Gabriela Muñoz Meléndez

Gabriela Muñoz Meléndez
El Colegio de la Frontera Norte · Departamento de Estudios Urbanos y del Medio Ambiente

PhD

About

39
Publications
5,669
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253
Citations
Introduction
Gabriela Munoz-Melendez is a professor of Energy, Climate Change and Air Quality at the Department of Urban and Environmental Studies in the College of the Northern Border , since 2008. She holds a PhD (and Diploma) in Environmental Sciences by Imperial College London. From 1992 to 1996, Gabriela worked for the General Directorate of Ecology in Mexico City. From 2000 to 2008, she worked as an associate researcher at the Department of Earth Sciences and Engineering - Imperial College London. She has both contributed and leaded research projects in Europe and Mexico alike. She has published several book’s chapters and articles in peer-reviewed papers. Recently, she spent her sabbatical leave at Stanford University researching the water-energy nexus.
Additional affiliations
February 2008 - present
El Colegio de la Frontera Norte
Position
  • Research Professor
Description
  • Develop cutting-edge research on energy, water, climate change at the border region Teach postgraduate students Supervise Master and Doctorate students Disseminate information and raise awareness on environmental issues Advise governments and community on environmental technical issues
Education
January 1996 - April 2000
Imperial College London
Field of study
  • Environmental Studies

