Gabriela Lichtenstein

Gabriela Lichtenstein
National Institute of Latin American Anthropology and Thought | INAPL · CONICET

PhD

About

50
Publications
34,907
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5,032
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Introduction
Gabriela Lichtenstein currently works at the CONICET, and is based at the National Institute of Latin American Anthropology and Thought (INAPL). Gabriela does research in Social Policy, Sustainable Use, the commons, and links between conservation and poverty alleviation. At present she is Lead Author at IPBES Sustainable Use Assessment, and IUCN SSC Regional Vice Chair for Latin and Meso America.
Additional affiliations
August 2013 - present
CAPP Payun Matru
Position
  • Project Manager
Description
  • https://www.facebook.com/pages/Proyecto-PAIS-CAPP-Pay%C3%BAn-Matr%C3%BA/341653229349596?fref=ts
March 2007 - present
International Union for Conservation of Nature
Position
  • Chair South American Camelid Specialist Group
Description
  • http://www.camelidosgecs.com.ar/
January 2003 - September 2005
Universidad de Buenos Aires
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (50)
Chapter
Vicuña management by Andean communities is one of the few success stories of international conservation. The species not only recovered from the brink of extinction, but also ancient traditions were restored. Vicuñas, Vicugna vicugna, are wild South American camelids that roam in the Puna and Altiplano, high Andean ecoregions in Argentina, Bolivia,...
Article
Full-text available
Las Áreas Naturales Protegidas (ANP) han contribuido a la conservación de la biodiversidad desde el comienzo del siglo XX, reflejando la cambiante relación entre la sociedad y la naturaleza a lo largo del tiempo. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar la historia de la configuración del sistema de ANP (SANP) en la provincia de Mendoza, as...
Preprint
Full-text available
Unsustainable exploitation of wild species represents a serious threat to biodiversity and to the livelihoods of local communities and indigenous peoples. However, managed, sustainable use has the potential to forestall extinctions, aid recovery, and meet human needs. Here, we infer current prevalence of unsustainable and sustainable biological res...
Article
Full-text available
The species is classified as Least Concern given its wide range of distribution, population size, the increasing trend, and its occurrence in several protected areas, agreeing with the last assessment in 2008. However, it is important to note that improved conservation programs and tighter control at local, national and international levels are nec...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Once overhunted and on the brink of extinction, the vicuña species (a small member of the camelid family) is thriving again in South America’s Andes region. The decision to grant usufructory rights to communities to shear and sell vicuña fibre increased their economic incentive to sustainably manage and protect the species. As a result, vicuña pop...
Article
Full-text available
A hundred research priorities of critical importance to protected area management were identified by a targeted survey of conservation professionals; half researchers and half practitioners. Respondents were selected to represent a range of disciplines, every continent except Antarctica and roughly equal numbers of men and women. The results analys...
Article
Full-text available
The first public product of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is its Conceptual Framework. This conceptual and analytical tool, presented here in detail, will underpin all IPBES functions and provide structure and comparability to the syntheses that IPBES will produce at different spatial scales, on diffe...
Article
Full-text available
The Cooperative Payún Matrú was created in 2005 in La Payunia Protected Area, providing a unique example in Argentina where the beneficiaries of guanaco use are low-income producers. The project was supported by several institutions that built a joint agenda along the years. The experience enables us to analyze the negotiations and tensions that ex...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we illustrate the relationship between local conservation projects and global processes, as well as the need to develop public policies that contemplate poverty alleviation and biodiversity conservation simultaneously. The “Elé” project, dealing with talking parrots trade, is used as a study case. A multidisciplinary analysis is prese...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known, in a collective sense, about commons or commons research across the diverse regions and countries that make up Latin America. This paper addresses that knowledge gap by means of a review of communal land tenure data for the region, followed by a detailed analysis of international schol- arly publications and conference presentation...
Article
Full-text available
A ‘commons’ can be considered any resource (environmental or otherwise) that is subject to forms of collective use, with the relationship between the resource and the human institutions that mediate its appropriation considered an essential component of the management regime. Like public goods, common resources suffer from problems of “excludabilit...
Article
This paper deals with wildlife as a non-conventional common-pool resource (CPR) in a country, Argentina, which is poorly represented in the commons literature. Many of Argentinás public policies regarding natural resource management reflect the historical denial of indigenous and low-income rural communities by the State and the promotion of privat...
Article
Full-text available
Background As with most wild ungulates, guanacos (Lama guanicoe) overlap their range with domestic livestock resulting in a conflict for the use of rangelands between local livelihoods and conservation. This article explores a multiple-objective project that was set up in the La Payunia Provincial Reserve (Mendoza, Argentina) in order to address co...
Article
Vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) are South American camelids, the commercial use of which has untapped poverty alleviation potential. Vicuña fibre is produced by extremely low income communities that inhabit the harsh environment of the high Andes in Argentina, Chile, Peru and Bolivia. At the other end of the world, affluent consumers are willing to pay hi...
Article
Full-text available
Using data for 25,780 species categorized on the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List, we present an assessment of the status of the world's vertebrates. One-fifth of species are classified as Threatened, and we show that this figure is increasing: On average, 52 species of mammals, birds, and amphibians move one category closer...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabalho versa sobre o espaço de encontro entre políticas públicas de conservação da biodiversidade,redução da pobreza e produção agropecuária, e as diferentes agendas e perspectivas dos atoressociais envolvidos, tanto do nível internacional como do nível local. Como estudo de caso, são utilizadosos projetos de manejo das vicunhas (Vicugna vic...
