Geoff Goodman

Geoff Goodman
Long Island University | LIU · Clinical Psychology Doctoral Program

Doctor of Philosophy

About

91
Publications
23,509
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Introduction
Child and adult psychotherapy process and attachment; quantitatively based methods of assessing supervisee competence; personality organization and attachment in borderline personality disorder, sex addiction, and codependency; caregiver literacy, young children’s play, and school readiness skills and literacy acquisition in sub-Saharan Africa; theoretical, philosophical, political, moral, and religious issues in clinical and developmental psychology.

Publications

Publications (91)
Article
Set in rural Uganda and using Lowenfeld (1947-1957) developmental stages model as a theoretical framework, this study describes an early childhood literacy project (Goodman & Dent, 2019) and the impact of the Storytelling/Story-Acting (STSA) play-based intervention on participating children’s drawings. Ugandan children ages 3 to 5 were randomly ass...
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Objective To investigate (1) whether expert clinicians within psychodynamic therapy (PDT), mentalization-based treatment (MBT), cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) agree on the essential adolescent psychotherapy processes using the Adolescent Psychotherapy Q-Set (APQ); (2) whether these four session prototypes...
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Researchers returned to the home of Mary Ainsworth's original attachment study to explore the contributions of Ugandan children's representations of attachment interactions with their caregivers to their perceptions about gender. Researchers administered the Attachment Story-Completion Task (ASCT) and applied three attachment narrative coding syste...
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Children’s mentalizing capacity may influence the therapeutic process in psychodynamic therapy. The literature points to the need to tailor the therapeutic intervention to the particular configuration of clinical and developmental problems presented by the children and recommends a shift in technique in the case of severely disturbed or traumatized...
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This article represents our attempt to establish a blueprint for a comprehensive refugee intervention program to be disseminated across the globe. Specifically, we describe a proposal to conduct a two-generation intervention program that addresses the socioemotional needs of both Syrian caregivers and their preschool children who have fled the atro...
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Children in the developing world are at far greater risk for emotional, psychological, and health challenges; at the same time, they have little access to clinical interventions or other support services. The intervention presented in this study is a low-cost, play-based intervention that we believed could help to address early learning and develop...
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Mentalization has been considered a common factor across therapeutic processes, inherent to all effective treatment models. However, empirical findings and evidence about the presence and relevance of the construct for use in child psychodynamic psychotherapy processes are scarce. To contribute to filling this gap, the aim of this study was to anal...
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Introduction: Reflective function is developed in the context of secure attachment and corresponds to the ability to understand one's mental states and those of others. Thus, identity develops, which relates to the experience of self as unique, continuous and coherent. Objective: To identify reflective function and identity features in adolescen...
Chapter
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This study explored the impact of two rural village libraries in Uganda on preschool children's school readiness skills. Using two rural village libraries in Mpigi and Kabubbu as a backdrop, this study explored the effectiveness of a six-month play-based intervention known as the Storytelling/Story-Acting (STSA) activity. Children ages 3 to 5 at ea...
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The aim of this study was to explore how different measurements can contribute to understanding processes of change in psychodynamic child psychotherapy. The Child Psychotherapy Q-Set (CPQ) was compared with the child psychotherapist’s description of the psychotherapy process, systematically collected every three months during therapy, and with the...
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Objective: The first aim of this study was to identify interaction structures (IS), which refer to clusters of items characterizing the course of psychotherapy in terms of reciprocal interaction patterns between the therapist and the child, secondly to assess their trends over the course of treatment, and finally investigate which IS predict outcom...
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Exploring the temporal sequence between two events in psychotherapy can help to shape clinical guidelines used to indicate which interventions can positively and negatively influence a treatment’s trajectory as well as outcome. For example, a therapist’s increasing directedness in session might subsequently increase a patient’s anxiety, leading to...
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According to psychotherapy outcome literature, treatments for major depressive disorder (MDD) yield impressive results. Study after study demonstrates the efficacy of brief, evidence-based interventions for depressed individuals. Nevertheless, MDD continues to exact a devastating toll on modern society. The World Health Organization has identified...
Chapter
This chapter provides a very brief overview of the history, development, and characteristics of rural library services in several African countries from both a historical and modern-day perspective. Against the backdrop of public library development during colonialism, the chapter highlights the fact that libraries existed in Africa well before Col...
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There are few studies of the child psychodynamic psychotherapy process. This study investigates the psychotherapy process within regulation-focused psychotherapy for children (RFP-C; Hoffman, Rice, & Prout, 2016). RFP-C is a manualized, psychodynamic treatment for children with disruptive behaviors. Three expert clinicians used the Child Psychother...
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This article presents the results of a descriptive survey of sex addiction therapists in their own recovery from sex addiction. The survey was distributed online. A group of 101 self-identified sex addiction therapists in their own recovery participated in the survey. In the survey, four areas of their experience were explored: sharing with others...
