Gabrielle Wong-Parodi

Gabrielle Wong-Parodi
Stanford University | SU · Earth System Science

PhD

About

97
Publications
23,047
Reads
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1,959
Citations
Citations since 2017
65 Research Items
1700 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500

Publications

Publications (97)
Article
Based on her own experience, Gabrielle Wong-Parodi describes how a community-engaged approach has the potential to strengthen research and increase its impact.
Article
Norms play a powerful role in shaping behaviors like energy consumption and adoption of clean energy technologies. Interventions that specifically target norm perceptions (like home energy reports featuring social comparisons) are widely deployed and studied. However, traditional policy tools like financial incentives and mandates may also affect p...
Article
The 2020 hurricane season threatened millions of Americans concurrently grappling with COVID-19. Processes guiding individual-level mitigation for these conceptually distinct threats, one novel and chronic (COVID-19), the other familiar and episodic (hurricanes), are unknown. Theories of health protective behaviors suggest that inputs from external...
Article
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The authors introduce the National Center for Atmospheric Research’s Early-Career Faculty Innovator Program and present lessons learned about advancing interdisciplinary and convergent science with and for society. The Innovator Program brings together faculty and students from the social sciences with NCAR researchers to conduct interdisciplinary...
Article
As wildfire risk is projected to increase across most of the world, exposure to wildfire smoke is a growing global health issue. Clean air centers (CACs), public buildings designated to provide improved air quality to the public during a wildfire smoke event, have emerged as a community-oriented public health response to smoke. Some experts see CAC...
Article
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Climate change impacts and rapid development in the wildland-urban interface are increasing population exposure and vulnerability to the harmful effects of wildfire and wildfire smoke. The direct and indirect effects of these hazards may impact future mobility decisions among populations at risk. To better understand how perceptions and personal ex...
Article
Shale gas has been described as a game changer due to its potential role in addressing global climate change, protecting national security, and revitalizing local economies. However, the extraction of shale gas can result in negative impacts that may influence public discourse and decisions about its development. This study presents a comprehensive...
Article
We examined media exposure, psychological fear and worry, perceptions of risk, and health protective behaviors surrounding the 2014 Ebola virus outbreak in a probability-based, representative, national sample of Americans (N = 3447). Structural equation models examined relationships between amount (hours/day) and content (e.g., graphic images of de...
Article
Importance: During the past century, more than 100 catastrophic hurricanes have impacted the Florida coast; climate change will likely be associated with increases in the intensity of future storms. Despite these annual threats to residents, to our knowledge, no longitudinal studies of representative samples at risk of hurricane exposure have exam...
Article
Several regions in the world are seeing an increase in the chances of catastrophic wildfires, driven primarily by climate change. Power companies in places like California are enacting public safety power shutoffs (PSPS), a type of indirect climate adaptation policy, to reduce the risk of wildfires during periods of favorable wildfire conditions. W...
Article
As automated transportation technology advances, public transit agencies could consider how integrating autonomous vehicles and shuttles into existing transit systems affects equity. Capital and operating costs for automated mobility modes managed by public transit agencies are uncertain since few deployments have occurred to date. Automated vehicl...
Article
Many people do not make choices that minimize risk in the face of health and environmental threats. Using pre-registered analyses, we tested whether a risk communication that primed perceptions about health-protective preparation and behavior of close social contacts promoted protection views and protective behaviors. From December 10–24, 2020, we...
Article
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Understanding the motivation to adopt personal household adaptation behaviors in the face of climate change-related hazards is essential for developing and implementing behaviorally realistic interventions that promote well-being and health. Escalating extreme weather events increase the number of those directly exposed and adversely impacted by cl...
Article
Abstract The news media can influence how the public learns about environmental issues, including endangered marine species such as sea turtles, which may prompt further information‐seeking. However, what people learn through the media can be problematic for conservation efforts if it is misaligned with scientific priorities. Here, we seek to bette...
Article
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The COVID-19 outbreak drastically altered the behaviors of millions of Americans in 2020, including behaviors that contribute to carbon emissions. As many Americans stayed home midyear, environmental groups noted the decrease in driving and transportation-related pollution, theorizing that the pandemic could have a positive impact on the environmen...
Article
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This paper identifies the influence of demographic, local transportation environment, and individual preferences for transportation attributes on multimodal transportation behavior in an urban environment with emergent transportation mode availability. Multimodality is the use of more than one mode of transportation during a given timeframe. Multim...
Article
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Assessing global progress on human adaptation to climate change is an urgent priority. Although the literature on adaptation to climate change is rapidly expanding, little is known about the actual extent of implementation. We systematically screened >48,000 articles using machine learning methods and a global network of 126 researchers. Our synthe...
