Fulvio Rinaudo

Fulvio Rinaudo
Politecnico di Torino | polito · DAD - Department of Architecture and Design

Professor

About

172
Publications
50,873
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1,572
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (172)
Article
Full-text available
Rapid mapping techniques based on UAV photogrammetry and portable systems are increasingly helping cultural heritage sites’ digitization, in case of large contexts or complex accessibility. At the same time, a wider range of more consolidated image- and range-based approaches could be useful, but challenging to be applied depending on materials, ac...
Article
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Historical masonry arch bridges still form an important part of Croatian transportation network. There are approximately 680 masonry arch bridges and culverts currently being used for railways and roadways. Many of these bridges are relatively old (more than hundred years in most cases) but still in usage. Increasing vehicle load and speeds as well...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The adoption of BIM (Building Information Modelling) for archaeology is limited by different issues inherited by the software, which is usually designed for AEC industry and rarely fits Heritage assets. An unconventional solution could be provided by FOS (Free and Open-Source) software, thanks to source code accessibility and modifications possibil...
Article
Full-text available
Built cultural heritage is under constant threat due to environmental pressures, anthropogenic damages, and interventions. Understanding the preservation state of monuments and historical structures, and the factors that alter their architectural and structural characteristics through time, is crucial for ensuring their protection. Therefore, inspe...
Conference Paper
This study offers a review of masonry arch bridges in Croatia, it presents their most common typologies, geometric characteristics, and damages. Data about bridges have been collected from official institutions, state archives, and conservation institutes. Statistical analysis considering materials, arch geometry, arch thickness, number of spans, a...
Conference Paper
U radu je dan pregled zidanih svođenih mostova u Republici Hrvatskoj, njihovih tipoloških obilježja i opaženih oštećenja. Podatci o mostovima su prikupljani od ovlaštenih ustanova, državnih arhiva i restauratorskih zavoda. Podatci su statistički obrađeni uzimajući u obzir gradivo, geometrijska svojstva, debljinu svoda (luka), broj raspona i otvoren...
Article
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In recent years, Historic Building Information Modelling (HBIM) methodology has strengthened the documentation and interpretation of archaeological contexts and is regarded as a breakthrough in relation to established methodologies and analyses. Change is also taking place regarding web and cloud-based solutions, and this work acknowledges the impo...
Article
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The metric documentation of architectural complexes requires today the use of several integrated survey methodologies. This need is an answer to the morphology of the object such as dimension, geometry, inaccessible areas and urban context. These properties inhibit the use of single surveying techniques and force the integration of Geomatics tools....
Article
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This paper proposes a design for libraries of European Classical architectural elements based on shape grammars. This design is based on a workflow which develops library objects from 3D CAD primitives using architectural rules to construct parametric representations of architectural elements. In the case of Classical architecture, the design and d...
Article
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Degradation patterns are the visible consequence of the impacts of environmental factors and biological agents on stone heritage. Accurately documenting them is a key requisite when studying exposed stone antiquities to interpret weathering causes, identify conservation needs, and plan cleaning interventions. However, a significant gap can be ident...
Article
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The conservation of built heritage is a complex process that necessitates co-operative efforts. Holistic, integrated documentation constitutes a crucial step towards conservation by contributing to diagnosis and by extension to the effective decision-making about the required preventive and restorative interventions. It involves the recording of in...
Article
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The detailed documentation of degradation constitutes a fundamental step for weathering diagnosis and, consequently, for successful planning and implementation of conservation measures for stone heritage. Mapping the surface patterns of stone is a non-destructive procedure critical for the qualitative and quantitative rating of the preservation sta...
Article
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In this research, an innovative comparison between 3D reconstructions obtained by means of Artificial Intelligence, in particular NeRF Neural Networks, and by Structure-from-Motion (SfM) and Multi-View-Stereo (MVS) open-source algorithms is proposed. The 3D reconstruction comparison is performed on two test cases, one of cultural interest, one usef...
Conference Paper
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Nowadays, archaeological research requires safe and stable digital platforms for ensuring data protection and exchange. For this reason, the creation of anonymous 3D models is no longer enough if semantic information is not dynamically included. Historic Building Information Modelling (HBIM) has proved to be one of the most suitable solutions in or...
Chapter
The combination of thermographic and geometric recording has always been an issue for architectural heritage diagnostic investigations. Multidisciplinary projects often require integrating multi-sensor information—including metric and temperature data—to extract valid conclusions regarding the state-of-preservation of historical buildings. Towards...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mapping and analyzing stone monuments' surface condition and time-induced deterioration are necessary for the decision making on conservation measures. Since the assessment of architectural facades and elements is often conducted manually, there is significant value in investigating automatic weathering mapping procedures. This short paper aims to...
