Gaspar Núñez

Gaspar Núñez
Sistema Nacional de Investigadores · Nivel I

Doctor

About

46
Publications
6,165
Reads
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121
Citations
Introduction
Política industrial. Crecimiento económico. Matrices de contabilidad social. Modelos de equilibrio general aplicado. México y Latinoamérica.
Additional affiliations
August 2014 - March 2019
The College of Mexico
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Programa de Análisis Económico de México
Education
September 1999 - July 2003
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Field of study
  • Economics

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
In this study, we analyse the effect on the Mexican economy of the establish- ment of an import tariff of 30 percent by the Mexican government, in a pro- tectionist scenario. To complete the analysis, the effect of transferring the tax revenues collected from the tariff to Mexican households is studied. For this analysis, a computable general equil...
Article
The most developed countries have generally had an active State, a driving, regulatory and protectionist State, among other roles, although the most consolidated concept seems to be that of a developmental State. In this paper, a social accounting matrix of Mexico is constructed in order to design a dynamic-recursive applied general equilibrium mod...
Article
This paper performs a comparative analysis of the Chinese and Mexican produc- tion structures, through a descriptive study and using the methods of structural analysis on input-output tables of 1995 and 2011. During this period, the average annual per capita gross domestic product (gdp) growth in China amounted to 9.18%, while in Mexico it reached...
Article
Este trabajo realiza un análisis comparativo de la estructura productiva de las economías de China y de México mediante un estudio descriptivo y los métodos del análisis estructural aplicados a matrices de insumo-producto para 1995 y 2011. Durante este periodo el crecimiento del producto interno bruto (PIB) per cápita en China alcanzó un promedio d...
Article
Los países más desarrollados han contado, generalmente, con una activa participación del Estado, un Estado impulsor, regulador, proteccionista, entre otros roles, aunque el concepto que más se ha consolidado es, al parecer, el de un Estado desarrollador. Se construye en este trabajo una matriz de contabilidad social de México para diseñar un modelo...
Code
Matrices de Contabilidad Social y Códigos-Gams de los Modelos de mi libro Equilibrio General Aplicado Metodología e Investigación
Article
Full-text available
p>El presente artículo muestra un análisis multisectorial del incremento de precios de la electricidad en la economía mexicana, mediante el modelo de precios y la matriz insumo-producto más reciente, al tiempo que evalúa los incrementos en la fabricación de derivados del petróleo y el carbón, como abastecedores de la electricidad, así como en la ge...
Article
This paper presents a multisectoral analysis of the increase in electricity prices in the Mexican economy, applying a pricing model and using the most recent input-output matrix. Increases in the manufacture of petroleum derivatives and coal, as electricity sources, are also analyzed. Additionally, increases in the generation, transmission and dist...
Article
From a comparative-structural analysis of Mexico and 10 selected economies, we find well defined patterns of the productive structure, with notable preponderance of activities that are key sectors: Basic metals and Chemicals and chemical products. Also, the most important driving sectors are Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers and Coke, refi...
Article
Full-text available
The implementation of the wholesale electricity market aims to promote private invest - ment, give confidence and clarity, and achieve competitive prices. It is, then, transcen - dental to know its relevance and potential impact on the economic structure. In this paper the most recent input-output matrix of Mexico and structural analysis was used...
Article
The implementation of the wholesale electricity market aims to promote private invest- ment, give confidence and clarity, and achieve competitive prices. It is, then, transcen- dental to know its relevance and potential impact on the economic structure. In this paper the most recent input-output matrix of Mexico and structural analysis was used for...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we build a SAM for Mexico (2008) and design an Applied General Equilibrium Model, both of which can be applied to other research. We use them to analyze taxes on hydrocarbons extraction, given their importance for public budget and recent energy reforms. An increase in Households Income Taxes is simulated while those taxes decrease:...
Technical Report
Full-text available
En 1994 entró en vigor el Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte (TLCAN), conocido en su versión inglesa como North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Este Tratado dio lugar a una de las mayores zonas de libre comercio del mundo entre las regiones de Canadá, Estados Unidos y México, eliminando gradualmente las restricciones al comercio...
Chapter
La intención de este capítulo es mostrar que existe una alternativa viable al estancamiento económico que ha vivido el país en los últimos 35 años, cuando se abandonó la estrategia económica dirigida por el estado y se adoptó el llamado liberalismo económico.
