Gary A Weisman

Gary A Weisman
University of Missouri | Mizzou · Department of Biochemistry

About

211
Publications
16,755
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
10,115
Citations
Introduction

Publications

Publications (211)
Article
Purpose: To develop a mouse model of human dry eye disease (DED) for investigation of sex differences in autoimmune-associated dry eye pathology. Methods: Ocular surface disease was assessed by quantifying corneal epithelial damage with lissamine green stain in the NOD.H-2h4,IFNγ-/-,CD28-/- (NOD.H-2h4 DKO) mouse model of Sjögren's syndrome (SS)....
Article
P2Y receptors (nomenclature as agreed by the NC-IUPHAR Subcommittee on P2Y Receptors [3, 5, 192]) are activated by the endogenous ligands ATP, ADP, uridine triphosphate, uridine diphosphate and UDP-glucose. The relationship of many of the cloned receptors to endogenously expressed receptors is not yet established and so it might be appropriate to u...
Article
Full-text available
Annually, >600,000 new cases of head and neck cancer (HNC) are diagnosed worldwide with primary treatment being surgery and radiotherapy. During ionizing radiation (IR) treatment of HNC, healthy salivary glands are collaterally damaged, leading to loss of function that severely diminishes the quality of life for patients due to increased health com...
Article
Full-text available
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections remain unmanageable in some parts of the world. As with other RNA viruses, mutations in the SARS-CoV-2 gene have been continuously evolving. Recently, four variants have been identified, B.1.1.7, B.1.351, P.1 and CAL.20C. These variants appear to be more infectious and transmis...
Preprint
Global spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has triggered unprecedented scientific efforts, as well as containment and treatment measures. Despite these efforts, SARS-CoV-2 infections remain unmanageable in some parts of the world. Due to inherent mutability of RNA viruses, it is not surprising that the SARS-CoV-2...
Article
Objective Sjögren’s syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune exocrinopathy characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the salivary and lacrimal glands and decreased saliva and tear production. Previous studies indicate that the G protein-coupled P2Y2 nucleotide receptor (P2Y2R) is upregulated in numerous models of salivary gland inflammation (i.e. s...
Article
Purinergic receptors for extracellular nucleotides and nucleosides contribute to a vast array of cellular and tissue functions, including cell proliferation, intracellular and transmembrane ion flux, immunomodulation and thrombosis. In mammals, the purinergic receptor system is composed of G protein-coupled P1 receptors A1, A2A, A2B and A3 for extr...
Article
Purinergic receptors for extracellular nucleotides and nucleosides contribute to a vast array of cellular and tissue functions, including cell proliferation, intracellular and transmembrane ion flux, immunomodulation and thrombosis. In mammals, the purinergic receptor system is composed of G protein-coupled P1 receptors A 1 , A 2A , A 2B and A 3 fo...
Article
Full-text available
Salivary glands sustain collateral damage following radiotherapy (RT) to treat cancers of the head and neck, leading to complications, including mucositis, xerostomia and hyposalivation. Despite salivary gland-sparing techniques and modified dosing strategies, long-term hypofunction remains a significant problem. Current therapeutic interventions p...
Article
Full-text available
Thermoresponsive cell culture plates release cells as confluent living sheets in response to small changes in temperature, with recovered cell sheets retaining functional extracellular matrix proteins and tight junctions, both of which indicate formation of intact and functional tissue. Our recent studies demonstrated that cell sheets are highly ef...
Article
Full-text available
Copper (Cu) is an essential, yet potentially toxic nutrient, as illustrated by inherited diseases of copper deficiency and excess. Elevated expression of the ATP7A Cu exporter is known to confer copper tolerance, however, the contribution of metal-binding metallothioneins is less clear. In this study, we investigated the relative contributions of A...
Article
Full-text available
Although often overlooked in our daily lives, saliva performs a host of necessary physiological functions, including lubricating and protecting the oral cavity, facilitating taste sensation and digestion and maintaining tooth enamel. Therefore, salivary gland dysfunction and hyposalivation, often resulting from pathogenesis of the autoimmune diseas...
