Gaetano T. Montelione

Gaetano T. Montelione
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute | RPI · Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies

Ph.D.

About

487
Publications
53,883
Reads
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21,060
Citations
Citations since 2017
60 Research Items
6757 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000
Introduction
Gaetano Montelione is an internationally recognized expert and innovator in the fields of protein NMR and structural genomics. Montelione carried out pioneering work on NMR pulse sequence development, including the design of the first triple-resonance protein NMR experiments with G. Wagner, as well as subsequent development of HCCcoNH-TOCSY and other widely-used NMR experiments. This research lead Montelione to develop software for automated analysis of protein resonance assignments and structures. The resulting technology platform provided the basis for many key contributions to structural genomics research, including elucidating the structural basis by which influenza viruses suppress host innate immune response, and in structure-function studies of oncogenes and tumor suppressors.
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - December 2020
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Position
  • Chair

Publications

Publications (487)
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent advances in molecular modeling of protein structures are changing the field of structural biology. AlphaFold-2 (AF2), an AI system developed by DeepMind, Inc., utilizes attention-based deep learning to predict models of protein structures with high accuracy relative to structures determined by X-ray crystallography and cryo-electron microsco...
Article
Full-text available
Considering the significant impact of the recent COVID-19 outbreak, development of broad-spectrum antivirals is a high priority goal to prevent future global pandemics. Antiviral development processes generally emphasize targeting a specific protein from a particular virus. However, some antiviral agents developed for specific viral protein targets...
Article
Full-text available
We use computational design coupled with experimental characterization to systematically investigate the design principles for macrocycle membrane permeability and oral bioavailability. We designed 184 6–12 residue macrocycles with a wide range of predicted structures containing noncanonical backbone modifications and experimentally determined stru...
Article
The evolutionary benefit accounting for widespread conservation of oligomeric structures in proteins lacking evidence of intersubunit cooperativity remains unclear. Here, crystal and cryo-EM structures, and enzymological data, demonstrate that a conserved tetramer interface maintains the active-site structure in one such class of proteins, the shor...
Article
NMR is a valuable experimental tool in the structural biologist’s toolkit to elucidate the structures, functions, and motions of biomolecules. The progress of machine learning, particularly in structural biology, reveals the critical importance of large, diverse, and reliable datasets in developing new methods and understanding in structural biolog...
Article
Full-text available
Recent advances in molecular modeling using deep learning have the potential to revolutionize the field of structural biology. In particular, AlphaFold has been observed to provide models of protein structures with accuracies rivaling medium-resolution X-ray crystal structures, and with excellent atomic coordinate matches to experimental protein NM...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent advances in molecular modeling using deep learning have the potential to revolutionize the field of structural biology. In particular, AlphaFold has been observed to provide models of protein structures with accuracy rivaling medium-resolution X-ray crystal structures, and with excellent atomic coordinate matches to experimental protein NMR...
Preprint
Full-text available
NMR is a valuable experimental tool in the structural biologist’s toolkit to elucidate the structures, functions, and motions of biomolecules. The progress of machine learning, particularly in structural biology, reveals the critical importance of large, diverse, and reliable datasets in developing new methods and understanding in structural biolog...
Article
Dissimilatory sulfite reductase is an ancient enzyme that has linked the global sulfur and carbon biogeochemical cycles since at least 3.47 Gya. While much has been learned about the phylogenetic distribution and diversity of DsrAB across environmental gradients, far less is known about the structural changes that occurred to maintain DsrAB functio...
Preprint
Dissimilatory sulfite reductase is an ancient enzyme that has linked the global sulfur and carbon biogeochemical cycles since at least 3.47 Gya. While much has been learned about the phylogenetic distribution and diversity of DsrAB across environmental gradients, far less is known about the structural changes that occurred to maintain DsrAB functio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Intrinsically disordered regions of proteins often mediate important protein-protein interactions. However, the folding upon binding nature of many polypeptide-protein interactions limits the ability of modeling tools to predict structures of such complexes. To address this problem, we have taken a tandem approach combining NMR chemical shift data...
Preprint
Dissimilatory sulfite reductase is an ancient enzyme that has linked the global sulfur and carbon biogeochemical cycles since at least 3.47 Gya. While much has been learned about the phylogenetic distribution and diversity of DsrAB across environmental gradients, far less is known about the structural changes that occurred to maintain DsrAB functio...
Article
Full-text available
There has been considerable recent progress in protein structure prediction using deep neural networks to predict inter-residue distances from amino acid sequences1,2,3. Here we investigate whether the information captured by such networks is sufficiently rich to generate new folded proteins with sequences unrelated to those of the naturally occurr...
