Garri Raagmaa

Garri Raagmaa
University of Tartu · Department of Geography

Ph.D.

About

34
Publications
17,529
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465
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2010 - present
University of Tartu
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (34)
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter investigates the organizational resilience of the regional higher education institutions (RHEIs) located in the peripheries of Estonia and Finland, focusing on two case studies: Kuressaare College, Estonia and the University Consortium of Seinäjoki, Finland. The aim is to explore the sources and strategies of the organizational resilien...
Chapter
The study identifies remote rural areas in Estonia and discusses their divergent neo-productivism and conservation designated pathways. Remote areas characterised by excessive population decline and low population density cover roughly half of Estonia’s territory, while accounting for only 9% of the total population and producing less than 5% of th...
Chapter
Full-text available
The goal of this penultimate chapter is to shed light on the conceptual value of the book. Growing social polarisation and economic inequalities unfolding in new forms across various places have brought about academic and policy debates on the meanings of ‘development’, the ways its dimensions (economic, social, cultural, political) are interrelate...
Chapter
Full-text available
Socio-spatial cohesion can be seen as one of the core issues of the European Union. However, the goal is far from being achieved. Diverging economic and social development patterns can be witnessed at various scales. This trend is closely linked to a shift in European cohesion policies in recent decades from redistributive to growth- and competitiv...
Chapter
The chapter examines the factors and drivers influencing planning-related university programs in Estonia. In recent years, both the planning system and academia have been coping with high levels of societal dynamism and transition associated with the assertion of national independence in 1991, while seeking to overcome path-dependencies and to capt...
Article
Full-text available
This special issue focuses on the governance of peripheries in CEE from a multiscalar perspective to identify current policy responses and practices at the European, regional, cross-border and local levels. We attempt to unite various paradigms of peripheries by taking a governance approach – paradigms that, when used independently, threaten to fur...
Article
Regional higher education institutions in regional leadership and development. Regional Studies. This paper analyses the evolution, the embeddedness in regional structures and the contribution to leadership of Estonian regional higher education institutions. The conceptual framework combines institutional and complexity leadership theories to creat...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses recreational home owners’ role in local leadership and governance, focusing on whether they counteract or reinforce the peripheralisation of remotely located communities. If recreational house owners (RHO) grow in number, they become stronger stakeholders with an increased ability to impact the social and economic life of commu...
Book
Urban and regional development in the Baltic States and other Central and Eastern European countries has experienced rapid changes since their re-independence at the beginning of the 1990s. Meanwhile, urban and regional planning institutions and organizational cultures in the Baltic States have only changed rather incrementally, despite various nat...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to discuss the impact of territorial governance on peripheralization. Spatial differences in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries have sharpened over the past 20 years, despite earlier EU pre-accession measures and extensive cohesion and common agricultural policy transfers since 2004, which form the lion’s share...
Article
Over the last two decades, the role of the EU can be considered highly important in advancing institutional reforms and overall development in Estonia. The article focuses on Estonian regional policy (RP) and analyses whether it has gone through Europeanization (i.e. convergence with EU regulations and values, or followed its own development path)....
Article
Baltic societies have been transformed rapidly since the beginning of the 1990s, whereas planning institutions and organizational cultures in the Baltic States have only changed rather incrementally despite various national and European pressures for reform. As a consequence, the extent of Europeanization of spatial planning has been limited in the...
Article
As put by Dahrendorf (1959): to be successful means to be liked, and to be liked means, in many ways, to be alike. This chapter describes how to use cultural identity as a tool of economic development through the empowerment of local enterprises and people asreported by Friedmann (Empowerment: The Politics of alternative development. Oxford: Blackw...
Article
Full-text available
Two prominent features of present-day Estonia are large tracts of formerly productive land laid idle and production buildings of collective farms in ruins. However, in some areas most farmland remains actively used. An investigation of possible ‘landscapes of action’, both for national decision-makers and single landowners, can help with understand...
Article
The authors analyse the formation and transformation processes of three Estonian coastal resorts, Haapsalu, Kuressaare and Pärnu. Starting with sea-mud therapies, these towns expanded their health resort activities from the first half of the 19th century and gradually established tourism economies. The preconditions for the birth of a resort and at...
Article
This paper focuses on the role of public leaders in regional economic development from a community-building point of view. According to the basic hypothesis, the role of leaders rises everywhere during periods of instability, but remains always relevant in economic peripheries. Inspired by the chaos theory, we argue that leaders have decisive roles...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to discuss the restructuring of primary sector dominant rural areas in the Baltic States with a special focus on local governance and administrative structures. In the theoretical part, we elaborate on a principal transformation model for Baltic rural areas. Despite similar macro-economic processes in all three Baltic State...
