Gary L. Miller

Gary L. Miller
United States Department of Agriculture | USDA · Agricultural Research Service (ARS)

BA, MS, Ph.D.

About

124
Publications
26,524
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2,066
Citations
Citations since 2016
32 Research Items
1233 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Additional affiliations
May 1991 - present
United States Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service
Position
  • Research Entomologist

Publications

Publications (124)
Article
Full-text available
Charles Valentine Riley (1843-1895) is an icon of American entomology. His contributions to insect ecology, economic entomology, and insect systematics/ taxonomy are a sampling of an impactful career that still resonates today. His insect collection, at the time, was one of the largest general collections in North America and served as the basis fo...
Article
Thelaxes suberi (Del Guercio) was found for the first time in North America. The first collection was on a single potted oak tree in rural Marion County, Florida. Morphological and molecular techniques were used to determine the identity of this adventive species. The find was reported first only as a quarantinable pest, because the prior whereabou...
Article
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This is the first study to research management strategies for cotton leafroll dwarf virus (CLRDV) in the southeastern U.S. The efficacy of aphid vector management to reduce final CLRDV incidence was investigated concurrent with efforts to monitor aphid population dynamics and timing of CLRDV spread. Adjusting the planting date and insecticide appli...
Article
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Insects are important in human culture and society from many aspects. Not only do they compete for our food and fiber but they also are important in the transmission of animal and plant diseases. Insects provide many beneficial aspects to human society such pollination, biological control. An area of study often overlooked with insects is that of C...
Article
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Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) are a lineage of ~5200 plant‐feeding insects most abundant in temperate regions. The diversification of aphids is thought to be a rapid radiation, whereas abiotic and biotic factors heavily influence the morphologies. These factors have clouded the taxonomy at all taxonomic ranks, and the effect can be viewed in many i...
Article
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Although 17 species of Rhopalosiphum (Hemiptera: Aphididae) are currently recognized, 85 taxonomic names have been proposed historically. Some species are morphologically similar, especially alate individuals and most synonymies were proposed in catalogues without evidence. This has led to both confusion and difficulty in making accurate species-le...
Presentation
The foundation for a national insect collection in Washington, D.C. was laid in the 1850s-1870s by workers such as Townend Glover and Charles R. Dodge. But, the addition of C.V. Riley’s personal insect collection to the Smithsonian Institution was a key contribution in the realization a national insect collection. Riley’s collection not only signif...
Data
Colorized low temperature scanning electron micrograph of Aphis ruborum nymph. Photo courtesy of Eric W. Riddick, Gary L. Miller, Christopher L. Owen, and Gary R. Bauchan USDA, ARS. See https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/iez045.
Article
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An adventive aphid and novel host-parasitoid association from cultivated strawberry (Fragaria × ananessa Duch. cv. Chandler; Fragaria × ananessa Duch. cv. Camarosa) in Mississippi, USA are reported herein. The aphid, first detected in high tunnel cultivation, was found predominately on newly emerged, not fully developed leaflets of daughter plants...
Article
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Phorodon cannabis Passerini (Hemiptera: Aphididae: Macrosiphini) is reported for the first time as a pest of Cannabis L. crops in North America. The insect has been confirmed from fields of industrial hemp in Colorado and Virginia and has been found present within greenhouses in at least several American states and one Canadian province. The generi...
Article
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We designate a neotype for Rhopalosiphum laconae Taber 1993 and synonymize it with Rhopalosiphum enigmae Hottes and Frison 1931 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) based on geographic, morphological, and molecular evidence. We list 16 new state/province records and provide notes on morphology and natural history for R. enigmae. Additionally, we review and inclu...
Article
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The three species of Hyalopterus Koch cause economic damage to various stone fruit trees of the genus Prunus L., H. pruni (Geoffroy), H. amygdali (Blanchard), and H. persikonus Miller et al. Although the third species was established recently, it has been suggested that one of the twelve older synonyms of the first two may be applicable to the thir...
Chapter
This chapter explores various dimensions of taxonomic knowledge in Aphidoidea. Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects mostly ranging between 1.5 and 3.5 mm in length; they use piercing-sucking mouthparts to feed on plants. In addition to causing mechanical damage by this action, aphids serve as the largest group of vectors of plant viruses. More tha...
Article
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We explore and expand on the morphological term digitule. The term was originally proposed for toe-like setae on a species of Phylloxera Boyer de Fonscolombe, 1834 (Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Aphidomor-pha) by Henry Shimer, an American naturalist. While it is standard terminology in scale systematics (Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Coccidomorpha), the...