Article
Full-text available
NMR studies can provide unique information about protein conformations in solution. In CASP14, three reference structures provided by solution NMR methods were available (T1027, T1029, and T1055), as well as a fourth data set of NMR-derived contacts for an integral membrane protein (T1088). For the three targets with NMR-based structures, the best...
Preprint
Full-text available
NMR studies can provide unique information about protein conformations in solution. In CASP14, three reference structures provided by solution NMR methods were available (T1027, T1029, and T1055), as well as a fourth data set of NMR-derived contacts for a integral membrane protein (T1088). For the three targets with NMR-based structures, the best p...
Article
Full-text available
We previously elucidated principles for designing ideal proteins with completely consistent local and non-local interactions which have enabled the design of a wide range of new αβ-proteins with four or fewer β-strands. The principles relate local backbone structures to supersecondary-structure packing arrangements of α-helices and β-strands. Here,...
Article
Full-text available
YhcB, a poorly understood protein conserved across gamma-proteobacteria, contains a Domain of Unknown Function (DUF 1043) and an N-terminal transmembrane domain. Here we used an integrated approach including X-ray crystallography, genetics and molecular biology to investigate the function and structure of YhcB. The E. coli yhcB knock-out strain doe...
Article
Full-text available
Effective control of COVID-19 requires antivirals directed against SARS-CoV-2. We assessed ten hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease-inhibitor drugs as potential SARS-CoV-2 antivirals. There is a striking structural similarity of the substrate binding clefts of SARS-CoV-2 main protease (Mpro) and HCV NS3/4A protease. Virtual docking experiments show tha...
Article
Full-text available
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is one of the three primary experimental means of characterizing macromolecular structures, including protein structures. Structure determination by solution NMR spectroscopy has traditionally relied heavily on distance restraints derived from nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) measurements. While structur...
Article
The extraterminal (ET) domain of BRD3 is conserved among BET proteins (BRD2, BRD3, BRD4), interacting with multiple host and viral protein-protein networks. Solution NMR structures of complexes formed between the BRD3 ET domain and either the 79-residue murine leukemia virus integrase (IN) C-terminal domain (IN329-408) or its 22-residue IN tail pep...
Preprint
Full-text available
YhcB, an uncharacterized protein conserved across gamma-proteobacteria, is composed predominantly of a single Domain of Unknown Function (DUF 1043) with an N-terminal transmembrane α-helix. Here, we show that E. coli YhcB is a conditionally essential protein that interacts with the proteins of the cell divisome (e.g., FtsI, FtsQ) and elongasome (e....
Preprint
Effective control of COVID-19 requires antivirals directed against SARS-CoV-2 virus. Here we assess ten available HCV protease inhibitor drugs as potential SARS-CoV-2 antivirals. There is a striking structural similarity of the substrate binding clefts of SARS- CoV-2 M pro and HCV NS3/4A proteases, and virtual docking experiments show that all ten...
Preprint
Full-text available
The extra-terminal (ET) domain of BRD3 is conserved among BET proteins (BRD2, BRD3, BRD4), interacting with multiple host and viral protein-protein networks. Solution NMR structures of complexes formed between BRD3-ET domain with either the 79-residue murine leukemia virus integrase (IN) C-terminal domain (IN 329-408 ), or its 22-residue IN tail pe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is one of the two primary experimental means of characterizing macromolecular structures, including protein structures. Structure determination by NMR spectroscopy has traditionally relied heavily on distance restraints derived from nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) measurements. While structure determina...
Preprint
During the current COVID-19 pandemic more than 160,000 people have died worldwide as of mid-April 2020, and the global economy has been crippled. Effective control of the SARS-CoV2 virus that causes the COVID-19 pandemic requires both vaccines and antivirals. Antivirals are particularly crucial to treat infected people during the period of time tha...
Preprint
p> Abstract: During the current COVID-19 pandemic more than 160,000 people have died worldwide as of mid-April 2020, and the global economy has been crippled. Effective control of the SARS-CoV2 virus that causes the COVID-19 pandemic requires both vaccines and antivirals. Antivirals are particularly crucial to treat infected people during the perio...
Article
Metalloproteins comprise over one third of proteins, with approximately half of all enzymes requiring metal to function. Accurate identification of these metal atoms and their environment is a prerequisite to understanding biological mechanism. Using ion beam analysis through particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE), we have quantitatively identified...
Article
Full-text available
Influenza A viruses cause widespread human respiratory disease. The viral multifunctional NS1 protein inhibits host antiviral responses. This inhibition results from the binding of specific cellular antiviral proteins at various positions on the NS1 protein. Remarkably, binding of several proteins also requires the two amino-acid residues in the NS...
