Geneviève Cloutier

Geneviève Cloutier
Laval University | ULAVAL · Centre de Recherche en Aménagement et Développement

Ph.D.

About

40
Publications
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276
Citations

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Studies on planning have traditionally exposed how institutional participation opposes informal modes of participation. But do activists have to choose between the two? Suggesting that there is a grey-zone, recent work has focused on the distinct paths that individuals take to engage in civic life. We argue that strategies that involves both civil...
Article
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While environmental and health preoccupations are growing, urban agriculture (UA) is becoming a key element in the future planning decisions of many cities worldwide. Beyond its well-documented environmental and socio-economic benefits, this phenomenon is being individually and/or collectively experimented with as a means of transforming urban spac...
Chapter
Depuis plusieurs années, l’enjeu de la transition écologique s’illustre par la mobilisation d’une multitude d’acteurs économiques et institutionnels pour une transformation du modèle économique en une approche intégrée, écosystémique et fonctionnant de manière analogue à celui des écosystèmes biologiques. De ce point de vue, la référence à l’économ...
Article
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Circular economy (CE) enhances the integration of environmental issues into business practices. It appears as an opportunity to improve the environmental performance of stakeholders involved in its implementation. But CE requires technical and organizational changes in the practices of stakeholders to address some issues. The adoption of these chan...
Article
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Nunavik’s residents experience significant social and environmental disruptions due to climate change. These disruptions add to the widespread changes that the Inuit have encountered over the last century—changes that have left this community totally dependent on fossil fuels for heat and power. Over time, Nunavik’s residents have taken control of...
Article
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This paper examines the public policy mechanisms that are involved in the development of a circular economy (CE) in Quebec. The article uses an analytical framework of niche management to explore institutional frameworks in which the CE is expanding in Quebec. The data used for this analysis was collected through semi-structured interviews with 36...
Book
Au printemps 2017, des résident.e.s de Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie, à Montréal, décident de se réapproprier le terrain vague situé à l’extrémité de leur ruelle verte pour en faire un jardin en permaculture et un espace de rencontre. Partage des savoir-faire horticoles, fabrication d’accessoires en matériel recyclé, organisation d’événements sociocult...
Article
This contribution proposes an introduction to the concept of territorial value used by French-speaking researchers to analyse the benefits of circular economy (CE)'s projects. For several years, French-speaking researchers have been highlighting the emergence of a new form of value in the CE's implementation. This so-called territorial value is ass...
Article
In public or political affairs, civic engagement in transitioning from institutional channels to less formal modes of participation, which have an immediate impact on the local space. For example, greening projects have emerged to address issues such as climate change or to challenge institutional urban planning and practices. These small-scale gar...
Article
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Urban agriculture (UA) is increasingly used as a strategy to improve food environments and the aesthetic of urban areas in different socioeconomic contexts. However, little is known about the characteristics and motivations of UA practitioners and how socioeconomic contexts may shape their motivations. This study provides an empirically-grounded un...
Article
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Climate change is predicted to increase the frequency and intensity of floods in the province of Quebec, Canada. Therefore, in 2015, to better monitor the level of adaptation to flooding of Quebec residents living in or near a flood-prone area, the Quebec Observatory of Adaptation to Climate Change developed five indices of adaptation to flooding,...
Article
Urban environmental governance and planning are increasingly characterized by the adoption of “sustainability fixes,” namely political compromises which try to conciliate economic and ecological goals in order to safeguard long-term growth. If sustainability fixes have been harshly criticized for being sociospatially selective, resistance to them d...
Article
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Près de quinze ans après son inauguration, le parc national des Pingualuit fait maintenant partie du paysage de la communauté de Kangiqsujuaq au Nunavik, au nord du Québec (Canada). Les études antérieures ont démontré des attentes élevées par rapport à l’implantation d’un tel parc dans la communauté, plus particulièrement en ce qui a trait aux impa...
Article
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Abstract Background There has been an increasing interest in urban agriculture (UA) practice and research in recent years. Scholars have already reported numerous beneficial and potential adverse impacts of UA on health-related outcomes. This scoping review aims to explore these impacts and identify knowledge gaps for future UA studies. Methods A...
Article
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Background: Since the 1990s, urban agriculture (UA) has contributed to improving food security in low- and middle- income countries. Now, it is implemented as a multifunctional intervention that can influence various determinants of health (eg, food security, social relationships). Studies of interest stem from several research disciplines, use a w...
Article
Greening projects lead by civic actors at the urban scale spur transformation through example and through gradual adjustment of processes. Questions remain on how such projects are put into action and on what make them work. How do civic experiments reflect the ongoing change in urban governance and practices? We focus on a qualitative study of two...
