Gandes Rahayu

Gandes Rahayu
Universitas Gadjah Mada | UGM · Section of Medical Education

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67
Publications
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217
Citations

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
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Background: Indonesia has applied a national competency exit-examination for medical graduates since 2014, called The Indonesia Medical Doctor National Competency Examination (IMDNCE). This examination is administered to ensure the competence of medical graduates from at present 83 medical schools in Indonesia. Although many studies reported their...
Article
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Introduction: Indonesia is a huge country consisting of 33 provinces with different characteristics. There are 83 medical schools across Indonesia with different accreditation statuses. The Indonesia Medical Doctor National Competency Examination (IMDNCE) has been established to control the quality of medical school graduates. The implementation o...
Article
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Background Resilience is recognized as a critical component of well-being and is an essential factor in coping with stress. There are issues of using a standardized resilience scale developed for one cultural population to be used in the different cultural populations. This study aimed to create a specific measurement scale for measuring doctors’ r...
Article
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Background: Medical students in Indonesia are required to pass a national licensing examination (e.g., UKMPPD) as a requirement of graduation and to obtain their certificate of competence. Medical schools prepared their students based on their needs and capacity. The preparation might use different teaching approaches. Undergraduate medicine progra...
Article
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Background: Rational prescribing is an important skill for medical doctors. Many graduates still feel insufficiently prepared to make rational prescribing and fail to demonstrate the related clinical reasoning after graduation. For these reasons, it is important to improve the medical student teaching of rational prescribing. The aim of this study...
Article
Introduction: Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) examiners come from various backgrounds. This background variability may affect the way they score examinees. This study aimed to understand the effect of background variability influencing the examiners’ score agreement in OSCE’s procedural skill. Methods: A mixed-methods study was con...
Article
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Background: Medical students who experience failure in the final exam are around 10%. In Indonesia, there are students who failed to pass the competency test for medical profession program students (UKMPPD) until 14 times. The impact of this failure is the occurence of mental health disorder. Students need support more than guidance on clinical kno...
Article
Objectives: In this study, we summarize current evidence on learning health behaviors through modeling, thereby offering greater insight into the predictors of modeling's effectiveness on health behavior change. Methods: We searched 5 electronic bases (PubMed, ProQuest New Platform, EBSCOHost, ERIC, and ScienceDirect) drawing on articles from Janua...
Article
Objectives: This study aimed to identify the factors that support or inhibit medical teachers as healthy role models in medical school to conduct healthy behavior. Methods: This qualitative study involved semi-structured in-depth interviews with medical teachers categorized as healthy role models in a medical school from a previous survey. Ten m...
Article
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Introduction: Retaining the health workforce in rural areas is a global problem. Job dissatisfaction or work-related distress are among the factors that drive doctors to leave rural places. Resilience has been recognised as a key component of wellbeing and is associated with better satisfaction with life. Building personal resilience has the benef...
Article
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Despite the average life expectancy of Indonesian people increasing from 63.63 in 1990 to 71.69 in 2016, the gap of life expectancy and healthy age life expectancy also increased from 7.49 to 8.72. RISKESDAS (2018) further highlighted that the proportion of Indonesian people with a healthy diet was poor. These data challenged us to implement an out...
Article
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Introduction: Producing healthy physicians who act as a "healthy role-model" in their environment must be one of the concerns of medical schools today in response to the global movement of "health-promoting university" by the WHO (1995). However, no publications explained the "healthy role-model" in medical school. This study aimed to fill this ga...
Article
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Objective: to explore factors that was being a challenge and an encouragement for lecturers in writing MCQ questions.Methods: This was a content analysis qualitative research. Determination of the research subject was done with a maximum variation purposive sampling that was choosing faculty of medicine at states university with an A accreditation,...
Article
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Background: Constructive feedback is an essential component of learning for medical undergraduate. Communication culture of high-power distance and collectivism might have influence in shaping students' perception of the benefit of feedback. Aim: This study is aimed to identify feedback characteristic which associated with students' perception of l...
