Gabriele Bernardini

Gabriele Bernardini
Università Politecnica delle Marche | Università degli Studi di Ancona · Department of Construction, Civil Engineering and Architecture (DICEA)

PhD
behavioural design to improve performances of the built environment

About

125
Publications
21,998
Reads
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1,110
Citations
Citations since 2016
112 Research Items
1080 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Introduction
Formed as building engineer-architecture at the UNIVPM of Ancona, I am interested in developing tools for including the human factors in building design, operation and maintenance. I also deal with simulation models at both building and urban scale (i.e, ABM) but I'm also going to define interactive and intelligent systems for improving building performances and managing smart built environments. My previous researches focused on emergency conditions and evacuation process (e.g.: fire, earthquake, flooding, terrorist act), including activities on risk assessment, emergency simulation, planning, emergency monitoring and guidance system development. contacts: g.bernardini@univpm.it
Additional affiliations
March 2020 - present
Università Politecnica delle Marche
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Researcher. Operating into the BE S2ECURe project (MIUR funding - PRIN 2017). Website at www.bes2ecure.net
September 2018 - present
Università Politecnica delle Marche
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Professor (adjunct) at Building Typologies (Lecture). UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE IN BUILDING ENGINEERING. Methods and approach for building design and construction as a synthesis between the user’s needs satisfaction and building constructive constraints
September 2017 - December 2018
Università Politecnica delle Marche
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Professor (adjunct) at Technical Architecture II (Lecture and workshop). SINGLE-CYCLE DEGREE IN BUILDING ENGINEERING-ARCHITECTURE. Methods and approach for restoring, re-qualifying, reusing historical buildings: architecture, function, performance.
Education
November 2012 - March 2016
Università Politecnica delle Marche
Field of study
  • Ph.D. in Architecture, Constructions and Structures
September 2006 - February 2012
Università Politecnica delle Marche
Field of study
  • Civil Engineering and Architecture

Publications

Publications (125)
Article
The historical built environment (HBE) in urban areas is prone to disasters, which threaten both people and the historical built heritage itself. In such a scenario, risks depend on the combination between different possible (multi-) hazards (including climate change-related ones), the vulnerability and exposure of HBE users, and the physical (morp...
Article
Building maintenance needs in public buildings depend on occupant activities and presence. Research should understand how different types of occupant density patterns can be used to forecast the likelihood of specific kinds of maintenance requests. This research adopts a data-driven approach to evaluate experimental-based correlations between maint...
Article
Full-text available
Historical city centres are critical-built environments prone to earthquake risk because of the features of the complex network of Architectural Heritage, facing Open Spaces (OSs) and the users hosted by them. Structural measures, such as building retrofitting actions, and non-structural measures, like emergency and evacuation planning, could be jo...
Article
Climate-change induced disasters, like floods, are expected to increase in the future. In outdoor built environments, flood risk to evacuees depends on interactions between floodwater spreading, built environment features, flood-induced modifications, and individuals’ reaction in emergency phases. Disaster risk reduction strategies should mitigate...
Article
Europe has been subject to a significant increase in terrorist acts and their impact in recent years. In this context, real-world events pointed out how the pedestrians’ safety is significantly affected by the attacks and their consequences on the Built Environment. As already done for other Sudden-onset disasters, evacuation behaviours should be i...
Conference Paper
Natural and anthropic hazards are widely affecting the Built Environment causing damages and risks to the actual population and losses of architectural and environmental heritage to future generations. In particular, the potential value of historic city centres is threatened, both because of the intrinsic vulnerability of buildings and open spaces...
Article
Full-text available
Pedestrians are increasingly exposed to slow-onset disasters (SLODs), such as air pollution and increasing temperatures in urban built environments (BEs). Pedestrians also face risks that arise from the combination of the BE features, the effects of SLODs on the microclimate, their own characteristics (e.g., health and ability), and the way they mo...
Article
Full-text available
The historical built environment (HBE) is constantly prone to many risks causing sudden (e.g., earthquakes and terrorist attacks) or slow (e.g., climate change-related and environmental pollution) onset of emergency conditions. Morphological, physical, and constructive characteristics are critically linked to system vulnerability and users’ exposur...
Article
Full-text available
Cities are experiencing an increased rate of climate-related extreme events threats derived from climate change. Floods are one of the most challenging issues to address to reduce damages and losses in urban areas. Building resilience through adaptation to these changing conditions has become a common goal for different disciplines involving planni...