Article
P2Y receptors (nomenclature as agreed by the NC-IUPHAR Subcommittee on P2Y Receptors [3, 5]) are activated by the endogenous ligands ATP, ADP, uridine triphosphate, uridine diphosphate and UDP-glucose. The relationship of many of the cloned receptors to endogenously expressed receptors is not yet established and so it might be appropriate to use wo...
Article
Full-text available
Head and neck cancer treatments typically involve a combination of surgery and radiotherapy, often leading to collateral damage to nearby tissues causing unwanted side effects. Radiation damage to salivary glands frequently leads to irreversible dysfunction by poorly understood mechanisms. The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is a ligand-gated ion channel act...
Article
Full-text available
Lysyl oxidase (LOX) and LOX-like (LOXL) proteins are copper-dependent metalloenzymes with well-documented roles in tumor metastasis and fibrotic diseases. The mechanism by which copper is delivered to these enzymes is poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrate that the copper transporter ATP7A is necessary for the activity of LOX and LOXL enz...
Article
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by three major histopathological markers: amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques, neurofibrillary tangles and gliosis in the central nervous system (CNS). It is now accepted that neuroinflammatory events in the CNS play a crucial role in the development of AD. This review fo...
Article
Objective: Interleukin-14α-transgenic (IL-14αTG) mice develop an autoimmune exocrinopathy with characteristics similar to Sjögren's syndrome, including sialadenitis and hyposalivation. The P2Y2 receptor (P2Y2 R) for extracellular ATP and UTP is upregulated during salivary gland inflammation (i.e., sialadenitis) where it regulates numerous inflamma...
Article
CD40/CD40L interactions play a critical role in immunity and autoimmunity. In this study, we sought to understand the requirement for CD40 signaling in the programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) checkpoint and CD28 costimulatory pathways important for maintenance of peripheral tolerance. Blocking either pathway can result in loss of self-tolerance and deve...
Article
Full-text available
Salivary gland inflammation is a hallmark of Sjogrens syndrome (SS), a common autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the salivary gland and loss of saliva secretion, predominantly in women. The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is an ATP-gated non-selective cation channel that induces inflammatory responses in cells and tissues, includ...
Article
Full-text available
Copper is an essential yet potentially toxic trace element that is required by all aerobic organisms. A key regulator of copper homeostasis in mammalian cells is the copper-transporting P-type ATPase ATP7A, which mediates copper transport from the cytoplasm into the secretory pathway, as well as copper export across the plasma membrane. Previous st...
Article
Full-text available
Endothelial cells release ATP in response to fluid shear stress, which activates purinergic (P2) receptor-mediated signaling molecules including endothelial nitric oxide (eNOS), a regulator of vascular tone. While P2 receptor-mediated signaling in the vasculature is well studied, the role of P2Y2 receptors in shear stress-associated endothelial cel...
Article
Full-text available
Sixty to seventy percent of IFN-γ(-/-) NOD.H-2h4 mice given sodium iodide (NaI)-supplemented water develop a slow onset autoimmune thyroid disease, characterized by thyrocyte epithelial cell (TEC) hyperplasia and proliferation (H/P). TEC H/P develops much earlier in CD28(-/-) mice and nearly 100% (both sexes) have severe TEC H/P at 4 mo of age. Wit...
Article
Background and aims: The internalization of aggregated low-density lipoproteins (agLDL) mediated by low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein (LRP1) may involve the actin cytoskeleton in ways that differ from the endocytosis of soluble LDL by the LDL receptor (LDLR). This study aims to define novel mechanisms of agLDL uptake through modulat...
Article
Erratum to: Purinergic Signalling (2006) 2(3):471–480 DOI 10.1007/s11302-006-9015-1 This article was unintentionally published twice in this journal. Following should be considered the version of record and used for citation purposes: “Cheikh I. Seye, Qiongman Kong, Ningpu Yu, Fernando A. Gonzalez, Laurie Erb & Gary A. Weisman, P2 receptors in...
Article
Full-text available
Menkes disease is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder arising from a systemic copper deficiency caused by loss-of-function mutations in a ubiquitously expressed copper transporter, ATP7A. Although this disorder reveals an essential role for copper in the developing human nervous system, the role of ATP7A in the pathogenesis of signs and symptoms in...
