Geert Verbong

Geert Verbong
Eindhoven University of Technology | TUE · Department of Industrial Engineering and Innovation Sciences

About

75
Publications
25,155
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4,953
Citations

Publications

Publications (75)
Article
Full-text available
This paper conceptually integrates socio-technical transitions with a mobility justice framework through the method of discourse analysis. A sample of media articles and secondary sources relating to the contested introduction of dockless bikeshare in the mature cycling city of Amsterdam was analysed using a multi-dimensional discursive interaction...
Article
Full-text available
Community-driven energy initiatives are seen as important drivers of the energy transition. So far these initiatives focused mainly on energy generation and conservation. Recently however, some initiatives started to adopt smart grid technologies like Virtual Power Plants (VPP) which enables them to become involved in the distribution, trading and...
Article
This paper considers the potential of blockchain technology to empower distributed and decentralized local electricity markets. Although blockchain has gained considerable attention in the last few years as a facilitator for new electricity markets, no attention has yet been given to its potential influence on the configuration of the actors in the...
Research
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User innovation has emerged as an important phenomenon in both the study and practice of technological innovation. Because contemporary European society faces a number of significant sustainability challenges, this paper examines the potential of user innovation for sustainability. More specifically, it seeks identify the opportunities and barriers...
Article
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Path-breaking innovations are increasingly developed and commercialized by networks of co-creating actors, called innovation ecosystems. Previous work in this area demonstrates that the ‘internal’ alignment of actors is critical to value creation in the innovation ecosystem. However, the literature has largely overlooked that the success of an inno...
Article
The capability to both anticipate user needs and incorporate them into a firm's value proposition is considered as an important stepping stone towards more effective and sustainable business models. However, many firms struggle to involve the user in their business model design process. Therefore we have investigated what user-centred approaches to...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we aim to understand what ICT-related automobility experiments are initiated in the Netherlands, who is involved and what promises they make, in order to get a better understanding of the magnitude and direction of change. We show an example of how to study a large variety of experiments to understand the emergence of niches before p...
Article
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The energy domain is still dominated by equilibrium models that underestimate both the dangers and opportunities related to climate change. In reality, climate and energy systems contain tipping points, feedback loops, and exponential developments. This paper describes how to create realistic energy transition management models: quantitative models...
Article
In their efforts to improve social housing neighbourhoods, Dutch housing associations attempt to encourage tenants to take a more active role. Generally speaking, bottom-up initiatives and participatory approaches have become popular among Dutch policy-makers as ways to achieve sustainable energy goals. While the rise of local energy cooperatives s...
Article
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How did a country in the middle of Western Europe, starting almost from scratch, reach the European top 3 in terms of solar PV capacity in five years? And what were the costs? We provide a systematic chronological review of the different governmental support instruments that drove the exponential growth of the solar energy market in the Flanders re...
Article
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Current government information policies and market-based instruments aimed at influencing the energy choices of consumers often ignore the fact that consumer behaviour is not fully reducible to individuals making rational conscious decisions all the time. The decisions of consumers are largely configured by shared routines embedded in socio-technic...
Chapter
The promise of smart grids is very attractive. However, it is not yet clear what the future smart grid will look like. Although most researchers acknowledge that users will play a more prominent role in smart grids, there is a lot of uncertainty on this issue. To counter the strong technological bias in smart grid research and literature, we propos...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores how the regulatory regime for Solar PV, defined as a combination of niche shielding and mainstream regulations, affects niche business models, using the Dutch and Flemish regulatory regimes as examples. The regulatory regime does not influence all components of the business model: only one or two components are usually affected....
Conference Paper
Path-breaking innovations are increasingly developed and commercialized by networks of co-creating actors, so-called innovation ecosystems. Previous work in this area has demonstrated that, to create and appropriate value, ecosystem actors should align their activities. The effort of a focal venture to bring its ecosystem actors to alignment can be...
Article
In the debate around solar photovoltaic (PV), the concept of ‘grid parity’ has emerged as the dominant benchmark for competitiveness, while some even argue that it will determine the point in time after which the PV industry will boom. But more recently, others have called into question the usefulness of the grid parity concept. Yet despite its per...
Conference Paper
Notably, a revised version of this paper is published as: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316240226_A_multi-level_perspective_on_innovation_ecosystems_for_path-breaking_innovation
Article
Despite a lack of steady governmental support for PV in the Netherlands over the last decade, from 2008 onwards an increased number of initiatives started experimenting with new business models for PV. Though absolute numbers of installed capacity are still low, this is a promising sign. In this article we aim to contribute to the understanding of...
