Gabriel Katz

Gabriel Katz
University of Exeter | UoE · Department of Politics

PhD in Social Sciences, Caltech

About

67
Publications
6,737
Reads
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408
Citations
Citations since 2017
28 Research Items
268 Citations
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Introduction
Professor of Social Sciences, Universidad Catolica del Uruguay. Associate Professor in Politics, University of Exeter. https://ucu.edu.uy/es/gabriel-katz

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
Misreporting is a problem that plagues researchers that use survey data. In this paper, we give conditions under which misreporting will lead to incorrect inferences. We then develop a model that corrects for misreporting using some auxiliary information, usually from an earlier or pilot validation study. This correction is implemented via Markov C...
Article
Full-text available
Existing scholarship offers few answers to fundamental questions about the mortality of political parties in established party systems. Linking party research to the organization literature, we conceptualize two types of party death, dissolution and merger, reflecting distinct theoretical rationales. They underpin a new framework on party organizat...
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We present new evidence about the long-run relationship between state capacity – the fiscal and administrative power of states – and economic performance. Our database is novel and spans 11 European countries and 4 centuries from the Old Regime to World War I. We argue that national governments undertook two political transformations over this peri...
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We argue that a model of judicial behavior that accounts for differences in justices’ ability and ideology provides a fruitful alternative for the empirical analysis of judicial decision-making around the world, and illustrate this by focusing on the case of the United Kingdom. We show that the model explains the decisions of the Lords of Appeal re...
Article
It is a classical argument that how parties are born affects how they die. Nevertheless, few studies theorize and rigorously estimate the impact of formative features on the risk of organizational death. Using a life cycle perspective, we theorize how and when party mortality is shaped by four formative features constituting parties’ heritage: insi...
Article
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We experimentally analyze the effect of endogenous group formation on the type of sanctioning institutions emerging in a society. We allocate subjects to one of two groups. Subjects play a repeated public goods game and vote on the sanctioning system (formal or informal) to be implemented in their group. We compare this environment to one in which...
Article
Full-text available
We experimentally analyze the effect of endogenous group formation on the type of sanctioning institutions emerging in a society. We allocate subjects to one of two groups. Subjects play a repeated public goods game and vote on the sanctioning system (formal or informal) to be implemented in their group. We compare this environment to one in which...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present a field experiment to study the effects of non-monetary incentives on healthy food choices of 282 children in elementary schools. Previous interventions have typically paid participants for healthy eating, but this often may not be feasible. We introduce a system where food items are graded based on their nutritional value, involving par...
Article
Building on past research, we implement a hierarchical latent class model to analyze political participation from a comparative perspective. Our methodology allows simultaneously: (i) estimating citizens’ propensity to engage in conventional and unconventional modes of participation; (ii) classifying individuals into underlying “types” capturing wi...
Article
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That governments may not always keep their election promises or that they change policy positions may be unsurprising. However, failed promises, backing down on threats or flip-flopping on policy positions may be associated with a loss in support. Bringing together literature on the politics of electoral promises, policy shifts and audience costs,...
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This paper examines the influence of party change on party-level legislative turnover. Analyzing a novel dataset tracking 251 parties in eight West European democracies between 1945 and 2015, we assess how transformational party events affect the renewal of parties’ parliamentary delegations. Transformational party events refer to party changes res...
Preprint
Full-text available
Building on Alvarez et al. (2017), we implement a hierarchical latent class model to analyze political participation from a comparative perspective. Our methodology allows simultaneously: (i) estimating citizens’ propensity to engage in conventional and unconventional modes of participation; (ii) classifying individuals into underlying ``types'' ca...
Article
Full-text available
That governments may not always keep their election promises or that they change policy positions may be unsurprising. However, failed promises, backing down on threats or flip-flopping on policy positions may be associated with a loss in support. Bringing together literature on the politics of electoral promises, policy shifts and audience costs,...
Article
Full-text available
Elections are the main instrument through which voters can exercise influence over public policy. However, the relationship between electoral outcomes and government policy performance is under-researched. In particular, little is known about the effect that the perceived narrowness of electoral victories has on expectations about incumbents’ polic...
Article
Full-text available
Elections are the main instrument through which voters can exercise influence over public policy. However, the relationship between electoral outcomes and government policy performance is under-researched. In particular, little is known about the effect that the perceived narrowness of electoral victories has on expectations about incumbents’ polic...
Chapter
This case study underscores the importance of using age-period-cohort models to disentangle life cycle, generational and election-specific effects when examining the determinants of long-term political change. I illustrate how these models can be used to study the impact on turnout of the decline in the competitiveness of British elections over the...
Article