Article
Structures of biomolecular systems are increasingly computed by integrative modeling. In this approach, a structural model is constructed by combining information from multiple sources, including varied experimental methods and prior models. In 2019, a Workshop was held as a Biophysical Society Satellite Meeting to assess progress and discuss furth...
Article
Pullulanases are well‐known debranching enzymes hydrolyzing α‐1,6‐glycosidic linkages. To date, engineering of pullulanase is mainly focused on catalytic pocket or domain tailoring based on structure/sequence information. Saturation mutagenesis‐involved directed evolution is, however, limited by the low number of mutational sites compatible with co...
Article
Full-text available
CASP13 has investigated the impact of sparse NMR data on the accuracy of protein structure prediction. NOESY and 15N‐1H residual dipolar coupling data, typical of that obtained for 15N,13C‐enriched, perdeuterated proteins up to about 40 kDa, were simulated for 11 CASP13 targets ranging in size from 80 to 326 residues. For several targets, two predi...
Article
An important group of industrial enzymes, Rhizopus lipases exhibit valuable hydrolytic features that underlie their biological functions. Particularly important is their N-terminal polypeptide segment (NTPS), which is required for secretion and proper folding, but is removed in the process of enzyme maturation. A second common feature of this class...
Article
Full-text available
Online citizen science projects such as GalaxyZoo¹, Eyewire² and Phylo³ have proven very successful for data collection, annotation and processing, but for the most part have harnessed human pattern-recognition skills rather than human creativity. An exception is the game EteRNA⁴, in which game players learn to build new RNA structures by exploring...
Article
In the developing brain, cell-surface proteins play crucial roles, but their protein-protein interaction network remains largely unknown. A proteomic screen identified 200 interactions, 89 of which were not previously published. Among these interactions, we find that the IgLONs, a family of five cell-surface neuronal proteins implicated in various...
Article
Full-text available
As complications associated with antibiotic resistance have intensified, copper (Cu) is attracting attention as an antimicrobial agent. Recent studies have shown that copper surfaces decrease microbial burden, and host macrophages use Cu to increase bacterial killing. Not surprisingly, microbes have evolved mechanisms to tightly control intracellul...
Article
Deficits in DNA damage repair pathways are the root cause of several human cancers. In mammalian cells, DNA double-strand break repair is carried out by multiple mechanisms, including homologous recombination (HR). PALB2 (Partner and Localizer of BRCA2), which is an essential factor for HR, binds to the breast cancer susceptibility 1 (BRCA1) protei...
Article
Full-text available
Ambidoxin is a designed, minimal dodecapeptide consisting of alternating L and D amino acids that binds an 4Fe-4S cluster through ligand-metal interactions and an extensive network of second-shell hydrogen bonds. The peptide can withstand hundreds of oxidation-reduction cycles at room temperature. Ambidoxin suggests how simple, prebiotic peptides m...
Article
The narrow substrate scope of naturally occurring alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs) greatly limits the enzymatic synthesis of important chiral alcohols. On the basis of X-ray crystal structures and kinetic profiling of a substrate library, we engineered variants of the stereospecific alcohol dehydrogenase from Candida parapsilopsis. This resulted in a...
Article
Full-text available
A key component of efforts to address the reproducibility crisis in biomedical research is the development of rigorously validated and renewable protein-affinity reagents. As part of the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) Protein Capture Reagents Program (PCRP), we have generated a collection of 1,406 highly validated immunoprecipitation- and/o...
Article
Full-text available
Lipase r27RCL is a 296-residue, 33 kDa monomeric enzyme with high ester hydrolysis activity, which has significant applications in the baking, paper and leather industries. The lipase gene proRCL from Rhizopus microsporus var. chinensis (also Rhizopus chinensis) CCTCC M201021 was cloned as a fusion construct C-terminal to a maltose-binding protein...
Article
Dengue virus poses a significant global health threat as the source of increasingly deleterious dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever, and dengue shock syndrome. As no specific antiviral treatment exists for dengue infection, considerable effort is being applied to discover therapies and drugs for maintenance and prevention of these afflictions. T...
Article
Full-text available
Metabolism of cancer cells is characterized by aerobic glycolysis, or the Warburg effect. Aerobic glycolysis reduces pyruvate flux into mitochondria, preventing a complete oxidation of glucose and shunting glucose to anabolic pathways essential for cell proliferation. Here we tested a new strategy, mitochondrial uncoupling, for its potential of ant...