Article
Although the Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) began to be developed almost half a century ago, and many countries have developed a SAM for their own economy, a considerable delay has been observed in Mexico. While different researchers have built a SAM, oftentimes it is not possible to validate or replicate their results, as the matrix is not publish...
Article
Aunque hace casi medio siglo que la Matriz de Contabilidad Social (MCS) comenzó a desarrollarse, y muchos países han elaborado una MCS para su economía, en México se ha observado un considerable atraso. Aunque diversos investigadores han construido su MCS, con frecuencia no es posible validarla ni replicar sus resultados, pues la matriz no se publi...
Article
Full-text available
Although the Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) began to be developed almost half a century ago, and many countries have developed a SAM for their own economy, a considerable delay has been observed in Mexico. While different researchers have built a SAM, oftentimes it is not possible to validate or replicate their results, as the matrix is not publish...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying productive sectors with capacity to boost the economy is fundamental in policy design. This paper analyzes the structure of the Mexican economy, using general equilibrium linear models based on a social accounting matrix. First, we analyze key sectors, determining direct, indirect, and induced effects. Then, we elaborate a three-dimensi...
Book
El presente libro, sentido, se plantea principalmente los siguientes objetivos. Primero, exponer el marco teórico que sustenta la construcción de matrices de contabilidad social (mcs), y elaborar una mcs para México partiendo de la matriz insumo producto (mip) publicada por el inegi para 2003, a la que llamamos mcs-Mx03. Sirva anotar desde aquí qu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The goal of this paper is to analize the structure of the mexican economy by linear general equilibrium models using as a database for a social accounting matrix called MCS-MX08. For this, first, an analysis of the key sectors of the economy is carried out, later are determined the direct, indirect and induced effects through the decomposition of t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper has three goals. First, to build and publish a transparent Social Accounting Matrix, based on the 2008 Input-Output Table of Mexico. Second, to develop a parsimonious Applied General Equilibrium Model (AGEM), which can be modified, and applied to other research purposes. And third, to apply this AGEM to the analysis of taxes on hydrocarb...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This paper has three goals. First, to build and publish a transparent Social Accounting Matrix, based on the 2008 Input-Output Table of Mexico. Second, to develop a parsimonious Applied General Equilibrium Model (AGEM), which can be modified, and applied to other research purposes. And third, to apply this AGEM to the analysis of taxes on hydrocarb...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabajo plantea un marco conceptual, desarrolla una metodología transparente para el caso de México y elabora una macro matriz de contabilidad social (MCS) para 2003, plenamente consistente con las cuentas nacionales. El objetivo es establecer una plataforma común para la construcción de micro MCSs ‒y la aplicación del análisis multisectorial...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Este trabajo tiene tres objetivos. Construir y publicar una Matriz de Contabilidad Social transparente, a partir de la Matriz Insumo-Producto de México para 2008. Desarrollar un Modelo de Equilibrio General Aplicado (MEGA) parsimonioso y robusto, susceptible de ser adecuado a diversas investigaciones. Y tercero, aplicar el MEGA al análisis de impue...
Data
ELABORADA CON BASE EN LA MATRIZ INSUMO-PRODUCTO DE MEXICO PARA 2003 PUBLICADA POR EL INEGI EN 2008, EN LAS CUENTAS DE BIENES Y SERVICIOS, EN LAS CUENTAS POR SECTORES INSTITUCIONALES, Y EN LA ENIGH 2004 PRINCIPALMENTE. SIGUIENDO LA METODOLOGIA DESARROLLADA POR NÚÑEZ (2004, 2008 Y 2014) PARA EL CASO DE MEXICO.
Technical Report
Full-text available
This paper has two goals, 1) to build and present a Social Accounting Matriz of Mexico for 2003, in which Households are desaggregated into 10 income deciles; 2) to compute a decomposition of poor households multipliers, with transfers such as those of Oportunidades, to quantify the impact on production as the efect goes through. We specify as endo...
Article
Full-text available
This research examines Mexican firm structure and performance during the years 2003 and 2008, using data from the 2004 and 2009 Economic Census. We find that the poor firm structure of year 2003 is even worst in 2008. Detailed analysis of variables relevant for economic performance and future development, confirms that the period 2001-2010 was inde...
Article
This research examines Mexican firm structure and performance during the years 2003 and 2008, using data from the 2004 and 2009 Economic Census. We find that the poor firm structure of year 2003 is even worst in 2008. Detailed analysis of variables relevant for economic performance and future development, confirms that the period 2001-2010 was inde...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo central de este trabajo es el de presentar una Matriz de Contabilidad Social (MCS) de la economía mexicana para 1996, detallando la metodología que seguimos para construirla. Ilustramos aquí su utilidad llevando a cabo un análisis estructural básico para estudiar algunos impactos exógenos y aplicando una extensión del modelo de Leontief...