Article
Full-text available
The primary aim of the paper is to provide an overview of the development and topical issues of the Estonian regional policy along with public policy. In order to implement a public policy, choices must be made based on values, which in their turn considerably influence the actual result. Public policy is usually described as a process of making ch...
Article
Abstract The aim of this paper is to discuss local and regional planning and development practices in a post-socialist country such as Estonia. Two approaches — central places and network theories — are used as a conceptual basis. According to the first hypothesis, planning and development of social infrastructure (e.g. schools, sports halls) has r...
Article
This paper focuses on the description of an emerging biomedical business in an old university town Tartu, Estonia. The case can be considered rather unique as far as new high-tech industries are normally developed in rich regions with high human and venture capital. Firstly, we identify very basic theoretical and methodological principles for this...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this empirical contribution is to analyse social infrastructure (SI) planning and development practices in Estonian local communities. The SI considered: schoolhouses, kindergartens, sports halls, cultural houses and the like, were extensively built by collective farms and local enterprises during the 1970s and 1980s. During the post-soc...
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Full-text available
This paper analyses regional development and uses centre-periphery models (CPM) of Friedmann, Gibbs and Hautamäki as a base for theoretical discussion. In general, these centre-periphery models foresee stabilisation and de-concentration of population and economic agents after the concentration stages. The spatial processes of 1970s and 1980s were r...
Article
Prispevek na teoretičen in praktičen način (študija primera: Mustoce inKasepää) podrobno analizira elemente in instrumente, pa tudi poslediceprehoda v tržno gospodarstvo v Estoniji.
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper will be to discuss possibilities to shift from a central-place theory towards to a network paradigm in local and regional planning practices. According to the first hypothesis, planning and development of social infrastructure (schools, sports halls, etc.) has remained rather central place oriented in Estonia. Even despite hig...
Article
This paper analyses the regional identity and social capital formation process and components. Regional identity is the special kind of phenomenon, which forms throughout historical and territorial socialization. The great ambition of this paper is to interrelate Anssi Paasi (1986) and other cultural geographers' and sociologists' ideas with recent...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to discuss development issues at the locality level.Below, we are working with the learning economy theory and the conceptof bottom-up indigenous development in combination with other approaches.The principal transformation model for the post-soviet rural areas furtherdevelopment is elaborated.The acknowledgement of local...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the regional/local institutionalisation and social capital formation process and its components. The focus is on regional identity - the special kind of phenomenon, which forms throughout historical and territorial socialisation. The great ambition of this paper is to interrelate Anssi Paasi (1986) and other cultural geographers...
Chapter
As a result of negotiations held under the GATT and WTO, the whole world has accepted the new trend towards less trade protectionism, and in the last decades world trade has grown faster than the total output. International customs and free-trade unions have been and are being formed (e.g. NAFTA, LAFTA). The lessening or elimination of customs rest...
Chapter
In order to study the growth of the hidden economy, two different approaches could be adopted. First it would be possible to draw on the experience of other states, former socialist states in particular, to try to define the role of the shadow economy by deploying statistical methods and opinion polling. Alternatively, the focus could be on the soc...
Article
The social and political developments of the last two centuries within the territory of the Republic of Estonia have shaped the present regional distribution of population and economy. Of all the social processes, special attention has to be drawn to the post‐World War II transition from an agricultural to an industrial society. This brought about...

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Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
Marie Curie Initial Training Network The Initial Training Network “Socio-economic and Political Responses to Regional Polarisation in Central and Eastern Europe – RegPol²” centres on new patterns of regional disparities between metropolised core regions and the remaining parts of Central and Eastern European (CCE) countries. Such spatial patterns have become a striking feature of the current settlement system of these countries and have lately fuelled concerns about further polarisation and the peripheralisation of non-metropolitan regions. Patterns of regional polarisation, however, do not remain restricted to CEE, but can be found throughout the European Union, albeit at different degrees. RegPol² focusses the dominant dicourses of european, national and regional policies as well as intersections of Core-Periphery-Relations in regional, national, european and global contexts. The aim of the ITN is the analysis and evaluation of processes of peripheralisation and polarisation in CCE. In the framework of RegPol² 16 young researchers will be trained for careers in academia, public administration, NGOs and the private sector.