Article
Floods are among the most destructive sudden-onset disasters affecting worldwide communities and society. Pedestrians can be forced to evacuate affected areas thus being exposed to multiple risks. Outdoor built environment flood risks analyses should be performed through rapid, easy, and sustainable tools to speed up and support risk assessment and...
Article
In the building management process, the collection of end-users' maintenance requests is a rich source of information to evaluate occupants' satisfaction and building systems. Computerized Maintenance Management Systems typically collect non-standardized data, difficult to be analyzed. Text mining methodologies can help to extract information from...
Chapter
Facing the immediate response to an earthquake emergency in the Urban Built Environment (UBE) by ensuring an adequate safety level for citizens means solving critical issues in the immediate disaster aftermath, i.e. in the evacuation process. In this phase, people should leave their positions, move in the UBE and gather in assembly areas where to f...
Chapter
Risk assessment for SLow Onset Disasters (SLODs) in the built environment combine the hazard features, and its effects on the built environment itself, with users’ exposure and vulnerability, including behavioral issues. Although different methods exist for identifying the main SLODs drivers and their trend over time and space, limited information...
Chapter
Urban Built Environment can be defined as a network of Open Spaces (including their infrastructures) and buildings, where users live and interact. In case of an emergency, the risk in the Built Environment highly depends on the characteristics of disastrous event, buildings and Open Spaces physical vulnerability, and on users’ behavioral patterns a...
Chapter
When sudden-onset disasters occur in the urban Built Environment (BE), people must quickly leave the dangerous areas to reach safety. Floods in urban BEs surely represent a critical emergency, especially considering users who cannot evacuate upstairs, such as those placed outdoor. Management strategies focused on the evacuation planning could incre...
Chapter
The task of selecting the most appropriate method or technique to assess the seismic vulnerability of large building stocks must be based on a proper balance between the simplicity of the tool to be used and the accuracy of the results, knowing that vulnerability assessment outputs are inevitably affected by uncertainties of multiple origins, inclu...
Article
Full-text available
Open spaces (OSs), such as streets, squares, and green areas, in existing built environments (BEs) are key places in disaster risk management. The seismic risk in the OSs is strictly related to BE characteristics. Scientific literature mainly focuses on extrinsic factors affecting risk, which are related to BE elements on the OSs frontier (e.g., bu...
Article
Closed university buildings proved to be one of the main hot spots for virus transmission during pandemics. As shown during the COVID-19 pandemic, physical distancing is one of the most effective measures to limit such transmission. As universities prepare to manage in-class activities, students’ adherence to physical distancing requirements is a p...
Article
Full-text available
Earthquakes affect the safety of the users hosted in both indoor and outdoor urban built environments, especially in Historic Built Environments (HBEs). Many full HBE-scale risk-assessment methods are defined, while methodologies oriented to local analysis of meso-scale elements, such as Open Spaces (OSs), are still limited. Nevertheless, OSs play...
Article
Full-text available
Planning for preparedness, in terms of multi-hazard disasters, involves testing the relevant abilities to mitigate damage and build resilience, through the assessment of deterministic disaster scenarios. Among risk-prone assets, open spaces (OSs) play a significant role in the characterization of the built environment (BE) and represent the relevan...
Preprint
Full-text available
University buildings are significant closed built environments for COVID-19 spreading. As universities prepare to re-start in-class activities, students' adherence to physical distancing requirements is a priority topic. While physical distancing in classrooms can be easily managed, the movement of students inside common spaces can pose higher risk...
Article
Touristic cities will suffer from COVID-19 emergency because of its economic impact on their communities. The first emergency phases involved a wide closure of such areas to support “social distancing” measures (i.e. travels limitation; lockdown of (over)crowd-prone activities). In the second phase, individual’s risk-mitigation strategies (facial m...
Article
Riverine Historic Built Environments (HBEs) in urban centres are relevant scenarios for flood risk, due to the compact layout of their outdoor spaces, that are squares and streets, and their position in flood-prone areas. Differences in HBE layout can provide differences in flood risks, but excluding the response of exposed individuals can lead to...
Article
Full-text available
University buildings are one of the most relevant closed environments in which the COVID-19 event clearly pointed out stakeholders' needs toward safety issues, especially because of the possibility of day-to-day presences of the same users (i.e. students, teachers) and overcrowding causing long-lasting contacts with possible "infectors". While wait...
