Fuzhong Wu

Fuzhong Wu
Fujian Normal University · School of Geographical Sciences

Ph.D.

About

323
Publications
41,531
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,799
Citations
Citations since 2017
137 Research Items
2753 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600

Publications

Publications (323)
Article
Soil extracellular enzymes are involved in the decomposition of plant litter and soil organic matter, and their activities are of critical significance to soil carbon and nutrient turnover in terrestrial ecosystems. However, the coupling of litter and root inputs and soil enzyme activities across terrestrial ecosystems still remains not fully under...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Soil fauna is one of the major drivers of plant litter decomposition. This study aims to assess how soil fauna density and diversity may affect litter decomposition. Also, we assessed whether faunal communities inside the litterbags that are used to control the access of faunal groups or communities in ambient soils are better for predicting t...
Article
Soil respiration (Rs) is the largest carbon (C) flux from terrestrial ecosystems to the atmosphere and is of great significance to the global C budget. An increasing number of studies have assessed Rs through in situ observations and model estimates over the last decades, but the sources and pathways of soil carbon dioxide (CO2) are not fully under...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Forest headwater streams are important linkages for material transfer and information exchange between aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Herein, we aimed to assess the degradation of acid-hydrolyzable carbohydrates (ACID) and acid-unhydrolyzable residue (AUR), and to check their driving factors during Castanopsis carlesii and Chinese fir...
Article
Full-text available
Irregular precipitation caused by climate changes has resulted in frequent events of soil drying-rewetting cycles (DWC), which can strongly affect soil carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycling, including the fluxes of greenhouse gases (GHGs). The response of soil carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O) fluxes to DWC events may diffe...
Article
Changes in precipitation patterns have the potential to significantly affect the global carbon (C) cycle by altering soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics. Comparing the patterns and drivers of soil C responses to precipitation changes in wet and dry forests can improve our understanding of soil carbon-water coupling. In this study, we conducted a met...
Article
Full-text available
Plants periodically shed more than 90% of their biomass production as above- and below-ground litter, including leaves, twigs, flowers, logs, roots and other tissues [...]
Article
Full-text available
Purpose In forests, soil organic carbon (SOC) formation largely originates from above- and below-ground plant inputs with different substrate qualities. However, to what extent litter and root inputs contribute to SOC accumulation across different forest types at the global scale is not fully understood. Methods We compiled 539 paired observation...
Article
Full-text available
Enzyme activity plays a pivotal role in leaf litter decomposition, but the variations have not been well addressed in the forest canopy with amounts of leaf litter. Therefore, eight enzymes related to carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus mineralization were checked during Castanopsis carlesii leaf litter decomposition in the forest canopy and on the fo...
Article
Full-text available
Soil nitrogen (N) pools and fluxes are strongly influenced by litter inputs in natural ecosystems. However, general responses of soil N pools and fluxes to litter inputs from both above- and belowground are still lacking at a global scale. Here, we compiled 2791 paired observations from 145 published articles to assess global effects of altered lea...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid vegetation regeneration and increased litter production have been predicted under the global greening scenario, but the overall relationship between litter production and vegetation regeneration has not been well addressed. To bridge this knowledge gap, we quantified the responses of the seed stage, seedling stage, plant development stage and...
Article
Estimates of riverine nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions have great uncertainty partly due to the fact that the data is still sparse for stream sizes and land uses. Here we determined water dissolved N2O concentration and water-air interface N2O flux across the land uses and stream orders in Min River Basin of southeast China. N2O concentrations ranged...
Article
The continuing warming of the climate system is reducing snow cover depth and duration worldwide. Changes in snow cover can significantly affect the soil microclimate and the functioning of many terrestrial ecosystems across latitudinal and elevational gradients. Yet, a quantitative assessment of the effects of snow cover change on soil physicochem...
Article
Plant litter decomposition is not only the major source of soil carbon and macronutrients, but also an important process for the biogeochemical cycling of trace elements such as iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu). The concentrations of plant litter trace elements can influence litter decomposition and element cycling across the p...
Article
Forest headwater streams are the monumental cement for relating habitats of the terrene and water. Nutri-ent dynamics of non-woody debris in stream can directly and indirectly regulate the cycle and transport of forest nutrients, for example, Ca and Mg. In the rainy season (from March to August) of 2021, we monitored the dyna-mics of Ca and Mg stor...