Article
Opportunity for direct experience with a range of climate change-related extremes is growing worldwide – from wildfires to transmissible disease. This experience may be associated with attributions to climate change, as well as with pro-environmental attitudes and behavioral intentions. Given the United States' (US) recent devastating wildfires and...
Article
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The health impacts of wildfire smoke are an important and growing global issue, as extreme wildfire events are expected to increase in frequency and intensity throughout this century due to climate climate. Research into individual protective health decision-making can elucidate how wildfire smoke exposure contributes to adverse health outcomes and...
Article
Many energy systems models have sought to develop pathways for deep decarbonization of the global energy system. Most often, these pathways minimize system costs or greenhouse gas emissions; with few exceptions, they ignore the constraints imposed by political, social, and economic factors that slow transition processes, making them prone to produc...
Article
Overcoming climate change skepticism and disengagement is a pressing challenge. Evidence suggests that reactions to climate science and proposed solutions are strongly driven by emotion. This paper explores whether negative emotional responses to learning about climate impacts support recognition of the reality and risks of climate change, and whet...
Preprint
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We present the first systematic, global stocktake of the academic literature on human adaptation. We screen 48,316 documents and identify 1,682 articles that present empirical research documenting human efforts to reduce risk from climate change and associated hazards. Coding and synthesizing this literature highlights that the overall extent of ad...
Article
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The unique strengths of qualitative research, through in-depth inquiry and identification of unexpected themes and linkages, is essential to our growing understanding of COVID-19′s impacts on the social world and its intersection with sustainability science. However, many challenges—physical, psychological, and ethical in nature—face qualitative re...
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A sustainable energy future requires both technological advancement and understanding factors that drive attitudes and behaviors on energy consumption. Culture can influence preferences for sources of energy, consumption behavior, and incentives to change behavior. This paper examines, through two studies, the influence of various cultural, environ...
Article
Communities worldwide will increasingly be called upon to bear the burden of the direct impact of climate change, and also the externalities associated with avoiding the worst. This begs the question: How do we protect the well-being of populations living with climate impacts without causing unintentional harm via poorly planned or managed adaptati...
Article
Reducing fatalities from tornadoes in the Southeast U.S. requires considering multiple societal factors, including the risk perceptions that influence how people interpret tornado forecasts and warnings and make protective decisions. This study investigates perceptions of tornado risk in the Southeast U.S., operationalized as judgments of tornado l...
Article
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Restrictions to reduce human interaction have helped to avoid greater suffering and death from the COVID-19 pandemic, but have also created socioeconomic hardship. This disruption is unprecedented in the modern era of global observing networks, pervasive sensing and large-scale tracking of human mobility and behaviour, creating a unique test bed fo...
Article
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Expanding e-commerce and delivery benefit consumers through increased flexibility and convenience. However, there is a potential impact on vehicle miles traveled (VMT) by delivery and personal vehicles, and the resulting energy consumption, air quality, and congestion. Delivery trips could replace personal vehicle trips, but, if not a replacement,...
Article
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We examine the factors related to the adoption of renewable energy amongst members of a botanical garden. We surveyed botanical garden members roughly seven months after the garden began incentivizing visitors to switch their household energy supplier to a renewable energy provider, offering a free year of membership to those who switched to renewa...
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Unexpected changes in the amount and timing of seasonal precipitation and temperature provide significant challenges to stakeholders in water-constrained areas of the world. These changes are particularly problematic for decisions that face economic and organizational constraints from those changes. The use of climate forecasts informed by scientif...
Article
Shale gas development can negatively impact those residing in close proximity to projects. Evidence from protests in Europe and the United States suggests a growing prevalence of “NUMBYism” (Not Under My Backyard) sentiment. There is little public discourse about the public acceptance, particularly among those directly affected, of shale gas develo...
Article
Action on climate change is currently minimal, and woefully inadequate for steering away from its worst trajectories and impacts. Psychological science offers insights into the causes of climate change denial and reluctance to engage with solutions, and identifies avenues for enhancing climate acceptance and engagement. We review psychological proc...
Article
What makes knowledge relevant to environmental sustainability actionable, and how can its societal impacts be evaluated? Scholars and practitioners have increasingly advocated that the traditional linear model of knowledge production, with its unidirectional flow of information from researchers to policy-makers, be replaced by a new approach in whi...
Article
Despite the increasing number of decision support tools (DSTs) intended to inform sustainability decision-making, recent evidence suggests they may not be reaching stakeholders who need them most and are of varying content and quality. One way to enhance their use and quality is to evaluate tools during their development and deployment in order to...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to understand how differences are in preferences for recovery options of residential fire disasters among four different groups, which helps us understand the role of empathy in public administration. Policy decision on allocating resources were assessed in each group through an experimental design. The results show tha...
