Gaia Mattei

Gaia Mattei
Parthenope University of Naples | Università Parthenope · Department of Science and Technology

PhD

About

55
Publications
16,867
Reads
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546
Citations
Citations since 2017
36 Research Items
529 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Introduction
Coastal geomorphology and geoarcheology. Marine geophysical surveys (Side Scan Sonar, Echo sounder, Subbottom Profiler, Magnetometer) and use of new technologies (USVs) for submerged landscape reconstructions.

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Full-text available
High coastal sectors constitute the most widespread coastal environment and, under the present accelerated sea-level rise scenario, are suffering huge impacts in terms of erosion. The aim of this paper is the proposal of a new methodological approach for the assessment of their susceptibility to erosive processes. The method is based on the combina...
Poster
Full-text available
Contributo dei Gruppi di Lavoro AiGeo di Morfodinamica Costiera e di Geoarcheologia
Poster
Full-text available
Campi Flegrei, located within the Gulf of Pozzuoli (SW Italy), is one of the most active volcanic districts of the Mediterranean basin and is characterized by sudden vertical ground movements that have locally exacerbated the glacial-hydro-isostatic sea-level rise since the late Pleistocene. In this research, a geoarchaeological study of the coasta...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, the study of sea-level changes as recorded along entire coastlines around the world has been a primary scientific focus in climate change studies; it allows the exploration of past landscape evolution, geomorphological processes, human impact, and system response to develop future perspectives [...]
Article
The island of Procida (Gulf of Naples, Italy) is a site of considerable importance from a historical, cultural, and landscape point of view. The island is located along a volcanic active area in the mid-Tyrrhenian and owes its formation to several explosive eruptions started more than 70 ka BP. Presently, the entire perimeter of the island is borde...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Bay of Cádiz (SW Spain) is an example of long historical human occupation of a typical estuarine saltmarsh environment affected by notable historical changes that have conditioned the sedimentary evolution of emerged and submerged zones. This study aims to present new data regarding the RSL position during the late Holocene within the Northern...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this research, the morpho-evolutive trend of sea cliffs placed in the volcanic island of Procida was investigated. The entire perimeter of the island is bordered by cliffs, which in some cases are connected to narrow shore platforms sloping slightly towards the sea. The presence of different orders of submerged paleo-shore platforms suggests dif...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study aims to reconstruct the coastal response of Procida Island to relative sea-level rise since the mid-Holocene, by analysing the submerged features of the coast. Procida Island belongs to the insular part of the Campi Flegrei (CF) volcanic area and owes its formation to several explosive eruptions related to the CF volcanic activity starte...
Article
The mid-Tyrrhenian coast is the most complex volcano-tectonic sector in the Mediterranean basin. Here the vertical ground movements (VGMs) due to the interaction between extensive tectonic processes and volcano-tectonic activities have a significant impact on both past and future sea-level evolution. This area represents the youngest basin of the w...
Article
Full-text available
Destructive marine storms bring large waves and unusually high surges of water to coastal areas, resulting in significant damages and economic loss. This study analyses the characteristics of a destructive marine storm on the strongly inhabited coastal area of Gulf of Naples, along the Italian coasts of the Tyrrhenian Sea. This is highly vulnerable...
Article
Full-text available
This research aims to reconstruct the submerged morphologies of the high-coast sectors of Naples discriminating between landforms and anthropogenic structures, by analysing the high-resolution data of a multibeam survey in a GIS environment. In the case of natural landforms, a signal analysis was performed to characterize the seabed and discern bet...
Preprint
Full-text available
Destructive marine storm bring large waves and unusually high surges of water to coastal areas, resulting in significant damages and economic loss. In this study it is examined the characteristics of a destructive marine storm on the strongly inhabited coastal area of Naples Gulf, along the Italian coasts of the Tyrrhenian Sea, which is highly vuln...
Article
This study aims to present new additional data regarding the relative sea-level (RSL) changes and the vertical ground movements (VGM) occurred in Campi Flegrei caldera since the Early Roman period (3rd century BC), commenting also on the accompanying changes of the coastal landscape and its implications in terms of human adaptation. The study area...
Article
The present paper deals with the historical evolution of the northern Bay of Cádiz (SW Spain) between the last eustatic maximum (6.5 ka BP) and the present day, by means of a series of independent proxies. The zone is constituted by the tidal estuary of the Guadalete River, filled with saltmarsh sediments during the late Holocene, due to the shelte...