Article
Headwater streams, as the capillaries of rivers, largely control the functional integrity of the entire river networks. Headwater stream sediments, especially fine sediments, are essential ecosystem components and dominant reservoirs for heavy metals, significantly affecting their storage and cycling in streams. However, the dynamics of heavy metal...
Article
Full-text available
Trees can resorb nutrients to preserve and reuse them before leaves fall, which could efficiently adapt to environmental changes. However, the nutrient requirements of trees in different months with seasonal climate changes are often neglected. In this study, we selected plantations of an evergreen broadleaf tree (Castanopsis carlesii (Hemsl.) Haya...
Article
Preservation of biochemically recalcitrant organic matter and protection within soil aggregates are two important mechanisms of soil organic carbon (SOC) preservation, but their relative importance remains unclear. In this study, we converted part of a mature secondary forest to two young plantation forests (Castanopsis carlesii and Chinese fir) an...
Article
To assess the dynamics and spectral characteristics of dissolved organic matter of twig litter in continuous increase stage, peak stage, and continuous decrease stage of twig litter production in different types of Castanopsis carlesii forest in middle subtropical China, a field experiment was conducted in C. carlesii natural forest, secondary fore...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To provide useful knowledges for plantation management, we assessed how the transforming of the different ecosystem types to tree plantation may affect soil carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) concentrations and what are the driving factors of ecosystem transformation effects. Methods We synthesized 4262 pairwise observations coll...
Article
Full-text available
Soil fauna plays a key role in regulating biogeochemical cycles, but how multiple global change factors (GCFs) may affect faunal communities remains poorly studied. We conducted a meta‐analysis using 1154 observations to evaluate the individual and combined effects of elevated CO2, nitrogen (N) addition, warming, increased rainfall and drought on s...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Winter snow cover is a key control over soil biogeochemical cycles in cold biomes but has decreased with climate warming, particularly in high-latitude and high-altitude areas. Previous studies have found a decline in carbon (C) release from decomposing litter without snow cover, yet partitioning what C fractions respond to snow removal rem...
Article
Plant litter is the major source of energy and nutrients in stream ecosystems and its decomposition is vital for ecosystem nutrient cycling and functioning. Invertebrates are key contributors to instream litter decomposition, yet quantification of their effects and drivers at the global scale remains lacking. Here, we systematically synthesized dat...
Article
Full-text available
Lignocellulose is a major component of plant litter and plays a dominant role in regulating the process of litter decomposition, but we lack a global perspective on plant litter initial lignocellulose concentration. Here, we quantitatively assessed the global patterns and drivers of litter initial concentrations of lignin, cellulose, and hemicellul...
Article
Full-text available
The differences between aquatic and terrestrial habitats could change microbial community composition and regulate litter decomposition in a subtropical forest, but the linkage remains uncertain. Using microbial phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs), the litter decomposition associated with microbial organisms was monitored to characterize the differenc...
Article
Full-text available
Acid hydrolysable components have been thought to release from plant litter at early periods of decomposition and to be sensitive to hydrological change. Variations in snow depth and timing may alter the release of acid hydrolysable components from decomposing litter in seasonally snow-covered ecosystems. Here, we measured the release of acid hydro...
Article
Base cation loads are rarely considered in forest gap edge canopies, but they can play critical roles in capturing or buffering atmospheric deposition in forests with frequent gap disturbances, such as subalpine forests. We selected an expanded gap edge canopy and a closed canopy in a subalpine natural forest on the eastern Tibetan Plateau. The thr...
Article
Soil microbial residues and plant-derived compounds are important components of the stable carbon (C) pool in forest soil. It is not well understood how microbial residues and plant lignin phenols respond to nutrient inputs in subtropical forests of different ages, especially in mature forest stands. Here, a 5-year nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) f...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose Winter snow cover is a key control over soil biogeochemical cycles in cold biomes but has decreased with climate warming, particularly in high-latitude and high-altitude areas. Previous studies have found a decline in carbon (C) release from decomposing litter without snow cover, yet partitioning of what C fractions in response to snow remo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plant input is an important source of soil organic carbon (SOC), but how and to what extent litter and roots interact to form SOC in various forests is not fully understood. Here, we compiled 189 paired observations from 23 studies to assess the changes in SOC concentrations after removing litter and living root inputs from different forests. We fo...
Article
Aim Plant biomass allocation reflects the distribution of photosynthates among different organs in response to changing environmental conditions. Global change influences plant growth across terrestrial ecosystems, but impacts of individual and combined multiple global change factors (GCFs) on plant biomass allocation at the global scale are unclea...
