Gaston Godin

Gaston Godin
Laval University | ULAVAL · Faculty of Nursing

PhD

About

322
Publications
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Publications

Publications (322)
Article
Aims and objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the psychosocial determinants of adherence to oral antidiabetic medication, according to the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). Background: Appropriate adherence to oral antidiabetic medication contributes to long-term glycaemic control. However, glycaemic control is often poor in people...
Article
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Background Continuing professional development (CPD) activities are one way that new knowledge can be translated into changes in practice. However, few tools are available for evaluating the extent to which these activities change health professionals’ behavior. We developed a questionnaire called CPD-Reaction for assessing the impact of CPD activi...
Data
The generic CPD-Reaction questionnaire. (DOCX)
Article
Experience has a paradoxical effect on intention-behavior consistency. In some studies greater experience is associated with weaker intention-behavior relations (due to habit formation), whereas in other studies experience strengthens the relationship between intention and behavior (by stabilizing intentions). The present research tests the idea th...
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Introduction: Based on an extended version the theory of planned behavior, this survey, aimed to identify the psychosocial determinants of children’s physical activity at school and intention to engage in it. Methods: 276 fifth- and sixth-grade students from two schools in Lebanon completed a self-reported questionnaire assessing psychosocial and p...
Chapter
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: Our main goal is to provide knowledge about the effectiveness and adoption factors of ICT interventions on SRH promotion and HIV/AIDS prevention among adolescents and young adults. Primary objective: To assess the effectiveness of ICT interventions for SRH promo...
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Research has demonstrated that asking people questions about a behaviour can lead to behaviour change. Despite many, varied studies in different domains, it is only recently that this phenomenon has been studied under the umbrella term of the question-behaviour effect (QBE) and moderators of the effect have been investigated. With a particular focu...
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Background Evidence on the effectiveness of printed educational messages in contributing to increasing evidence-based clinical practice is contradictory. Nonetheless, these messages flood physician offices, in an attempt to promote treatments that can reduce costs while improving patient outcomes.This study evaluated the ability of printed educatio...
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Background: Short instruments measuring frequency of specific foods, such as fruit and vegetable (FV), are increasingly used in interventions. The objective of the study was to verify the validity and test-retest reliability of such an instrument among pregnant women. Methods: Pregnant women from the region of Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, were recr...
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Background Pragmatic trials of implementation interventions focus on evaluating whether an intervention changes professional behaviour under real-world conditions rather than investigating the mechanism through which change occurs. Theory-based process evaluations conducted alongside pragmatic randomised trials address this by assessing whether the...
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Background: The aim of the study was to test the relative efficacy of action planning and reward distribution to promote retention of whole blood donors. Materials and methods: A sample of 7,399 donors was randomised to one of three interventions: "action planning" (n=2,585); "reward" (n=2,397); and "thank you" (n=2,417). Participants in the act...
Article
In Canada, the healthcare system remains paper-laden, and EHR adoption by physicians lags behind many other industrial countries. Recent reviews identified individual and organizational factors as having the most important influence on EHR adoption and proposed taking a multidimensional perspective to study these adoption determinants. However, mos...
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The Godin-Shephard Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire (GSLTPAQ) is one of the most often used questionnaires in oncology research, yet modifications to the scale are done with little evidence of psychometric testing. This study aimed to (i) document the frequency of use of the questionnaire for ranking (i.e., level of activity) and classi...
Article
Background: Recruiting new donors is a challenging experience for most blood collection agencies. A modest proportion of the population is eligible to give blood and few of these individuals volunteer. The goal of this study was to examine the effects of brief behavioral interventions on nondonors' intention to give blood, by addressing some commo...
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This study provides evidence of construct validity for the Brazilian version of the Godin- Shephard Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire (GSLTPAQ), a 1-item instrument used among 236 participants referred for cardiopulmonary exercise testing. The Baecke Habitual Physical Activity Questionnaire (Baecke-HPA) was used to evaluate convergent an...
Article
The aim of the study was to test the relative efficacy of telephone and email reminders to trigger blood donation. A sample of 3454 donors was randomized to one of three conditions: phone only (n = 1176), email only (n = 1091) and phone + email (n = 1187). There was a higher proportion of donors who registered to give blood in the phone + email con...
Article
The current meta-analysis estimated the magnitude of the impact of asking intention and self-prediction questions on rates of subsequent behavior, and examined mediators and moderators of this question-behavior effect (QBE). Random-effects meta-analysis on 116 published tests of the effect indicated that intention/prediction questions have a small...
Article
Social support (SS) was investigated as a predictor of quality of life (QoL) and a moderator and mediator in the relationship between stressful life events (SLE) and QoL in persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Data were obtained from 809 PLWHA in the course of interviews using standardized questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis indicated SS...
Conference Paper
Objective. The aim was to identify beliefs that interventions should target to promote healthy eating and regular physical activity (PA) among women with prior gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in order to lower risks of developing type 2 diabetes. Methods. A total of 127 and 83 women with prior GDM completed self-administered questionnaires base...