Article
Growing attention has been paid to understanding public risk perceptions of shale gas development. This research has largely been conducted in the United States and Europe. Arguably, the environmental and social risks posed by drilling are potentially more severe in places like China, due to its geography and political system. However, little is kn...
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Coal-fired power plants with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS), natural-gas-fired power plants with CCS, and Small Modular Reactors (SMR) are potentially important emerging energy technologies that could help mitigate climate change and contribute to a low-carbon future. Public opinion and preferences towards these technologies will affect the...
Article
The financial cost of personal energy consumption is substantial at the organizational level. Rarely do incentives for saving energy for the individual employee and organization align, making conservation a challenge. Here we perform a 12-week field experiment piloting two behavioral strategies: (1) social norms feedback and (2) awareness of energy...
Article
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Well-informed public preferences are key to enabling successful and sustainable energy transitions worldwide. However, limited explorative evidence exists on what the public already knows and wants to know about the electricity generation technologies and their Environmental, Health and Safety (EHS) risks. Understanding these issues is important fo...
Article
Emerging technologies and services stand poised to transform the transportation system, with large implications for energy use and mobility. The degree and speed of these impacts depend largely on who adopts these innovations and how quickly. Leveraging data from a novel survey of San Francisco Bay Area residents, we analyze adoption patterns for s...
Article
The formulation and use of scenarios is now a fundamental part of national and global efforts to assess and plan for climate change. While scenario development initially focused on the technical dimensions of energy, emissions and climate response, in recent years parallel sets of shared socio-economic pathways have been developed to portray the va...
Article
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Solar photovoltaic (PV) is an important strategy to de-carbonize the energy sector in the United States and to reduce the health, environmental, and climate change damages associated with the production of electricity from fossil fuel sources. While the potential for solar PV in the residential and commercial sectors has been widely studied, the po...
Article
There is a growing number of decision aids made available to the general public by those working on hazard and disaster management. When based on high‐quality scientific studies across disciplines and designed to provide a high level of usability and trust, decision aids become more likely to improve the quality of hazard risk management and respon...
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Researchers, stakeholders and funding organizations have embraced co-production of knowledge to solve sustainability problems. Research focusing on the practice of co-production can help us understand what works in what contexts and how to avoid potentially undesirable outcomes.
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Energy resource management decisions will encounter situations where the interaction of culture and the environment play an integral role in management decisions. These decisions are highly complex, requiring tradeoffs among multiple objectives and supported by science that is often uncertain and incomplete. Decision aids can facilitate informed ch...
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This study evaluates the effect of the documentary Under the Dome on the concern and responsive behaviors of the public regarding air pollution in China, with two surveys conducted before and after watching the documentary. Employing difference‐in‐differences regression, this study answers two research questions: (1) Does Under the Dome change publ...
Article
Climate-related disasters are on the rise, with a 44% increase between 1994 and 2013, and the population at risk is ever growing. The need to help people protect their well-being, families, and homes is of utmost importance. We surveyed individuals impacted by Hurricane Matthew in real time in October 2016 to explore the role of mental health, self...
Preprint
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Even when the benefits seem to outweigh the costs, many building owners do not invest in energy efficiency. Here a framework is presented for understanding energy efficiency investment decisions drawing on methods from behavioral decision research. The approach begins with a normative analysis that characterizes how building owners should behave, c...
Article
Although the risks of flooding demand responses by communities and societies, there are also many cost-effective actions that individuals can take. The authors examine two potential determinants of such adoption: individual predisposition to act and the impact of decision aids that emphasize the risk, the actions, both, or neither (control). Respon...
Article
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Background: Air quality affects us all and is a rapidly growing concern in the 21st century. We spend the majority of our lives indoors and can be exposed to a number of pollutants smaller than 2.5 microns (particulate matter, PM2.5) resulting in detrimental health effects. Indoor air quality sensors have the potential to provide people with the i...
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Civic engagement is one important way citizens can influence the rate of decarbonization in the electricity sector. However, motivating engagement can be challenging even if people are affected and interested in participating. Here we employed a randomized controlled trial to assess the effect of clean energy campaigns emphasizing cost savings, hea...
Article
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Current energy efficiency policy and incentive programs tend to target economic motivations, which may misalign with other potentially important motivations arising from situational factors, individual differences, and social context. Thus, in this research, we review areas of work that have focused on psychological and social influences to energy...
Article
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Aging and insufficient infrastructure contribute to urban runoff events, contaminating streets, basements, and waterways. Runoff events are expected to increase as climate change heralds more intense and frequent storm events. To manage the risk of these events, municipalities have created or are creating stormwater utilities using some combination...
Article
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As the specter of climate change looms on the horizon, people will face complex decisions about whether to support climate change policies and how to cope with climate change impacts on their lives. Without some grasp of the relevant science, they may find it hard to make informed decisions. Climate experts therefore face the ethical need to effect...