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We experimentally analyze the effect of the endogenous choice of sanctioning institutions on cooperation and migration patterns. Subjects are assigned to one of two groups, are endowed with group-specific preferences, and play a public goods game. We compare an environment in which subjects can move between groups and vote on whether to implement s...
Article
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The growing personalization of elections and the increased focus of media campaign coverage on party leaders is well-established in political science research. However, despite its importance for understanding these developments, intermedia party leader agenda setting has received little academic attention. Using extensive news media content data f...
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This study systematically analyzes variation in media coverage of leaders. Drawing on theories of personalization of campaigns and intermedia agenda setting, we examine how, if at all, coverage of party leaders flows between different types of media—newspapers, television, and radio—and between media that is partisan, commercial, or public service....
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Political support is a multidimensional construct encompassing evaluations of political leaders and institutions (specific support) as well as adherence to basic regime principles (diffuse support). Scholars have traditionally assumed that diffuse and specific support are driven by different forces and evolve largely independently. Prior empirical...
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Invalid voting and absenteeism are alternative sources of abstention under compulsory voting. Previous research failed to systematically study the mechanisms behind each form of non-voting and the relationships between them. We develop an analytical framework and an empirical strategy to jointly examine invalid voting and absenteeism in Brazil, the...
Article
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We study the conditions under which members of Congress incorporate policy-specific considerations in their decisions. To do this, we estimate a model that accounts for the influence of private information about legislation quality on voting patterns in the House and Senate. We find that minority party members are more likely to evaluate proposals...
Article
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We study the conditions under which members of Congress incorporate policy-specific considerations in their decisions. To do this, we estimate a model that accounts for the influence of private information about legislation quality on voting patterns in the House and Senate. We find that minority party members are more likely to evaluate proposals...
Article
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Analyzing the British Election Study from 1964 to 2010, we examine the influence of electoral context on turnout, focusing on the closeness of elections in terms of lagged seat and constituency-level winning margins. Using cross-classified multilevel models to account for individual and contextual factors and disentangle life cycle, cohort- and ele...
Article
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Scholars have argued that adherence to regime principles in emerging democracies can be threatened by the political system’s inability to respond to critical events like natural disasters. However, little is known about the dynamics of the causal relationship between system performance and system support. This paper examines the time-varying effect...
Article
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Having remained virtually unchanged since the enactment of universal and secret suffrage at the end of the nineteenth century, voting procedures are undergoing a radical transformation in many countries through the introduction of electronic methods of voting. Almost 30 countries around the world are currently in process of testing or implementing...
Article
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This paper presents the first study on the impact of different voting technologies on election outcomes in multi-party elections, analyzing data from a large-scale voting experiment conducted in the 2005 congressional election in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Combining different regression models and matching methods, we estimate the effect of alternati...
Article
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During each electoral period, the strategic interaction between voters and political elites determines the number of viable candidates in a district. In this paper, we implement a hierarchical seemingly unrelated regression model to explain electoral coordination at the district level in Uruguay as a function of district magnitude, previous elector...
Article
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This paper analyzes the influence of alternative voting technologies on electoral outcomes in multi-party systems. Using data from a field experiment conducted during the 2005 legislative election in Argentina, we examine the role of information effects associated with alternative voting devices on the support for the competing parties. We find tha...
Article
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We analyze trust in electronic voting in Latin America using data from two field experiments conducted in Argentina and Colombia. We find that voters generally exhibit high levels of confidence in e-voting, although this depends on individual characteristics such as age and education, as well as on the particular type of technology used. We contras...
Article
Misreporting is a problem that plagues researchers who use survey data. In this article, we develop a parametric model that corrects for misclassified binary responses using information on the misreporting patterns obtained from auxiliary data sources. The model is implemented within the Bayesian framework via Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method...
Article
Full-text available
During an electoral period, voters and elites interact to determine the number of candidates running for office, as well as the number of candidates getting votes. In this paper, we develop a multilevel model of voters-elites interactions to explain electoral coordination at the district level in Uruguay, as a function of district magnitude and oth...
Article
We estimate a model of voting in Congress that allows for dispersed information about the quality of proposals in an equilibrium context. In equilibrium, the Senate only approves House bills that receive the support of a supermajority of members of the lower chamber. We estimate this endogenous supermajority rule to be about four-fifths on average...
Article
