Gary Armstrong

Gary Armstrong
City, University of London · Department of Sociology

About

69
Publications
12,720
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809
Citations
Citations since 2017
33 Research Items
421 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
Full-text available
This article examines how white British residents of a superdiverse London housing estate learn about-and subsequently deploy-the intra-ethnic stereotypes used by their British Pakistani and British Bangladeshi neighbours/flatmates. Building on recent attempts to bring together conviviality and boundary making, along with insights into intra-ethnic...
Chapter
In this paper we explore the types of employment and livelihood strategies witnessed on an inner-city estate in London. In doing so we engage with debates over the changing occupational class structure of London, contending that although the estate was a neat enough microcosm of city-wide trends in terms of inequality and professionalisation, becau...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Book
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Chapter
Sources of power in political processes are often reduced to the dualism of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’. Sport, in both its practise and delivery might also evidence such characteristics as it is used to achieve political outcomes. The soft route is usually administered more ‘artfully’ in its attempt to shape performance and processes. The hard route relies...
Article
Full-text available
In what follows the trilogy of People, Place, and Performance in the contemporary post-conflict milieu of BosniaHerzegovina (BiH) is considered. The nation of BiH began in the mid-1990s arising out of the ruins of the Yugoslav War (1991-95). The conflict officially ended with the Dayton Peace Agreement (DPA) of November 1995. The DPA divided a spec...
Article
Against a backdrop of rising youth violence in the UK, the issue of gang policing has once more risen to prominence. Intense debates surrounding police cuts have led to renewed calls for a ‘war on gangs’, echoing earlier responses to England’s summer of violent disorder in 2011. Drawing on a long-term ethnographic study of policing in the London Bo...
Chapter
In this chapter, we examine how LG residents approached the issue of human variation. More specifically, we explore their attitudes to migration and ethnicity, along with the notions of difference invoked when explaining the behaviours of neighbours and fellow residents. In doing so, we draw on studies of superdiversity, particularly Susanne Wessen...
Chapter
In concluding the book, we seek to do a number of things. First, we summarise each of the preceding chapters, picking out their central findings. We then attempt to draw out the significance of these findings, considering them in relation to wider themes such as notions of self-responsibility and the social contract. Finally, we reflect on the book...
Chapter
In this chapter, we examine how women on LG from different ethno-national, religious and class backgrounds developed strategies when it came to ‘getting by’, looking after children, forging and sustaining romantic relationships, and moving around the city. Though the voices of women are a prominent and integral part of other chapters in this book,...
Chapter
In this chapter, we explore the issues of order and disorder and, more specifically, the people on LG who were central to attempts to create and sustain order, as well as manage bouts of disorder when they occurred. We use the findings of existing research on urban disorder to argue that perception was central to residents’ approaches to disorderly...
Chapter
In the book’s opening chapter, we discuss the introduction of the Conservative Party’s flagship ‘Right to Buy’ policy of 1980 and the implications it would have for social housing in the UK and, more specifically, estates like Lashall Green (LG), the focus of this book. We also describe the physical geography of the estate and its environs, before...
Chapter
In this chapter, we examine an issue never far from the mind of social scientists and commentators interested in cities: gentrification. After considering key contributions to debates over the gentrification of cities, we explore what the arrival of the ‘gentrifying frontier’ on LG has meant for residents of the estate. More specifically, we explor...
Chapter
In this chapter, we explore the types of employment and livelihood strategies witnessed on the estate. In doing so, we engage with debates over the changing occupational class structure of London in contending that although LG was a neat-enough microcosm of citywide trends in terms of inequality and professionalisation, because of the day-to-day dy...
Chapter
In this chapter, we explain how LG came to have the social mix that it does. This requires that we document a number of policies, processes and trends. In doing so, we first provide a potted history of social housing in London, detailing where in the city it is concentrated, when it was built and by whom. Second, we describe the kind of sociopoliti...
Book
This book recounts an ethnographic study of a mixed-occupancy housing estate near the centre of London, refocusing the scholarly conversation around social housing in the U.K. after the 1980 Housing Act. Rather than examining the long-term consequences of ‘Right to Buy,’ such as shortages in local authority stock and neighbourhood gentrification, J...