Chapter
Protection of stone heritage requires detailed records of the state-of-preservation to ensure accurate decision-making for conservation interventions. This short paper explores the topic of using digital tools to better visualize and map in three-dimensional (3D) representations the deterioration state of stone statues. Technical photography, geoma...
Article
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Techniques for the three-dimensional digitization of tangible heritage are continuously updated, as regards active and passive sensors, data acquisition approaches, implemented algorithms and employed computational systems. These developments enable higher automation and processing velocities, increased accuracy, and precision for digitizing herita...
Article
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The IFC (Industry Foundation Classes) open format has been developed by BuildingSMART and regularized through ISO standards. It has been implemented into a BIM (Building Information Modeling) informative system for the AEC industry (Architecture Engineering and Construction). The IFC format has changed interoperability processes concerning architec...
Conference Paper
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The recording and processing of terrestrial multispectral information can have significant value for built heritage studies. The efficient adoption of active and passive sensing techniques operating at multiple wavelengths and the integrated analyses of the produced data is essential for enhanced observation of historical architecture, especially f...
Article
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Thermal infrared imaging is fundamental to architectural heritage non-destructive diagnostics. However, thermal sensors' low spatial resolution allows capturing only very localized phenomena. At the same time, thermal images are commonly collected with independence of geometry, meaning that no measurements can be performed on them. Occasionally, th...
Conference Paper
Projekt pod nazivom "Ocjenjivanje i ublažavanje izloženosti okolišu dobara kulturnog naslijeđa u središnjoj Aziji" ili izvorno "Environmental risk assessment and mitigation on Cultural Heritage assets in Central Asia" (projektni broj: 609574-EPP-1-2019-1-IT-EPPKA2-CBHE-JP), skraćeno ERAMCA, je trogodišnji projekt u okviru ERASMUS+ programa-Ključna...
Article
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Over the last decade, we have witnessed momentous technological developments in unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) and in lightweight sensors operating at various wavelengths, at and beyond the visible spectrum, which can be integrated with unmanned aerial platforms. These innovations have made feasible close-range and high-resolution remote sensing f...
Article
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The implementation of historical information within BIM (Building Information Modelling) platforms has experienced great development processes during last years, generating excellent studies based on Historic Building Information Modelling (Murphy et al., 2009; 2013). The HBIM developing growth is certainly explained due to advantages concerning th...
Article
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Searching for suitable material for photogrammetry is a key part in the documentation of Cultural Heritage. Photogrammetry can be used to produce a metrically certified 3D model. Material contained in historical film footage archives is especially useful for documentation when the heritage has been lost. In this research an innovative match-moving...
Article
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Representation of the surface pathology of heritage objects imposes a problematic task. It usually involves the implementation of on-site visual inspections, and diagnostic procedures on-site, and after sampling, through minimally destructive laboratory tests, to produce area-specific results or two-dimensional mapping visualizations. Mapping of st...
Article
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Digital photogrammetry and spectral imaging are widely used in heritage sciences towards the comprehensive recording, understanding, and protection of historical artifacts and artworks. The availability of consumer-grade modified cameras for spectral acquisition, as an alternative to expensive multispectral sensors and multi-sensor apparatuses , al...
Article
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Documenting Cultural Heritage through the extraction of 3D measures with photogrammetry is fundamental for the conservation of the memory of the past. However, when the heritage has been lost the only way to recover this information is the use of historical images from archives. The aim of this study is to experiment with new ways to search for arc...
Article
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Passive sensors, operating in the visible (VIS) spectrum, have widely been used towards the trans-disciplinary documentation, understanding, and protection of tangible cultural heritage (CH). Although, many heritage science fields benefit significantly from additional information that can be acquired in the near-infrared (NIR) spectrum. NIR imagery...
Preprint
Full-text available
Digital photogrammetry and spectral imaging are widely used in heritage sciences, towards the comprehensive recording, understanding, and protection of historical artefacts and artworks. The availability of consumer-grade modified cameras for spectral acquisition, as an alternative to expensive multispectral sensors and multi-sensor apparatuses, al...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Continuous developments on sensors, data acquisition techniques, algorithms and computational systems have enabled automation, higher processing velocities and increased metric accuracy regarding the modeling of tangible heritage. For applications on heritage artifacts or architectural details, scanning and photogrammetric systems based on Structur...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Three-dimensional modeling of cultural heritage, especially concerning large scale studies, as for example, archaeometry, diagnostics and conservation intervention applications, which usually require high-resolution and multi-spectral analyses, necessitates the use of complicate and often expensive equipment. Recent developments regarding low-cost...