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We estimate a model of voting in Congress that allows for dispersed information about the quality of proposals in an equilibrium context. The results highlight the eects of bicameralism on policy outcomes. In equilibrium, the Senate imposes an endogenous supermajority rule on members of the House. We estimate this super- majority rule to be about f...
Conference Paper
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Electronic voting could increase citizens’ electoral participation and trust in countries characterized by fragile democratic institutions and public discredit of the political system such as those in Latin America. This paper examines attitudes towards e-voting among participants in a large scale pilot project conducted in Colombia in 2007, focusi...
Article
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The transformations in Chile's party structure since 1989 have led several authors to examine the main cleavages shaping partisan divisions and the impact of different factors on citizens' party preferences. Previous studies, however, failed to analyze the effect of these variables on actual vote choice and neglected the influence of election-speci...
Article
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While recent research has underscored the conditioning eect of individual characteris- tics on economic voting behavior, most empirical studies have failed to explicitly incor- porate observed heterogeneity into statistical analyses linking citizens' economic evalu- ations to electoral choices. In order to overcome these drawbacks, we propose a lat...
Article
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The paper develops and analyzes an internal market based mechanism that enables a decentralized enterprise to meet the conditions of the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations. Divisions that produce vehicles with fuel economy (miles per gallon fuel) above the regulatory requirement receive Fuel Efficiency Credits (FEC). These credits ca...
Article
Full-text available
Invalid voting and electoral absenteeism are two important sources of abstention in compulsory voting systems. Previous studies in this area have not considered the correla- tion between both variables and ignored the compositional nature of the data, potentially leading to unfeasible results and discarding helpful information from an inferential s...
Article
Full-text available
The profound transformations in Chile’s party structure since 1989 has led several authors to examine the main cleavages shaping partisan divide and the impact of different factors on citizens’ party preferences. No study, however, has examined the influence of these factors on actual vote choice. We implement a Bayesian multinomial probit model to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Using data from an e-voting experiment conducted in the 2005 Congressional Election in Argentina, we estimate the effect of different e-voting technologies on the likelihood that citizens cast their vote for different parties for the National Congress and the Legislature of Buenos Aires. Our results indicate that voters are extremely receptive to t...
Article
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This paper implements a unified model of individual abstention and vote choice to analyze policy-based alienation and indifference in Brazil’s 2002 presidential election. The results indicate that both alienation and indifference depressed turnout, with indifference contributing slightly more to voter abstention. Also, the determinants of alienatio...
Article
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This paper investigates the macroeconomic impacts of the reform of public services in Uruguay. A computable general equilibrium (CGE) model is used to simulate different policy scenarios, analyzing the reforms of the regulatory framework of public services, changes in their investment policies, modifications in the competitive environment and refor...
Article
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The aim of this study is to analyse competitiveness in textiles, garments and design, and pharmaceutical industry in Uruguay. In textiles, wool and leather industries are expected in the medium run to maintain their competitive capacity, increasing the importance of design to create products with more aggregate value. Firms in Uruguay that present...
Article
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Based on a joint three – factor a¢ ne model, we estimate the term structure of interest rates and default spreads for Uruguay using the reduced - form approach developed by Du¢ e and Singleton. We …nd that Uruguayan average term structure was negatively sloped between 1997 and 2003, as indicated by previous empirical evidence for low –quality debto...
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Uruguay has undergone a gradual trade liberalization process that has opened the economy to the world. The country is currently conducting trade negotiations that can considerably improve its access to developed countries markets. Based on interviews with enterprises, trade unions and government authorities, this paper aims at identifying the main...
Article
Este trabajo procura determinar cuáles han sido los sectores más favorecidos y los más perjudicados por la libre flotación de la moneda uruguaya; además y analiza en qué medida las esperanzas albergadas por la gremial de exportadores se concretaron en la realidad.
Article
Full-text available
Electronic voting has disseminated extensively in the developing world and at a fast speed. In Latin America, 10 out of 18 countries have piloted some type of automated voting. Among the drivers of this technological change is the prospect of new technologies for boosting confidence in the election process in the region. However, more than a decade...
Article
This paper presents the first study on the impact of alternative electronic voting technologies on election outcomes in multi-party elections, analyzing data from a large-scale voting experiment conducted in the 2005 congressional election in Buenos Aires, Argentina. In order to control for in-sample differences between treatment groups, we use a s...
Article
Full-text available
The resurgence of Bayesian statistics in political research and, in particular, the rising popularity of Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods, has unlocked estimation problems long thought to be considered impossible or intractable. Besides opening new terrain to political methodologists, these developments have allowed scholars to explore new p...

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Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
The project focuses on two research questions: (1) how did legislative turnover develop in western Europe since 1940? (2) What are the factors explaining the variance in legislative turnover across chambers, across time?