Conference Paper
Purpose: Results of a recent systematic review on the validity and reliability of self-reported measures of foods and nutrients in pregnancy indicated that food-frequency questionnaires (FFQ) have the strongest evidence of validity in assessing nutrition during pregnancy. The objective of the present study was to validate a brief self-reported ques...
Article
Excessive salt intake has been directly associated with cardiovascular diseases, especially hypertension, and non-cardiovascular diseases. Despite the current recommendations, salt intake remains high, indicating the need to develop theory-based interventions aimed at reducing this intake. The purpose of this study was to test the impact of a theor...
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-This study provided validity evidence for the Godin-Shephard Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire (GSLTPAQ) to classify respondents into active and insufficiently active categories. Members of a fitness center [45 women and 55 men; mean (SD) age = 45.5 (10.6) yr.] completed the questionnaire. Using only moderate and strenuous scores, those...
Article
The aim of this research was to provide convergent validity evidence for the use of the Godin-Shephard Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire (GSLTPAQ) to classify breast cancer survivors into active and insufficiently active categories. Data were collected among a sample of breast cancer survivors (N = 199; mean age = 55 years) to examine th...
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Background. Euthanasia remains controversial in Canada and an issue of debate among physicians. Most studies have explored the opinion of health professionals regarding its legalization, but have not investigated their intentions when faced with performing euthanasia. These studies are also considered atheoretical. The purposes of the present study...
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Living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) necessitates long-term health care follow-up, particularly with respect to antiretroviral therapy (ART) management. Taking advantage of the enormous possibilities afforded by information and communication technologies (ICT), we developed a virtual nursing intervention (VIH-TAVIE) intended to empower HI...
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Most studies on euthanasia fail to explain the intentions of health professionals when faced with performing euthanasia and are atheoretical. The purpose of this study was to identify the psychosocial determinants of nurses' intention to practise euthanasia in palliative care if it were legalised. A cross-sectional study using a validated anonymous...
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This study tested the efficacy of interventions to recruit new plasma donors among whole blood donors. A sample of 924 donors was randomized to one of three conditions: control; information only by nurse; and information plus self-positive image message by nurse (SPI). Participants in the control condition only received a leaflet describing the pla...
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Theory-based process evaluations conducted alongside randomized controlled trials provide the opportunity to investigate hypothesized mechanisms of action of interventions, helping to build a cumulative knowledge base and to inform the interpretation of individual trial outcomes. Our objective was to identify the underlying causal mechanisms in a c...
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Aim. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact, among nurses in hospital settings, of a questionnaire-based implementation intentions intervention on notification of potential ocular tissue donors to donation stakeholders. Methods. This randomized intervention was clustered at the level of hospital departments with two study arms: questio...
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Decision-makers in organizations providing continuing professional development (CPD) have identified the need for routine assessment of its impact on practice. We sought to develop a theory-based instrument for evaluating the impact of CPD activities on health professionals' clinical behavioral intentions. Our multipronged study had four phases. 1)...
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In countries where presumed consent for organ donation does not apply, health professionals (HP) are key players for identifying donors and obtaining their consent. This systematic review was designed to verify the efficacy of interventions aimed at HPs to promote organ and tissue donation in clinical settings. CINAHL (1982 to 2012), COCHRANE LIBRA...
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Most people with type 2 diabetes do not engage in regular leisure-time physical activity. The theory of planned behavior and moral norm construct can enhance our understanding of physical activity intention and behavior among this population. This study aims to identify the determinants of both intention and behavior to participate in regular leisu...
Article
The purpose of this study was to provide three construct validity evidence for using fitness center attendance electronic records to objectively assess the frequency of leisure-time physical activity among adults. One hundred members of a fitness center (45 women and 55 men; aged 18 to 64 years) completed a self-report leisure-time physical activit...
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Background: Respecting patients’ autonomy is often put forward as one of the main reasons why certain health professionals are favourable to euthanasia. Few studies have compared whether nurses and physicians hold different beliefs regarding euthanasia. The objective of the study was to experimentally test whether knowing patients’ wishes and profe...
Article
The aim of the study was to predict a first lifetime plasma donation among whole blood donors. A sample of 252 whole blood donors, who never donated plasma, completed the study questionnaire assessing intention, attitudes, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control toward giving plasma. The dependent variables were intention to give plasma a...
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Objective: The question-behaviour effect (QBE) refers to the finding that measuring behavioural intentions increases performance of the relevant behaviour. This effect has been used to change health behaviours. The present research asks why the QBE occurs and evaluates one possible mediator - attitude accessibility. Design: University staff and stu...
Article
Several countries are in the process of implementing an Electronic Health Record (EHR), but limited physicians' acceptance of this technology presents a serious threat to its successful implementation. The aim of this study was to identify the main determinants of physician acceptance of EHR in a sample of general practitioners and specialists of t...