Article
Full-text available
The use of Structure-from-Motion algorithms is a common practice to obtain a rapid photogrammetric reconstruction. However, the performance of these algorithms is limited by the fact that in some conditions the resulting point clouds present low density. This is the case when processing materials from historical archives, such as photographs and vi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Historical film footages in many cases represent the only remaining traces of Cultural Heritage that has been lost or changed over time. Photogrammetry is a powerful technique to document the heritage transformations, but its implementation is technically challenging due to the difficulty in finding the historical data suitable to be process. This...
Article
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Movable heritage preserved in our museums are an invaluable evidence of our past. In order to properly respond to the need of 3D documentation of these significant assets, in the last few years both range-based and image-based solutions have been developed by researchers operating in the framework of Geomatics with a special focus on reaching a hig...
Article
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Digital Cultural Heritage and Digital Humanities are, historically seen, in focus of different communities as well as approaching different research topics and - from an organizational point of view - departments. However, are they that different? The idea of this joint article involving digital humanists and heritage researchers is to examine comm...
Article
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The ability of managing big amounts of metric information coming from a LiDAR survey and the ability to reproduce high quality 3D models from them are still vivid problems to solve. Is it possible to create detailed models, geometrically and metrically correct, without using a large amount (often redundant) of metric data, such as massive point clo...
Article
Full-text available
Researching historical archives for material suitable for photogrammetry is essential for the documentation and 3D reconstruction of Cultural Heritage, especially when this heritage has been lost or transformed over time. This research presents an innovative workflow which combines the photogrammetric procedure with Machine Learning for the process...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Activities related to the protection of tangible heritage require extensive multidisciplinary documentation. The various raw data that occur have been oftentimes been processed, visualized and evaluated separately leading to aggregations of unassociated information of varying data types. In the direction of adopting complete approaches towards more...
Article
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Nowadays, the employment of rapid mapping solutions for architectural survey is more and more considered, not only for the strong reduction of the primary data acquisition times, but also thanks to their adaptability to various contexts, especially in the framework of Cultural Heritage documentation where tailored solutions are required. The combin...
Article
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Quality assessment in photogrammetric processing is fundamental to obtain metric information and to reconstruct 3D models of Cultural Heritage, especially when it has been lost or changed over time. The determination of metric precision is technically challenging when dealing with historical films and videos that in many cases represent the only re...
Article
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GAMHer (Geomatics data Acquisition and Management for landscape and built Heritage in a European perspective) is a three-year research project financed under the Italian PRIN 2015 framework (Progetti di Ricerca di Rilevante Interesse Nazionale). The project, started in February 2017 under the University of Bologna coordination, links other 5 Italia...
Article
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Restorative and conservative operations of Cultural Heritage buildings involve the historical and objective knowledge of the context. Meaning the knowledge as a diachronic awareness of the history of buildings should help the safeguarding processes of heritage assets. The integration of historical information inside a HBIM platform involves huge be...
Article
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The historical images preserved in archives and in private collections represent not only a valuable documentation of objects belonging to Cultural Heritage; sometimes they are the only remained evidence of destroyed assets of our past. In the last few years, the improvement of the technologies in the framework of photogrammetric vision and the imp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The market of imaging and non-imaging sensors offers nowadays a wide range of products, which are constantly improving and growing. Given the recent advances in the miniaturization of devices for metric survey, and the relatively cheap COTS (Commercial Off The Shelf) solutions widely available, it is therefore crucial to optimally exploit, calibrat...
Conference Paper
Are Digital Cultural Heritage and Digital Humanities just two sides of the same medal? Both concepts deal with cultural heritage objects, employ digital technologies, often in cross-disciplinary settings , as well as comprise numerous research topics and activities. Despite these communalities, there is not much overlap between related scholarly co...
Poster
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Poster related to the conference paper “Open source HBIM for Cultural Heritage: A project proposal” , ISPRS TC II Mid-term Symposium “Towards Photogrammetry 2020”
Article
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Actual technologies are changing Cultural Heritage research, analysis, conservation and development ways, allowing new innovative approaches. The possibility of integrating Cultural Heritage data, like archaeological information, inside a three-dimensional environment system (like a Building Information Modelling) involve huge benefits for its mana...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Due to the increasing number of low-cost sensors, widely accessible on the market, and because of the supposed granted correctness of the semi-automatic workflow for 3D reconstruction, highly implemented in the recent commercial software, more and more users operate nowadays without following the rigorousness of classical photogrammetric methods. T...