Chapter
Accurate protein structure determination by solution-state NMR is challenging for proteins greater than about 20 kDa, for which extensive perdeuteration is generally required, providing experimental data that are incomplete (sparse) and ambiguous. However, the massive increase in evolutionary sequence information coupled with advances in methods fo...
Chapter
Cell surface molecules are important for development and function of multicellular organisms. Although several methods are available to identify ligand–receptor pairs, ELISA-based methods are particularly amenable to high-throughput screens. ELISA-based methods have high sensitivity and low false-positive rates for detecting protein–protein interac...
Chapter
While 3D structure determination of small (<15 kDa) proteins by solution NMR is largely automated and routine, structural analysis of larger proteins is more challenging. An emerging hybrid strategy for modeling protein structures combines sparse NMR data that can be obtained for larger proteins with sequence co-variation data, called evolutionary...
Article
Enzymes: Acetohydroxy acid isomeroreductase (EC 1.1.1.86), branched-chain amino acid aminotransferase (BCAT, EC 2.6.1.42), fumarase (EC 4.2.1.2), malic enzyme (EC 1.1.1.39/1.1.1.40), phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (EC 4.1.1.49), pyruvate carboxylase (EC 6.4.1.1), pyruvate kinase (EC 2.7.1.40), l-serine hydroxymethyltransferase (EC 2.1.2.1), thr...
Article
Full-text available
A strategy for acquiring structural information from sparsely isotopically labeled large proteins is illustrated with an application to the E. coli heat-shock protein, HtpG (high temperature protein G), a 145 kDa dimer. It uses (13)C-alanine methyl labeling in a perdeuterated background to take advantage of the sensitivity and resolution of Methyl-...
Cover Page
The cover image, by Balasubramanian Harish et al., is based on the Article Multiple helical conformations of the helix-turn-helix region revealed by NOE-restrained MD simulations of tryptophan aporepressor, TrpR, DOI: 10.1002//prot.25252.
Article
The nature of flexibility in the helix-turn-helix region of E. coli trp aporepressor has been unexplained for many years. The original ensemble of NMR structures showed apparent disorder, but chemical shift and relaxation measurements indicated a helical region. NOE data for a temperature-sensitive mutant showed more helical character in its helix-...
Article
Designing proteins with cavities In de novo protein design, creating custom-tailored binding sites is a particular challenge because these sites often involve nonideal backbone structures. For example, curved b sheets are a common ligand binding motif. Marcos et al. investigated the principles that drive β-sheet curvature by studying the geometry o...
Article
Full-text available
The retroviral integrase (IN) carries out the integration of a dsDNA copy of the viral genome into the host DNA, an essential step for viral replication. All IN proteins have three general domains, the N-terminal domain (NTD), the catalytic core domain (CCD), and the C-terminal domain (CTD). The NTD includes an HHCC zinc finger-like motif, which is...
Article
Human mitochondrial NFU1 functions in the maturation of iron-sulfur proteins, and NFU1 deficiency is associated with a fatal mitochondrial disease. We determined three-dimensional structures of the N- and C-terminal domains of human NFU1 by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and used these structures along with small-angle X-ray scattering (SA...
Article
We determined the NMR structure of a highly aromatic (13%) protein of unknown function, Aq1974 from Aquifex aeolicus. The unusual sequence of this protein has a tryptophan content 5 times the normal (six tryptophan residues of 114 or 5.2% while the average tryptophan content is 1.0%) with the tryptophans occurring in a WXW motif. It has no detectab...
Article
Full-text available
Influenza viruses cause a highly contagious respiratory disease in humans. The NS1 proteins of influenza A and B viruses (NS1A and NS1B proteins, respectively) are composed of two domains, a dimeric N-terminal domain and a C-terminal domain, connected by a flexible polypeptide linker. Here we report the 2.0-Å X-ray crystal structure and nuclear mag...
Article
Full-text available
Background In order to use most modern methods of NMR spectroscopy to study protein structure and dynamics, isotope-enriched protein samples are essential. Especially for larger proteins (>20 kDa), perdeuterated and Ile (δ1), Leu, and Val methyl-protonated protein samples are required for suppressing nuclear relaxation to provide improved spectral...
Article
Crystallographic studies of ligands bound to biological macromolecules (proteins and nucleic acids) represent an important source of information concerning drug-target interactions, providing atomic level insights into the physical chemistry of complex formation between macromolecules and ligands. Of the more than 115,000 entries extant in the Prot...
Article
Full-text available
Design of polar interactions is a current challenge for protein design. The de novo designed protein Top7, like almost all designed proteins, has an entirely non-polar core. Here we describe the replacing of a sizable fraction (5 residues) of this core with a designed polar hydrogen bond network. The polar core design is expressed at high levels in...