Article
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Depuis les débuts de la sédentarisation des communautés inuites du Québec, au coeur du xx e siècle, une pluralité et une diversité d’acteurs sont intervenus en matière d’aménagement et d’habitation. Au fil du temps, la coexistence des référentiels étatique et inuit a généré des singularités spatiales et organisationnelles sur le territoire. Cet art...
Article
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Le Comité Rivière a été mis en place à Saint-Raymond, Portneuf (Canada) à la suite d’une inondation par embâcle survenu en 2014. Composé de résidents et de représentants municipaux, ce comité se présente comme un espace de concertation en phase avec les principes de la gestion intégrée de l’eau par bassin versant. La mise en place du comité, son an...
Article
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For cities, climate change is a major concern due to its severe impacts and its inherent complexity. City and building designers could be pivotal actors, but have yet to fully take on this role. Research can support adaptation action through greater collaboration with practitioners and a better understanding of their knowledge and practices. This p...
Article
Predicted climate change may significantly affect drinking water supply in urban areas. Local water stakeholders facing climate change will have to deal with uncertain information and unexpected events. To address this lack of data, the knowledge and experience of practitioners might be used to assess the potential impacts of climate change on diff...
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For mid-latitude cities, higher summer temperatures due to climate change are a cause for concern because they aggravate the urban heat island phenomenon and reduce thermal comfort inside buildings. By acquiring the appropriate knowledge and skills, architects and urban designers can become key actors in adaptation to climate change. Two workshops...
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Cities the world over are tackling climate change, even when their national governments are largely inactive in this area. Which factors trigger their implication? Through which kinds of policies do cities become engaged in this issue? Based on previous studies and on urban and multilevel governance theoretical frameworks, this article suggests som...
Article
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Involving a wide-range of stakeholders at different moments in the planning of urban adaptation to climate change can help to overcome different barriers to adaptation, such as a lack of common perception, or control over options. This Article argues for an approach that involves a wide range of actors throughout the planning process in order to co...
Article
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This paper discusses the last segment of a three-year interdisciplinary and intersectoral action research on climate change and urban transformation. The project had, as one of its core missions, the role of imagining urban and architectural adaptations for urban neighbourhoods that would contribute to minimizing the negative impacts of climate cha...
Conference Paper
Cities are becoming key actors in tackling climate change effects. Mitigation and adaptation initiatives relying on multi-scalar perspectives and resources are being planned at the local level. Though it is increasingly said that cities can be models of efficiency in this field, there is a need for more accurate knowledge about local administrati...
Article
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The new social urban policies, which are territorialized and plurisectoral, target areas in which urban social movements initially led their fight and establish new frames of transactions and mediation between government and civil society actors. In Montreal, the urban social movements have an historical importance in the regulation of neighborhood...
Chapter
Purpose – Adapting local areas to climate change is a wicked challenge for local administrations. A participatory research is applied to explore how local experience shared by local experts can inform decision and adaptation planning by taking into account local area characteristics and their interrelationships. Methodology/approach – We turned to...
Article
L’adequation de l’offre de logement aux besoins de la population est un enjeu central dans le travail d’organismes sociaux tels les Tables intersectorielles de concertation a Montreal, et il est specialement vif dans les quartiers en crise. Les acteurs sociocommunautaires sont generalement favorables a la planification d’interventions dans les sect...
Article
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Collaborative planning experiences aimed at revitalizing distressed communities point to three key elements for successful interventions. They are: an integration of the relevant activity sectors, the participation of social actors and the general public and a capacity to generate concrete results. This article's purpose is to situate Montreal's pr...
Article
This paper addresses the way in which neighbourhoods are shaped by Tables de quartier (local advisory boards) actively involved in a city-wide social development program set in Montreal (Initiative montréalaise de soutien au développement social local). It analyzes the setting-up of deliberative spaces facilitated by local actors tasked with organi...
Article
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Résumé Cet article aborde la question de la formation des quartiers à travers l’expérience des Tables de quartier engagées dans le programme d’Initiative montréalaise de soutien au développement social local. Il analyse la constitution d’espaces de délibération animés par des acteurs locaux chargés de débattre des grands enjeux d’aménagement et de...

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Projects

Projects (8)
Archived project
Ce projet tente de saisir les liens entre la participation formelle, visible à travers les dispositifs institutionnels et la participation informelle, visible à travers différents canaux : médias, comités locaux, plateformes numériques.
Project
Co-construction of adaptation scenarios to coastal risks in France and Quebec between researchers and stakeholders