Gene Cole

Gene Cole
Brigham Young University - Provo Main Campus | BYU · Department of Health Science

DrPH

About

60
Publications
4,353
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,401
Citations

Publications

Publications (60)
Article
Full-text available
Migration from countries where female genital cutting (FGC) is practiced means women’s healthcare providers need to meet this population’s unique healthcare needs. We explored providers’ FGC-related experience, knowledge of the cultural practice, prior training, attitudes towards medicalization, including reinfibulation, and clinical practice. An o...
Article
Background: Despite the benefits of preeclampsia (PE) education in improving health outcomes, little is known about how often healthcare providers in Utah include PE in prenatal education or how much information women retain. As such, the purpose of this study was to explore PE awareness among mothers in Utah and inquire how often PE is included i...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to assess extent of knowledge and perceptions of TB within the growing Hispanic community of Utah County, Utah, and the need for focused community educational intervention within that demographic. A mixed-method approach was used and included a survey of 166 adult males and females, and two focus groups with Hispanic women. TB was...
Article
Inadequate cleaning and maintenance practices in schools, compounded by the effects of emerging infectious disease agents, can put students' health at increased risk. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a useful tool for establishing pre- and post-cleaning residual surface contamination on high contact surfaces. Fluorescent markers (FM) are also used f...
Conference Paper
Background: Thousands of African refugee women are resettled in the US each year, yet little research has been done to assess their decision-making in regards to pregnancy and delivery. We investigated knowledge, beliefs, and perceptions that might encourage/discourage the use of prenatal care services among African refugee women from a variety of...
Article
Full-text available
To address the need for a quantitative approach to the measurement of cleaning effectiveness, related to biologically derived surface contamination, three commercially available adenosine triphosphate (ATP) test systems were used to collect multiple samples measured in relative light units (RLUs) from 27 elementary schools in the southwestern Unite...
Article
Full-text available
Background. Hygiene promotion has become increasingly important to public health policy makers as an illness reduction strategy. The primary aim of this study was to assess the differential effects of hygiene education alone compared with hygiene education plus hygiene products on the reduction of target illnesses/infections. Aims and methods. We h...
Article
The study described in this article investigated whether in-place carpet drying processes resulted in bacterial amplification following water intrusion from a clean water source (category 1) in a residential indoor environment. Bacterial amplification was examined after wetting a 10-year-old carpet and pad that had no history of water intrusion. Th...
Article
While previous studies have established an association between poor housing conditions and adverse health effects, none has specifically addressed health and safety risks to the college student population in rental housing. A needs-assessment survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of adverse health and safety conditions in off-campus stud...
Article
Chronic respiratory diseases are on the rise in Jordan. However, there is limited research on the symptoms reported by patients, the triggers associated with their illnesses, and the health education efforts of pulmonary physicians. Thus, the purpose of this qualitative study was to understand these issues from physicians' perspectives. Fourteen fa...
Article
As one of the first countries to ratify the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, Jordan has signaled an interest in stronger anti-tobacco restrictions. This study examines whether Jordanian students believe smoking is an individual right or a social issue, and if they would support more stringent policies and enforcement. Undergraduate Jord...
Article
To assess the extent of knowledge about symptoms relating to respiratory illnesses and home environments among a random sample of 200 urban Jordanian women. This customized, validated, cross-sectional questionnaire evaluated the knowledge of these women about the association between the indoor environment and health, the presence or absence of indo...
Article
This pilot study gauges the smoking rates among college students in Jordan, attitudes toward tobacco policies, knowledge of smoking hazards, and identifies methods of quitting for former smokers. The sample (n=296) was taken from students attending a General Education course at the University of Jordan. Results show that the majority of respondents...
Conference Paper
College students generally live in apartments or homes that have frequent changes in tenants. This often results in carelessness in the cleanliness and upkeep of the structure and living environment by both students and management. In 2005, increased health complaints in off-campus student rental housing at Brigham Young University led to developme...
Article
Full-text available
Positive control materials for clinical diagnostic molecular genetic testing are in critically short supply. High-quality DNA that closely resembles DNA isolated from patient specimens can be obtained from Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed peripheral blood lymphocyte cell lines. Here we report the development of a process to (a) recover residual...
Article
Positive control materials for clinical molecular genetic testing applications are currently in critically short supply or non-existent for many genetically based diseases of public health importance. Here we demonstrate that anonymous, residual, clinical blood samples are potential sources of viable lymphocytes for establishing Epstein-Barr virus...
Article
The role of genetic testing has expanded with rapidly developing technology and completion of the International Human Genome Project. Development of universally acceptable quality control methods and quality assurance standards trails technology. The principle that high-quality genetic testing is important for public health motivated the Centers fo...
Article
Objective.—The role of genetic testing has expanded with rapidly developing technology and completion of the International Human Genome Project. Development of universally acceptable quality control methods and quality assurance standards trails technology. The principle that high-quality genetic testing is important for public health motivated the...
Article
Full-text available
To describe the relationship between antibiotic and antibacterial resistance in environmental and clinical bacteria from home environments across geographical locations, relative to the use or nonuse of antibacterial products, with a focus on target organisms recognized as potential human pathogens. In a randomized study, environmental and clinical...
Article
The authors estimate that more than 10,000 workers process more than 3.5 million tons of medical waste in the United States each year, both on site at health care establishments and off site at commercial treatment facilities. As part of a study recently conducted to assess engineering controls and to define bioaerosol, chemical, and safety hazards...