Article
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Chaetosiphella stipae stipae is a xerothermophilous aphid, associated with Palaearctic temperate steppe zones or dry mountain valleys, where there are grasses from the genus Stipa. Its geographical distribution shows several populations that are spread from Spain, across Europe and Asia Minor, to Mongolia and China. Geographical variation in chaeto...
Article
Host-associated differentiation (HAD) is the formation of genetically distinct, host-associated populations created and maintained by ecologically mediated reproductive isolation. HAD potentially accounts for species origins in parasites, including herbivorous insects. Although case studies testing the occurrence of HAD are accumulating, it is stil...
Article
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Two hundred and sixty-two adventive aphids (Hemiptera: Aphidoidea) have been previously reported in North America north of Mexico. We update this to include 25 previously unrecorded species, and include information on the location and date of first discovery, biogeographic origin, and economically important North American hosts for these species. T...
Article
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A taxonomic and nomenclatural catalog of the phylloxerids (Hemiptera, Phylloxeridae) is presented. Six family-group names are listed, three being synonyms. Thirty-five genus-group names, of which six are subjectively valid, are presented with their type species, etymology, and grammatical gender. Ninety-four species-group names are listed, of which...
Article
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The aphids Takecallis taiwana (Takahashi, 1926) and T. arun-dinariae (Essig, 1917) were collected from two locations in the Department of Cundinamarca (Colombia) and one location within 90 km of the city of Bogota on plants of the Phyllostachys sp. (Poaceae: Bambusoideae). This represents the first record of these species from the northern half of...
Article
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We report 39 species, belonging to 22 genera of aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae), collected within and near the boundary of the Valles Caldera National Preserve in the Jemez Mountains of northern New Mexico, USA. Of these, 26 (67%) represent new distribution records for New Mexico. Plant genera/species from which the specimens were collected also are...
Article
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Scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) are small herbivorous insects found on all continents except Antarctica. They are extremely invasive, and many species are serious agricultural pests. They are also emerging models for studies of the evolution of genetic systems, endosymbiosis and plant-insect interactions. ScaleNet was launched in 1995 to provi...
Article
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A taxonomic and nomenclatural Catalogue of the adelgids (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) is presented. Six family group names are listed, five being synonyms of Adelgidae. Twenty-two genus-group names, of which nine are subjectively valid and in use, are presented with their type species, etymology, and grammatical gender. One hundred and six species-group n...
Conference Paper
A synthesis of the available information regarding ecological associations between Neuropterida species and Sternorrhyncha (Hemiptera) is presented, with emphasis on species of economic importance of both, the predators (e.g., Coniopterygidae, Chrysopidae, Hemerobiidae) and the phytophagous species (e.g., aphids).
Article
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We report and describe the first species of Atheroides Haliday presumed to be native to North America, collected at the Valles Caldera National Preserve, New Mexico, USA. We hypothesize its placement among the Siphini based on morphological, phylogenetic analysis and extend the distribution of the genus to the Holoarctic. We expand the key of the k...
Article
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An adventive, previously undescribed species, Neophyllaphis varicolor Miller and Halbert, n. sp., is described and illustrated. A modified key to Neophyllaphis found on Podocarpus spp. (Podocarpaceae) and a key to Neophyllaphis in the USA are provided.
Article
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Five species of the aphid genus Sipha Passerini (Hemiptera: Aphididae) are reported in North America and are reviewed herein. Of these species, three are adventive species and include: Sipha elegans del Guercio, Sipha glyceriae (Kaltenbach), and Sipha maydis Passerini. Sipha maydis was discovered in California in 2007 and now has been found in Geor...
Article
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1. cope slide-mounted insect specimens present special problems for DNA extraction due to chemical clearing techniques and subsequent specimen preservation. 2. Filter paper is routinely used for DNA storage in other biological disciplines (e.g. medicine), but is not widely used in entomology. 3. A system for room temperature storage of DNA with mic...
Article
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Biodiversity science and conservation increasingly depend on the sharing and integration of large amounts of data, but many researchers resist sharing their primary biodiversity data. We recently conducted an international survey to ascertain the attitudes, experiences, and expectations regarding biodiversity data sharing and archiving of researche...
Article