Chapter
Aim of this work is to implement an environment object detection system for a marine drone. A Deep Learning based model for object detection is embedded on ARGO drone equipped with geophysical sensors and several on-board cameras. The marine drone, developed at iMTG laboratory in partnership with NEPTUN-IA laboratory, was designed to obtain high-re...
Chapter
This paper is aimed at presenting an innovation-technology based approach for reconstructing underwater paleo-landscapes and related paleo-sea levels in coastal archaeological sites of great cultural value. Due to the low operational depth of the investigated area (between −0.5 and −5 m) an Unmanned Vessel Surface was used. It is equipped with inst...
Article
Full-text available
This research aims to present new data regarding the relative sea-level variations and related morpho-evolutive trends of Naples coast since the mid-Holocene, by interpreting several geomorphological and historical elements. The geomorphological analysis, which was applied to the emerged and submerged sector between Chiaia plain and Pizzofalcone pr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This research aims at the 3D reconstruction of a Roman fish tank (piscina) located inside the archaeological area of Portus Julius (Gulf of Pozzuoli, Naples) and it is part of a wider research finalized to reconstruct the amount of the vertical ground movements (VGM) occurred during historical times in the Gulf of Pozzuoli. The ancient piscina is r...
Article
Full-text available
Naples and its surroundings are a very young landscape, originated from 40 ka in response to strong and explosive volcanic processes, which created the Campi Flegrei, one of the largest volcanic fields of the world. Despite the repeated and continuous volcanic activity, this territory was selected for human settlements since Neolithic times and hos...
Article
Full-text available
This research aims to evaluate the amount of vertical ground movements during Roman times inside the archaeological area of Portus Julius (Gulf of Pozzuoli) using high-precision surveys on the most reliable archaeological sea-level markers. Measuring the submersion of ancient floors, structural elements belonging to a former fish tank, and several...
Article
The coasts of the Mediterranean Sea are characterized by the presence of many archaeological remains (ports, protection structures, villas, fish tanks, etc.) that have been emplaced since the Roman Age and have persisted until present day. Due to their archaeological value, these structures represent an inestimable cultural heritage at regional and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The study area is located along the western border of the Campi Flegrei (CF) caldera, occupied since the first Greek colonization of southern Italy (800 BC), and that still preserves archaeological traces of past coastal conformations. The study aims to present new additional data regarding the RSL position during the 1st century BC, considering al...
Article
This paper presents a methodological approach for the determination of the vulnerability of coastal archaeological sites to marine and aeolian processes, e.g. wave erosion, temporary flooding, wind erosion, etc. The methodology allows defining different degree of vulnerability, taking into account both the potential impacts of the physical processe...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we present the results of a multidisciplinary study aimed to reconstruct the Roman coastal landscape between Pizzofalcone hill and Megaris islet-the area of the ancient Parthenope, the first settlement along the Naples coast. This coastal sector was surveyed by a team of specialized divers (archaeologists and geomorphologists) and by...
Article
Full-text available
This paper shows an interesting case of coastal landscape reconstruction by using innovative marine robotic instrumentation, applied to an archaeological key-site in the Campi Flegrei (Italy), one of the more inhabited areas in the Mediterranean during the Roman period. This active volcanic area is world famous for the ancient coastal cities of Bai...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this paper was to implement an integrated method for high-resolution surveys by using a robotics technology. In order to reconstruct underwater landscapes of high cultural value, geophysical and photogrammetric sensors were integrated on-board of an USV allowing a precise mapping of the seabed morphology as well as a detailed three-dimen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Puteoli coastal sector is located in the Campi Flegrei volcanic area, along the Mediterranean coasts. This sector is rich in archaeological remains here used as sea-level markers useful to reconstruct the vertical ground movements affecting the CF area. Marine surveys by means of an Unmanned Surface Vessel equipped with geophysical instruments were...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During the Late Pleistocene and Holocene periods, the Italian coasts have undergone a very articulated geological and geomorphological evolution, due to the complex and differentiated interaction of endogenous and exogenous dynamics. Aim of this study is to implement a geodatabase concerning the geomorphological, stratigraphic, biological and archa...
Article
Puteoli coastal sector is located in the Campi Flegrei volcanic area, along the Mediterranean coasts. This sector is rich in archaeological remains here used as sea-level markers useful to reconstruct the vertical ground movements affecting the CF area. Ma-rine surveys by means of an Unmanned Surface Vessel equipped with geophysical instruments wer...
