Gemma Llovera

Gemma Llovera
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich | LMU · Institute for Stroke and Dementia Research (ISD)

PhD

About

26
Publications
6,247
Reads
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1,161
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2014 - present
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich
Position
  • PhD Student
January 2012 - July 2013
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2009 - December 2011
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (26)
Article
Full-text available
Stroke is the third most common cause of death and a main cause of acquired adult disability in developed countries. Only very limited therapeutical options are available for a small proportion of stroke patients in the acute phase. Current research is intensively searching for novel therapeutic strategies and is increasingly focusing on the sub-ac...
Article
Full-text available
Hypoxia/ischemia (HI) is a prevalent reason for neonatal brain injury with inflammation being an inevitable phenomenon following such injury; but there is a scarcity of data regarding the signaling pathway involved and the effector molecules. The signal transducer and activator of transcription factor 3 (STAT3) is known to modulate injury following...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the evolution of neonatal hypoxic/ischemic is essential for novel neuroprotective approaches. We describe the neuropathology and glial/inflammatory response, from 3 hours to 100 days, after carotid occlusion and hypoxia (8% O 2 , 55 minutes) to the C57/BL6 P7 mouse. Massive tissue injury and atrophy in the ipsilateral (IL) hippocampus...
Article
Full-text available
Microglia are the resident innate immune cells of the central nervous system (CNS) parenchyma. To determine the impact of microglia on disease development and progression in neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory diseases, it is essential to distinguish microglia from peripheral macrophages/monocytes, which are eventually equally recruited. It has...
Preprint
Full-text available
Neuroinflammation after stroke is characterized by the activation of resident microglia and the invasion of circulating leukocytes into the brain. Although lymphocytes infiltrate the brain in small number, they have been consistently demonstrated to be the most potent leukocyte subpopulation contributing to secondary inflammatory brain injury. Howe...
Article
Full-text available
The gut microbiome has been implicated as a key regulator of brain function in health and disease. But the impact of gut microbiota on functional brain connectivity is unknown. We used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging in germ-free and normally colonized mice under naïve conditions and after ischemic stroke. We observed a strong,...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have identified a crucial role of the gut microbiome in modifying Alzheimer’s disease (AD) progression. However, the mechanisms of microbiome–brain interaction in AD were so far unknown. Here, we identify microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids (SCFA) as microbial metabolites which promote Aβ deposition. Germ-free (GF) AD mice e...
Preprint
Full-text available
Previous studies have identified a crucial role of the gut microbiome in modifying Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression. However, the mechanisms of microbiome-brain interaction in AD, including the microbial mediators and their cellular targets in the brain, were so far unknown. Here, we identify microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids (SCFA) as...
Article
Full-text available
Stroke is a major health burden as it is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Blood flow restoration, through thrombolysis or endovascular thrombectomy, is the only effective treatment but is restricted to a limited proportion of patients due to time window constraint and accessibility to technology. Over the past two decades, rese...
Article
Full-text available
Microbiome alterations have been shown to affect stroke outcome. However, to what extent the presence of a gut microbiome per se is affecting post-stroke neuroinflammation has not been tested. By comparing germfree mice with recolonized (Ex-GF) and conventional SPF mice, we were able to demonstrate that bacterial colonization reduces stroke volumes...
Article
Full-text available
Microglia are the resident immune cells of the brain and react quickly to changes in their environment with transcriptional regulation and morphological changes. Brain tissue injury such as ischemic stroke induces a local inflammatory response encompassing microglial activation. The change in activation status of a microglia is reflected in its gra...
Article
Background: CCL23 role in the inflammatory response after acute brain injuries remains elusive. Here, we evaluated whether CCL23 blood levels associate with acquired cerebral lesions and determined CCL23 predictive capacity for assessing stroke prognosis. We used pre-clinical models to study the CCL23 homologous chemokines in rodents, CCL9 and CCL...
Article
Full-text available
Neuroinflammation contributes substantially to stroke pathophysiology. Cerebral invasion of peripheral leukocytes—particularly T cells—has been shown to be a key event promoting inflammatory tissue damage after stroke. While previous research has focused on the vascular invasion of T cells into the ischemic brain, the choroid plexus (ChP) as an alt...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by deposition of amyloid plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and neuroinflammation. In order to study microglial contribution to amyloid plaque phagocytosis, we developed a novel ex vivo model by co-culturing organotypic brain slices from up to 20-month-old, amyloid-bearing AD mouse model (APPPS1) and young,...
Article
Unlabelled: After traumatic brain injury (TBI), neurons surviving the initial insult can undergo chronic (secondary) degeneration via poorly understood mechanisms, resulting in long-term cognitive impairment. Although a neuroinflammatory response is promptly activated after TBI, it is unknown whether it has a significant role in chronic phases of...
Article
Full-text available
Unlabelled: Acute brain ischemia induces a local neuroinflammatory reaction and alters peripheral immune homeostasis at the same time. Recent evidence has suggested a key role of the gut microbiota in autoimmune diseases by modulating immune homeostasis. Therefore, we investigated the mechanistic link among acute brain ischemia, microbiota alterat...
Article
For years, low reproducibility of preclinical trials and poor translation of promising preclinical therapies to the clinic have posed major challenges to translational research in most biomedical fields. To overcome the limitations that stand between experimental and clinical research, international consortia have attempted to establish standardize...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous treatments have been reported to provide a beneficial outcome in experimental animal stroke models; however, these treatments (with the exception of tissue plasminogen activator) have failed in clinical trials. To improve the translation of treatment efficacy from bench to bedside, we have performed a preclinical randomized controlled mult...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Classification of microglial polarization after stroke