Gayle Dow

Gayle Dow
Christopher Newport University | CNU · Department of Psychology

Doctor of Philosophy

About

17
Publications
21,019
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3,765
Citations
Citations since 2016
2 Research Items
1980 Citations
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Publications

Publications (17)
Article
Students learned about electric motors by asking questions and receiving answers from an on-screen pedagogical agent named Dr. Phyz who stood next to an on-screen drawing of an electric motor. Students performed better on a problem-solving transfer test when Dr. Phyz's explanations were presented as narration rather than on-screen text (Experiment...
Article
Full-text available
The construct of creativity has a great deal to offer educational psychology. Creativity appears to be an important component of problem-solving and other cognitive abilities, healthy social and emotional well-being, and scholastic and adult success. Yet the study of creativity is not nearly as robust as one would expect, due in part to the prepond...
Article
The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between malevolent creativity and personality, with a specific focus on the traits of antagonism, aggression, and sympathy. Participants (N = 265) completed a series of personality measures and two divergent thinking tasks (uses for a brick and a pencil). Responses were coded for fluency...
Article
Full-text available
Most in-service teachers feel ill equipped to teach the design process. According to leading STEM educators, the eight-step design process is optimum to foster critical and creative thinking. This approach is recursive in nature such that the initial design is evaluated, and then redesigned multiple times prior to final testing of prototypes. Integ...
Article
Previous work has shown that the presence of examples may lead to cryptomnesia, or inadvertent plagiarism, on creative tasks. Various experiential and environmental attributes may magnify this finding. For instance, novices, with limited knowledge, may be more prone to inadvertently plagiarize examples, and increases in cognitive load may result in...
Chapter
Full-text available
Although potential applications of creativity fostering techniques in the classroom are widely discussed in the literature, educators' insensitivity to, and even discouragement of creative thinking continues to be a problem throughout the educational system. This inconsistency is due to the fact that most educators have a distorted and often errone...
Chapter
Full-text available
Attitude change as the precursor to creativity enhancement schemas develop from interconnections of ideas and grow into complex, organized mental structures of information (Anderson, 1977; Piaget, 1926). The growth of schemata may occur over a series of experiences and often become engrained in our implicit cognitive processing. Although schema dev...
Article
Divergent thinking tests are often used to estimate the potential for creative problem solving. Scores on these tests may, however reflect a kind of experiential bias. Similar biases once plagued IQ tests, the idea being that scores reflect the individual's background and information in long-term memory as much as ability per se. The investigation...
Article
The componential model of creative thinking includes ideation (divergent thinking), problem finding skills, and evaluative accuracy. This investigation was designed to assess the accuracy of originality judgments across three different kinds of divergent thinking tests, one (Uses) being verbal, one (Pattern Meanings) figural, and one (Consequences)...
Article
The purpose of this research was to investigate whether insight problem solving depends on domain‐specific or domain‐general problem‐solving skills, that is, whether people think in terms of conceptually different types of insight problems. In Study 1, participants sorted insight problems into categories. A cluster analysis revealed 4 main categori...
Article
Reviews the book, American Psychology & Schools by Seymour B. Sarason (see record 2001-01808-000 ). The main thesis of Sarason's latest book, American Psychology & Schools: A Critique, is that psychologists are rarely involved in education, to the detriment of both our schools and psychology in general. The author explains that psychology can offer...

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Projects (4)
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