Gary Michael Burlingame

Gary Michael Burlingame
Brigham Young University - Provo Main Campus | BYU · Department of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

242
Publications
171,531
Reads
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7,015
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 1983 - present
Brigham Young University - Provo Main Campus
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (242)
Article
This brief response addresses questions and concerns raised by Moritz and colleagues regarding our Burlingame et al.'s (2020) meta-analysis of group protocols effectiveness with patients diagnosed with schizophrenia (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).
Article
Research has repeatedly demonstrated that individual and group psychotherapy are equally effective. Compassion‐focused therapy (CFT) has been shown to be an effective approach to treating individuals with a wide range of presenting mental health concerns. In this study, we discuss the basic tenets of CFT and introduce a 12‐module CFT group psychoth...
Article
It is not yet fully understood how alliance, cohesion, and climate differentially correlate with client outcome in group therapy, especially when assessed simultaneously. This study aims to elucidate these relationships through an archival analysis of continuous Group Questionnaire (GQ) and Outcome Questionnaire-45 (OQ-45) data from 412 group thera...
Article
This article reviews group psychotherapy research published within the past 30 years, predominantly focusing on outcomes of group treatments for patients with various mental disorders. Additionally, meta-analyses on the efficacy of group treatments for patients with cancer or chronic pain are summarized. Results strongly support the use of group th...
Article
Full-text available
Heart rate variability (HRV) is considered an index of self-regulatory capacity, and trait compassion predicts healthy HRV and self-regulation. Compassion focused psychotherapy interventions have been shown to increase levels of compassion in the general population but no studies to date have examined if these interventions also increase HRV in a d...
Article
The identification of relationship ruptures in group therapy coupled with repair efforts by the group leader are addressed from a measurement-based care (MBC) perspective. Several MBC systems are now recognized as evidence-based treatments, and these systems typically use self-report assessment of both outcome and relationship measures. After layin...
Article
Study objectives: Insomnia is a risk factor for suicidal behavior including attempts and death by suicide. We investigated whether insomnia symptom severity was associated with suicidality and death by suicide in patients with psychiatric disorders. Methods: The sample included 180 deceased patients with psychiatric disorders seen at Weber Human...
Chapter
The virtues and benefits of compassion have been a focus of philosophers and religions around the world for millennia. Compassion, according to various groups, is godlike, necessary to enlightenment, and a key to happiness. Compassion blesses both the receiver and the giver: His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama often says that if you want others to be...
Article
The addition of group psychotherapy as a specialty by the APA in 2018 creates a need for rigorous empirical reviews of group treatments for specific disorders. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that tested the effect of group psychotherapy for mood disorders, including depression and bipolar disorder, at posttreatm...
Article
Full-text available
The Group Questionnaire (GQ) is a measure recently developed by Krogel et al. (2013) for the evaluation of the therapeutic relationship in group. The GQ identifies a three-factor model of the relationship that allows to measure quality (Positive Bonding, Positive Working and Negative Relationship) and structure (member-member, member-leader and mem...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) threatened not only people's physical health but also every aspect of their psychological well-being: from their struggle to avoid contracting the disease, to their coping with the disruption of the normal course of their lives, to the trauma they endured when the virus took the lives of those they love...
Article
Objectives: The feasibility and acceptability of a new Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT) group protocol were assessed in a university counseling and psychological services (CAPS) center. Outcome measures included mechanisms of change, compassion, and general psychiatric distress. Method: Eight transdiagnostic CFT groups composed of 75 clients met fo...
Article
The effectiveness of group treatments for people with schizophrenia has not been examined on symptom-specific (positive and negative symptoms) outcomes, and the differential effects of the most popular group treatments remain unknown. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that tested (a) the effectiveness of 7 frequently used...
Article
This review ties in with earlier summaries of studies on group therapy research, predominantly focusing on the outcome of group therapy for various disorders. Meanwhile, an increasing number of meta-analyses dealing with this question have been published that are summarized together with results related to group treatment for patients with cancer a...
Article
Objective: This meta-analysis evaluates the efficacy of group psychotherapy in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Method: A comprehensive literature search using PubMed, PsychInfo, Web of Science, CENTRAL, and manual searches was conducted to locate randomized controlled trials. We found 57 eligible studies (k = 76 comparisons) including 3656 part...
Chapter
Cohesion is the most popular relationship construct in the group therapy literature. This chapter reviews common definitions of cohesion and the most frequently studied measures. The authors also discuss a measure that may clarify group relations using two latent factors (quality and structure) to explain common variance among frequently used group...
Article
Introduction Insomnia is a risk factor for suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and suicide. Due to stigma and fear of consequences, some patients who are seriously contemplating suicide may hesitate to report their suicidal ideations. Insomnia symptoms are far less stigmatizing and may serve as a potent marker for suicide even when patients do not...
Article
Treatment guidelines for borderline personality disorder (BPD) recommend psychotherapy as an important, if not essential, component of patient care. The current study is a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing group psychotherapy for BPD with treatment as usual (TAU). We included moderator analysis to examine how outcomes differ b...
Article
Cohesion is the most popular of the relationship constructs in the group therapy literature. This article reviews common definitions of cohesion, the most frequently studied measures, and a measure that may clarify group relations using two latent factors (quality and structure) to explain common variance among frequently used group relationship in...
Article
There is a constant tension between having measures short enough for daily practice and long enough to provide useful information. Although shorter measures are more convenient for clients, fewer items necessarily mean less information, a loss of psychometrics, and possible floor and ceiling effects. This study examined the effects of shortening th...