Article
Full-text available
La economía de Oaxaca se ha caracterizado como eminentemente agropecuaria. Sin embargo hasta ahora no se han contado con elementos para realizar un estudio cuantitativo integral de su economía y de las interrelaciones entre sus sectores. Dada la necesidad de contar con información y análisis para debatir y comprender su realidad socio-económica, y...
Article
Full-text available
The main goal of this paper is to analyze the consequences of two alternative ways of raising funds to finance poverty alleviation programs in Mexico: A Value Added Tax (VAT) reform and a personal income tax reform (IT). The impact of the reforms is analyzed with an applied general equilibrium model of the Mexican economy, calibrated using a 1996 S...
Article
Full-text available
The usefulness of a Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) has been solidly established, both, as a major element for economic analysis and policy studies, and for designing and implementing multisectoral models. In this paper we present a Social Accounting Matrix of Mexico for the year 2000, documenting a detailed methodology used for its construction. It...
Article
Full-text available
Design of regional development policy, requires knowledge of the region and appropriate analytic tools. Regional Social Accounting Matrices have shown proficiency in both respects, since they supply a detailed profile of the region and, at the same time, constitute the basis of a wide array of models of the structural analysis and multi-sector mode...
Article
Full-text available
La pobreza extrema y la crisis agrícola en México son dos de las cuestiones quemás atención han recibido por parte de laopinión pública y de la política económicaen los últimos años. Considerando que lalimitación presupuestaria conduce a laelección de políticas alternativas, en estetrabajo analizamos dos posibles políticasy sus efectos: a) una inye...
Article
Full-text available
The evolution of public investment in Mexico during the last 50 years is analyzed, as is the evolution of Total Factor Productivity (tfp). Using as a framework the theory of endogenous growth and the theory of growth accounting, an econometric model to account for the tfp is specified, including among the regressors a dissagregation of investment i...
Thesis
Full-text available
Memoria que para optar al grado de Doctor en Economía Aplicada presenta Gaspar Núñez Rodríguez Dirigida por el Dr. D. José Clemente Polo Andrés Bellaterra (Barcelona), noviembre 2003
Article
Full-text available
En este trabajo revisamos los principales modelos teóricos en los que se ha basado la investigación de la relación entre la inversión pública y el crecimiento económico, así como los resultados empíricos más característicos arrojados por la aplicación de dichos análisis. La literatura empírica revisada sugiere, crecientemente, que la mencionada rel...
Article
Full-text available
The most common approach used to evaluate changes in welfare has been the Consumer and Producer Surplus Analysis. This article presents a methodological alternative in order to evaluate in a more exact way this kind of modifications; in this sense, it includes some recent theoretical developments relating consumers welfare. By means of using the co...
Article
Full-text available
Armington elasticities are a key parameter in applied general equilibrium models, more so in those models used to analyze free trade agreements and other trade related issues. However, frequently only educated guesses, or extrapolated figures, are used to run the models, and Mexico has not been an exception. In this paper, given the quantity and qu...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this paper is to analyze two alternative ways of financing poverty alleviation in Mexico: 1) A Value Added Tax (IVA) reform, or 2) A Personal Income Tax (ISR) reform. Using an Applied General Equilibrium Model (AGEM) we evaluate reforms' impact through the money measure in welfare change given by Hicks' Equivalent Variation (EV). Result...
Article
Full-text available
The central goal of this paper is to present a Social Accounting Matrix of the Mexican economy for the year 1996, detailing the methodology we follow in building it. And, as a second goal, to illustrate its usefulness we carry out a basic structural analysis to study the impact of some exogenous shocks, applying an extension of Leontief�s model. Sp...

Questions

Questions (2)
Question
Thank you very much. I will try to pose my question in a different way: I do not need links to the package manual nor to descriptions of the functions, etc. What I would like to know is how to prepare data from my own input-output table and import it into R, so that I can, then, work with ioanalysis applying its functions
Question
I'd like to start working with ioanalysis the R package for input-output analysis
looks like a nice package but I'm having a hard time trying to prepare and import data
I have not found any tutorial, beginners help, worked example, or similar
if someone can let me know about something it would be highly appreciated
g

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