Gábor Zsurka

Gábor Zsurka
University of Bonn | Uni Bonn · Institute of Experimental Epileptology and Cognition Research

M.D., Ph.D.

About

97
Publications
12,628
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2,240
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2002 - present
University of Bonn
October 1998 - September 2002
University of Vienna
October 1990 - October 1998
Hungarian Academy of Sciences

Publications

Publications (97)
Article
Epilepsy is one of the most frequent neurological diseases, with focal epilepsy accounting for the largest number of cases. The genetic alterations involved in focal epilepsy are far from being fully elucidated. Here, we show that defective lipid signalling caused by heterozygous ultra-rare variants in PIK3C2B, encoding for the class II phosphatidy...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Objectives We report the pathogenic sequence variant m.5789T>C in the anticodon stem of the mitochondrial tRNA for cysteine as a novel cause of neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa (NARP), which is usually associated with pathogenic variants in the MT-ATP6 gene. Methods To address the correlation of oxidative phosphorylation...
Article
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Here, we report a consanguineous family harboring a novel homozygous frame-shift mutation in ASPM leading to a truncation of the ASPM protein after amino acid position 1830. The phenotype of the patients was associated with microcephaly, epilepsy, and behavioral and cognitive deficits. Despite the obvious genetic similarity, the affected patients s...
Article
Both mild and severe epilepsies are influenced by variants in the same genes, yet an explanation for the resulting phenotypic variation is unknown. As part of the ongoing Epi25 Collaboration, we performed a whole-exome sequencing analysis of 13,487 epilepsy-affected individuals and 15,678 control individuals. While prior Epi25 studies focused on ge...
Article
Both mild and severe epilepsies are influenced by variants in the same genes, yet an explanation for the resulting phenotypic variation is unknown. As part of the ongoing Epi25 Collaboration, we performed a whole-exome sequencing analysis of 13,487 epilepsy-affected individuals and 15,678 control individuals. While prior Epi25 studies focused on ge...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract—In this work we studied molecular and functional effects of the loss of the smallest nuclear encoded subunit of cytochrome c oxidase COX8A in fibroblasts from a patient with a homozygous splice site mutation and in CRISPR/Cas9 genome-edited HEK293T cells. In both cellular model systems, between 20 to 30% of the residual enzymatic activity...
Article
Sequencing-based studies have identified novel risk genes associated with severe epilepsies and revealed an excess of rare deleterious variation in less-severe forms of epilepsy. To identify the shared and distinct ultra-rare genetic risk factors for different types of epilepsies, we performed a whole-exome sequencing (WES) analysis of 9,170 epilep...
Article
Sequencing-based studies have identified novel risk genes associated with severe epilepsies and revealed an excess of rare deleterious variation in less-severe forms of epilepsy. To identify the shared and distinct ultra-rare genetic risk factors for different types of epilepsies, we performed a whole-exome sequencing (WES) analysis of 9,170 epilep...
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Full-text available
Replication stalling has been associated with the formation of pathological mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) rearrangements. Yet, almost nothing is known about the fate of stalled replication intermediates in mitochondria. We show here that replication stalling in mitochondria leads to replication fork regression and mtDNA double-strand breaks. The result...
Preprint
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Replication stalling has been associated with the formation of pathological mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) rearrangements. Yet, almost nothing is known about the fate of stalled replication intermediates in mitochondria. We show here that replication stalling in mitochondria leads to replication fork regression and mtDNA double-strand breaks. The result...
Article
Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) is a frequent clinical manifestation of disorders caused by pathogenic mitochondrial DNA mutations. However, for diagnostic purposes skeletal muscle tissue is used, since extraocular muscle tissue is usually not available for work-up. In the present study we aimed to identify causative factors tha...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sequencing-based studies have identified novel risk genes for rare, severe epilepsies and revealed a role of rare deleterious variation in common epilepsies. To identify the shared and distinct ultra-rare genetic risk factors for rare and common epilepsies, we performed a whole-exome sequencing (WES) analysis of 9,170 epilepsy-affected individuals...
Article
Full-text available
Emerging gene therapy approaches that aim to eliminate pathogenic mutations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) rely on efficient degradation of linearized mtDNA, but the enzymatic machinery performing this task is presently unknown. Here, we show that, in cellular models of restriction endonuclease-induced mtDNA double-strand breaks, linear mtDNA is elim...
Article
Emerging gene therapy approaches that aim to eliminate pathogenic mutations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) rely on efficient degradation of linearized mtDNA, but the enzymatic machinery performing this task is presently unknown. Here, we show that, in cellular models of restriction endonuclease-induced mtDNA double-strand breaks, linear mtDNA is elim...
Article
Full-text available
Recent deep sequencing data has provided compelling evidence that the spectrum of somatic point mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in aging tissues lacks G > T transversion mutations. This fact cannot, however, be used as an argument for the missing contribution of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to mitochondria-related aging because it is probab...
Article
