Gary Bosworth

Gary Bosworth
Northumbria University · Newcastle Business School

MA Land Economy; MRes Rural Social Sciences; PhD

About

66
Publications
28,507
Reads
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1,937
Citations
Introduction
I am Professor of Rural Entrepreneurship at Northumbria University and a member of the iNCITE research group within the Department of Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Strategy. My research interests focus on rural development and particularly the role of small businesses, connectivity and migration as drivers of the rural economy.
Additional affiliations
November 2016 - June 2017
University of Lincoln
Position
  • Reader in Rural Geography
September 2008 - present
University of Lincoln
Position
  • Reader in Entrepreneurship and Rural Economies
September 2004 - September 2008
Newcastle University
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
September 2005 - September 2008
Newcastle University
Field of study
  • Rural Social Sciences
September 2004 - September 2005
Newcastle University
Field of study
  • Rural Social Sciences
October 1998 - June 2001
Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge
Field of study
  • Land Economy

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
In the arena of rural development, a number of initiatives have adopted the idea of a hub to deliver improved services, promote business development and support local communities. This editorial sets out the rationale for a Special Issue that seeks to understand the additional value that hubs can provide. In particular, we assess their overlapping...
Article
Full-text available
There is limited experience with innovation policies in rural areas, often based on a one-size-fits-all approach. However, rural businesses have diverse needs and there is difficulty in applying smart specialisation approaches for the use of European Union Cohesion funding in rural areas. A key resource in rural areas is the local university, and u...
Article
Full-text available
Once considered an urban phenomenon, rural enterprise hubs (REH) and rural coworking spaces (RCWS) are now increasing in popularity to support entrepreneurial rural communities. Whilst previous research has examined economic and community benefits, a focus on well-being benefits has been overlooked. Framed by self-determination theory, this empiric...
Article
Social innovation (SI) has been championed as an integral feature of community-led rural development. However, the choice of the term “innovation” prompts a number of questions about the intensity and novelty of SI initiatives. In this paper, these issues are examined through the lens of radical and incremental innovation theory. By analysing featu...
Article
Purpose In response to the cancellation of a host of events during the summer of 2020, the purpose of this paper is to examine the rapid innovation that created an online County Show. County Shows are traditionally associated with agriculture and the wider rural economy of a region and provide a range of visitor experiences alongside business netwo...
Book
Full-text available
Migration Practice as Creative Practice: An Interdisciplinary Exploration of Migration presents an in-depth evaluation of the contributions made by migrants to modern socio-economic structures. Leading with discussion of the historical construction of migration and what it signifies in the modern globalised economies, an interdisciplinary range of...
Chapter
Full-text available
These are the prelims of our newly published book entitled 'Migration Practice as Creative Practice: An Interdisciplinary Exploration of Migration' with a foreword by Matthijs Bal. https://www.emerald.com/insight/publication/doi/10.1108/9781838677657
Article
Full-text available
Current transport strategy in the UK is strongly urban-focused, with assumptions that technological advances in mobility will simply trickle down into rural areas. This article challenges such a view and instead draws on rural development thinking aligned to a "Smart Countryside" which emphasises the need for place-based approaches. Survey and inte...
Article
In this paper, we analyze the use of qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods in the field of rural studies by means of a content analysis of the leading journals. We begin with a short discussion of the pros and cons of mixed methods research in rural studies. We then move on to the empirical portion. We use a classification of published artic...
Article
The environmental planning agenda is shaped by a range of top‐down policies and directives, both nationally and internationally. Simultaneously, several local, often community‐led, initiatives seek to enhance their local environments. This paper seeks to understand both synergies and dissonance between top‐down and bottom‐up actions within the envi...
Article
Full-text available
Under future climate predictions the incidence of coastal flooding is set to rise. Many coastal regions at risk, such as those surrounding the North Sea, comprise large areas of low‐lying and productive agricultural land. Flood risk assessments typically emphasise the economic consequences of coastal flooding on urban areas and national infrastruct...
Chapter
Social innovation is an increasingly prominent agent of change in rural communities. Community groups are filling voids in rural service provision, energising nature and heritage conservation projects and supporting a range of cultural and social activities. With no sign of neo-liberalism waning, this paper explores mechanisms that can provide effe...
Article
Counterurbanisation is transforming rural communities and has implications for entrepreneurial opportunities in rural areas. The rural economy has seen a shift away from the dominant productivist paradigm towards an increasingly consumption-led array of businesses, facilitated by increased mobility and connectivity. Part of this transition has seen...
Article
Full-text available
Farm tourism can enhance the sustainability of farming and rural economies, and this creates new roles for women in family farms. This paper investigates the experiences and start-up motives of women providers of commercial hospitality on family farms in North-East England. An interpretative approach explored the lived experiences of 16 women provi...
Article
Full-text available
Social enterprise in developed countries Discussion of social enterprise has increased in developed countries over recent decades, promoted in governments’ social and business policies. Social enterprises are defined as businesses with primarily social objectives and an organisational format that uses trading (Dart, 2004). For example, a community...
Article
This paper explores the ways in which businesses use and create diverse forms of rural capital, as an attempt to better understand the distinctive characteristics of “rural businesses”. We present three cases to explore the features that might lead us to describe them as being distinctively “rural businesses”. This adds to the debate about whether...