Article
Ash is a fundamental component of plant litter and plays a vital role in regulating litter decomposition. However, to date, global patterns and underlying mechanisms of initial litter ash concentrations remain unclear. Here, we used 570 observations collected from 104 independent publications to assess the global patterns of initial plant litter as...
Article
Root and foliar litter inputs are the primary sources of carbon and nutrients for soil fauna and microorganisms, yet we still lack a quantitative assessment to evaluate the effects of root and foliar litter on various groups of soil organisms across terrestrial ecosystems. Here, we compiled 978 paired observations from 68 experimental sites to asse...
Preprint
Full-text available
Calculations of base cation inputs of loads in forest edge canopies are rare, although forest edge canopies play a paradoxical role in the effective capture of atmospheric deposition. Throughfall deposition and canopy exchange of base cations were studied with a continuous throughfall investigation under a natural forest edge and a closed canopy in...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial biomass is known to decrease with soil drying and to increase after rewetting due to physiological assimilation and substrate limitation under fluctuating moisture conditions, but how the effects of moisture changes vary between dry and wet environments is unclear. Here, we conducted a meta‐analysis to assess the effects of elevated and r...
Article
The rapid conversion of natural broadleaved forests to plantations (mainly Cunninghamia lanceolata and Pinus massoniana) in subtropical China has resulted in a substantial decline in soil fertility, but the biogeochemical mechanism behind this decline remains not fully understood. Litterfall is an important source of nutrients that are returned to...
Article
Full-text available
Plant litter decomposition is one of the most important ecosystem processes influencing elemental biogeochemistry across terrestrial and aquatic environments. Calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and manganese (Mn) are essential nutrients, which play a key role in plant energy metabolism, photosynthesis, and membrane transport of plants, and the major sou...
Article
It has been well acknowledged that a continuous increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration will lead to climate warming. Numerous experiments have found that increased precipitation could promote soil CO2 emissions into the atmosphere, but there is great uncertainty in the magnitude of increased precipitation of this feedback. Here,...
Article
Full-text available
Spatiotemporal redistribution of incident rainfall in vegetated ecosystems results from the partitioning by plants into intercepted, stemflow, and throughfall fractions. However, variation in patterns and drivers of rainfall partitioning across global biomes remain poorly understood, which limited the ability of climate models to improve prediction...
Article
Dsk2 is a nuclear‐enriched ubiquitin‐like polyubiquitin‐binding protein that regulates protein degradation in yeast but has not been explored yet in filamentous fungi, such as Beauveria bassiana. Here, we report Beauveria bassiana Dsk2 located both in the nucleus and in cytoplasm of hyphal cells. Deletion of Dsk2 resulted in mild growth defect on s...
Article
To understand the nutrient use strategies of 11 tree species in a subtropical common-garden, we measured the specific leaf area, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) resorption and stoichiometric characteristics of leaves in August 2019. The results showed that the specific leaf area, N and P concentrations in mature and senescent leaves of evergreen br...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeThe organic components in fresh litters are important chemical traits for evaluating the initial quality that controls decomposition of plant litter. This study aimed to assess the seasonal dynamics and drivers of organic components in four dominant fresh litters and their variations at different gap positions in an alpine forest on the east...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Biomass allocation to different organs is a fundamental plant ecophysiological process to better respond to changing environments; yet, it remains poorly understood how patterns of biomass allocation respond to nitrogen (N) additions across terrestrial ecosystems worldwide. Methods We conducted a meta-analysis using 5474 pairwise observations...
Preprint
Full-text available
Selection of appropriate tree species is an important forest management decision that may affect sequestration of carbon (C) in soil. However, information about tree species effects on soil C stocks at the global scale remains unclear. Here, we quantitatively synthesized 850 observations from field studies that were conducted in common garden or mo...
Article
Full-text available
Silicon (Si) is an aussichtsreich anode candidate for a new generation lithium-ion batteries on account of its enormous theoretical capacity. However, its progress is tremendously hindered due to the tremendous volumetric change causes structure instability and poor cycling stability during the charge/discharge cycle. To overcome these issues assoc...