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This study examined the sequential relations among three pertinent variables in child psychotherapy: therapeutic alliance (TA) (including ruptures and repairs), autism symptoms, and adherence to child-centered play therapy (CCPT) process. A 2-year CCPT of a 6-year-old Caucasian boy diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder was conducted weekly with t...
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Child psychoanalytic psychotherapy is a specific approach to the treatment of emotional, social and behavioural problems in children. There are hundreds of modalities of psychotherapy, and this continues to increase. The vast majority has not been investigated using controlled (or other types of) studies and not all of these methods are based on ex...
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It has been recognized that there is a need to make psychotherapy more effective for children with disruptive symptoms. Many studies on child psychodynamic psychotherapy have indicated its effectiveness, but do not explain how this treatment works. It is not only necessary to understand how it works, but also for which therapist—patient dyads. The...
Chapter
Full-text available
This study explored the impact of two rural village libraries in Uganda on preschool children's school readiness skills. Using two rural village libraries in Mpigi and Kabubbu as a backdrop, this study explored the effectiveness of a six-month play-based intervention known as the Storytelling/Story-Acting (STSA) activity. Children ages 3 to 5 at ea...
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Full-text available
It is important to investigate the outcomes of psychotherapy and, especially, its process. Regarding child psychodynamic psychotherapy, available studies are in smaller numbers. Therefore, we still do not fully know the mechanisms of change in treatments with this age group. The Child Psychotherapy Q-Set (CPQ) was designed to analyze the therapeuti...
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This study used Q methodology to explore clinicians' perspectives regarding optimal psychotherapy process in the treatment of pathological narcissism, a syndrome of impaired self-regulation. Participants were 34 psychotherapists of various disciplines and theoretical orientations who reviewed 3 clinical vignettes portraying hypothetical cases of gr...
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Objective: To analyze the degree of similarity to a "psychodynamic prototype" during the first year of two children's once-weekly psychodynamic psychotherapy. Methods: This study used a longitudinal, descriptive, repeated-measures design based on the systematic case study method. Two male school children (here referred to as Walter and Peter) an...
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To investigate (a) whether expert clinicians within psychodynamic therapy (PDT) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) agree on key features of child psychotherapy process using the Child Psychotherapy Process Q-Set (CPQ); (b) whether these two prototypes can be empirically distinguished; and (c) whether promoting mentalization (operationalized as...
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This study examined the constellation of interaction structures – repetitive patterns of interactions between patient and therapist over the course of treatment – that emerged in the psychodynamic therapy (PDT) of a child diagnosed with borderline personality disorder and treated by two doctoral student therapists. Identification of these interacti...
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This study explores reading and library factors related to secondary school student academic outcomes in rural areas in Uganda. This mixed methods study utilized quantitative data collected as part of a more extensive project to explore six student factors in relation to students’ school, library, and home environments. The Kitengesa Community Libr...
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The British Association of Play Therapists (BAPT) provides a definition of play therapy (PT) that emphasizes humanistic ideals such as using nondirective play techniques to enable the child's inner resources to bring about growth and change. These therapeutic change processes have never been submitted to empirical testing, partly because of the pau...
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In this paper, we discuss dialectical behavior therapy and mentalization-based therapy in the context of their application to preadolescent children. The paper presents brief overviews of the 2 approaches, with clinical vignettes exemplifying representative techniques, followed by the analysis of each vignette from the perspective of an alternative...
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Two psychiatric inpatients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) participated in 5 months of three-times-per-week psychodynamic therapy (PDT). Patients completed a measure of psychological distress every week. Forty-four sessions were audiotaped and coded using the Psychotherapy Process Q-Set (PQS) and correlated with PQS prototypes of five tr...
Article
Around the word, in developed as well as developing countries, libraries play an important role in the dissemination of knowledge. The availability of information resources can often mean the difference between poverty and prosperity, particularly in underdeveloped African communities. Rural Community Libraries in Africa: Challenges and Impacts inv...
Chapter
This chapter presents an overview of nine organizations that strive to support the creation and support of rural libraries all over the world. These internationally based organizations typically work alongside local stakeholders to develop, build, and support these rural libraries. Some collect books, some help communities to build libraries and in...
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This chapter provides an overview of research exploring the impact of the rural village library and other factors on secondary school students, a group of users that have been identified as a critical user group with a particular set of needs. Students in general are typically heavy users of these rural libraries, and use of the libraries by studen...
Chapter
The development and use of the rural village library does not happen in a vacuum, and these libraries and their users are impacted by a wide variety of factors including literacy, development of a reading culture, and various social and cultural elements. This chapter provides an overview of these factors within the context of the rural village lib...