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The US deports more Mexicans to Tijuana than any other borderland city. Returning involuntarily as members of a stigmatized underclass, many find themselves homeless and de-facto stateless. Subject to routinized police victimization, many take refuge in the Tijuana River Canal (El Bordo). Previous reports suggest Tijuana River water ma...
Book
Full-text available
El Peso de las Ciudades en América Latina y el Caribe es una continuación de los esfuerzos del Panel Internacional de Recursos (IRP) y el Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente (PNUMA), sumándose al análisis realizado a escala global títulado El Peso de las Ciudades (IRP, 2018) y al reporte regional en Asia para transitar hacia infraest...
Chapter
Habitability has diverse meanings depending on the theoretical-conceptual framework and scale used. Here the term “regional habitability” is minted and its relation to a local watershed and global climate change are described. Furthermore, regional habitability is characterized for the Tijuana River Watershed using socio-economic and environmental...
Article
Full-text available
In rapidly growing urban areas, such as Tijuana, Mexico, the presence of urban green spaces (UGSs) can help stem soil erosion, improve infiltration, slow runoff, decrease flooding, reduce air pollution, and mitigate climate change. In many water-scarce parts of the world, where centralized wastewater treatment is not accessible or practical, decent...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental issues at the U.S.–Mexico border have been approached in a fragmented way and considered of minor political interest; even though they have been addressed in treaties and agreements, regional environmental pollution persists. One may ask what sort of measures should be taken to address the complex and long-term environmental problems...
Book
El extractivismo en América Latina, una reflexión crítica Actualmente, hablar de extractivismo, en particular en América Latina, es una tarea necesaria y, sobre todo, definitivamente crítica. Al afirmar que se trata de una necesidad crítica, queremos ubicar el término en toda la amplitud de su significado cuando lo consideramos en su doble etimolog...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change adaptation has multiple definitions, to have a reference conceptual framework we understand it as the reduction of vulnerability to climate variability. This paper’s objective was to assess the adaptive capacity and response to climate variability in three rural communities at Sierra de San Pedro Martir National Park. We applied disc...
Chapter
Full-text available
1. Introducción L a transición energética representa la encrucijada de dos problemas mundiales urgentes de atender que guardan una estrecha relación entre sí: el desarrollo económico y el cambio climático. Encrucijada toda vez que el modelo actual de desarrollo demanda energéticos-en la forma de combustibles fósiles-masivos para mover sus sectores...
Preprint
Full-text available
The integration of transboundary electricity markets is generally measured in terms of trade relations. We argue that to consolidate market integration it is necessary to build a transregional governance architecture where electricity exchanges are facilitated in competitive border cities with functional connecting infrastructure. This article focu...
Chapter
Full-text available
In Mexico the concept of a circular economy (CE) is relatively new. Public policy and associated research towards implementing a circular economy model are fairly recent but growing rapidly. This happens inside an existing legal framework that partially addresses elements that could lead to a solid foundation to adopt CE strategies. Because of the...
Book
En diciembre de 2016 la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas adoptó por unanimidad la resolución Decenio Internacional (2018-2028) para la Acción - Agua para el Desarrollo Sostenible con el propósito explícito de promover una mayor atención a la problemática del agua durante diez años. Dos conceptos que se encuentran en la base del planteamiento...
Article
en The integration of transboundary electricity markets is generally measured in terms of trade relations. We argue that to consolidate market integration it is necessary to build a transregional governance architecture where electricity exchanges are facilitated in competitive border cities with functional connecting infrastructure. This article f...
Article
Full-text available
Delays and community traffic problems associated with US–Mexican border ports of entry have been criticized for causing economic losses and increasing social stressors. This paper draws attention to an overlooked issue, the potential for adverse health effects associated with being exposed to localized high levels of traffic pollutants on border cr...
Article
Full-text available
Este documento describe brevemente los desafíos que enfrenta la reforma energética ante la caída de los precios de petróleo; esta situación desfavorable puede convertirse en una oportunidad para impulsar la implementación de proyectos de energías renovables. A fin de probar dicha hipótesis se realizó un análisis de Fortalezas, Oportunidades, Debili...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a "policy-informed" life cycle assessment of a cross-border electricity supply chain that links the impact of each unit process to its governing policy framework. An assessment method is developed and applied to the California-Mexico energy exchange as a unique case study. CO2-equivalent emissions impacts, water withdrawals, and...
Article
This study details estimates of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from urban solid waste in Baja California using the IPCC 1996 method. Calculations showed an increase of 0.604 Gg/year for the period 1990-2010. The forecast for emissions predicts a continuous increase for the next 35 years. Seven mitigation scenarios were developed: 1) 30 percent emis...
Article
Full-text available
Delays and community traffic problems associated with US–Mexican border ports of entry have been criticized for causing economic losses and increasing social stressors. This paper draws attention to an overlooked issue, the potential for adverse health effects associated with being exposed to localized high levels of traffic pollutants on border cr...
Article
This paper describes design, development and implementation of an Algorithm to Compute Net Migration Balances in Mexican States (ASNM for its initials in Spanish) based on the regional model of Rogers; this uses an origin-destiny matrix to describe internal migration and incorporates both natural growth and international immigration and emigration...
Chapter
Full-text available
Este documento discute, desde una perspectiva de desarrollo, como la implementación de las políticas de Cambio Climático suponen un reto en dos sentidos para el gobierno que las emprende. En primer lugar, exigen claridad y coordinación de las competencias institucionales, más allá de la aproximación sectorial. En segundo lugar, las políticas de Cam...
Article
This paper describes design, development and implementation of an Algorithm to Compute Net Migration Balances in Mexican States (ASNM for its initials in Spanish) based on the regional model of Rogers; this uses an origin-destiny matrix to describe internal migration and incorporates both natural growth and international immigration and emigration...
Article
Full-text available
Este estudio documenta la estimación de las emisiones de gases efecto invernadero provenientes de la agricultura en Baja California. Aunque se usó la metodología del ipcc 1996, los factores de emisión fueron ajustados a las condiciones climáticas regionales. Los resultados promedio para el período 1990-2010 indican que la principal emisión proviene...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The energy sector is fundamental for the development of Baja California (BC). At the end of 2008 the installed capacity of electricity in BC was 3,360 MW, which represents 7.191% of the total capacity of the country. The technology employed in the generation of power in the state of BC according to its importance is geothermics (720 MW), combined c...
Chapter
Full-text available
En este capítulo se describe el contexto de la calidad del aire en Baja California en función de los esfuerzos colaborativos de varios órdenes de gobierno, y se analizan y proponen acciones adicionales que se pueden hacer en Baja California para que calidad del aire sea sustentable.
Book
Full-text available
El proyecto del PEACC-BC tiene como propósito evaluar el estado actual de los efectos del cambio climático en el estado de Baja California, México. Para esto se evalúan los posibles cambios en la temperatura y la precipitación de la región bajo dos escenarios de incremento de gases de efecto de invernadero (GEI) de acuerdo al Panel Intergubernament...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Air pollutants move freely across political borders. Because of physical conditions such as topography, geomorphology and weather, border communities share common air sheds or air basins that are characterized by changing wind patterns depending on the season. Wind is the means of transport of air pollutants, and thus any human activity that genera...
Article
Carbon trading, as institutionalized in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) program, has emerged as the foremost policy instrument for reducing worldwide greenhouse gas emissions. We argue, however, that the CDM is due for a serious overhaul. The CDM program involves the purchase of carbon credits by interests in Annex I countries (i.e., industri...
Article
Full-text available
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are a group of fatal neurological conditions affecting a number of mammals, including sheep and goats (scrapie), cows (BSE), and humans (Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease). The diseases are widely believed to be caused by the misfolding of the normal prion protein to a pathological isoform, which is thought...
Article
Concern about increasing levels of trace elements in the environment has led to the development and implementation of a global programme to determine the current baseline levels of these chemicals in the Earth's surface. The FORum of European Geological Surveys (FOREGS) has recently published a geochemical database for Europe, while progress on sim...
Article
It is common practise in mining Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies to use a predefined set of data to represent mining production systems. Besides this, very little is added to improve data quality, and essential mining process details which affect the ultimate environmental impacts is rarely taken into account. Some significant omissions include...
Conference Paper
Life cycle assessment methodology has been applied to mineral processing cycles considering as inputs the volume of materials used and the energy consumed in the process to compare the economic benefits and the waste production for different metals. However, a holistic life cycle assessment system for the extractive industries, which accounts for a...
Article
The spatial variability of soil pH for engineered Weathered Oxford Clay is described using 35 samples collected from the base of a new cell in an existing landfill. Soil pH variability influences the reactivity of Cr, Cu and Zn in the site. The reactivity of these metals as natural components was determined using a sequential extraction method. The...
Article
Full-text available
Energy is central for improving social and economic well-being and is indispensable for generating industrial and commercial wealth. However essential it may be for development, energy is only a means to an end. The end is a sustainable economy, a clean environment, high living standards, prosperity, and good health (IAEA and UNDESA 2001). Energy h...

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