Increased oxidative stress has been widely implicated in the pathogenesis in various forms of human epilepsy. Here, we report a homozygous mutation in TXNRD1 (thioredoxin reductase 1) in a family with genetic generalized epilepsy. TXNRD1 is an essential selenium-containing enzyme involved in detoxification of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and redox...
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Accumulation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions has been proposed to be responsible for the presence of respiratory-deficient neurons in several CNS diseases. Deletions are thought to originate from double-strand breaks due to attack of reactive oxygen species (ROS) of putative inflammatory origin. In epileptogenesis, emerging evidence points t...
Article
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View largeDownload slide COX8A is the smallest subunit of cytochrome c oxidase, the terminal enzyme of the cellular respiration pathway. Hallmann et al. identify a homozygous splice-site mutation in COX8A in a patient with severe mitochondrial disease with leukodystrophy and epilepsy. Loss of wild-type COX8A reduces the stability of the entire enz...
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Seizures are often the key manifestation of neurological diseases caused by pathogenic mutations in 169 of the genes that have so far been identified to affect mitochondrial function. Mitochondria are the main producers of ATP needed for normal electrical activities of neurons and synaptic transmission. Additionally, they have a central role in neu...
Article
Aging is a progressive decline of body function, during which many tissues accumulate few cells with high levels of deleted mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), leading to a defect of mitochondrial functions. Whether this mosaic mitochondrial deficiency contributes to organ dysfunction is unknown. To investigate this, we generated mice with an accelerated ac...
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MGME1, also known as Ddk1 or C20orf72, is a mitochondrial exonuclease found to be involved in the processing of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) during replication. Here, we present detailed insights on the role of MGME1 in mtDNA maintenance. Upon loss of MGME1, elongated 7S DNA species accumulate owing to incomplete processing of 5' ends. Moreover, an 11...
Article
Oxyphil cell transformation of epithelial cells due to the accumulation of mitochondria occurs often during cellular aging. To understand the pathogenic mechanisms, we studied mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) alterations in the three cell types of the parathyroids using multiplex real-time PCR and next-generation sequencing. mtDNA was analyzed from cytoch...
Article
Objective: We report a consanguineous family with 2 affected individuals whose clinical symptoms closely resembled MERRF (myoclonus epilepsy with ragged red fibers) syndrome including severe myoclonic epilepsy, progressive spastic tetraparesis, progressive impairment of vision and hearing, as well as progressive cognitive decline. Methods: After...
Article
Full-text available
MGME1, also known as Ddk1 or C20orf72, is a mitochondrial exonuclease found to be involved in the processing of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) during replication. Here, we present detailed insights on the role of MGME1 in mtDNA maintenance. Upon loss of MGME1, elongated 7S DNA species accumulate owing to incomplete pro-cessing of 5 ′ ends. Moreover, an...
Article
Mutations in genes involved in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) replication result in two molecular phenotypes of mitochondrial disorders, multiple mtDNA deletion and/or depletion syndromes, known collectively as mtDNA maintenance disorders. Disease mechanisms alter either the mtDNA replication machinery or the biosynthesis pathways of deoxyribonucleotide...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The group of the rare progressive myoclonic epilepsies (PME) include a wide spectrum of mitochondrial and metabolic diseases. In juvenile and adult ages, MERRF (myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibres) is the most common form. The underlying genetic defect in most patients with the syndrome of MERRF is a mutation in the tRNALys gene, bu...
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The classical bioenergetical view of the involvement of mitochondria in neurogeneration is based on the fact that mitochondria are the central players of ATP synthesis in neurons and their failure leads to neuronal dysfunction and eventually to cell death. Mutations in at least 39 genes in inherited neurodegenerative disorders seem to alter directl...
Article
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Known disease mechanisms in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) maintenance disorders alter either the mitochondrial replication machinery (POLG, POLG2 and C10orf2) or the biosynthesis pathways of deoxyribonucleoside 5'-triphosphates for mtDNA synthesis. However, in many of these disorders, the underlying genetic defect has yet to be discovered. Here, we ide...
Article
Abnormal mitochondria and respiratory chain (RC) dysfunction have been demonstrated in animal models and in a series of myofibrillar myopathy (MFM) patients with yet undetermined genetic defects previously. Although RC activities had been decreased in skeletal muscle in these patients, screening for mitochondrial (mt) DNA mutations had been negativ...
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Full-text available
Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 2A (CMT2A) is associated with heterozygous mutations in the mitochondrial protein mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) that is intimately involved with the outer mitochondrial membrane fusion machinery. The precise consequences of these mutations on oxidative phosphorylation are still a matter of dispute. Here, we investigate the...
Article
Full-text available
A broad variety of mutations of the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear genes that lead to the impairment of mitochondrial respiratory chain or mitochondrial ATP synthesis have been associated with epileptic phenotypes. Additionally, evidence for an impaired mitochondrial function in seizure focus of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and Ammon's horn s...
Article
