Gavin P Andrews

Gavin P Andrews
Queen's University Belfast | QUB · School of Pharmacy

BSc, MSc, PhD, MRSC, CChem, PGCHET

About

146
Publications
22,692
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,717
Citations
Citations since 2016
53 Research Items
2244 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300
20162017201820192020202120220100200300
20162017201820192020202120220100200300
20162017201820192020202120220100200300

Publications

Publications (146)
Article
Microwave-induced in situ amorphization is a novel technology for preparing amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) to address the challenges of their long-term physical stability and downstream processing. To date, only few types of dielectric materials have been reported for microwave-induced in situ amorphization, which restricted the extensive resea...
Poster
Full-text available
To achieve desirable oral absorption of poorly soluble drug the formulation should provide a fast dissolution rate, a high degree of supersaturation (DS) in biologically relevant dissolution media and maintain a reasonable DS during the drug transit through the gastrointestinal tract to ensure the intestinal absorption. Amorphous drug due to the ab...
Article
Polymeric nanoparticle drug delivery systems are increasingly viewed as crucial building blocks for efficacious treatments of disease conditions. However, production methods at commercially practical scales pose a significant challenge for successfully translating such technology. This paper describes a novel, anhydrous, twin-screw extrusion (TSE)...
Article
In the recent years, we have encountered significant advances in the manufacturing processes of medicinal products and medical devices, particularly after the recent pandemic and the turmoil in the supply chain. Trends in these technological advances in the diagnosis of diseases and therapeutic treatments heavily relied on new technologies that can...
Article
Sustained release of lidocaine from poly ethylene-co-vinyl acetate (EVA) implants can significantly improve pain management outcomes; however, poor drug loading is a major limitation. Recently, myristic acid was found to improve drug loading in EVA by inhibiting the crystallization of lidocaine. Here, lidocaine’s interaction with myristic acid was...
Article
Objectives: To develop a robust tablet design for the manufacture of gastro-retentive tablets using fused deposition modelling three-dimensional printing (FDM-3DP) that can provide prolonged gastric residence time with instant floating and minimum influence of process and/or formulation variables. Methods: Three different polymers, such as polyv...
Article
Microwave-induced in situ amorphization is an emerging technology to tackle the persistent stability issue of amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) during manufacture and storage. The aim of this study was to introduce new effective polymeric carriers with diverse properties to microwave-induced in situ amorphization and to better understand their fun...
Article
Objectives The traditional manufacturing methods of solid oral dosage forms (SODFs) are reported to be time-consuming, highly expensive and not tailored to the patient’s needs. Three-dimensional printing (3DP) is an innovative emerging technology that can help to overcome these issues. The aim of this review is to describe the most employed 3DP tec...
Article
Full-text available
Among many methods to mitigate the solubility limitations of drug compounds, amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) is considered to be one of the most promising strategies to enhance the dissolution and bioavailability of poorly water-soluble drugs. The enhancement of ASD in the oral absorption of drugs has been mainly attributed to the high apparent dr...
Article
During pandemics and global crises, drug shortages become critical as a result of increased demand, shortages in personnel and lockdown restrictions that disrupt the supply chain. The pharmaceutical industry is therefore moving towards continuous manufacturing instead of conventional batch manufacturing involving numerous steps, that normally occur...
Article
Silymarin is a mixture of flavonolignans obtained from the seeds of milk thistle (Silybum marianum L. Gaertner). Silymarin behaves as a weak acid and is categorised as a class IV drug substance in accordance with biopharmaceutics drug disposition classification system, possessing low solubility, as well as low bioavailability. The scope of this stu...
Article
The engineering of crystalline multi-component drug systems, including cocrystals and salts, is now an established method of modifying the physicochemical properties and dissolution behaviour of an active ingredient. Remarkably, liquid drug systems, including therapeutic ionic liquids and therapeutic deep eutectic solvents (THEDES), remain largely...
Article
This study questioned whether rheological properties can predict drug (metronidazole) release from Hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC) platforms. Viscometric and viscoelastic properties of aqueous, alcohols/diols and mixed solvent HPC solutions and gels were determined using viscometry and oscillatory analysis. Drug release was conducted at pH 7.4 under s...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose When establishing IVIVC, a special problem arises by interpretation of averaged in vivo profiles insight of considerable individual variations in term of time and number of mechanical stress events in GI-tract. The objective of the study was to investigate and forecast the effect of mechanical stress on in vivo behavior in human of hydrophi...
Article
Complications associated with uncontrolled hypertension are considered the major cause of premature death worldwide. Fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) offer an alternative approach to polypharmacy with the aim to improve patient compliance. Process Analytical Technology (PAT) is gaining momentum as a non-invasive, predictive tool to control the qualit...