Article
Assessment of strategies for engineering controls for the prevention of airborne infectious disease transmission to patients and to health care and related workers requires consideration of the factors relevant to aerosol characterization. These factors include aerosol generation, particle size and concentrations, organism viability, infectivity an...
Article
To determine the stability of sodium hypochlorite (diluted household bleach) when stored for 30 days in various types of containers and to determine the efficacy of low concentrations of free available chlorine to inactivate test bacteria. Laboratory-based study. Solutions of standard household bleach were prepared using tap water or sterile distil...
Article
Part of a year-long study was to establish baseline measurements of airborne and surface dusts in a building. A four-story building was monitored with a laser particle counter (LPC) to characterize airborne particle size ranges of >0.5 to >15 m, a fine particle sampler (FPS) to measure 24-hour total airborne dust mass concentrations, and a high-vol...
Article
Abstract A study was conducted to characterize the indoor environment of a multifloor, multiuse, nonproblem, noncompliant building through long-term monitoring for biological, chemical, and particulate pollutants. The study also assessed the effects of cleaning on indoor air quality by providing a program to monitor baseline levels, providing a rig...
Article
Biopollutant sinks (or reservoirs) are usually areas of surface contamination. As part of a larger study, a healthy building was characterized for one year for air and surface biopollution. Replicate samples for culturable fungi and bacteria were collected using impactors for bioaerosols, contact agar plates (CAP) for horizontal non-floor surfaces,...
Article
Sewage backflows are serious health threats to humans indoors. The purpose of this paper is to summarize what is known about health effects associated with sewage backflow into indoor environments and to make technical recommendations for safe, effective restoration. Risks to health from specific pathogens are considered, and the classes of disinfe...
Article
Shiitake tnushrooms (Lentinus edodes), the second most important mushroom in world commerce, are usu- ally grown on logs outdoors. Because of the relatively short harvesting period and weather dependency of shiitake strains that are cultivated outdoors, there is a trend toward indoor cultivation of strains that can per- mit year-round production. A...
Article
Epidemics of mycobacteria due to contamination of medical devices continue to occur. For this reason, we assessed the ability of disinfectants, generally used in hospitals for disinfecting noncritical and semicritical patient care items, to inactivate mycobacteria. A modified Association of Official Analytical Chemists' (AOAC) Tuberculocidal Activi...
Article
The Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) test for assessing the tuberculocidal activity of disinfectants has been shown to be variable. A modified AOAC test, which substituted Middlebrook 7H9 broth as the primary subculture medium and used neutralization by dilution, was compared with the standard AOAC method to assess the mycobacteri...
Article
The Chlamydia bacteria consist of three species, C. trachomatis, C. psittaci, and C. pneumoniae. Of greatest concern as a contaminant of indoor air is C. psittaci, the causative agent of psittacosis, a reportable disease. Infectious elementary bodies are spherical, 0.25-0.3 μm in diameter, and easily aerosolized by infected parrots, parakeets, pige...
Article
Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442 is a required organism in the Association of Official Analytical Chemists use-dilution method for disinfectant efficacy testing. When grown in a liquid medium, P. aeruginosa produces a dense mat or pellicle at the broth/air interface. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the pellicle by scanning electro...
Article
An initial collaborative study of the AOAC use-dilution method (UDM), used for bactericidal disinfectant efficacy testing, demonstrated extreme variability of test results among the 18 laboratories testing identical hospital disinfectants. In an effort to improve the method, 32 changes were made by the UDM Task Force. These changes represented impr...
Article
Stainless steel penicylinders inoculated separately with test bacteria (Salmonella choleraesuis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, or Staphylococcus aureus) are used in the AOAC use-dilution method (UDM) for disinfectant efficacy testing. Numbers of bacteria remaining on penicylinders were quantitatively assessed to determine if cells are washed from the pen...
Article
Two brands of stainless steel penicylinders, S&L Metal Products and Fisher Scientific, were simultaneously tested to determine if they provide comparable results when used in the AOAC use-dilution method of disinfectant testing. Results showed consistently more positive tubes for the Fisher brand of penicylinders than for the S&L, regardless of the...
Article
The current AOAC use-dilution methods of disinfectant efficacy testing require the use of 48-54 h unadjusted broth cultures of Salmonella choleraesuis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa for the inoculation of stainless steel penicylinders. The use of unadjusted broth cultures contributes to noncomparable numbers of organisms on peni...
Article
A collaborative study was undertaken to assess the degree of variability in disinfectant efficacy test results among laboratories that routinely perform the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) Use-Dilution Method. Eighteen laboratories tested identical samples of six EPA-registered, hospital-grade disinfectants (three phenolics and t...
Article
Two possible deficiencies in the AOAC use-dilution method for registration of chemical disinfectants by the Environmental Protection Agency are examined: (1) the physical disparities among brands of penicylinders and (2) the variability of bacterial numbers on penicylinders depending upon test strain and penicylinder surface texture. Textural diffe...
Article
An interlaboratory study was conducted to evaluate a method of standardizing bacterial numbers on penicylinders used in the AOAC use-dilution method (4.007-4.015) of disinfectant testing. Eight participating laboratories followed a broth adjustment method using their media and stock cultures of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538, Salmonella choleraesu...
Article
disinfectants at20°Candvarious exposuretimes. Thesechanges hada markedeffect on results, withthemodified AOAC testproviding more positive penicylinders per 10replicates in12ofthe13comparisons thatprovided positive results. These differences wereobserved withbothMycobacterium bovis (ATCC35743) andaclinical isolate ofMycobacterium tuberculosis. Theef...
Article
The paper discusses the use of a static chamber with known environmental conditions to study the ability of microorganisms to grow on a variety of building materials, as a first step in the development of prevention and control strategies for biocontaminants in indoor air quality. A series of preliminary studies utilizing these chambers are present...

Network

Cited By