Article
The use of feedback based on outcome and process measures to inform treatment is gaining ground as one form of evidence-based treatment. However, little is known regarding how therapists actually use feedback, particularly from process measures, to affect treatment. This two-part qualitative study used session-by-session and treatment-episode narra...
Article
The use of outcome monitoring systems to identify clients that are at-risk for treatment failure has now become part of daily clinical practice, shown in >25 empirical studies to improve client outcomes. These promising findings have led to outcome monitoring systems being recognized as evidence-based. Feedback systems based on client perception of...
Article
Routine outcome monitoring (ROM) systems that identify clients at-risk for treatment failure using outcome and therapeutic process measures are a recognized evidence-based practice. However, only 3 empirical studies have tested ROMs in group therapy, producing mixed results. This randomized clinical trial tested the Outcome Questionnaire System, th...
Chapter
Persönliche Bewertungen und Verhaltensweisen infrage zu stellen und zu einer Diff erenzierung von kognitiven Prozessen, emotionalem Erleben und gezeigtem Verhalten zu kommen sind die Schwerpunkte verhaltenstherapeutischer Interventionen.
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel wird ausgehend von verschiedenen Strategien der Wirksamkeitsbeurteilung von (Gruppen-)Psychotherapien die Evidenz für die Wirksamkeit von Gruppentherapien im Vergleich zu Einzeltherapien in Abhängigkeit von der formalen Veränderungstheorie, dem Setting und den behandelten Störungen beschrieben. Behandlungsökonomische Aspekte, mögl...
Article
Understanding and intervening at the connection between group dynamics and member behavior has been a long-standing challenge. Functional subgrouping (FS) is the core Systems-centered training and therapy (SCT) method and is hypothesized to solve vexing member/group dynamic problems such as scapegoating. The self-report Functional Subgrouping Quest...
Article
Among psychological treatments for panic disorder (PD) with or without agoraphobia, group therapy is an established and cost-effective treatment. The typical review assessing the effects of psychological treatments for PD merges findings from both individual and group formats. What is absent from the literature is a meta-analysis that separately su...
Article
We summarize major research findings from the past 25 years within the larger evolution of group psychotherapy. Small group process findings are highlighted from a group-as-a-whole, interpersonal relation, subgroup, individual member characteristics, and leader perspective. Special emphasis is given to cohesion and the significant correlation betwe...
Article
There are mixed findings regarding the differential efficacy of the group and individual format. One explanation of these mixed findings is that nearly all-recent meta-analyses use between-study effect sizes to test format equivalence introducing uncontrolled differences in patients, treatments, and outcome measures. Only 3 meta-analyses were locat...
Article
Data from psychotherapy groups are nested by nature. Ignoring this nesting when performing statistical tests can result in inflated Type I error rates and spurious significant results. This presents a serious problem for interpreting research that does not account for members nested within a specific group. Factor analytic methods are not immune to...
Article
Zusammenfassung Gruppen- und Einzelpsychotherapien konnen im Hinblick auf verschiedene Kriterien miteinander verglichen werden. So sind fur die Implementierung der Therapie neben ihrer Wirksamkeit auch die Akzeptanz des Therapieformats bei den Patienten sowie die Kosteneffektivitat von Bedeutung. In dieser Ubersicht wird uber metaanalytische Forsch...
Article
The present meta-analysis evaluates the efficacy of group psychotherapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) compared against wait-list control groups, individual psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and common factor control groups examined in randomized-controlled trials. Electronic databases were searched for eligible studies. Between-group effect...
Article
Group psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD) is an established treatment supported by findings from primary studies and earlier meta-analyses. However, a comprehensive summary of the recent evidence is still pending. This meta-analysis investigates the efficacy of group psychotherapy for adult patients with SAD. A literature search identif...
Chapter
Full-text available
Recent efforts to improve group psychotherapy have focused on codifying both evidencebased treatments and therapeutic relationships. This chapter reviews the numerous advances in empirical research on group psychotherapy and highlights therapeutic practices ensuing from the evidence. The authors synthesize some of the most crucial development in gr...
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Full-text available
While empirically-supported treatment (EST) choices are continually expanding, choices regarding formats for delivery (individual only, group only, or conjoint [simultaneous individual & group]) are often determined by agency resources or clinician preference. Studies comparing individual and group formats have produced mixed results, while recent...
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Full-text available
This study examined the relationships among the group process measured by the Group Climate Questionnaire, the Cohesion to the Therapist Scale and Cohesion to the Group Scale, and the Curative Climate Instrument to explore higher order factors that explained the group relationship in a sample of 91 female university students attending six interpers...
Article
The Group Questionnaire (GQ) is a recently developed survey that assesses the quality of the therapeutic relationship in group treatment by measuring quality across 3 structural dimensions of the relationship: member-member, member-leader, and member- group. Its 3 quality subscales-Positive Bonding Relationship, Positive Working Relationship, and N...
Article
Full-text available
Functional subgrouping is the Systems-Centered (SCT) method for discriminating and integrating differences between and within group members in SCT group work. In this 3-phase study, we developed the Functional Subgrouping Questionnaire-2 (FSQ-2) and tested whether it discriminates groups that use functional subgrouping from those that do not. In ph...
Article
Full-text available
Group psychotherapy researchers and clinicians have attempted to identify general client characteristics that might predict a client’s appropriateness for group therapy. The most promising predictors of group process, outcome, and retention variables appear to be clients’ positive and negative interpersonal skills as well as their expectations abou...