Chapter
Mounting a research study in a rural sub-Saharan African village produces unique challenges not typically encountered in a cozy university laboratory. While the nature of all field research implies unpredictability and flexibility, rural village library researchers can avoid certain pitfalls that could sabotage their study. By disseminating the les...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of the operational costs and usage patterns of libraries in Burkina Faso that are supported by Friends of African Village Libraries. Data on totals of visits to libraries and book checkouts for lending libraries are summarized. Results of two studies that compare reading patterns in villages with libraries and thos...
Chapter
During the summer of 2008, all students in the 4th grade classroom (aged 11-13) in each primary school in five villages in southwestern Burkina Faso were randomly assigned and invited to participate in one of three different summer reading programs, including a summer reading camp. This chapter presents an assessment of how much different summer re...
Chapter
This chapter provides a very brief overview of the history, development, and characteristics of rural library services in several African countries from both a historical and modern-day perspective. Against the backdrop of public library development during colonialism, the chapter highlights the fact that libraries existed in Africa well before Col...
Chapter
In August and September 2010, 200 Primary 5 students in northern Ghana attended 2-week summer reading camps hosted by 3 community libraries. The goal of the camps was to encourage reading among schoolchildren in a low-literacy environment. The camps appeared to be highly effective in improving reading abilities and habits. Reading scores on a writt...
Chapter
Two cohorts of caregivers and preschool children residing in two rural Ugandan villages were recruited to identify the predictors of children’s learning readiness. Caregiver and child variables hypothetically associated with emergent literacy skills included caregiver’s medical health quality, caregiver depression, frequency of caregiver reading an...
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This chapter presents an overview of some of the prior research done on select rural village libraries in Uganda, Ghana, and Burkina Faso not presented elsewhere in this book. This review is meant to provide a context for the ways in which researchers have sought to document the development and impact of these libraries over time. This review is no...
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This chapter addresses the question of what materials would be useful and enjoyable for the new readers emerging from Africa’s recently expanded education systems. The Kitengesa Community Library in Uganda is described, and the library’s records of which books were borrowed over 2004-5 are analyzed. According to various criteria, the most popular b...
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A small-scale project to induce more reading among 5th and 6th graders in rural Burkina Faso by providing them with solar-powered LED lamps indeed increased reading for students in villages without preexisting libraries, but did not affect reading capabilities. The research aimed to establish the magnitude of effects after one year when 10-14 year-...
Chapter
How might rural village libraries impact local economic development? This question has not been studied in depth, but there is some anecdotal evidence from some of the rural libraries presented in this book that access to these libraries may provide an indirect way for users to discover the link between access to information and improvement in thei...
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Although attachment-based interventions with mothers and infants are beginning to flourish, guidelines for developing attachment-based intervention with prepubertal children are lacking. This article remedies this lack by discussing the potential intervention points of entry with prepubertal children based on the precepts of attachment theory. In c...
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The psychoanalytic literature has discussed many dynamic aspects of encopresis, but no one has explored the meaning of the underlying insecure attachment patterns that predispose the child to encopresis. This article offers an attachment perspective to understand the etiology of primary encopresis and suggests relationship-focused intervention stra...
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Transference-focused psychotherapy (TFP) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) are 2 treatment models designed to treat patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Although originating in separate theoretical orientations, TFP and DBT have been effective in treating BPD patients. Reflective functioning (RF), defined as interpreting the be...
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Fifty-six middle-income children ages 5 to 10 were videotaped completing five stories thematically related to attachment experiences and classified according to representation of attachment disorganization (D, non-D). Mothers completed a self-report questionnaire assessing three core components of personality organization—identity diffusion, primit...
Book
Around the word, in developed as well as developing countries, libraries play an important role in the dissemination of knowledge. The availability of information resources can often mean the difference between poverty and prosperity, particularly in underdeveloped African communities. Rural Community Libraries in Africa: Challenges and Impacts in...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To identify interaction structures (i.e., patterns of reciprocal interaction) that characterize the treatments of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) in crisis. DesignA 6-month naturalistic psychotherapy process and outcome study in which interaction structures were correlated with outcome data. Methods Five BPD patients...
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Thirty-six prepubertal inpatients were videotaped completing five stories thematically related to attachment experiences and classified by their attachment representations. Children also completed the Children's Depression Inventory and Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents-Revised. Mothers completed demographic questionnaires. Percenta...
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Leading the charge to link intervention research with clinical practice is the development of process research, which involves a detailed analysis of specific therapeutic processes over the course of treatment. The delineation of interaction structures – repetitive patterns of interactions between patient and therapist over the course of treatment...
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Responses to five doll-story stems thematically related to attachment experiences with the mother were videotaped in the home and used to evaluate child, maternal, and environmental predictors of representational aggression in 93 preschool children of African American women receiving public assistance who had become pregnant as teenagers. Significa...