Article
Urban floods are becoming more and more intense and frequent allover the world. Extreme events are the main triggering factors of such floods, and merit attention for what concerns the urban planning and emergency strategies. Numerical models aimed at investigating the optimal paths for evacuees escaping a flooded urban environment may be used by l...
Article
The Historic Built Environment (HBE) is constantly prone to natural disasters because of its complexity. Resilience-increasing strategies in such a context should both preserve the cultural heritage and make the hosted communities safe. Earthquakes represent critical disasters because of the interactions between HBE elements (i.e.: buildings, open...
Chapter
The progressive population ageing increases the participation of autonomous Elderly to the community life and their presence in public buildings. Such complex spaces are generally characterized by high occupants’ density, with different users’ types (including elderly) that additionally own a scarce familiarity with the emergency layout. Emergency...
Article
Full-text available
Terrorist impacts have been increasing over time in many countries, being one of the most significant threats for the Built Environment (BE), intended as a network of open spaces (streets, squares) and facing buildings, and their users. Such risk is affected by a combination of strategic functions and crowd conditions. This work traces, for the fir...
Chapter
The impact of the users’ behavior on the building performance is largely recognized, especially considering most of common building operation and management (O&M) tasks. Predictions of human-building interactions are essential to improve building efficiency by decreasing wastes and costs connected to O&M while satisfying the comfort level required...
Chapter
Recent events have shown how the Built Environment (BE), defined as a network of buildings, infrastructures, and open spaces, and its users are more and more prone to disasters, showing very poor resilience. The chapter focuses on the state of the art concerning the relation between BE and SUdden-Onset Disasters (SUOD) considering risks and human b...
Chapter
The design of resilient Built Environments (BEs) against disasters should consider human behaviors in emergency conditions as a key factor. The disaster impact on BE can lead people to be potentially exposed to additional risks because of “wrong” behaviors adoption. This aspect is mainly relevant for sudden-onset events, characterized by unpredicta...
Chapter
The Built Environment (BE), especially historical parts embodying the built heritage, has to be preserved from more and more frequent SUdden Onset Disasters (SUODs): events mainly identified in seismic and terroristic risks that cannot be predicted far in advance. The aim of this research is to identify the main issues related to the features of BE...
Chapter
Historical city centres represent a critical built environment in case of a seismic emergency because of the complex system of relations among the structural units organized into building aggregate. Semeiotic approaches for buildings aggregate assessment could speed up vulnerability analysis simplifying risk maps definition and risk-mitigation acti...
Preprint
Full-text available
Crowds in buildings open to the public can alter the occupants’ safety in different emergency conditions, including those related to a pandemic. In this sense, university buildings are one of the most relevant scenarios in which the COVID-19 event clearly pointed out the stakeholders’ needs toward safety issues, especially because of the possibilit...
Article
As well as valuable Building Heritage, hypogeum scenarios often host artefacts such as i.e. graffiti, paintings or low reliefs, but differently to them, they are characterized by very particular microclimatic conditions due to their isolation from the outdoor environment. This way, they are very susceptible to human impact due to visitors’ fruition...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Earthquake resilience in historical centres is significantly affected by interactions between the built environment, defined as the network of building heritage and surrounding open spaces, and hosted population. Building vulnerability, earthquake-induced effects and population’s exposure mainly influence the first emergency phases. In the immediat...
Article
Full-text available
Users’ needs and behaviors can alter the building efficiency, thus leading to significant efforts to support Building Operation & Maintenance (O&M) tasks. This work develops the preliminary concepts of a framework for O&M including users’ monitoring and engagement strategies. In the context of a complex university building, we developed and tested...
Preprint
Touristic cities will suffer from COVID-19 emergency because of its economic impact on their communities. The first emergency phases involved a wide closure of such areas to support "social distancing" measures (i.e. travels limitation; lockdown of (over)crowd-prone activities). In the second phase, individual's risk-mitigation strategies (facial m...
Article
Full-text available
Floods are critical disasters affecting urban areas and their users. Interactions with floodwater spreading and built environment features influence the users’ reaction to the emergency, especially during immediate disaster phases (i.e., evacuation). Recent studies tried to define simulation models to evaluate such exposure-related criticalities, a...
Preprint
Restarting public buildings activities in the "second phase" of COVID-19 emergency should be supported by operational measures to avoid a second virus spreading. Buildings hosting the continuous presence of the same users and significant overcrowd conditions over space/time (e.g. large offices, universities) are critical scenarios due to the prolon...