Article
Full-text available
Appropriate management of post-operative pain is an ongoing challenge in surgical practice. At present, systemic opioid administration is routinely used for analgesia in the post-operative setting. However, due to significant adverse effects and potential for misuse, there is a perceived need for the development of alternative, opioid-sparing treat...
Article
Full-text available
The thermodynamically unstable nature of amorphous drugs has led to a persistent stability issue of amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs). Lately, microwave-induced in situ amorphization has been proposed as a promising solution to this problem, where the originally loaded crystalline drug is in situ amorphized within the final dosage form using a hou...
Article
Amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) is a formulation strategy extensively used to enhance the bioavailability of poorly water soluble drugs. Despite this, they are limited by various factors such as limited drug loading, poor stability, drug-excipient miscibility and the choice of process platforms. In this work, we have developed a strategy for the m...
Article
Continuous processing is superseding conventional batch processing as a means of manufacturing within the pharmaceutical research/industry. This paradigm shift has led to the implementation of Process Analytical Technology (PAT) as a semi-automatic, predictive tool offering real-time quality control that can be built into the production line. Howev...
Article
The development of oral solid dosage forms, such as tablets that contain a high dose of drug(s), requires polymers and other additives to be incorporated at low levels as possible, to keep the final tablet weight low, and, correspondingly, the dosage form size small enough to be acceptable from a patient perspective. Additionally, a multi-step batc...
Article
Full-text available
Nicotinamide riboside (NR), a newly recognised form of vitamin B3 and a precursor to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), has been demonstrated to show therapeutic potential and the possibility of becoming a drug compound in addition to its proven role in rejuvenating ageing cells in mice. However, current literature is devoid of information r...
Article
Full-text available
Amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) is one of the most promising enabling formulations featuring significant water solubility and bioavailability enhancements for biopharmaceutical classification system (BCS) class II and IV drugs. An accurate thermodynamic understanding of the ASD should be established for the ease of development of stable formulatio...
Article
Currently in the pharmaceutical industry, continuous manufacturing is an area of significant interest. In particular, hot-melt extrusion (HME) offers many advantages and has been shown to significantly reduce the number of processing steps relative to a conventional product manufacturing line. To control product quality during HME without process i...
Article
Hyperlipidaemia is considered as one of the main risk factors associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Among different lipid-lowering agents used to manage hyperlipidaemia, statins are highly prescribed for management of hyperlipidaemia with simvastatin being one of the most common. Simvastatin is susceptible to extensive metabolism by CYP45...
Article
In this study the relationship between the viscoelasticity/mechanical properties of metronidazole-containing aqueous polymer networks composed of HEC and PVP and drug release was statistically modelled. The networks were characterised using oscillatory analysis and drug release was performed using dissolution analysis (pH 7.4). Statistical modellin...
Article
Current experimental methodologies used to determine the thermodynamic solubility of an API within a polymer typically involves establishing the dissolution/melting endpoint of the crystalline API within a physical mixture, or through the use of the glass transition temperature measurement of a de-mixed amorphous solid dispersion. The measurable "e...
Article
Pharmaceutical cocrystals have attracted increasing attention over the past decade as an alternative way to modify the physicochemical properties and hence improve the bioavailability of a drug, without sacrificing thermodynamic stability. Our previous work has demonstrated the viability of in-situ formation of ibuprofen/isonicotinamide cocrystal s...
Poster
Full-text available
Purpose The formulation development for BCS class II drugs that are also CYPs substrates is challenging not only due to their poor solubility and slow dissolution rate, but also because of their high pre-systemic metabolic inactivation. Such oxidizing enzymes are found both in the liver and in the enterocytes. Being the most common and versatile me...
Poster
Full-text available
Purpose Cardiovascular Disease (CVD), such as uncontrolled hypertension, is considered as one of the major causes of death globally. Ramipril (RAM), a BCS class I drug, and Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), a BCS class IV drug, are often used concomitantly in the treatment of CVD. For such combinations, improved dosage forms which permit reduced dosing f...
Article
The efficient covalent functionalization of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC), which is widely used in medical device manufacture, allows an array of potential property-enhancing surface modifications to be made. To demonstrate a general method of functionalization via substituted (functional) thiols, we describe a systematic approach to the optimization...
Article
Objectives: This research examined the application of hot melt extrusion (HME) in the preparation of matrix formulations containing hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) as a base polymer in combination with methyl cellulose (MC) and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC). Methods: The limit to which formulations could control drug release under varying p...
Article
This study describes the design/physicochemical properties of strontium-containing, mucoadhesive carbohydrate polymeric platforms, designed as treatments for dentine hypersensitivity. Interactive networks were composed of strontium chloride (10% w/w), one of two base polymers (sodium carboxymethylcellulose, NaCMC or hydroxyethylcellulose, HEC), pol...