Article
Full-text available
During the Late Pleistocene and Holocene periods, the Italian coasts have undergone a very articulated geological and geomorphological evolution, due to the complex and differentiated interaction of endogenous and exogenous dynamics. Aim of this study is to implement a geodatabase concerning the geomorphological, stratigraphic, biological and archa...
Article
The Posillipo promontory is an elongated tufaceous ridge located on the southern periphery of the Campi Flegrei active volcanic complex that hosts several underwater archaeological structures dated mostly in the 1st century BC and the Imperial age. The so-called Palazzo degli Spiriti, built in the 1st century BC along the coast of the Posillipo hil...
Article
Full-text available
The mapping of landforms in the Gulf of Naples is fundamental to understanding the recent evolution of this perithyrrenian basin controlled by several systems of Quaternary faults and characterised by the presence of the Campi Flegrei and Somma Vesuvius volcanoes. In this paper a 1:85,000 map of the recent evolution of the Gulf of Naples coasts is...
Article
Full-text available
The southwestern periphery of Naples is dominated by the Posillipo promontory, an elongated tuffaceous ridge belonging to Campi Flegrei active volcanic complex (CF). The central caldera of CF is well-known for offering a rich geoarchaeological record of the vertical ground movements occurred since Roman times, as the case of the Portus Julius ruins...
Article
This paper describes the results of a multidisciplinary study of four geoarchaeological sites on the Sorrento Peninsula coast (Italy) where the submerged ruins of Roman buildings have enabled the ancient position of both the sea level and the coastline to be reconstructed. The results highlight that the sea level in Roman times, deduced from the su...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The coasts of the Gulf of Naples has been affected by significant changes since the Roman period that can be ascribed to several factors. These coastal changes have depended not only by vertical ground movements and by the eustatic sea level rise but, in this case, also by the effects of Plinian Vesuvius eruption of 79 AD that particularly influenc...
Article
The Roman Villa on the Marina di Equa (Vico Equense, Sorrento Peninsula, Italy), built in the first century A.D., is an important coastal site where the geological effects of the A.D. 79 eruption of Vesuvius are combined with archaeological remains, thus representing an interaction of both human and natural events. At this site, a patrician Roman v...
Article
Full-text available
This paper demonstrates that accurate data concerning bathymetry as well as environmental conditions in shallow waters can be acquired using sensors that are integrated into the same marine vehicle. An open prototype of an unmanned surface vessel (USV) named MicroVeGA is described. The focus is on the main instruments installed on-board: a differen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes the results of a geo-archaeological survey of the underwater extension (maritime annexes) of Roman villa located on the shore of the Rivo d’Arco alluvial plain. The three building phases recognized there (1 predating and 2 post-dating the eruption of Vesuvius in A.D. 79), read in their relations with the local stratigraphy, and...
Conference Paper
This paper describe the results of a PHD multidisciplinary research on four geo-archaeo-sites along the Sorrento Peninsula coast. Those sites host ruins of Roman villas whose study has allowed reconstructing the ancient position of both the sea level and the coastline. Moreover, other change of the coastal landscape were reconstructed and interpret...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The coastal areas of the Campania region are inhabited since prehistoric times and especially since Greek times. Anyway, these coastal areas have always been sensitive to environmental changes due to the interaction of endogenous and exogenous dynamics, climate influences and human disturbance. The Campania coast is about 450 km long and made of al...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Bathymetric data are fundamental to produce navigational chart and sea-floor 3D models. They can be collected using different techniques and sensors on board of a variety of platforms, such as satellite, aircraft, ship and drone. The MicroVEGA drone is an Open Prototype of Autonomous Unmanned Surface Vessel (AUSV) conceived, designed and built to o...
Article
Full-text available
The Ischia Island is an area of active volcanism, hydrothermalism, active faults and historical strong earthquakes. Nevertheless the structural pattern and timing of faulting of Ischia offshore is unknown. Continuous seismic reflection profiles were acquired off Ischia between 2005 and 2007 in the frame of research programs of marine cartography (C...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper illustrates the results obtained by investigating two underwater archaeological sites of Campania by mean of marine geophysical methods. In particular, will be illustrated processing techniques of acoustic and magnetic data acquired in order to identify and measure the submerged archaeological remains. The three marine geophysical method...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Il gruppo di ricerca coordinato dal Prof. Francesco Giordano del Dipartimento di Scienze applicate dell'Università Parthenope di Napoli, sta conducendo uno studio dell'insenatura di Baia (tratto di mare incluso tra punta di Epitaffio e il Castello aragonese), area rossa del Parco archeologico sommerso. La finalità del lavoro è quella di ottenere un...
