focuses on space–time data modeling implementing a multilocation time-series statistical framework to analyze a regional system. Drawing on the global vector autoregression approach introduced in Pesaran, Schuermann, and Weiner, a multiregional spatial vector autoregress...
Chapter
Comparative analysis of economies has usually focused on the share of production activities accounted for by specific sectors. In this paper, attention is directed to comparative analysis of the economic structure of a set of Japanese regional economies. Using the concept of the multiplier product matrix applied to input-output tables, a visualizat...
Article
This paper compares the impact of regional price deflators on the results of convergence analysis at different levels of territorial aggregation. We take as an example the evolution of income disparities between 16 NUTS2 and 66 NUTS3 Polish regions. We find that the real regional income disparities are lower than the nominal ones and that the diffe...
Article
The Neighborhood Stabilization Program (NSP) is a $7 billion nationwide government program that was established to reduce the negative impacts of the housing crisis in foreclosure-concentrated neighborhoods. NSP rehabilitations aim to bring foreclosed and abandoned properties back to productive use. Very few quantitative studies have evaluated NSP...
Article
We develop a Financial Computable General Equilibrium (FCGE) model that analyzes the economic impacts of infrastructure investment projects and their financing options on growth and distribution in the Indonesian economy. The FCGE model integrates the real economy with the financial one within a unified economic system, and traces the flows of fina...