Article
Full-text available
Vicuna (Vicugna vicugna) fiber is produced by extremely low-income communities that inhabit the harsh environment of the Andes in Argentina, Chile, Peru and Bolivia. At the other end of the social scale, affluent consumers are willing to pay high prices for vicuna-made accessories and clothes. Vicuna management projects follow the logic of communit...
Article
Full-text available
Vicuna (Vicugna vicugna) fiber is produced by extremely low-income communities that inhabit the harsh environment of the Andes in Argentina, Chile, Peru and Bolivia. At the other end of the social scale, affluent consumers are willing to pay high prices for vicuna-made accessories and clothes. Vicuna management projects follow the logic of communit...
Chapter
Full-text available
Vicuña management projects and programmes developed in the Andes follow the logic of the community-based conservation (CBC) paradigm (Robinson and Redford, 1991; Western and Wright, 1994; Hulme and Murphree, 2001). This paradigm emerged, in the past two decades, as a strategy to link conservation and community development through local participatio...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of mammalian diversity is still surprisingly disparate, both regionally and taxonomically. Here, we present a comprehensive assessment of the conservation status and distribution of the world's mammals. Data, compiled by 1700+ experts, cover all 5487 species, including marine mammals. Global macroecological patterns are very different for...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of mammalian diversity is still surprisingly disparate, both regionally and taxonomically. Here, we present a comprehensive assessment of the conservation status and distribution of the world's mammals. Data, compiled by 1700+ experts, cover all 5487 species, including marine mammals. Global macroecological patterns are very different for...
Book
Full-text available
This book presents in ecah chapter the reserch results of the different lines included in the MACS project. Each chapter is author by the responsable resercher assiciated with MACs project
Article
Full-text available
Because brood parasitic nestlings are usually unrelated to their nestmates and to the provisioning adult, they are free from indirect costs of begging. Consequently, they are predicted to beg more intensely than host nestlings, and some models predict they will beg at an invariantly high level, regardless of short-term need. Previous work has shown...
Article
Full-text available
"Vicuña use by Andean communities is an interesting model that typifies many features of international conservation policy and community management. The rationale for vicuña use is that as well as achieving international conservation objectives, it can enhance the economic well-being of native people in the Andean highlands and contribute to compen...
Article
Full-text available
The vicuña Vicugna vicugna is a wild South American camelid with a fiber so highly valued that the species was hunted almost to extinction. Strict conservation regulations and international treaties have been successful in causing vicuña populations to recover to a level where it is now possible to develop “sustainable use” programs. In Chile, Boli...
Article
Vicunas (Vicugna vicugna) are wild South American camelids that live in high-altitude steppes between Andean mountain ranges in the ecoregions of the Puna and Altoandina. The species is prized for its fine fiber, which placed it at risk of extinction in the 1960s. Effective conservation measures during the past 30 years have resulted in an increase...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter we explore the begging behaviour of cowbirds, obligate brood parasites that are typically raised in mixed broods with host young. As ‘strangers in the nest’, cowbird nestlings present both challenges and opportunities to evolutionary biologists. After a brief overview, we delve into four main topics: (1) the means by which cowbird y...
Article
Screaming cowbirds, Molothrus rufoaxillaris, are specialist parasites that almost exclusively parasitize bay-winged cowbirds, Molothrus badius. Parasitic chicks are almost identical to the host young in their appearance and vocalizations until the chicks attain nutritional independence. This system provides an excellent opportunity to study the rel...
Article
The interaction between parasitic chicks and their hosts can have three outcomes: parasitic chicks might be favoured over the host young, disfavoured, or hosts might behave towards the parasitic chicks as towards their own young. I tested these hypotheses in a study of shiny cowbirds, Molothrus bonariensis, parasitizing rufous-bellied thrushes,Turd...
Article
We analysed the mechanisms underlying behavioural food aversion of a plant defence (tannins) by guinea pigs (Cavia aperea f. porcellus) under the hypothesis that they can avoid ingesting these phenols by (a) directly monitoring their presence in their diet (unlearned aversion), by (b) using associative learning, or by (c) a combination of both mech...
Article
I studied the interaction between a brood parasite, the Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis), and a large host, the Rufous-bellied Thrush (Turdus rufiventris), in the Pampas Region of Argentina. Shiny Cowbird eggs were observed in 34 out of 70 (48.6%) thrush nests throughout the host's breeding season. The main damage inflicted by Shiny Cowbirds w...
Article
Interspecific parasitic chicks are usually fed more than the smaller host young with whom they share the nest. This could be due to parasitic chicks having evolved exaggerated features that are preferred by the adults to the features present in their own young (the supernormal stimulus hypothesis). Alternatively, the success of parasitic chicks cou...
Article
We studied the foraging behaviour of guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) in laboratory environments with a single patch type. Six experiments were designed to test predictions of the marginal value theorem (MVT) for various foraging problems in a constant physical setting. In Part one (experiments I, I', and II) we used patches with resource depression....
Article
Full-text available
In this work, we present two alternatives for vicuna management currently undertaken in Argentina: a ranching system promoted by INTA in Salta and Jujuy Provinces, and a recent wild management experience carried out in Cieneguillas in Jujuy Province. In the first place, they are described in terms of biological and socio-economic aspects from a com...
Article
Full-text available
"This paper explores the link between vicuna management and poverty alleviation in Andean countries, and analyses the factors that limit a more equitable distribution of benefits among stakeholders. The study is based on fieldwork carried out in Peru and Argentina, and the analysis of secondary data (including the Proceedings of the Vicuna Conventi...

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