Frode Stenseng

Frode Stenseng
Norwegian University of Science and Technology | NTNU · Department of Education

Professor
Sabbatical leave from NTNU - working on several projects.

About

63
Publications
48,468
Reads
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1,025
Citations
Introduction
My main interests: 1) developmental psychology, e.g. psychological adjustment over time in relation to social functioning, mainly peers (social inclusion/exclusion); 2) motivation for sport, leisure, and educational activities in light of curiosity, escapism, and self-determination theory; 3) self-regulation of social media and gaming engagement (including internet gaming disorder); 4) mHealth/eHealth interventions targeted towards physical and/or mental health among younger people.
Additional affiliations
January 2018 - present
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 2016 - present
August 2011 - July 2015
Norwegian University of Technology and Science
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
Full-text available
A two-dimensional model on escape motives in activity engagement was developed in three studies. We suggested that motivation to escape the self through engagement in an activity partly derives from intentions to either prevent negative affect or to promote positive affect. A scale for measuring these intentional mindsets was developed consisting o...
Article
Full-text available
The need-to-belong theory stipulates that social exclusion (e.g., being rejected by peers) impairs the ability to self-regulate and experimental studies with adults support this contention, at least on a short-term basis. Few studies have investigated whether social exclusion affects the development of self-regulation on children in a more enduring...
Article
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Escapism is predominantly assumed to be a negative aspect of media consumption. However, research also indicates that escapism may spur positive psychological outcomes. Here, using a two-dimensional model of escapism and its corresponding scale, we tested a dualistic approach to escapism in relation to both gaming and online streaming. Data was col...
Article
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The present paper challenges the notion that engagement in leisure activities is exclusively conducive to well‐being. By applying the Dualistic Model of Passion in a leisure context on 467 participants, the measurement of obsessive passion for a leisure activity was related to indicators of ill‐being and unrelated to general well‐being. In Study 1,...
Article
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The need-to-belong theory stipulates that social exclusion fosters aggression, whereas the social-reconnection hypothesis suggests that social exclusion promotes motivation to behave cooperatively. To date, empirical investigations of these contrasting views have focused on the immediate effects of social exclusion, yielding mixed results. Here we...
Article
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The common understanding of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has gone through a number of permutations since the first description in 1943. Throughout these shifting understandings, there have been a number of behaviors and diagnostic criteria associated with the condition, many of which are missing in the most recent classifications. The rates of d...
Article
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User involvement in research has gained increased attention in recent decades. However, there is a lack of studies involving children as co-researchers, and particularly uncertainty regarding how to facilitate this type of collaboration. In this study, we explore children’s experiences of being part of a co-creation process in research in light of...
Preprint
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This study aimed to validate the Norwegian version of the Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale (BPNSFS) and to examine its relations with indicators of well-being and ill-being. Additionally, despite the vast number of studies employing the BPNSFS, norms related to the BPNSFS are currently lacking. Therefore, we also aimed to...
Article
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Background: Socially withdrawn children tend to perform poorer academically than their peers. What remains unknown, is the temporal ordering of the two phenomena. Also, substantial gender differences exist in both social withdrawal and academic achievement; thus, it is conceivable that the strength of the relation between them is gendered as well....
Article
Background Youth are increasingly engaged in digital games; while physical activity rates are declining. This study examines whether the amount of time children spend on gaming is related to physical activity and athletic self-esteem. Method At ages 8, 10, 12, and 14, a community sample of children (n = 751, 379 girls) was interviewed about how of...
Article
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Identification attempts in populations with a low prevalence of problems usually result in a considerable number of false positives. Thus, the aim of the current study was to investigate the false positive rate following nomination of developmental concerns by preschool teachers and the reasons for which teachers raise developmental concerns about...
Article
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The present study was designed to explore the effects of a one-year coach education program on coaches’ perceptions of their communication skills and co-orientation of their coach-athlete relationships. The study was designed with an experimental group and a control group. The experiment group consisted of 66 coaches (and 295 athletes) who received...