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Although attachment-based interventions with mothers and infants are beginning to flourish, guidelines for developing attachment-based intervention with prepubertal children are lacking. This article remedies this lack by discussing the potential intervention points of entry with prepubertal children based on attachment theory. In contrast to attac...
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Full-text available
Nine psychiatric inpatients diagnosed with borderline personality disorder participated in a psychodynamically oriented, expiatory spirituality group. Through drawings and group process, the patients uncovered and elaborated on their representations of God. Two patterns of representation were identified: 1) representations of a punitive, judgmental...
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Forty-three psychiatrically hospitalized prepubertal children were assessed regarding their assaultive and suicidal behaviors. These children were subsequently classified into two groups, assaultive/suicidal (AS) and assaultive-only (AO). AS children had higher aggression and suicidal-scale scores, but not higher depression scores, and were more li...
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We present aspects of a psychoanalytically-oriented, exploratory spirituality group for nine female psychiatric inpatients diagnosed with borderline personality disorder. Through drawings and group process, the patients uncovered and elaborated on their representations of God. Two patterns of representations were identified: (1) representations of...
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We administered the Measure of Aggression, Violence, and Rage in Children (MAVRIC; Bass, Geenens, & Popper, 1993a, 1993b), a questionnaire assessing the severity of reactive, impulsive aggression, to 28 prepubertal psychiatrically hospitalized children and 54 prepubertal lowrisk nonpatients and their mothers. Cross-informant reliability was support...
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This study used a transactional model of development (Sameroff, 1975) to test whether methadone exposure, mother's expectation of her future infant's degree of bother during pregnancy, infant attachment behaviors assessed at 12 months, and mother and child communication assessed at 24 months reciprocally influence each other in a sample of 30 full-...
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The proliferation of new developmental and clinical theories broadly termed "psychoanalytic" demands a methodology for making systematic comparisons to establish the commonalities and distinctions among them. This article presents an empirical method for the comparative evaluation of such theories. The Mother-To-Child Object Representation / Intern...
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Patients who are prone to having negative therapeutic reactions seem to be increasingly common in clinical practice. These patients pose special problems for graduate students, psychoanalytic candidates, and other clinicians who struggle with anxiety regarding their new role and their feelings of incompetence and helplessness associated with the be...
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Videotaped 35 full-term, African American infants exposed in utero to methadone and 46 comparison infants at 12 months participating in a separation-reunion procedure to assess aspects of the infant's attachment relationship to the mother. Mothers in the two groups were comparable on education, age (18-35 years), socioeconomic status, parity, IQ an...
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Structured clinical interviews of 107 female inpatients diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) were used to determine whether antisocial personality disorder (APD) diagnostic criteria evident prior to age 15 could be used to predict current Axis I and Axis II psychopathology. Diagnostic information was gathered using the Structured Cl...
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Interviewed 93 African-American, low-income women who had become pregnant as teenagers and their preschool-aged children in their homes. Mothers answered questions regarding their everyday stresses and feelings of depression. Children were assessed for receptive vocabulary ability, then video-taped completing five stories thematically related to at...
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Structured clinical interviews of 63 female inpatients diagnosed with borderline personality disorder were used to study the relations of comorbid mood disorders to treatment response. Diagnostic information was gathered using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R Personality Disorders (SCID-II) and the Structured Clinical Interview for D...
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Four prepubertal psychiatric inpatients were selected to illustrate four proposed subtypes of attachment disorganization. These children were administered the Attachment Story-Completion Task, an instrument that assesses the quality of attachment security to the primary caregiver. Clinical vignettes of their respective inpatient treatments are pres...
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The purpose of this discussion of teleological and deterministic concepts in clinical theory and treatment was not to offer definitive answers to a timeless philosophical problem. Indeed, a solution to the problem of free will in a deterministic science eludes even the greatest thinkers (cf. Howard and Conway, 1987). Following Feyerabend (1984), th...
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2 studies examined 5–12-year-olds' judgments regarding the behavior of balance scales and other levers whose arms varied in a causal (the number of equally weighted objects or their distances from the fulcrum) or a noncausal (the color, position, or orientation of objects) variable. There were age-related increases in correct judgments for each cau...
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Full-text available
2 studies examined 5-12-year-olds' judgments regarding the behavior of balance scales and other levers whose arms varied in a causal (the number of equally weighted objects or their distances from the fulcrum) or a noncausal (the color, position, or orientation of objects) variable. There were age-related increases in correct judgments for each cau...
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The study sought to identify aspects of borderline personality disorder and comorbid axis I conditions associated with multiple hospitalizations in a sample of patients with borderline personality disorder. Data were collected as part of a larger study of treatment course of inpatients with this disorder. Predictors of multiple hospitalization from...