Article
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Top-quality maternal health care requires midwifery and medical students to work together in multidisciplinary interprofessional education (IPE). Achieving IPE learning competencies requires interprofessional assessment methods; one such is portfolio. Study on portfolio as interprofessional assessment is limited. To evaluate interprofessional core...
Article
Introduction Emergencies and disasters need inter-discipline and inter-professional approaches because many problems in a disaster are due to poor coordination and collaboration. The disaster events during a decade in Indonesia highlighted the limitations of the healthcare system in responding to large-scale public health problems. Disaster health...
Poster
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Speak with evidence: UKMPPD
Article
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Background: One of the health issues faced worldwide is the misdistribution of health practitioners resulting in a lack of physicians working in rural and remote areas. We identified the motivations of rural doctors and the personality that contribute to motivation to stay in rural communities. Methods: A qualitative phenomenological approach wa...
Article
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Objectives: To determine the relationship of personal reflection ability and moral reasoning ability of medical students of the Faculty of Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by distributing questionnaires to 293 medical students in Year-3 at the Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing a...
Article
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Background: Role modeling is known as one of the most effective methods in learning professionalism, especially in the workplace. Each role model shows a different substantial values of professionalism, therefore the 'positive' or 'negative' role model criterion are difficult to set. This study aims to understand how students identify 'professional...
Article
Several studies have been conducted to evaluate the implementation of interprofessional education (IPE) across the globe. By looking at the timeline of each previous study, it can be inferred that the implementation of IPE has been improving continuously. However, the effectiveness of IPE still cannot be easily generalized due to misconceptions reg...
Article
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Background: Derogation of professional behavior (PB) increased in education, even in medical education revealed cheating during in educational process as best predictor when the students at work placed in the future. The aim of this study is to know the students’ perspective on cheating, altruism and plagiarism. Method: This study was conducted us...
Article
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Background: Interprofessional Education (IPE) is a process occurs when students from two or more professions learn about and from each other to enable effective collaboration and improve health outcomes. Faculty initiated the IPE program called Community and Family Health Care - interprofessional Education (CFHC-IPE) that began in 2013 with the aim...
Article
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Background: Learning environment is an important factor in learning process and can affect students' competence and work-readiness. Learning environment is not only about physical facilities but also social and psychological condition. The complexity of clinical learning environments pose challenges and problems that may affect students learning pr...
Article
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Background: The physician who reflects critically will interpret the experience, aware of its limitations, and will become life long learner. When implementing reflection learning in medical education, it is necessary to assess the ability of learners to help improve the ability of reflection. The objective of the research is to know the students '...
Article
Latar belakang: Pengetahuan akan gaya belajar sangat dibutuhkan oleh mahasiswa. Pada saat belajar mandiri, mahasiswa memiliki kebebasan untuk untuk dapat mengidentifikasi kebutuhan belajarnya yang akan dijabarkan dalam bentuk tujuan belajar, setelah itu menyiapkan rencana belajar, mencari sumber daya yang dibutuhkan dan melaksanakan rencana belajar...
Article
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Background: Change seems to be a constant in education. The shifting paradigm from teacher-centered to student-centered impact on demands of medical and health professions education institution to undertake curricullum reform. The development of PBL requires the provision of resources needed for its implementation. The emergence of newly developed...
Article
Purpose This study aimed to know the effectiveness of peer education on the behavior of maintaining personal hygiene among students in Pondok Pesantren Al-Iman Putri Babadan Ponorogo Regency.Methods Pretest and posttest were given to 84 students of Madrasah Tsanawiyah class I Al-Iman Islamic boarding school. Data were analyzed using paired t-tests....
Article
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Background: Clinical Skills is a fundamental ability that must be mastered by the newly graduated nurses. Therefore, assessment of clinical competence is essential to be considered by educators and education managers. It needs a valid assessment instrument, which is reliable and impactful on learning the process by giving a structured feedback so t...
Article
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Background: Medical education research has been flourished in the past two decades in Indonesia. It is highly important to study results of medical education researches in Indonesia to provide future direction for medical education. Six published literature in medical education from Asian context was used as the basis of this study.Method: We used...