Article
Full-text available
Based on four illustrative case studies from the Netherlands, this paper discusses learning experiences gained from rural broadband initiatives. As an example of ?the big society' (or ?participatiesamenleving' in Dutch), initiatives try to step in where the market and the government fail. The main struggle seems to be negotiating between market and...
Article
Economic linkages between urban and rural regions – what’s in it for the rural? Regional Studies. Urban–rural interdependences are modelled based on wages, cost of living, and interregional migration and commuting. Rural-to-urban commuting generates a scenario where the relative level of urban wages can continue to outperform rural wages without re...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a systematic review of 157 papers on digital developments and rural development in advanced countries. It focuses on the general conclusions, in order to better understand the potential impacts of the coming Next Generation Access revolution. We distinguish two major strands of research: connectivity research and inclusion resea...
Presentation
Full-text available
The research explores the different experiences of networking among female migrants from Central and Eastern Europe arriving in Lincolnshire, a rural county in England. Specifically, this paper contrasts the ways in which engagement with the local business community (through entrepreneurship) and engagement through community spaces (in this case sc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In today’s global marketplace, rural entrepreneurs are increasingly looking at internationalisation strategies to boost profitability and competitiveness. However, challenges such as limited capital, a shortage of expertise or international experience, cultural differences and improper record-keeping all hinder rural entrepreneurs from entering int...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to use a series of business interviews in the UK and Denmark as a means of interrogating the categorisation of rural businesses presented in an earlier publication which sought to understand the rural character of different businesses. Rather than defining a rural business purely on its geographical location, the engage...
Article
Full-text available
Social innovation is attracting increasing attention in research and policy, heightened by continuing austerity across Europe. Therefore, this paper examines earlier research into community-led local development (CLLD) initiatives in rural areas of Europe to develop our understanding of the meaning and scope of rural social innovation. We draw on a...
Chapter
Full-text available
The village pub has been described as part of England's history (Kingsnorth, 2008) but changing rural populations and economic transformations have seen a decline in their number. This paper explores the interrelated social and economic features of the village pub, being a business as well as a social venue that forms part of the identity of their...
Chapter
The pub, or colloquially “the local,” has been a familiar feature of English villages for many centuries. As with European cafés or American bars and inns, village pubs provide recognisable meeting places in their rural communities and form part of England’s cultural history (Kingsnorth, 2008). While their portrayals may seem timeless and consisten...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The UK has seen rapid growth in the number of microbreweries but a concurrent decline in public house numbers raising concerns about the sustainability of this growth. The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact of funding upon competition in the sector and the entrepreneurial characteristics of microbrewers. With an emphasis on ru...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – This paper aims to consider the challenges facing small rural businesses in Mexico in their efforts to be enterprising and sustainable when confronted with severe exogenous pressures. Extant literature on farm diversification has a developed economy focus (Pyysiäinen et al. , 2006; McElwee, 2008; McElwee and Smith, 2013), but relatively l...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we draw on earlier research into community-led rural development initiatives to advance understanding of the meaning and scope of "social innovation". Taking a Schumpeterian view, we assert that innovations emerge from new combinations of resources and should bring about positive changes to create value. Teasing out the key feature of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper a two region model is applied to understanding the interdependences between urban and rural economies. The ongoing debate between proponents of agglomeration theory and those favouring more balanced growth approaches does not really differentiate rural regions. A diagrammatic framework proposed by Overman, Rice and Venables (2010) is...
Article
Neo-endogenous rural development depends on ‘bottom-up’ activities that integrate external influences to increase local potential. This local focus calls for local knowledge, local resources and the engagement of local people to be central to development processes. Based on data from an evaluation of LEADER in England, we explore the scope for loca...
Article
There has been a significant decline in the number of pubs in rural areas of the UK in the past decade. The disappearance of these places has a dramatic impact on rural communities, as village and rural pubs work as a network tier for the entire area by providing opportunities in terms of community engagement, business connections and employment. T...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the context of community-led local development, this research aims to understand the blend of top down and bottom up influences that combine in campaigns for improved rural broadband provision. The representativeness of the membership of rural community broadband initiatives and the motivations and dominant arguments behind their campaigns are a...
Chapter
Rural spaces are often associated with strong community ties (Reimer, 1997; Atterton and Bosworth 2012) but the simultaneous spread of infor- mation technology and advances in personal mobility in the ‘Network Society’ (Castells, 2005) have stretched the geography of many rural networks and relations. In this context, this opening chapter considers...
Article
Full-text available