Article
Childcare providers are vanguards in identifying children at risk for mental health problems. Thus, the aim of the current study was to investigate the accuracy of childcare providers’ nominations of children at risk for mental health problems against a well-established comparator, the Caregiver- Teacher Report Form. Findings from the present study...
Article
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This study examined whether, and the extent to which, the Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management programme predicted positive development of children's emotional, behavioural, and social adjustment through changes in the child-teacher relationship. Using data from a longitudinal quasi-experimental intervention trial with a matched control co...
Article
Background Social media users are extensively exposed to photographs displaying idealized self-presentations. This poses a potential threat to youth's appearance self-esteem, but the negative impact may depend upon types of social media engagement. Youth who actively post updates (i.e., self-oriented social media use) may position themselves to rec...
Article
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Background Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is highlighted as a condition for further study in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition (DSM‐5). Some studies indicate that IGD appears comorbid with other psychiatric disorders. We examine concurrent and prospective links between symptoms of IGD and symptoms of common psy...
Article
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There is sparse knowledge on how the amount of gaming overlaps with—and is longitudinally related to—psychiatric symptoms of ADHD and emotional problems throughout early and middle childhood. In this prospective study of 791 Norwegian children, we investigated the amount of electronic gaming at ages 6, 8, and 10 while also measuring DSM symptoms of...
Article
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The Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management (IY TCM) programme has shown promise in reducing behaviour problems among high-risk children in childcare. However, at present, we do not know whether the IY TCM successfully improves the child–teacher relationship in childcare and whether the effects manifest in both the population and in high-risk...
Article
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Grounded in self-determination theory and the dualistic model of passion, the present study tested whether a social media intervention could promote harmonious passion and positive emotions related to exercise activities. A 4-week intervention managed through an Instagram™ account was designed to promote more harmonious passion and less obsessive p...
Article
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The current study investigates whether the Working Alliance Inventory (Blascovich, Mendes, Hunter, Lickel, & Kowai-Bell) and its factors bond, goal and task, is a suitable measurement for documenting the coach-athlete relationship in the sport setting among a sample of 670 Norwegian junior athletes. The results in the current study showed moderate...
Article
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The quality of the coach-athlete relationship has been linked to athlete burnout in previous studies. However, few studies have examined individual factors among athletes that may affect this association, and in particular among young athletes with high activity involvement. Hence, in the present study, we studied the potential mediating role of at...
Article
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The current study investigated associations between cognitive components such as psychological resilience and perceived stress, and affective components such as positive and negative affect, and athlete burnout and perceived performance among 670 Norwegian junior athletes attending high schools specialized for sports. A hypothesized model of the re...
Article
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Electronic games are popular and many children spend much time on this activity. Here we investigate whether the quantity of time children spend on gaming is related to their social development, making this the first study to examine this relationship in children. We examine prospective relations between time spent gaming and social competence in a...
Article
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Som en del av fagfornyelsen skal livsmestringstematikk implementeres i skolens undervisning fra 2020. I denne studien har vi utforsket behovet for å lære om egne følelser i videregående skole. Elever ved tre videregående skoler har blitt spurt om i hvilken grad de faktisk ønsker å lære om følelser i skolen. I denne forskningsartikkelen undersøkes o...
Article
Recent increase in children's screen activities has raised concerns that screen time may replace face‐to‐face interaction, and hence impair children's development of emotion understanding. This longitudinal community study of 960 Norwegian 4‐year‐olds, followed up at ages 6 and 8, examined bidirectional relations between screen use and emotion unde...
Article
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Background: The quality of peer relations is linked to mental health in childhood and adolescence, but few studies have investigated its clinical relevance. In particular, the potential mediating role of peer functioning in the associations between different dimensions of symptoms and quality of life (QoL) has not been sufficiently examined. Objec...
Article
Background: Early detection of mental health problems in childhood is important. However, studies on screening instruments for preschool children are rare. The aim of the present study was to validate the Ages and Stages Questionnaire: Social-Emotional (ASQ:SE) with teacher reports and examine its screening accuracy in a preschool population. Meth...