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The syntypes of Siphonophora fragariae var. immaculata Riley were rediscovered in the aphid collection of the United States of America National Museum of Natural History. The name (S. fragariae immaculata) previously being largely lost and forgotten, we here establish it as the senior synonym of Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas). Reversal of preceden...
Article
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We fix and describe the neotype of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, and publish its DNA barcode.
Conference Paper
A longstanding agreement between the USDA and the Smithsonian Institution created the National Insect Collection, one of the premiere entomological resources on the planet. Since its inception, USDA scientists associated with the National Insect Collection have been at the forefront of documenting insect biodiversity and providing research results...
Conference Paper
The talk explores the initial findings of the aphid fauna of Valles Caldera National Preserve, NM.
Conference Paper
Prey of the Neuropterida are often listed simply as "small, soft-bodied insects." This study takes a much closer look at the associations of the Neuropterida and the sternorryhynchous Hemiptera through a world literature review.
Article
A molecular and biometric assessment and redescription of Myzodium mimulicola (Drews and Sampson) are provided. New North American host and distributional data are presented, including the first record from Alaska. Myzodium knowltoni (Smith and Robinson) is a junior subjective synonym of M. mimulicola, based on molecular-sequence and morphological...
Article
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Uroleucon (Lambersius) escalantii (Knowlton) (syn. nov.) is declared a junior synonym of Uroleucon (Lambersius) erigeronense (Thomas) based on examination of slide mounted material from many hosts and localities, using data from host plant transfers, and DNA sequences. A diagnosis and new information on the host plant biology of the species are als...
Article
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The aphidologist community attending the Seventh International Symposium on Aphids in Fremantle (Western Australia, 2005) entrusted to us the preparation of a Part of the List of Available Names in Zoology devoted to the aphid genus-group taxa names, and this to be presented at the subsequent aphid symposium. During the course of our work (Nieto Na...
Article
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The first Newfoundland records are given for 12 Palearctic species: the aphids Acyrthosiphon caraganae (Cholodkovsky), A. pisum (Harris), Hyperomyzus lactucae (L.), Macrosiphoniella artemisiae (Boyer de Fonscolombe), Pleotrichophorus glandulosus (Kaltenbach), Tuberculatus annulatus (Hartig), and Uroleucon cirsii (L.); leafhoppers Athysanus argentar...
Article
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Adult chrysopids have paired prothoracic glands (PG) that are thought to produce defensive secretions (allomones). We analyzed PG extracts of the following green lacewings from North and South America, Australia, and China: Ceraeochrysa cubana (Brazil); Chrysopa (= Co.) oculata, Co. nigricornis, Co. incompleta, Co. quadripunc-tata (USA), and Co. se...
Article
For the most part, the most economically important insect and mite pests are known to science, and their position in our classification system is resolved'.
Article
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Examination of DNA sequences of the 5' end of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene of Aulacorthum solani (Kaltenbach) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) reveals little variation between samples from broad geographic provenances. The apparent genetic similarity despite A. solani's morphological and biological differences contrasts with the species comple...
Article
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Information on 263 Neuropterida/Coccoidea associations with additional detailed data on the most commonly encountered taxa is presented. Included for each entry, where applicable, is the predator, Coccoidea prey, validation source, prey plant host, and biogeographic origin.
Article
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While preparing a proposal for a Part of the List of Available Names in Zoology devoted to the aphid genus-group names, we found errors of nomenclatural importance for 95 names. We here present corrections and clarifications for these genus-group names with precise reference to the rules of nomenclature established in the International Code of Zool...
Article
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Since the publication of the Catalog of the Aphid Genera Described from the New World (Favret et al. 2008), several errors and omissions have come to light. We here make corrections to seven genus-group names and add 17 valid and nine invalid generic names, raising the total number of available New World genus-group names to 232. Future nomenclatur...
Article
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Human history has recorded innumerable conflicts. The massing of humanity, poor sanitary conditions, and disease are among the many factors that take their toll during wars. However, the role that insects play in these conditions has often been overlooked by historians, despite the pivotal role that insects have played. The American Civil War (1861...
Article
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The types of Aphis mali var. fulviventris, var. nigricollis, var. nigriventris, var. obsoleta, var. pallidicornis, var. tergata, var. thoracica, and var. triseriata (all Fitch 1855) were rediscovered in the aphid collection of the United States of America National Museum of Natural History. Previously considered nomina dubia, we here establish them...