Britain is ageing. By 2035 the number of people aged 65 and over will account for 23% of the total population. This increase will have an impact on the economy, the provision of goods and services, and the resources needed to ensure a high quality of life into old age and active participation in society. The importance of transport in addressing so...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report, commissioned by the Rural Communities Policy Unit at Defra, sets out the findings of a review of the Leader approach in England. The focus of the review is the impact of Leader in contributing to the delivery of the Rural Development Programme (RDP) in England, in order to inform future Leader approaches to delivering rural policy.
Article
Full-text available
Business Inspiration was a short, action-centred leadership and innovation development programme designed for owners and managers of smaller firms to address business survival and repositioning needs arising from the UK's economic downturn. The article examines the design and delivery of Business Inspiration and the impact of the programme on parti...
Article
A case study of a self-termed ‘rural business’ is used to deconstruct the concept of a rural business and shed light on specific features of ‘operating in a rural area’ and ‘serving a rural population’. Alongside ‘selling a rural product’, the paper claims that these make up three parameters for categorising rural businesses. Highlighting these uni...
Article
As the policies of the UK's new Coalition government unfold, it appears that the private sector will take the bulk of the responsibility for sustaining economic recovery. In order to understand the implications for local economies, this paper highlights areas of growth potential and the barriers that business owners are encountering. Based on a pos...
Article
The social, cultural, and economic transitions in rural areas across the globe lead us to critique the traditional “top-down” or “bottom-up” distinction as being outdated for contemporary rural policy. In Europe and the United States in particular, high rates of counterurbanization heighten the need for new ways of thinking about rural development....
Article
Full-text available
Tourism is viewed as an increasingly important component of rural economic potential, especially in peripheral regions of the UK. As a sector, however, it is dominated by low skilled employment, seasonal demand cycles and perceived low levels of innovation and entrepreneurship.In this paper we explore the role of in-migrant owners of small tourism...
Article
The objective of this paper is to consider the impact of EU industrial policy for rural and peripheral areas. The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) had dominated the rural policy agenda at the expense of other forms of industrial development policy. Rural areas are no longer dominated by agricultural employment and productivist farming, but they are...
Article
This article explores the effect of perceptions of rural life upon the subsequent actions of counterurbanisers and the resulting impact for rural economic development in the contrasting counties of Cornwall and Northumberland. Perceptions of a high quality of life attract migrants to remote rural areas yet these areas also have high rates of econom...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we explore the role of in-migrant owners of small tourism firms in promoting entrepreneurship and developing competition in the tourism economy of Northumberland. We hypothesise that through a combination of extra-local networks and local embeddedness these business owners are not only succeeding themselves but they are stimulating ot...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the effect of perceptions of rural life upon the subsequent actions of counterurbanisers. In particular, we assess the impact of their perceptions for rural economic development in the contrasting areas of Cornwall and Northumberland. Remote rural areas attract high levels of inward migration owing to the perceived quality of li...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to challenge calls for a monolithic rural home-based business (HBB) sector and instead propose meaningful sub-sectors of HBB that fit within contemporary rural economic development theory. This informs business support and policy objectives. Design/methodology/approach – Survey analysis of rural microbusinesse...
Article
Full-text available
Diversification, in its many forms, contributes an increasing proportion of income to farm businesses. With many interpretations of what constitutes diversified activity, this study uses findings from an empirical study of 3,000 farms to establish a typology of diversification based on the role of the farmer and the impact of new activity on the co...
Article
After rapid urban growth and industrialisation, the postwar era has seen counterurbanisation become a dominant demographic trend in the UK. Much has been written about the residential patterns of counterurbanisation, but the associated growth of rural business has attracted less attention. The author proposes the term ‘commercial counterurbanisatio...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – In a period of rural economic change, knowledge and skills transfers and the generation of new economic opportunities are seen as essential for promoting rural development. The purpose of this paper is to provide evidence of the impact of educated in‐migrants establishing new business activity in rural areas. Design/methodology/approach...
Article
Full-text available
After rapid urban growth and industrialisation, the post-war era has seen counterurbanisation become a dominant demographic trend in the UK. Much has been written about the residential patterns of counterurbanisation but the associated growth of rural business has attracted less attention. This paper proposes the term ‘commercial counterurbanisatio...
Article
Full-text available
Counterurbanisation has generally been viewed as a negative phenomenon, but Stockdale and Findlay (2004) presented rural in-migration as potentially 'a catalyst for economic regeneration' based on in-migrants' business activity. More than half of rural microbusinesses in the North-East of England are owned by in-migrants and provide an estimated 10...
Article
Full-text available
Summary A survey of rural microbusinesses in the North East of England suggests that more than half of rural microbusiness owners are in-migrants who have moved at least 30 miles into their locality. It is estimated that almost 10% of jobs in the rural areas of the North East are in microbusinesses run by in-migrants. Each in-migrant microbusiness...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports on findings from business surveys and face to face interviews conducted in the North East and East Midlands regions of the UK. Previous studies into residential counterurbanisation have shown a range of factors influencing individuals’ choices to move house. Here, it is hypothesised that for some commercial counterurbanisers, t...

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