Article
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Background: The skill of breaking bad news is listed in the 2012 Indonesia’s Doctor Competency Standards so that this becomes one of the skills that must be mastered by all doctors in Indonesia. The curriculum of breaking bad news is much developed in western cultural background. The curriculum may not necessarily be well developed in Indonesia bec...
Poster
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Latar Belakang: paradigma belajar sebagai partisipasi penting dalam proses pengembangan identitas profesional. Partisipasi merupakan bentuk keterlibatan, imajinasi dan kesesuaian sebagai proses belajar memahami dan menjadi bagian dari suatu komunitas praktik, dalam hal ini adalah komunitas profesi dokter. Institusi pendidikan dokter perlu menilai i...
Article
Aim: High clinical reasoning skills are required by nurses in the intensive care unit (ICU). Nurses should perform clinical reasoning and make important clinical assessments and decisions for the provision of nursing care in the ICU. However, they often have difficulty in making decisions because of a lack of skills and proficiency in clinical reas...
Article
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Background: Professionalism is a skills area that should be mastered by medical graduates. The period of formal education is essential for the formation of professionalism. The involvement of internal factors, such as academic motivation, and external factors, such as the learning environment, might play a role in the development and learning of pr...
Article
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Objective This study was aimed to explore students’ learning response toward feedback during mini-CEX encounter. Methods This study used a phenomenological approach to identify the students’ experiences toward feedback during mini-CEX encounter. Data was collected using Focus Group Discussion (FGD) for all students who were in their final week of...
Article
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Background: In the teaching process at medical faculty, there are many measuring devices have been used to evaluate the clinical reasoning ability. Each measuring device has the advantage and disadvantage. MCQ and SCT are the clinical reasoning measuring device. In the previous study, both methods have been validated. SCT is a more recent method to...
Article
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Background: Self-directed learning is a form of independent learning where in the process it is advisable that students create a study planner so that the learning process is more focus and effective. A study planner can be used as a reference that will assist students in evaluating and reflecting the learning process. This study aimed to find out...
Article
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Background Clinical education in some countries applies a hospital-based learning approach where each student rotates to one division to another division (call of shifting). However, for clinical midwifery education in Indonesia each student remains in a community midwifery clinic (call of nonshifting). Because of the differences in the shifting sy...
Article
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Background: Problem Based Learning (PBL), a form of active learning model that is constructive, independent, collaborative and contextual, implemented in the learning process in the form of tutorial discussions. The quality of tutorial discussion need to be improved. One way to improve the quality of the tutorial is to revise or to select the appro...
Article
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Background: Feedback constitutes one of the important components in student Since feedback is not solely limited to student assignments, it can also be given during student learning, including tutorials. Therefore, the institution should pay particular attention to the process of feedback provision one of which is through evaluations on the process...
Article
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Background: The study explores the factors that affecting the readiness to (self-directed learning readiness) in the context of PBL is still rare, especially when in fact unprepared students in the initiative and the desire for self-learning, a lack of understanding of students on independent learning and interpretation mischaracterized the self-le...
Article
Background: Reflective Pedagogigal Paradigm offers possibility to strengthen capability of student to apply their competence in real setting when they graduate. Aim: The purpose of this study is to determine: (1) the effect on students’ competence and communication skills after the application of learning strategies based on RPP; and (2) the correl...
Article
Background: The aim of Jesuit education in brief is to produce graduates who have the intellectual and emotional capacity to be humanist, open to change, and full of love to serve others. To form graduates with such qualities, the Reflective Pedagogy Paradigm (RPP) is a critical part of the learning process. In order to teach using the RPP, an acad...
Article
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Background: In the process of becoming a doctor, a medical student experiencing the development of professional identity. In this process, students need a broad picture of medical profession. They need to orient themselves in the medical profession to determine the future professional identity as a doctor. Source of the picture of medical professio...
Article
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Background: There are two important characteristics that need to be considered by the institution of medical education today, the first is about the importance of using assessment as a measuring instrument and the role of curriculum in producing good quality graduates. UKDI is only one exit to be a doctor that will certainly have varied impact on s...