Article
The objective of this study was to determine if a high Tg polymer (Eudragit(®) S100) could be used to stabilize amorphous domains of polyethylene oxide (PEO) and hence improve the stability of binary polymer systems containing celecoxib (CX). We propose a novel method of stabilizing the amorphous PEO solid dispersion through inclusion of a miscible...
Article
Infection is an inevitable consequence of chronic urinary catheterization with associated problems of recurrent catheter encrustation and blockage experienced by approximately 50% of all long-term catheterized patients. In this work, we have exploited, for the first time, the reported pathogen-induced elevation of urine pH as a trigger for "intelli...
Article
Engineered Cocrystals offer an alternative solid drug form with tailored physicochemical properties. Interestingly, although cocrystals provide many new possibilities they also present new challenges, particularly in regard to their design and large-scale manufacture. Current literature has primarily focused on the preparation and characterization...
Article
Poly(methylvinylether-co-maleic acid) (PMVE/MA) is commonly used as a component of pharmaceutical platforms, principally to enhance interactions with biological substrates (mucoadhesion). However, the limited knowledge on the rheological properties of this polymer and their relationships with mucoadhesion has negated the biomedical use of this poly...
Article
Objectives: This article uses conventional and newly extended solubility parameter (δ) methods to identify polymeric materials capable of forming amorphous dispersions with itraconazole (itz). Methods: Combinations of itz and Soluplus, Eudragit E PO (EPO), Kollidon 17PF (17PF) or Kollidon VA64 (VA64) were prepared as amorphous solid dispersions...
Article
The aim of this article was to construct a T-ϕ phase diagram for a model drug (FD) and amorphous polymer (Eudragit® EPO) and to use this information to understand the impact of how temperature-composition coordinates influenced the final properties of the extrudate. Defining process boundaries and understanding drug solubility in polymeric carriers...
Article
Full-text available
Photodynamic therapy and photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy are widely used, but despite this, the relationships between fluence, wavelength of irradiation and singlet oxygen ((1) O2 ) production are poorly understood. To establish the relationships between these factors in medically relevant materials, the effect of fluence on (1) O2 producti...
Article
Polymer blends of poly(vinylalcohol, PVA) and poly(methylvinylether-co-maleic anhydride, PMVE/MA) were formulated and their viscoelastic and mucoadhesive properties characterised. The viscoelastic and mucoadhesive properties were dependent on polymer concentration, molecular weight of PVA and PVA:PMVE/MA ratio. Alteration of these properties allowe...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, a comparative study of different methods to predict drug-polymer solubility was carried out on binary systems consisting of five model drugs (paracetamol, chloramphenicol, celecoxib, indomethacin, and felodipine) and polyvinylpyrrolidone/vinyl acetate copolymers (PVP/VA) of different monomer weight ratios. The drug-polymer solubility...
Article
Given the growing interest in thermal processing methods, this study describes the use of an advanced rheological technique, capillary rheometry, to accurately determine the thermorheological properties of two pharmaceutical polymers, Eudragit E100 (E100) and Hydroxypropylcellulose JF (HPC) and their blends, both in the presence and absence of a mo...
Article
This paper presents a novel strategy for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia that involves coating poly(vinylchloride, PVC) Endotracheal Tubes (ET) with hydrogels that may be subsequently used to entrap nebulised antimicrobial solutions. Candidate hydrogels were prepared containing a range of ratios of hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA)...
Article
The formulation of BCS Class II drugs as amorphous sold dispersions has been shown to provide advantages in respect of improving the aqueous solubility of these compounds. While hot melt extrusion (HME) and spray drying (SD) are among the most common methods for the production of amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs), the high temperatures often requi...
Article
Using phase diagrams derived from Flory-Huggins theory, the thermodynamic state of amorphous felodipine within three different polymeric carriers has been defined. Variation in the solubility and miscibility of felodipine within different polymeric materials (using F-H theory) has been identified and used to select the most suitable polymeric carri...
Article
Given the growing interest in thermal processing methods, this study describes the use of an advanced rheological technique, capillary rheometry, to accurately determine the thermorheological properties of two pharmaceutical polymers, Eudragit E100 (E100) and hydroxypropylcellulose JF (HPC) and their blends, both in the presence and absence of a mo...
Article
Recently, we described a series of novel porphyrin-impregnated hydrogels capable of producing microbicidal singlet oxygen (1O2) on photoactivation. Indirect assessment of the efficacy of 1O2 production from such hydrogels has been previously described using microbiological techniques, but here we report a novel, direct method of quantification. Ant...
Article
In this study thermodynamically stable dispersions of amorphous quinine, a model BCS class 2 therapeutic agent, within an amorphous polymeric platform (HPC), termed a solid-in-solid dispersion, were produced using hot melt extrusion. Characterisation of the pre-extrudates and extrudates was performed using hyper-differential scanning calorimetry (D...