Article
This article analyses practices and perceptions of stakeholders on including users in smart grids experiments in the Netherlands. In-depth interviews have been conducted and smart grid projects have been analysed, using a Strategic Niche Management framework. The analysis shows that there is a clear trend to pay more attention to users in new smart...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper the authors present the potential cost-savings that may arise due to demand response from residential customers participating in the Amsterdam Power eXchange (APX) day-ahead auction and the Dutch balancing energy market which is organised by TenneT, the Dutch Transmission System Operator (TSO). For this purpose, a model for residentia...
Article
Full-text available
The Energy Transition, the inevitable shift away from cheap, centralized, largely fossil-based energy systems, is one of the core challenges of our time. This book provides a coherent and novel insight into the nature of this challenge and possible strategies to accelerate and guide such transitions. It brings together prominent European scholars a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper makes three contributions to the field of transition research. First, it sheds light on how the concept of translation can contribute to a better understanding of agency in niche development. Second, it articulates how the local–global distinction in the strategic niche management (SNM) approach relates to the levels in the multi-level p...
Article
Gases like CH4, CO2 and H2 may play a key role in establishing a sustainable energy system: CH4 is the least carbon-intensive fossil energy resource; CO2 capture and storage can significantly reduce the climate footprint of especially fossil-based electricity generation; and the use of H2 as energy carrier could enable carbon-free automotive transp...
Article
The construction of large pipeline infrastructures for CH4, CO2 and H2 transportation usually constitutes a major and time-consuming undertaking, because of safety and environmental issues, legal and (geo)political siting arguments, technically un-trivial installation processes, and/or high investment cost requirements. In this paper we focus on th...
Article
Over the past decades biomass gasification has been regarded as a very promising technology, because of the large potential and the option of advanced applications. In this paper a 30-year overview is presented of the worldwide development of biomass gasification as part of the more general field of gasification, based on both literature and scienc...
Article
This paper discusses how the approach of Strategic Niche Management (SNM) relates to proximity advantages in innovation processes as identified in the geography of innovation literature. The latter claims that the locations where innovation emerge and thrive are not coincidental, but that they follow certain patterns and explanatory logics. Such sp...
Article
This paper analyses sustainability transitions in the electricity system, using recent theories on socio-technical pathways. The paper describes three possible transition pathways and indicates the implications for (grid) infrastructures. The ‘transformation pathway’ is characterised by a further hybridization of the infrastructure; in the ‘reconfi...
Article
This paper analyses the development and implementation of biomass gasifiers in India. Based on literature reviews and fieldwork, an historical narrative is presented starting with laboratory experiments in the 1980s up to commercial applications after 2000. This narrative is analysed using the Strategic Niche Management framework. We conclude with...
Article
The dairy sector is known to have significant local and global environmental impacts; but it also has proven renewable-energy generation potential. This paper analyzes a specific niche experiment in the Indian dairy industry, wherein cattle waste management is carried out by a multitude of stakeholders. These include the waste collectors, local tec...
Article
Alternative vehicles powered by electricity or hydrogen hold the potential to solve a number of challenges that relate to automobile use, such as climate change, deterioration of local air quality, security of energy supply, and high fuel prices. This article addresses the question as to how a transition to vehicles powered by hydrogen or electrici...
Article
Gases like CH4, CO2 and H2 may play a key role in establishing a sustainable energy system: CH4 is the cleanest and least carbon-intensive among the fossil energy resources (that is, natural gas versus oil and coal); CO2 capture and storage can significantly reduce the climate footprint of especially fossil-based electricity generation; and the use...
Article
Global sustainability is increasingly influenced by processes of industrialisation and urbanization in non-OECD countries, especially in Asia. Growth models suggest that developing economies and regions will become first relatively more resource- and pollution-intensive, before converging on more resource-efficient and low-pollution production and...
Article
This paper reviews long-term development of biofuels in Sweden and the Netherlands. In particular this paper explores the social dynamics of ‘niche protection’. The Swedish and Dutch cases are analyzed by means of the Strategic Niche Management (SNM) perspective extended with insights from political science. Our main argument is that the developmen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Energy systems have technical, economical and social dimensions. Thorough transition studies require an integral approach, dealing with all these aspects. In order to facilitate the studies and accelerate the transition to a renewable energy system, new integrating tools, based on a multidisciplinary approach, will be developed. This paper describe...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the potential role of CCS under different policy options in the Dutch electricity sector. A bottom-up simulation model is used to evaluate different policy scenarios. The results show that CCS plays only a moderate role for gradually rising CO2 prices. By using the scale advantages in CO2 transport already for the first CCS plan...