Article
In the recent years, the Internet has been used as a medium to find sexual partners and engage in risky sexual behavior. This has changed the way in which men having have sex with men (MSM) seek sexual partners and has increased the number of high-risk sexual encounters. Therefore, developers of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-prevention interve...
Article
Objective: This study tested key variations in the question-behavior effect against a control condition or an implementation intention condition on returning to give blood among lapsed donors (individuals who had not given blood in the past 2 years). Design: At baseline, 7,000 lapsed donors were randomized to 1 of 6 experimental conditions or to...
Conference Paper
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Background This study aimed to identify theoretically based modifiable factors that predict whether chiropractors manage patients with low back pain without ordering lumbar x-rays. Methods A mailed survey with psychological measures was collected from a random sample of Ontario (Canada) and Practice Network (US) chiropractors. The outcome measures...
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To conduct the cultural adaptation of the Brazilian version of the Godin-Shephard Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire (GSLTPAQ) and to assess its content validity, practicability, acceptability and reliability. The stages of translation, synthesis, back translation, expert committee review and pre-test were carried out, followed by the eva...
Article
The consumption of omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FA), namely eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have been linked to reduced cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The objective of this study was to examine the relation between n-3 FA in plasma phospholipid (PL) levels and CVD risk factors. n-3 FA levels in plasma PL were determine...
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The aim of this study was to elicit physical activity beliefs among overweight/obese older adults. Using open-ended questions, standardized interviews were conducted among 30 participants to document their behavioral, normative and control beliefs based on the theory of planned behavior. A content analysis revealed that the most salient behavioral...
Article
Objectives: Physical activity is a key factor for healthy ageing and obesity management. The aim of this study was to test the effect of implementation intentions (IIs) on physical activity and body weight among inactive obese older adults. Design and measures: At baseline, 101 obese (classes I and II) older adults were randomised to an experime...
Article
Background: Approximately 12% to 15% of blood donors are temporarily deferred from giving blood because they fail relevant medical criteria. Temporary deferral has a profound negative impact on subsequent donation. To our knowledge, an implementation intentions intervention has never been tested among temporarily deferred donors. We hypothesized t...
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Background: Despite strong evidence for a relationship between high salt intake and hypertension, plus the widespread recommendations for dietary salt restriction among hypertensive subjects, there are no nursing studies describing effective theory-based interventions. Aim: To describe a systematic process for development of a theory-based nursi...
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Background Living with HIV makes considerable demands on a person in terms of self-management, especially as regards adherence to treatment and coping with adverse side-effects. The online HIV Treatment, Virtual Nursing Assistance and Education (Virus de I’immunodéficience Humaine–Traitement Assistance Virtuelle Infirmière et Enseignement; VIH-TAVI...
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We conducted a study of the acceptability and feasibility of a web application which was designed to empower people living with HIV to manage their daily antiretroviral therapies. The application (VIH-TAVIE) consists of four interactive computer sessions with a virtual nurse who guides the user through a learning process aimed at enhancing treatmen...
Article
This paper aims to identify organizational readiness for change towards adoption of a redefined role of the school nurse as a strategic option in the context of a health promoting school approach. This new role is consistent with planned change directed at life habits and life conditions. A questionnaire based on a modified version of the organizat...
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Intakes of omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FA) are associated with several health benefits. The aim of this study was to verify whether intakes of n-3 FA estimated from a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) correlate with n-3 FA levels measured in plasma phospholipids (PL). The study sample consisted of 200 French-Canadians men and women aged between 18...
Article
Data collected from 224 women living with HIV were analyzed to study quality of life. Quality of life was operationalized as mental health and physical functioning. A structural equation model was tested. The final model demonstrates good fit to data (χ = 17.63, p = .48). Mental health was directly and positively associated with being born outside...
Article
Objective: The present research assessed the simultaneous effects of four attitude variables (cognitive attitudes, affective attitudes, anticipated negative affective reactions, and anticipated positive affective reactions) in the context of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) on blood-donation intentions and behavior. Methods: Experienced bloo...
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This study investigated the question-behaviour effect of measuring intention in the interrogative or declarative form combined or not with a measure of moral norm. A sample of 762 participants was randomised according to a 2 × 2 factorial design. Cognitions were assessed at the baseline, and physical activity behaviour was self-reported three weeks...
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Objective: Following the adoption of food policies replacing unhealthy products by healthy foods in school, the present study tested the effectiveness of an intervention aimed at encouraging high-school students to stay in school for lunch instead of eating in fast-food restaurants. Design: A 12-week multi-strategy intervention targeting specifi...
Article
High salt consumption among populations remains a challenge for health professionals dealing with prevention and control of hypertension. The present study aimed to identify the psychosocial predictors of salt consumption among hypertensive individuals, based on an extended version of the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). Three salt consumption be...