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We have analyzed the complete mitochondrial genomes of 22 Pan paniscus (bonobo, pygmy chimpanzee) individuals to assess the detailed mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) phylogeny of this close relative of Homo sapiens. We identified three major clades among bonobos that separated approximately 540,000 years ago, as suggested by Bayesian analysis. Incidentall...
Data
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Figure S2. Detailed phylogenetic tree of complete Pan paniscus mtDNA sequences displaying all detected polymorphic positions. For each branch, strictly branch-specific mutations are listed on the left-hand side of the line, while homoplasic mutations (occurring also in other independent branches) on the right-hand side. Stars indicate the lack of t...
Data
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Figure S1. Neighbor-joining tree of Pan paniscus hypervariable region I sequences using Pan troglodytes as outgroup. Previously published sequences are shown by their GenBank accession numbers. Complete Pan paniscus mtDNA sequences described in this study are marked by dots. Scale bar, evolutionary distance (substitutions per nucleotide position).
Data
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Table S1. Non-synonymous mutations in mitochondrial genes of complex V. Scoring of amino acid changes according to Betts and Russell [44]. Positive values indicate favored changes, zero neutral changes, negative values disfavored changes in membrane proteins.
Data
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Figure S3. Ratios of non-synonymous to synonymous mutations in mitochondrial protein coding genes. dN/dS ratios of within-group polymorphic sites in the mitochondrial encoded subunits of complexes I, III, IV and V in Pan paniscus and diverse human haplogroups. Numbers of analyzed individual sequences are shown in brackets.
Data
Table S2. Human haplogroup definitions used in the study. Haplogroups defined by the presence (+) or the absence (-) of specific mutations as compared to the revised Cambridge Reference Sequence [18].
Article
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Perfect direct repeats and, in particular, the prominent 13 bp repeat, are thought to cause mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions, which have been associated with the aging process. Accordingly, individuals lacking the 13 bp repeat are highly prevalent among centenarians and overall number of perfect repeats in mammalian mitochondrial genomes negativ...
Article
To present 2 families with maternally inherited severe epilepsy as the main symptom of mitochondrial disease due to point mutations at position 616 in the mitochondrial tRNA(Phe) (MT-TF) gene. Histologic stainings were performed on skeletal muscle slices from the 2 index patients. Oxidative phosphorylation activity was measured by oxygraphic and sp...
Article
Full-text available
So far researchers, web users were restricted to non-intuitive and visually poor text based databases every time they wanted to take a look on the mitochondrial DNA and find a region of interest. But with MitoWheel the situation is about to change. MitoWheel is a graphical representation of the circular human mitochondrial genome available on the w...
Article
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been identified as a potential cause of epileptic seizures and therapy-resistant forms of severe epilepsy. Thus, a broad variety of mutation in mitochondrial DNA or nuclear genes leading to the impairment of mitochondrial respiratory chain or of mitochondrial ATP synthesis has been associated with epileptic phenotypes....
Article
In search of tumor-specific mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations in head and neck squamous cell cancer, we found heteroplasmy in the blood of two individuals, i.e., these individuals carried two alleles of mtDNA. In both cases, the tumor was found to be homoplasmic, i.e., it contained only one of the two mtDNA alleles present in blood. More interest...
Article
The instability of the mitochondrial genome in individuals harboring pathogenic mutations in the catalytic subunit of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase gamma (POLG) is well recognized, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In 5 pediatric patients with severe myoclonic epilepsy and valproic acid-induced liver failure, w...
Article
This case concerns a 17-year-old boy, who was given the diagnosis of Alpers syndrome only postmortem when a homozygous 1399G-->A (A467T) mutation was found in the linker-region of POLG1. Serial muscle and liver biopsies as well as brain MRI scans in our patient ranging from early childhood to postmortem analyses showed that (i) routine diagnostic p...
Article
Patients harboring A467T and W748S POLG1 mutations present with a broad variety of neurological phenotypes, including cerebellar ataxia, progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO), myoclonus, epilepsy, and peripheral neuropathy. With exception of ataxia and myoclonus, movement disorders are not typical features of POLG1 associated disorders. We rep...
Article
Full-text available
CPEO (chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia) is a common mitochondrial disease phenotype in adults which is due to mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) point mutations in a subset of patients. Attributing pathogenicity to novel tRNA mtDNA mutations still poses a challenge, particularly when several mtDNA sequence variants are present. In the present st...
Article
The human gene MRS2L encodes a mitochondrial protein distantly related to CorA Mg(2+) transport proteins. Constitutive shRNA-mediated knockdown of hMRS2 in human HEK-293 cell line was found here to cause death. To further study its role in Mg(2+) transport, we have established stable cell lines with conditionally expressing shRNAs directed against...
Data
Constitutive Mrs2 knockdown. (A) Schematicrepresentation of the construct pHsh-E used for constitutiveexpression of the shRNA under the constitutive Pol III promoter H1.(B) Microscopy of the HEK-293 cells constitutivelyexpressing shRNA-E. Hygromycin selection of pHsh-E transfectantsfor 14 days resulted in colonies with aberrant morphology (B, leftp...
Data
Total magnesium concentration of MPL-O, MPL-E1and MPL-Q1 clones. Cells of the MPL-O, MPL-E1 and MPL-Q1 clonesgrown in the presence of doxycycline for 10 days were resuspendedin PBS buffer and permeabilized with digitonin (0.1 mg/ml).Magnesium concentration (± S.D.) of the supernatant obtained after centrifugation at 15,000 rpm was measured by a...