Article
Ebola was the most widely followed news story in the United States in October 2014. Here, we ask what members of the U.S. public learned about the disease, given the often chaotic media environment. Early in 2015, we surveyed a representative sample of 3,447 U.S. residents about their Ebola-related beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. Where possible,...
Article
Amid growing concern that environ­mental science will be suppressed by the new administration, scientists and others across the United States have been racing to archive federal climate data. Jeffrey Lockwood's Behind the Carbon Curtain , which tells the story of corporate and political climate science censorship in Wyoming, offers a glimpse into t...
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Background Despite significant advances in medical interventions and health care delivery, preterm births in the United States are on the rise. Existing research has identified important, seemingly simple precautions that could significantly reduce preterm birth risk. However, it has proven difficult to communicate even these simple recommendations...
Article
The risk of coastal flooding is increasing due to more frequent intense storm events, rising sea levels, and more people living in flood-prone areas. Although private adaptation measures can reduce damage and risk, most people living in risk-prone areas take only a fraction of those measures voluntarily. The present study examines relationships amo...
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In the face of changing environmental and socio-economic drivers, access to, understanding of, and the use of probabilistic climate forecasts and other sources of scientific hydro-climate information are important for informed decision making in the water sector. This paper characterizes and compares local perceptions of the water system and hydro-...
Article
In Fact and Fiction in Global Energy Policy, Sovacool, Brown, and Valentine make clever use of the Hegelian dialectic to take on 15 core energy questions (e.g., "Do conventional energy resources have a meaningful 'peak'?"), showing how each has a mutually exclusive thesis and antithesis. By understanding these differing viewpoints, the idea is that...
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The social and behavioural sciences are critical for informing climate- and energy-related policies. We describe a decision science approach to applying those sciences. It has three stages: formal analysis of decisions, characterizing how well-informed actors should view them; descriptive research, examining how people actually behave in such circu...
Article
Electricity bills could be an effective strategy for improving communications about consumers’ electricity use and promoting electricity savings. However, quantitative communications about electricity use may be difficult to understand, especially for consumers with low energy literacy. Here, we build on the health communication and graph comprehen...
Chapter
As a collection of essays that explore innovations to encourage reduction in homeowner energy use, this volume reflects a confluence of ideas and initiatives rather than a narrow look at what a single, particular line of academic literature suggests might be possible to shape homeowner behavior. Not only do the contributors represent a wide array o...
Conference Paper
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By constructing the social networks of large commercial building managers in a two-phase project, we hope to unveil the catalysts that diffuse energy efficient technologies. Completion of both phases will demonstrate 1) which actors in energy efficiency networks are influential and 2) which attributes are highly correlated with owners who pursue en...
Article
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Responses to climate change may be viewed as requiring primarily "Resilience" or "Adaptation." We examine how those two terms affect lay responses to the risks of coastal flooding and sea level rise. We use two tasks requiring substantial participant involvement, one providing minimal information and one substantial information. In Study 1, partici...
Article
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Technical tools and techno-centric methods used for energy resource management and policy planning and development can miss important social and cultural factors. This can in turn result in a failure to recognize potential barriers and opportunities for energy and resource development in culturally diverse communities. Given the complexity of socio...
Article
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Adapting to climate change will require people to make measured decisions, informed by the science relevant to those choices. Communicating that science is complicated by the politicization of the topic. In two studies, we ask how political cues, designed to evoke individuals’ sense of identity as believers or nonbelievers in global warming, affect...
Article
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Reducing the impacts from climate change requires people to make decisions that may prompt substantial changes in their lives. One possible way to help them is with personalized decision aids. Here we describe a method for evaluating such aids, in terms of how they affect users' understanding of their situation, defined in terms of their (a) knowle...
Article
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The IPCC reports that climate change will pose increased risks of heatwaves and flooding. Although survey-based studies have examined links between public perceptions of hot weather and climate change beliefs, relatively little is known about people’s perceptions of changes in flood risks, the extent to which climate change is perceived to contribu...
Article
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Natural scientists from Climate Central and social scientists from Carnegie Mellon University collaborated to develop science communications aimed at presenting personalized coastal flood risk information to the public. We encountered four main challenges: agreeing on goals; balancing complexity and simplicity; relying on data, not intuition; and n...
Article
A broad assessment is provided of the current state of knowledge regarding the risks associated with shale gas development and their governance. For the principal domains of risk, we identify observed and potential hazards and promising mitigation options to address them, characterizing current knowledge and research needs. Important unresolved res...
Article
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Emerging technologies promise potential benefits at a potential cost. Developers of educational communications aim to improve people's understanding and to facilitate public debate. However, even relatively uninformed recipients may have initial feelings that are difficult to change. We report that people's initial affective impressions about carbo...