Article
Full-text available
The article draws on the findings of two years’ ethnographic fieldwork in exploring how gang activity in Newham, East London is combatted by faith-based organisation, Targeted Against Gangs (TAG). More specifically, the authors examine how TAG seeks to reform the identities of young male gang members according to the principles of what we have call...
Book
Full-text available
The summer Olympic Games are renowned for producing the world's biggest single-city cultural event. While the Olympics and other sport mega-events have received growing levels of academic investigation from a variety of disciplinary approaches, relatively little is known about how such occasions are experienced directly by local host communities an...
Chapter
Rosbrook-Thompson and Armstrong draw on four years of ethnographic fieldwork conducted on a mixed-occupancy housing estate in the Central London borough of Northtown. Their analysis considers how social and cultural categories cut across ethnicity. Many housing estates are today home to an incredibly diverse array of residents of various statuses,...
Chapter
Religion has a time-honoured role in consummating the status of both the newcomer and the departed, and providing succour to those facing persecution. In networks wherein notions of respect and honesty are stressed but are best defined by notions of fate, violence and death, it is perhaps unsurprising that appeals of various kinds are often directe...
Article
This paper examines the politics of mobility which surrounded the London 2012 Olympics. We provide a critical discussion of the mobility conflicts, problems and criticisms which emerged from our research with local people in the Stratford and wider Newham areas of London, where most Olympic events were located. The paper is divided into four broad...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the diverse forms of public opposition, protest, criticism, and complaint in the United Kingdom on the staging of the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games in London. Our discussion draws heavily on empirical research, primarily fieldwork and interviews in East London with local residents, opposition groups, business people, polit...
Book
Full-text available
The volume deals with football fandom culture and identity revealing identity politics and contestations within contemporary football worlds. The aim of the volume is twofold. On the one hand, it seeks to contribute in the construction of a distinct field research in Greece around sport and football studies opening up a serious scientific debate on...
Chapter
In recent years, there has been considerable interest at political and public levels in the contribution that sport might make to advancing what is commonly referred to as social development, as well as peace and conflict resolution in divided and conflict-damaged societies. As a consequence, the ‘Sport for Development and Peace’ (hereon, SDP) sect...
Article
Full-text available
Since 1995, the Italian Lega Nord (LN) political party has depicted itself as the defender of Padania, a territory that covers the mainly affluent regions of Northern Italy. Around this politico-spatial territory, the LN has shaped an identity based on the notion of Popolo Padano (the Padanian People). Since the new millennium, LN rhetoric has incr...
Article
This paper examines the wider social impacts of hosting the London 2012 Olympic Games and its 'legacy' ambitions in East London, emphasizing securitization as an inbuilt feature of the urban regeneration project. Drawing on extensive original empirical research, the paper analyses the modalities of Olympic safety and security practices within the O...
Article
The democratically elected President of Liberia was between 1997 and 2004 also the country’s ‘Chief Patron of Sport’. Enjoying tennis more than team games, the one-time President, Charles Taylor, realized that the electorate’s enthusiasm for the game of football meant that the game could be a useful vehicle with which to associate. As well as fundi...
Article
Full-text available
FIELDS AND VISIONS: - Volume 9 Issue 1 - James Rosbrook-Thompson, Gary Armstrong
Article
Often seen as the host nation's largest ever logistical undertaking, accommodating the Olympics and its attendant security infrastructure brings seismic changes to both the physical and social geography of its destination. Since 1976, the defence of the spectacle has become the central feature of its planning, one that has assumed even greater prom...
Article
This paper examines two nationally renowned football (il calcio) supporter groups located in the capital city of Rome, the centre of Italian political power. The first the Boys, followers of AS Roma, have been notoriously neo-fascist in character since 1972. The second, the Irriducibili who follow SS Lazio, a club that also play in Rome, have, sinc...
Article
The Olympic Games promise great things; world peace and the transformation of the host city are but two ambitions of the Olympic Movement. The benefits and changes that the 2012 Olympics are supposed to bring to the London Borough of Newham-which will host some 80 per cent of the Olympic events-have been much lauded by the Olympic apparatchiks who...
Article
Full-text available
A nation's politics and socio-cultural identity can sometimes be best considered through the lens of Association Football (soccer). Examining football in the Mediterranean island of Malta in the inter-war years of 1920–1940 this paper focuses its analysis on the phenomenon that is the game of football and the epi-phenomena it provokes and sustains....