Conference Paper
L'Istituto di Matematica, Fisica ed Applicazioni dell'Università "Parthenope" di Napoli ha realizzato una applicazione in ambiente Visual Basic per la raccolta, gestione e trasformazione dei dati GPS, perfettamente integrato con l'ambiente GIS ArcView, Nel dettaglio l'applicazione gestisce tutte le problematiche relative alla navigazione e al posiz...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Lo studio di riqualificazione ambientale del litorale partenopeo è stato realizzato, nell’ambito di una Convenzione fra il Comune di Napoli e l’Università Parthenope, dall’Istituto di Matematica Fisica ed Applicazioni della stessa Università. Le fasi in cui è stato articolato lo studio sono: 1) Campagna di stratigrafie sismiche per l’individuazione...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sommario Lo studio di evoluzione morfologica della fascia costiera del Comune di Napoli è stato effettuato dall’Istituto di Matematica Fisica ed Applicazioni del IUN di Napoli nell’ambito di una Convenzione con il Comune di Napoli con la più ampia finalità di ripristinare il litorale partenopeo. I dati elaborati sono di tipo cartografico, in partic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract La ricognizione della fascia costiera del Comune di Napoli è stata effettuata al fine di ottenere una conoscenza approfondita da un punto di vista ambientale dello stato dei luoghi. Il sistema GIS – Napoli è stato realizzato infatti per permettere una semplice gestione dei dati relativi a tale territorio da parte dell’Assessorato competent...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
INQUA projects SPLOSH (https://www.researchgate.net/project/SPLOSH-Submerged-Palaeolandscapes-of-the-Southern-Hemisphere) and Neptune (https://www.researchgate.net/project/NEPTUNE-NEw-Procedures-and-Technologies-for-UNderwater-paleo-landscapE-reconstruction) have come together to host an online workshop, SHINE, on 14 and 15 June 2021. The meeting aims to create a discussion opportunity for researchers dealing with past and recent evolution of coastal and submerged landscapes and provide a non-traditional workshop where participants are invited to present their field activities and study sites as a virtual scientific tour. Presentations can introduce methodologies (or technologies) used during a survey or an ongoing study and we provide an opportunity to showcase research and/or site surveying in its early phases. This meeting format favours ECRs in the early stages of their research projects. We pay particular attention to studies of less known sites, studies conducted with limited funds, demonstrations of innovative technology and/or methodology, and state-of-the-art workflow. The thematic sessions are based on different typologies of coastal landscapes, from past reconstructions to future predictions: •Ancient rocky coasts and their traces along the modern landscape; •Ancient coastal lagoons; •Volcanic coasts and their submerged morphologies; •Urban palaeo-landscapes and anthropogenic traces; •Ancient sandy coasts and their submerged and/or buried morphologies; •Glacial landscapes and their origins; •Wave- or tide-dominated coasts; •Cyclone or tectonically-affected regions. The SHINE motto is “A picture tells a 1000 words”. The deadline for presenting a 300-word abstract, with 1 or 2 photos or figures representing the studied area (template guidelines: https://drive.google.com/file/d/18kTvtdhokcgi4Br6K79_V4tEYoXG3qK8/view), is April 30, 2021. Please send your contribution to shine.inqua@gmail.com
Project
NEPTUNE INQUA project aims to develop innovative techniques and procedures to analyse the past landscape evolution at a wider scale from near-shore locations to the continental shelf. This project fuels the discussion on this topic by creating a wide community of scientists dealing with all aspects of coastal landscape evolution, such as, for instance, geomorphological, climatic, structural and anthropogenic forcing. Our goal is to create a new scientific network that will discuss the most promising innovative techniques and procedures for submerged landscape reconstructions during workshops and common field activities. Neptune project started its activities online by organizing this first meeting but also by creating our online channels periodically updated with the Neptune news. Website http://dist.altervista.org/neptune Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/NEPTUNEinqua
Project
Geological and geomorphological coastal hazards analysis and the evaluation of their impacts on coastal landscape and cultural heritage, even taking into account the ongoing climatic changes effects.