Article
Full-text available
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a multi-functional cytokine with a well-described role in the regulation of tissue fibrosis and regeneration in the liver, kidney and lung. Submandibular gland (SMG) duct ligation and subsequent deligation in rodents is a classical model for studying salivary gland damage and regeneration. While previous stud...
Article
ATP7A is a copper transporting P-type ATPase that is essential for cellular copper homeostasis. Loss-of-function mutations in the ATP7A gene result in Menkes disease, a fatal neurodegenerative disorder resulting in seizures, hypotonia, and failure to thrive due to systemic copper deficiency. Most recently, rare missense mutations in ATP7A that do n...
Article
Full-text available
Vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin) mediates homophylic adhesion between endothelial cells and is an important regulator of angiogenesis, blood vessel permeability and leukocyte trafficking. Rac1, a member of the Rho family of GTPases, controls VE-cadherin adhesion by acting downstream of several growth factors, including angiopoietin-1 and...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive, age-dependent neurodegenerative disorder affecting specific brain regions that control memory and cognitive functions. Epidemiological studies suggest that exercise and dietary antioxidants are beneficial in reducing AD risk. To date, botanical flavonoids are consistently associated with the prevention of...
Article
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia, affecting more than 10% of people over the age of 65. Age is the greatest risk factor for AD, although a combination of genetic, lifestyle and environmental factors also contribute to disease development. Common features of AD are the formation of plaques composed of beta-amyloid peptid...
Article
Full-text available
Aberrant nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase-1 (NPP1) activity is associated with chondrocalcinosis, osteoarthritis, and type 2 diabetes. The potential of NPP1 inhibitors as therapeutic agents, and the scarceness of their structure-activity relationship, encouraged us to develop new NPP1 inhibitors. Specifically, we synthesized ATP-α-thio-...
Article
Full-text available
Hyposalivation resulting from salivary gland dysfunction leads to poor oral health and greatly reduces the quality of life of patients. Current treatments for hyposalivation are limited. However, regenerative medicine to replace dysfunctional salivary glands represents a revolutionary approach. The ability of dispersed salivary epithelial cells or...
Article
Full-text available
Focus on Prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) is the main acid phosphatase with 5'-ectonucleotidase activity in the male mouse saliva and regulates salivation.
Article
Full-text available
Neuroinflammation is a prominent feature in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and activation of the brain's innate immune system, particularly microglia, has been postulated to both retard and accelerate AD progression. Recent studies indicate that the G protein-coupled P2Y2 nucleotide receptor (P2Y2R) is an important regulator of innate immunity by assisti...
Article
The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β), whose levels are elevated in the brain in Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases, has been shown to have both detrimental and beneficial effects on disease progression. In this paper, we demonstrate that incubation of mouse primary cortical neurons (mPCNs) with IL-1β increases the expre...
Data
Supplementary Fig. 1 Sequence of the trans-splicing product. The F2-R4 product shown in Fig. 3 was cloned and sequenced to confirm correct splicing. Exon junctions are indicated by the thick vertical bars.
Article
P2Y receptors are G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that are activated by adenine and uridine nucleotides and nucleotide sugars. There are eight subtypes of P2Y receptors (P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, P2Y6, P2Y11, P2Y12, P2Y13, and P2Y14), which activate intracellular signaling cascades to regulate a variety of cellular processes, including proliferation, d...
Article
Full-text available
The essential requirement for copper in early development is dramatically illustrated by Menkes disease, a fatal neurodegenerative disorder of early childhood caused by loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding the copper transporting ATPase, ATP7A. In this study, we generated mice with enterocyte-specific knockout of the murine ATP7A gene (A...
Article
Full-text available
P2Y receptors for extracellular nucleotides are coupled to activation of a variety of G proteins and stimulate diverse intracellular signaling pathways that regulate functions of cell types that comprise the central nervous system (CNS). There are 8 different subtypes of P2Y receptor expressed in cells of the CNS that are activated by a select grou...
Article
Full-text available
The transition metal, copper (Cu), is an enzymatic cofactor required for a wide range of biochemical processes. Its essentiality is demonstrated by Menkes disease, an X-linked copper deficiency disorder characterized by defects in nervous-, cardiovascular- and skeletal systems, and is caused by mutations in the ATP7A copper transporter. Certain ATP...