Article
Full-text available
Background China’s terrestrial ecosystems have been receiving increasing amounts of reactive nitrogen (N) over recent decades. External N inputs profoundly change microbially mediated soil carbon (C) dynamics, but how elevated N affects the soil organic C that is derived from microbial residues is not fully understood. Here, we evaluated the change...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Forest soils contain large amounts of terrestrial organic carbon (C), but the formation pathway of soil organic C (SOC) remains unclear. Recent evidence suggests that microbial necromass is a significant source of SOC, yet a global quantitative assessment across the whole soil profile is lacking. We aimed to assess the vertical distribution and...
Article
Full-text available
Human‐induced global changes such as nitrogen (N) deposition, climatic warming, and rainfall changes have been determined to be common drivers of current plant community dynamics. However, it is unclear if and how the individual and combined effects of these drivers differently influence plant diversity and its relationship with productivity at the...
Article
Full-text available
Although substantial information had been generated on the effects of land use change on soil organic carbon (SOC) and total nitrogen (TN) storage, studies are absent on multifactorial effects of land use types, land use age, and elevation on SOC and TN storage. SOC and TN were therefore investigated in 30 field sites comprising natural forests, pl...
Article
Full-text available
Plant litter is one of the main sources of soil humus, but which can also promote primary humus degradation by increasing microbial activity due to the higher availability of energy released, resulting in a confusing relationship between litterfall and soil humus. Therefore, an in situ incubation experiment was carried out in three subalpine forest...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Humification of plant detritus is an important pathway for soil organic matter formation. The long-standing studies considered that humification proceeds at very late stages of litter decomposition, while the degree of humification in newly shed litters before decomposition remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the degree of h...
Article
Full-text available
Improved knowledge of biological diversity patterns associated with elevation and their driving factors is indispensable for developing ecological theories. However, the results for the elevational distribution patterns of soil fauna are not consistent due to differing climates and vegetation. Here, we present a comprehensive analysis of soil macro...
Article
Full-text available
Materials with nanotubular structure have attracted wide attention in electrochemical energy storage due to their good structural stability, high specific surface area, and internal and external wall activity. Here, we report a simple and efficient one-pot method for the synthesis of SiO2 nanotubes with controlled aspect ratios. The influence of pa...
Article
The impurity content is an important index reflecting the quality of sponge titanium, especially Fe and Mn impurities. However, at present, only qualitative research has been conducted on the input of impurities, and no quantitative research has been conducted on the input and output of impurities. Therefore, based on the input-output model, this s...
Article
Reducing the threats of sulfate ion (SO42−) deposition to terrestrial ecosystems is a great challenge. The canopy interception effect on SO42− deposition has been well documented, but the interception efficiency of the gap edge remains unknown. Therefore, a subalpine dragon spruce (Picea asperata) plantation was evaluated in the upper reaches of th...
Article
Full-text available
Epixylic vegetation may be important in dead wood decay by altering the microenvironment and, thereby, microbial communities in logs. However, the interaction between epixylic vegetation and dead wood microbial communities remains poorly known. Therefore, repeated experimental epixylic (bryophyte-dominated) vegetation removal (ERM) from logs of the...
Article
To understand the relationship between soil fauna and microorganism in the detrital food chain during litter decomposition, leaf litters of poplar (Populus simonii) and fargesia (Fargesia spathacea) in a subalpine forest of western Sichuan were taken as study objects. Phospholipid fatty acid (PLFAs) biomarker method was used to determine the effect...
Article
Full-text available
Naphthalene is a biocide of soil fauna, particularly of soil arthropods, that has been widely applied to test the functional roles of soil fauna in soil processes. However, whether the use of naphthalene to expel soil fauna has a non-target effect on soil bacteria in subalpine forests remains unclear. We conducted a naphthalene treatment experiment...
Article
During soil formation, the accumulation of humic substances such as humic acid and fulvic acid is an important way to maintain soil fertility and nutrient cycling, which is regulated by soil substrate quality, litter, and environmental factors. In a laboratory incubation experiment, we exa-mined the effects of litter addition on soil humic substanc...
Article
Full-text available
Headwater streams have low productivity and are closely linked to forest ecosystems, which input a large amount of plant litter into streams. Most current studies have focused on the decomposition process of plant litter in streams, and the effects of non-woody and woody litter on metal transfer, accumulation, and storage in streams are poorly unde...
Article
Full-text available
The formation of soil organic matter via humification of plant litter is important for long-term carbon sequestration in forests; however, whether soil fauna affects litter humification is unclear. In this study, we quantified the effects of soil fauna on the optical properties (i.e., ΔlogK and E4/E6) of the alkaline-extracted humic acid-like solut...