Geir Drage Berentsen

Geir Drage Berentsen
NHH Norwegian School of Economics | NHH · Department of Business and Management Science

PhD

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15
Publications
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87
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Publications

Publications (15)
Preprint
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A very common way to estimate the parameters of a hidden Markov model (HMM) is the relatively straightforward computation of maximum likelihood (ML) estimates. For this task, most users rely on user-friendly implementation of the estimation routines via an interpreted programming language such as the statistical software environment R (R Core Team,...
Article
Full-text available
A very common way to estimate the parameters of a hidden Markov model (HMM) is the relatively straightforward computation of maximum likelihood (ML) estimates. For this task, most users rely on user‐friendly implementation of the estimation routines via an interpreted programming language such as the statistical software environment R. Such an appr...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we report robust evidence that the process of corporate defaults is time‐dependent and can be modelled by extending an autoregressive count time series model class via the introduction of regime‐switching. That is, some of the parameters of the model depend on the regime of an unobserved Markov chain, capturing the model changes duri...
Article
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The Granger causality test is essential for detecting lead–lag relationships between time series. Traditionally, one uses a linear version of the test, essentially based on a linear time series regression, itself being based on autocorrelations and cross-correlations of the series. In the present paper, we employ a local Gaussian approach in an emp...
Preprint
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The heritability of traits such as body mass index (BMI), a measure of obesity, is generally estimated using family, twin, and increasingly by molecular genetic approaches. These studies generally assume that genetic effects are uniform across all trait values, yet there is emerging evidence that this may not always be the case. This paper analyzes...
Article
It is well known that there are asymmetric dependence structures between financial returns. This paper describes a portfolio selection method rooted in the classical mean–variance framework that incorporates such asymmetric dependency structures using a nonparametric measure of local dependence, the local Gaussian correlation (LGC). It is shown tha...
Preprint
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It is well known that there are asymmetric dependence structures between financial returns. In this paper we use a new nonparametric measure of local dependence, the local Gaussian correlation, to improve portfolio allocation. We extend the classical mean-variance framework, and show that the portfolio optimization is straightforward using our new...
Article
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Aims Caesarean section (CS) is a medical intervention performed in Norway when a surgical delivery is considered more beneficial than a vaginal. Because deliveries with higher risk are centralized to larger hospitals, use of CS varies considerably between hospitals. We describe how the use of CS varies geographically by municipality. Since indicati...
Article
Classical heritability models for family data split the phenotype variance into genetic and environmental components. For instance, the ACE model in twin studies assumes the phenotype variance decomposes as a² + c² + e², representing (additive) genetic effects, common (shared) environment, and residual environment, respectively. However, for some p...
Preprint
This paper introduces a new measure of heritability which relaxes the classical assumption that the degree of heritability of a continuous trait can be summarized by a single number.This measure can be used in situations where the trait dependence structure between family members is nonlinear, in which case traditional mixed effects models and cova...
Preprint
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This article extends the autoregressive count time series model class by allowing for a model with regimes, that is, some of the parameters in the model depend on the state of an unobserved Markov chain. We develop a quasi-maximum likelihood estimator by adapting the extended Hamilton-Grey algorithm for the Poisson log-linear autoregressive model,...
Article
This article consists of two parts. The first one contains a brief review of global and local dependence measures, including the local Gaussian correlation. For this, the local correlation at a point x is obtained by approximating the given bivariate density f at x by a bivariate Gaussian and then taking the correlation of that bivariate Gaussian a...
Article
It is well known that the traditional Pearson correlation in many cases fails to capture non-linear dependence structures in bivariate data. Other scalar measures capable of capturing non-linear dependence exist. A common disadvantage of such measures, however, is that they cannot distinguish between negative and positive dependence, and typically...
Article
In this paper we examine the relationship between a newly developed local dependence measure, the local Gaussian correlation, and standard copula theory. We are able to describe characteristics of the dependence structure in different copula models in terms of the local Gaussian correlation. Further, we construct a goodness-of-fit test for bivariat...
Article
Full-text available
Quantifying non-linear dependence structures between two random variables is a challenging task. There exist several bona-fide dependence measures able to capture the strength of the non-linear association, but they typically give little information about how the variables are associated. This problem has been recognized by several authors and has...

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