Article
In this paper we investigate, using a multi-level perspective, how innovations can change the relation between multiple socio-technical systems. We analyze two Dutch cases: the use of biomass in the waste and the electricity regime, and CHP in relation to the natural gas and electricity regime to explore boundary crossing dynamics. We conclude that...
Conference Paper
This paper analyses sustainability transitions in the electricity sector. Using a Multi Level Perspective on transitions, three transition pathways are briefly elaborated and indications for the consequences for the infrastructure are given. The transformation pathway is characterised by a further hybridisation of the infrastructure; in the reconfi...
Conference Paper
A self-supporting residential area is seen as an alternative operational approach of power supply in low voltage (LV) networks. The intention of the new approach is to exploit the advantages of distributed generation (DG) and avoid the difficulties, that come with DG when implemented in the distribution network, by balancing power supply and demand...
Article
This article analyses long-term innovation policies and development trajectories of four renewable energy technologies: wind energy, biomass, fuel cells and hydrogen, and photovoltaics. These trajectories and policies are characterised by many costly failures, setbacks, hype-disappointment cycles, tensions, and struggles. Although setbacks and non-...
Article
This article is about multi-regime interactions in energy sectors. Multi-regime interactions are interactions between fairly well defined and separated systems of production, intermediation and use. It is argued that multi-regime interactions have been underexposed in previous innovation literature, yet it is hypothesized that multi-regime interact...
Article
Biofuels have gained a lot of attention since the implementation of the 2003 European Directive on biofuels. In the Netherlands the contribution of biofuels is still very limited despite several experiments in the past. This article aims to contribute to the development of successful policies for stimulating biofuels by analysing three experiments...
Article
Energy transitions to sustainability receive much interest in politics and science. Using a socio-technical and multi-level theory on transitions, this article draws important lessons from a long-term analysis of the Dutch electricity system. The article analyses technical developments, changes in rules and visions, and social networks that support...
Article
After World War II, the market for vacuum tubes was threatened by the development, first, of transistors and, later, integrated circuits. It was essential for European electronic companies, including the Dutch company Philips Electronics, to adopt American technology to gain a position in the semiconductor market. Philips was a lamp manufacturer th...
Article
The Dutch company Philips succeeded in producing transistors early on. By the early 1950s, it had acquired a strong position in the European semiconductor market. However, by the end of the 1950s, it was being surpassed by competitors. In response to the developments in solid state electronics, Philips' management adjusted the company's research, d...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we examine the influence of strategic technology alliances on organisational learning. From an empirical perspective we examine the pre-and post-alliance knowledge bases of allying firms. We find that the pre-alliance knowledge base overlap of the allying firms has an inverted U-shaped relationship with the degree of learning taking p...
Article
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This article investigates the material integration in the Netherlands. Section 1 maps the proliferation of network technologies during the last two centuries. Sections 2 and 3 scrutinize the complex dynamics of network development for selected cases. The case of the electricity supply network reveals how institutional frameworks stabilized network...
Article
Technological regimes are a common concept in innovation literature. We elaborate the concept of technological regimes in terms of rules. Rules tell actors how to behave, while at the same time their behaviour is a source for rules creation. We distinguish different types of rules for different actor groups. These rules can be embedded in both vari...
Article
Industrial societies are drowning in the torrent of waste created by our production methods, habits of consumption, and living patterns. In "Dung, Sludge, and Landfill: Biogas Technology in the Netherlands, 1970Ð2000," Rob Raven and Geert Verbong present case studies of three technologies among the many used in the management of the waste stream: t...
Article
Full-text available
In 2002 regular online assessment was introduced as one of the pillars of an improved course in economics for business students. These online tests were introduced in the context of the problem-based teaching format used at Universiteit Maastricht, where students work in small groups guided by tasks. In this student-centred approach it is important...
Article
“Steer the economy” is an interactive game that shows the relationship between company decisions and macroeconomic dynamics. In this real time computer network simulation game the interaction between the players determines the macroeconomic results and players see within a short period the long-term consequences of their strategic decisions.For a l...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the relevance of both an efficiency-based network strategy and a learning-based network strategy in the context of inter-firm partnering. The effect of these different forms of network behaviour on company performance is analysed for companies in the international computer industry. Strategies associated with learning through so...
Article
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A large part of the literature from industrial organisation and management expects that, compared with unrelated M&As, related M&As show superior economic performance because of synergetic effects that follow from economies of scale and scope. The current contribution takes the debate on the effect of different M&As somewhat further by studying the...