Article
Background: Implementing large-scale multi-site objective structured clinical examination (OSCEs) for national competency examination in a low resource country is challenging. Aims: To describe the first national OSCE for national competency examination of medical doctors in Indonesia and evaluate the reliability, validity, feasibility, acceptab...
Article
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Research on the impacts of the ‘requirement system’ on student learning is still rare, however the system is still widely applied by Dental Schools in many countries. The major consequent of this system is the unpreparedness of students’ learning prior to presenting patients with particular complaints. Objective: This study aimed to explore the eff...
Article
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Background: Multiple choice question (MCQ) has been used widely as a method to assess the achievement of learning outcomes. MCQ as an assessment instrument may give both expected and unexpected impact. The research’s objective is to identify the impacts of MCQs in term of the structure, content, information and regulation on the learning process of...
Article
The aims of this study were to assess students' perceptions of their educational environment and approaches to learning, and determine if perceptions of learning environment associates with approaches to learning. A survey was conducted to collect data from a regional private university in Indonesia. A total of 232 nursing students completed two qu...
Article
Unlabelled: Abstract Background: Medical schools all over the world try to adapt their programs to meet international standards. However, local culture might hamper innovation attempts. Aims: To describe challenges in implementing the mini-CEX in Indonesia and investigate its effect on students' clinical competence. Methods: The study was cond...
Article
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Background: OSCE is one of the assessments used in the Faculty of Medicine of Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta since 1993. The uses of the OSCE as assessment tool have been widely proven. However, it also had limitations such as the presence of anxiety of the students and the high complexity of resources. This study aimed at finding out the impa...
Article
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Background: Shifting method from teaching to learning approaches require students to take the initiative to learn more, while academic staff only acts as a facilitator and requires them to be able to manage learning activities well. Thus it is necessary for them to know several methods of essential student centered learning so they can select the m...
Article
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Background: Caring in nursing is a very basic component, as the heart of profession, Which means that caring is a fundamental component, and central and unique focus of nursing. Caring, which is a core of nursing practice, must grow from self and deepest heart to help other people since being a nursing student so that caring in nursing education, m...
Article
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Background: Maintaining professionalism requires sensitivity to identify self-strengths and weaknesses through continuous self-assessment. Self-assessment has been considered as an important aspect to be implemented in education process. However, there is still lack of evidence regarding the impact of self-assessment in the learning process of stud...
Article
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Background: Tutorial in Problem-based Learning is a learning method where faculty prepares a scenario to trigger students learning through small group discussion. In the first meeting of tutorial, a group of students analyze the scenario given by raising and answering questions to explore phenomenon described in the scenario. Unresolved questions t...
Article
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Background: Problem-based Learning (PBL) is a new strategy on a learning system. There are four basic theories regarding PBL such as constructive, self-directed, collaborative, and contextual learning. The success of the implemention of PBL in one institution can be measured by the implementation of its four basic theories. Faculty of Medicine UGM...
Article
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Background: Besides knowledge and clinical skills, nursing students should have professional behavior as an essential component of competences as a side of knowledge and clinical skills. One aspect of professionalism is academic integrity. Lecturer should know about students’ perception of academic integrity and behavior, to make a good way to dete...
Article
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Background: For two years implementation of PBL in Faculty of Medicine Islamic University of Sumatera Utara several phenomenon should be evaluated such as various performance of tutor in facilitating PBL and student’s self study not much. This research aimed to evaluate the relationship between tutor performance and student’s self study and reporti...
Article
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Background: Early Clinical Experiences (ECEs) is a learning strategy that helps students integrate their knowledge through clinical learning in classes easily from their initial semester of study. Advantages have been earned by both students and lecturers; nevertheless, obstacles in the implementation have frequently emerged. Ideally, lecturers and...
Article
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Introduction: Clinical reasoning skill is one of the most important skills for a good physician. A number of instruments have been developed to measure this skill, including the Diagnostic Thinking Inventory (DTI). Several studies have been carried out to measure its reliability and validity; however, evidence of its construct validity is still lim...

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Project (1)
Project
1. Identify the maturity of medical students' online information searching strategy based on OISSI 2. Explore the role of internal and external factors for students' online searching strategy development 3. Explore the educational intervention to help with the development process.