Article
Studies on flood risk assessment at urban scale are becoming increasingly oriented towards the use of evacuation simulation models for population’s safety. However, such tools generally simplify human dynamics in floodwater conditions and need data to quantify proper individual's speed. Novel information on the above dynamics is here presented. A g...
Article
The complexity of historic centres implies that risk assessment in those areas should be based on joint analyses of the characteristics of the built environment and the population's features, exposure and interaction with the surrounding environment. Such a holistic approach is urgently needed to evaluate the impact of mitigation strategies, especi...
Chapter
Ensuring a sustainable performance to buildings is a key topic that cannot overlook occupancy conditions and users’ behavior. In fact, individuals’ actions (man-man and man-built environment interactions) highly affect the overall building efficiency as well as the possibility to ensure the designed level of performance. Such occupancy issues are c...
Chapter
The exploitation of Building Heritage generally leads to sustainability issues in terms of environmental preservation and tourist enjoyment. When these requirements are not jointly respected, occupancy issues can provoke degradation phenomena on indoor environment (i.e., building materials and surfaces with artistic and historical value) or conditi...
Article
Sustainable cities have to constantly face natural catastrophes, and planning actions should be oriented to quickly manage emergency conditions. Earthquake represents one of the most critical disasters. Earthquake-induced built environment modifications (i.e. building debris) affect the urban paths network availability. Historic centres are relevan...
Chapter
Gli ambienti ipogei di valore culturale spesso possono ospitare artefatti, come graffiti, pitture e rilievi. Questi ambienti sono caratterizzati da condizioni microclimatiche aprticolari a causa dell'isolamento con l'ambiente esterno e spesso da dimensione ridotte. La combinazione di questi due elementi richiede una strategia ad hoc che garantisca...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive Systems can be applied in architectural spaces to improve Built Environment performances basing on users’ needs. They can: 1) jointly monitor environmental conditions and human behaviours through Cognitive Built Environment (CBE) components; 2) use human-environment interaction models and related Key Performance Indicators to detect criti...
Article
Cognitive Systems can be applied in architectural spaces to improve Built Environment performances basing on users’ needs. They can: 1) jointly monitor environmental conditions and human behaviours through Cognitive Built Environment (CBE) components; 2) use human-environment interaction models and related Key Performance Indicators to detect criti...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals' safety in an earthquake highly depends on human reactions and emergency behaviours, especially in first evacuation phases and in urban scenarios. To increase community resilience, Civil Defense Bodies in several earthquake prone countries have defined a list of recommended behaviours to take during and after an earthquake. Following th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Earthquakes represent a relevant issue for Building Heritage safety, especially while referring to historic urban fabric scenarios. Mitigation strategies should limit damages and losses to the Heritage, as well as critical emergency conditions at the urban scale (e.g.: earthquake-induced damages on outdoor spaces; occupants’ safety). The possibilit...
Chapter
In the future, safety in historical city centers will be significantly affected by climate change-related disasters, such as floods. Risk assessment in these scenarios requires the combination of a series of factors: possible events characterization; urban layout configuration, its influence on flooding spreading and induced environmental modificat...
Chapter
In case of a disaster, the individuals’ safety depends on interactions between buildings vulnerability, related post-event damages and environmental conditions, human reaction to hazardous situations. Such interferences are critical in historical scenarios, because of particular environment features (e.g.: high buildings vulnerabilities; urban layo...
Article
The use of historic city centers for touristic purposes, i.e. mass gatherings events (MEs), needs a multi-hazard approach which should jointly consider building heritage and hosted individuals’ emergency safety, by including effects of individuals’ behaviors to provide effective riskreduction strategies (i.e.: interventions on critical Building Her...
Article
Safety and availability of urban paths in case of earthquake depend on buildings vulnerability and related produced debris on streets, especially in historic city centres. Predicting probable critical debris amounts on evacuation paths (i.e.: up to path blockage) can help safety planners to propose focused interventions on buildings, to design more...
Conference Paper
KEY POINTS • Human behaviors in flood emergency affect individuals' safety levels in urban scenarios. • Evacuation simulators are needed to fully perform risk assessment and risk-reduction solutions evaluations. • Volunteers are engaged in laboratory experiments to propose floodwaters-evacuation motion relations. • A mannequin (representing an adul...