Article
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This paper investigates the role of intellectual property rights (IPRs) in shaping the GSM industry. Thisindustry is an example of a high-tech industry in which standards play a large role. In the process ofdesigning the GSM standard, a lot of attention has been given to IPRs, mainly to avoid a situation inwhich a single IPR holder could hamper or...
Article
Full-text available
Firms producing application specific integrated circuits (ASICs) have established numerous technology based strategic alliances (SAs) and were involved in merger and acquisition activities (M&As) to enhance their competitive position by improving their learning capabilities and the timely access to technological knowledge that is otherwise unavaila...
Article
Core-shell particles with a filmforming (i.e. low tg) core and a shell of polyaniline have been prepared. During the preparation the pH, the potential of the reaction mixture and the temperature have been monitored. The concentration of aniline, dimer and benzidine have been measured with HPLC in samples taken at various reaction times. The lag-tim...
Article
Full-text available
This paper contributes to the understanding of the importance of dynamic firm capabilities for corporate performance in isolating the effect of core competences on the performance of companies. It discusses and tests the assumed relation between core competences and economic performance, including the effect of the external appropriation of these c...
Chapter
Technology was an essential factor in the dramatic changes in society which can be summed up as the Industrial Revolution. On the one hand, it caused transformations in society, but on the other hand technology was greatly influenced by society itself. This interaction can be shown through the ways in which people dealt with technology and the know...
Article
Full-text available
The necessity for system innovation is well acknowledged, but inducing system change proves to be very difficult. Three approaches have been developed for analysing and supporting radical innovations: Socrobust, Create Acceptance and Strategic Niche Management. This paper gives an overview of these complementary approaches and their theoretical bac...
Article
This article is about multi-regime interactions in energy sectors. Multi-regime interactions are interactions between fairly well defined and separated systems of production, intermediation and use. We argue that multi-regime interactions have been underexposed in previous innovation literature, yet we hypothesise that multi- regime interactions ar...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Archived project
This project studies the transition from Automobility to Smart Mobility. The aim is to study the role of data and information in the transition process. We focus on: • The future users of smart mobility, including drivers, truck drivers and truck companies, cyclist, pedestrians, road and traffic managers • The governance of smart mobility: the division of tasks between the government, industry and consumers • The on-going experiments and pilots in the field of smart mobility • How to deal with the enormous amount of data that is being generated by cars in a way that is both secure and useful from a societal perspective The research program ‘From (auto)mobility to smart mobility’ is a collaboration between Eindhoven University of Technology and Rijkswaterstaat/Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Milieu. Within the program, the transition to smart mobility is researched from a socio-technical perspective. Three PhD researchers from the Department of Innovation Sciences focus on users, governance, and experiments. Two PhD researchers from the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science take a more technical approach and focus on data and security challenges. The project aims to inform and support policy in the field of smart mobility. At the start of project the focus has been mainly on Intelligent Traffic systems and management, but more recently the focus has shifted to Automated driving and Mobility as a Service (MaaS).
Project
Although local power generation by renewable sources is increasing, it has not yet had a real impact on radical decarbonisation of the energy sector. Changes need to be made by unlocking the potential of the prosumer. This project proposes a community-based Virtual Power Plant (cVPP), a novel model that can help organise & significantly boost renewable energy production & distribution at a local level. cVPP is a portfolio of aggregated Distributed Energy Resources (DER), coordinated by an ICT platform, which reacts to changing prices, energy flows and weather, and which is adopted by prosumers who collectively generate and trade electricity. What makes VPP 'community-based' is not only involvement of community but also community values, decision making and ownership of the assets. Through aggregation, cVPP empowers prosumers and boosts local renewable energy production and distribution. It thereby provides a climate protection strategy to radically reduce GHG emissions that individual initiatives would not able to achieve (van Summeren, Wieczorek and Verbong, 2020). In this project we have been fortunate to have the possibility to practically implement cVPP in communities of The Netherlands, Belgium and Ireland. Based on the transition theories and practical lessons from this implementation process and to guide the roll-out of cVPP to other territories, together with partner Duneworks, we developed a Mobilisation & Replication (MoRe) model and mobilised 9 follower communities to configure their own cVPPs. To enable further replication process we engage in a series of trainings to local energy ambassadors. https://www.nweurope.eu/projects/project-search/cvpp-community-based-virtual-power-plant/
Archived project
End users, co-innovation, user integration, user sustainability innovation, user sustainability entrepreneurship, sustainability innovations, sustainable products and services, sustainable lifestyles