Article
The activation by extracellular nucleotides of pancreatic P2Y receptors, particularly, the P2Y(1)R subtype, increases insulin secretion. Therefore, we developed analogues of the P2Y(1)R receptor agonist 2-MeS-ADP, as potential antidiabetic drugs. Analogue 3A was found to be a potent P2Y(1)R agonist (EC(50) = 0.038 μM vs 0.0025 μM for 2-MeS-ADP) sho...
Article
Full-text available
Inflammation of the salivary gland is a well-documented aspect of salivary gland dysfunction that occurs in Sjogren's syndrome (SS), an autoimmune disease, and in γ-radiation-induced injury during treatment of head and neck cancers. Extracellular nucleotides have gained recognition as key modulators of inflammation through activation of cell surfac...
Article
Extracellular nucleotides induce cellular responses in the central nervous system (CNS) through the activation of ionotropic P2X and metabotropic P2Y nucleotide receptors. Activation of these receptors regulates a wide range of physiological and pathological processes. In this review, we present an overview of the current literature regarding P2X a...
Article
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by polyglutamine expansion in the amino-terminus of huntingtin (HTT). HD offers unique opportunities for promising RNA-based therapeutic approaches aimed at reducing mutant HTT expression, since the HD mutation is considered to be a "gain-of-function" mutation. All...
Article
Full-text available
Purinergic signaling plays a unique role in the brain by integrating neuronal and glial cellular circuits. The metabotropic P1 adenosine receptors and P2Y nucleotide receptors and ionotropic P2X receptors control numerous physiological functions of neuronal and glial cells and have been implicated in a wide variety of neuropathologies. Emerging res...
Article
Two key players involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD) are amyloid beta protein (Aβ) and apolipoprotein E (apoE). Aβ increases apoE protein levels in astrocytes which is associated with cholesterol trafficking, neuroinflammatory responses and Aβ clearance. The mechanism for the increase in apoE protein abundance is not understood. Based on different...
Article
J. Neurochem. (2012) 121, 228–238. Amyloid β-protein (Aβ) deposits in brains of Alzheimer’s disease patients generate proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines that recruit microglial cells to phagocytose Aβ. Nucleotides released from apoptotic cells activate P2Y2 receptors (P2Y2Rs) in macrophages to promote clearance of dead cells. In this study, w...
Article
Dinucleoside polyphosphates, Np(n)N', exert their physiological effects via P2 receptors (P2Rs). Np(n)N' are attractive drug candidates as they offer better stability and specificity compared to nucleotides, the most common P2R ligands. To further improve the agonist properties of Np(n)N', we synthesized novel isosters of dinucleoside polyphosphate...
Article
Full-text available
Activation of glial cells, including astrocytes and microglia, has been implicated in the inflammatory responses underlying brain injury and neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Although cultured astrocytes and microglia are capable of responding to pro-inflammatory cytokines and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the...
Article
Full-text available
Copper (Cu) is an essential micronutrient. Its ability to exist in 2 oxidation states (Cu(1+) and Cu(2+)) allows it to function as an enzymatic cofactor in hydrolytic, electron transfer, and oxygen utilization reactions. Cu transporters CTR1, ATP7A, and ATP7B play key roles in ensuring that adequate Cu is available for Cu-requiring processes and th...
Article
This study provides an examination of spatial learning and a behavioral assessment of irritability and locomotion in TgCRND8 mice, an amyloid precursor protein transgenic model of Alzheimer's disease. Performance was assessed using the Barnes maze, the touch escape test, and an open-field test. While past research focused primarily on 2-5-month-old...
Article
Full-text available
Excessive production of Aβ (amyloid β-peptide) has been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of AD (Alzheimer's disease). Although not yet well understood, aggregation of Aβ is known to cause toxicity to neurons. Our recent study demonstrated the ability for oligomeric Aβ to stimulate the production of ROS (reactive oxygen species) i...
Article
Full-text available
The use of polarized salivary gland cell monolayers has contributed to our understanding of salivary gland physiology. However, these cell models are not representative of glandular epithelium in vivo, and, therefore, are not ideal for investigating salivary epithelial functions. The current study has developed a three-dimensional (3D) cell culture...