Article
The objective of this work was to investigate the feasibility of using a novel granulation technique, namely fluidized hot melt granulation (FHMG), to prepare gastro-retentive extended-release floating granules. In this study we have utilised FHMG, a solvent free process in which granulation is achieved with the aid of low melting point materials,...
Article
Purpose: Amorphous drug-polymer solid dispersions have been found to result in improved drug dissolution rates when compared to their crystalline counterparts. However, when the drug exists in the amorphous form it will possess a higher Gibb's free energy than its associated crystalline state and can recrystallize. Drug-polymer phase diagrams cons...
Chapter
Mucoadhesive dosage forms may improve both in vitro and in vivo performance of products due to their propensity to enhance the retention of the dosage form at the site of application. The appropriate and reliable characterization of mucoadhesive systems is crucial to enable the identification of the appropriate formulations for in vivo use. In this...
Article
Amorphous drug forms provide a useful method of enhancing the dissolution performance of poorly water-soluble drugs; however, they are inherently unstable. In this article, we have used Flory-Huggins theory to predict drug solubility and miscibility in polymer candidates, and used this information to compare spray drying and melt extrusion as proce...
Article
The purpose of the present study was to investigate lecithin-rice bran oil rheological properties with the view to consider these as potential saliva substitutes in patients with severe xerostomia and salivary hypofunction. Pseudo-ternary phase diagrams of rice bran oil, lecithin and water mixtures were constructed and characterised using polarisin...
Article
Films are commonly prepared by solvent casting and accordingly it is important to investigate the relationship between the properties of the polymeric solution and the resultant solid-state properties of the film. Therefore the objective of this work was to characterise the rheological properties of aqueous solutions of PVA, containing defined co-s...
Article
Herein we report the synthesis, characterisation and hydrolytic release kinetics of a suite of novel, polymerisable ester quinolone conjugates with varying alkenyl chain lengths. Hydrolysis was shown to proceed up to 17-fold faster upon elevation of pH from neutral to pH 9.29, making these conjugates attractive for the development of ‘designer’ inf...
Chapter
The high numbers of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) within pharmaceutical pipelines that possess limited bioavailability is a major concern for the pharmaceutical industry. For APIs possessing high permeability but poor solubility, the formation of solid dispersions is an attractive approach to overcome such issues. Over the last decade, h...
Article
Full-text available
We have developed a series of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrachlorocuprate(II) and dibromoargentate(I) ionic liquids with enhanced antimicrobial activity when compared with 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ionic liquids. These new ionic liquids proved to be effective against a range of pathogenic bacteria and fungi.
Article
Amorphous drug-polymer solid dispersions have a great potential to enhance the dissolution performance and thus bioavailability of BCS class II drug compounds. The principle drawback of this approach is the limited physical stability of amorphous drug within the dispersion. Accurate determination of the solubility and miscibility of drug in the pol...
Article
Full-text available
Sustained-release matrix tablets based on Eudragit RL and RS were manufactured by injection moulding. The influence of process temperature; matrix composition; drug load, plasticizer level; and salt form of metoprolol: tartrate (MPT), fumarate (MPF) and succinate (MPS) on ease of processing and drug release were evaluated. Formulations composed of...
Article
Thermoresponsive polymeric platforms are used to optimise drug delivery in pharmaceutical systems and bioactive medical devices. However, the practical application of these systems is compromised by their poor mechanical properties. This study describes the design of thermoresponsive semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (s-IPNs) based on cross-li...
Article
The properties of hydrogels, in particular their high biocompatibility and water sorption uptake, make hydrogels very attractive in drug delivery and biomedical devices. These favorable features of hydrogels are compromised by certain structural limitations such as those associated with their low mechanical strength in the swollen state. This revie...
Article
The use of hot-melt extrusion (HME) within the pharmaceutical industry is steadily increasing, due to its proven ability to efficiently manufacture novel products. The process has been utilized readily in the plastics industry for over a century and has been used to manufacture medical devices for several decades. The development of novel drugs wit...
Article
Silicone elastomer systems have previously been shown to offer potential for the sustained release of protein therapeutics. However, the general requirement for the incorporation of large amounts of release enhancing solid excipients to achieve therapeutically effective release rates from these otherwise hydrophobic polymer systems can detrimentall...
Article
A major goal in vaccine development is elimination of the 'cold chain', the transport and storage system for maintenance and distribution of the vaccine product. This is particularly pertinent to liquid formulation of vaccines. We have previously described the rod-insert vaginal ring (RiR) device, comprising an elastomeric body into which are inser...
Article
Mucosally-administered vaccine strategies are widely investigated as a promising means of preventing HIV infection. This study describes the development of liposomal gel formulations, and novel lyophilised variants, comprising HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein, CN54gp140, encapsulated within neutral, positively charged or negatively charged liposomes. Th...