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the role and contribution of peacemaking to the wider sport, development and peace (sdp) sector. Particular attention is paid to a hitherto under-explored subject: the complex position of the military vis-à-vis sport and sport-related peacekeeping. Through an historical overview of the sport–military intersection, reference to f...
Article
Often seen as the host nation's largest ever logistical undertaking, accommodating the Olympics and its attendant security infrastructure brings seismic changes to both the physical and social geography of its destination. Since 1976, the defence of the spectacle has become the central feature of its planning, one that has assumed even greater prom...
Article
The concept of the “African Personality” was celebrated by the continent's first post-colonial President, Kwame Nkrumah. Sweeping to power in Ghana's first general election in 1951, Nkrumah and his Convention People's Party—inspired by Marcus Garvey and W. E. B. Du Bois—espoused the doctrines of nationhood and self-reliance. The conceptual dimensio...
Article
Full-text available
The rise of the Far Right in Europe over the past decade has attracted the attention of both academics and police. Popular sports tend to reflect societal trends so it is not bizarre that a popular European cultural practice such as football has seen a rise in supporters with neo‐fascist sympathies. Football (soccer in the USA), specifically in Ita...
Article
Full-text available
In January 2007, English international soccer star David Beckham announced to a global media that he would be leaving the Spanish giants Real Madrid to join Major League Soccer's (MLS) Los Angeles Galaxy. MLS Commissioner Don Garber feted Beckham as a global sporting icon whose presence attested to America's gradual transformation into a ‘Soccer Na...
Article
Full-text available
Executive Summary Classroom instruction continues to change dramatically with new technology and pedagogy. Fa-culty aspire to develop innovative programs and creative education while seeking effective teach-ing strategies that capitalize on emerging technology and invoke student interest and involve-ment. Research shows that student involvement, ha...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past two decades the link – perceived and actual – between political extremism and football fans has been the subject of academic, political, and policing debate. It is not rare to witness manifestations of intolerance and ideological statements referring to regional, national and international issues at football stadia. In Italian footbal...
Article
Abstract Elite sport is the vehicle for global interactions via both its shared practices and the relations engendered by its governing bodies and its global tournaments. This capability has attracted the attentions of those seeking both nation-building and reconciliation in war-damaged nations. The narrative that follows has global implications, t...
Article
Drawing upon extensive urban anthropological fieldwork with football hooligan formations in England and Scotland, it is argued that academics have failed to examine adequately the spatial dimension underlying hooligan conflicts. The spatially affective aspects of football fandom in general are identified; via Fiske's dichotomy of locales and statio...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the elaborate celebrations organized by the fans of Valletta City football (soccer) club, Malta, when they win the Maltese football league. It argues that these celebrations constitute a continuation of the carnivalesque. Valletta fans have a reputation for their fanatical support, and are renowned as tough-guys. Their celebrati...
Article
Most people will accept the contention that sport has an ideological site. Indeed sport might be considered as the broadest cultural denomination in many nations, capable of creating and sustaining a sense of identity and belonging crucial to national integration. Expressions around sport and, in this instance, specifically Association Football (so...
Chapter
Even in a winner-loser culture that is football, it is in the interests of the good of the game that frequent losers sometimes win. At the level of world competition small nations know their chances of victory against larger ones are negligible, but their fans will expect the occasional drawn game and certainly a victory over countries of similar s...
Chapter
The game of football has a rich global history. Most cultures and civilisations seem to have played some kind of proto-football, involving the kicking of a ball between various groups of players. The Chinese game of CuJu was played during neolithic times. The indigenous peoples of North and Central America played ball games as part of their fertili...
Article
This paper describes empirical research amongst hooligans. Such research has not always been valued. The significant factor in hooligan behaviour may be asserted to be the generation of violence in the lower working class and its dissemination amongst football fans. It is commonly asserted that hooligans operate in well-organized groups. It is argu...
Article
Full-text available
Edwards and Armstrong critique the law at the time which criminalised women who engaged in providing prostitution services whilst their clients were underpoliced in law and policing practice. The authors spent time observing the Street Offence (police) Squad in London through interviewing police officers, and through participant observation the aut...
Article
Full-text available
Our fundamental, epistemological position is that football hooligans and the mass media's representatives constitute two distinctive entities that have different social purposes. Formally, hooligans belong to rival 'mobs' that are deeply associated with particular football sides. The hooligans engage in competitive violence with their rivals, with...

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