Article
Full-text available
Historical archives save invaluable treasures and play a critical role in the conservation of Cultural Heritage. Old photographs and videos, which have survived over time and stored in these archives, preserve traces of architecture and urban transformation and, in many cases, are the only evidence of buildings that no longer exist. They are a prec...
Conference Paper
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With the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in October 1923, modernization studies have been started throughout the country. The Republican authorities which adopted a new form of government independent of the Ottoman Empire had expectations for the city planning of Turkey according to the modernization rules of urbanism. After the proclamation o...
Article
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The recent trends in architectural data management imply the scientific and professional collaborations of several disciplines involved in the design, restoration and maintenance. It seems an achieved concept that, in the next future, all the information connected to new interventions or conservation activities on historical buildings will be manag...
Article
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GAMHer is a collaborative project that aims at exploiting and validating Geomatics algorithms, methodologies and procedures in the framework of new European regulations, which require a more extensive and productive use of digital information, as requested by the Digital Agenda for Europe as one of the seven pillars of the Europe 2020 Strategy. To...
Article
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The paper proposes a method able to describe, classify and organize information assets concerned with Architectural Heritage, through the use of integrated survey procedures, mainly based on Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS). The point clouds are then imported into the Building Information Modeling (BIM) software to start with the modeling phase. Wit...
Article
Full-text available
At the beginning of industrial era in Turin, the urban landscape reveals different forms. The need to build, expand, modify, and combine buildings for industrial processing involves the continuous updating of permissions to build, that record the variation of urban design caused by aggregation of blocks for the development of large artefacts. On th...
Article
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CIPA is contributing with its technical knowledge in saving the heritage of Syria by constructing an open access database based on the data that the CIPA members have collected during various projects in Syria over the years before the civil war in the country broke out in 2011. In this way we wish to support the protection and preservation of the...
Article
Full-text available
CIPA is contributing with its technical knowledge in saving the heritage of Syria by constructing an open access database based on the data that the CIPA members have collected during various projects in Syria over the years before the civil war in the country broke out in 2011. In this way we wish to support the protection and preservation of the...
Conference Paper
The paper focuses on digital environments conceived by historical research on urban history dealt with a multidisciplinary approach. It presents the first outcomes of a research in progress by the authors (the one urban historian and the other geomatics) on the digitalization and interpretation of the affair of "via Roma" in Turin. This central str...
Article
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The documentation of Cultural Heritage asset is the basis for all the interventions and policies on Cultural heritage conservation and management. The documentation is mainly based on historic knowledge and metric survey. As far as historic knowledge is concerned many information are still recorded and preserved inside written documents that are us...
Article
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3D detailed models derived from digital survey techniques have increasingly developed and focused in many field of application. The high detailed content and accuracy of such models make them so attractive and usable for large sets of purposes in Cultural Heritage. The present paper focuses on one of the main techniques used nowadays for Cultural H...
Book
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This report makes available the results of the research conducted between 2008 and 2011 by the Iranian-Italian Joint Expedition in Khuzestan in the valley of Hung-e Azhdar (or Hung-e Nauruzi), about 17 km north of the modern city of Izeh. The project’s aim was to acquire new data, and shed new light, on the Parthian rock carving there located, one...
Article
Three-dimensional (3D) digital models obtained by laser scanning are particularly useful for monuments located in remote places and suffering from erosion such as ancient rock carvings. Here we describe research by the Iranian-Italian Joint Expedition in Khuzestan, which conducted surveys on three rock carvings dating to the Parthian period (2nd ce...
Article
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The paper presents the results of a reconstruction of the 3D model of a dome and of a medieval fresco, collapsed after an earthquake and now reconstructed in significant portions, to offer to the visitors a possible reconstruction of the lost masterpiece of medieval art. After the earthquake the collapsed dome was replaced by means of a concrete sp...
Article
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At the last ISPRS Congress in 2008, the first experimental evaluations of range cameras were presented. During the last four years, much research has been done by different research groups and some meetings have allowed a continuous sharing of experiences and results. The research group of the Politecnico di Torino has developed some original metho...
Article
Full-text available
TLS (Terrestrial Laser Scanners) data today represents one of the most attractive ways to face the metric survey of an architectural object. When a restoration project is needed not many restorers are used to managing 3D models and traditional graphic results such as plans and sections are usually required. The paper defines a correct balance betwe...