Article
Full-text available
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) was included in the Addendum to DSM-5 as a condition for further study. Studies of community samples using a diagnostic interview are lacking, and evaluations of the proposed symptoms, comorbidities, and predictors of IGD are scarce. To provide such information participants in a Norwegian prospective community study w...
Article
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Background: Self-esteem is fundamentally linked to mental health, but its' role in trajectories of psychiatric problems is unclear. In particular, few studies have addressed the role of self-esteem in the development of attention problems. Hence, we examined the role of global self-esteem in the development of symptoms of anxiety/depression and att...
Article
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Prior research suggests that parenting affects children's relationships, including those with teachers, although there is variation across individuals in such effects. Given evidence suggesting that oxytocin may be particularly important for the quality of social relationships, we tested the hypotheses (a) that change in parenting from 4 to 6 years...
Article
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Peer problems are linked to ADHD-symptoms and the serotonin system is thought to be involved in ADHD-related behavior. Hence, from a gene-x-environment perspective, we examined whether the serotonin transporter 5-HTTLPR moderated the effect of peer problems on the development of later hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms. In study 1, involving 642 No...
Article
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The dualistic model of passion was investigated in a work context. This model states that individuals may develop either a harmonious or obsessive passion for a valued activity. We hypothesized that harmonious passion for work would be positively related to job satisfaction through higher perceptions of belongingness at work. Results from a survey...
Article
Full-text available
Two motivational models were tested with a focus on affective outcomes from identity-defining activities, namely the dualistic model of passion and the two-dimensional model of escapism. A path model was tested with two dimensions of escapism intentions, namely self-expansion and self-suppression, placed as potential mediating variables on the effe...
Article
Research suggests that the relation between student–teacher conflict and children’s externalizing behavior might be reciprocal, and possibly also between student–teacher conflict and children’s social skills. Because children with externalizing behavior also tend to display low levels of social skills, we do not know if one or both of these student...
Article
Full-text available
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) predicts poor peer relations. What remains unclear is whether poor peer relations affect ADHD symptomology. Hence, reciprocal effects of peer rejection and ADHD symptoms were examined in a community sample of 962 Norwegian children at ages 4, 6, and 8. Results showed that ADHD symptoms at age 4 predic...
Article
Full-text available
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) predicts poor peer relationships. What remains unclear is whether poor peer relationships affect ADHD symptomatology. Hence, reciprocal effects of peer rejection and ADHD symptoms were examined in a community sample of 962 Norwegian children at ages 4, 6, and 8. Results showed that ADHD symptoms at ag...
Article
In this Norwegian study, bidirectional relations between children's behavior problems and child-teacher conflict and closeness were examined, and the possibility of moderation of these associations by child-care group size was tested. Eight hundred and nineteen 4-year-old children were followed up in first grade. Results revealed reciprocal effects...
Article
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Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to individual differences in aggression. Catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158Met (COMT), a common, functional polymorphism, has been implicated in aggression and aggression traits, as have childhood experiences of adversity. It is unknown whether these effects are additive or interactional and, in th...
Article
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A strong inclination to engage in a sport activity may provoke intrapersonal conflict. Yet, few studies have explicitly investigated such activity-related conflict in light of self-regulation of activity engagement. In the present research, we explored intrapersonal conflict measured as discrepant self-guides in relation to obsessive passion, harmo...
Article
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Symptoms of anxiety and depression are significantly associated in parents and children, but few studies have examined associations between recurrent parental problems and offspring symptoms, and fathers have rarely been included in these studies. Additionally, few have investigated factors that may protect against familial aggregation of anxiety a...
Article
The hypothesis was tested that the new open-group Norwegian day-care centers would more than traditionally organized centers negatively affect (a) current and (b) future teacher-child relationships, and (c) the developmental legacy of preschool problem behavior. The focus was on eight hundred and fifty 4-year-olds from 153 centers who were followed...
Article
Full-text available
Athletes that are happy in their sport participate more often, and for longer. Therefore, understanding the processes that give rise to positive emotions in recreational sport is important. Grounded in the dualistic model of passion, the present study tested a structural model in which harmonious and obsessive passion predict positive emotions in r...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated passionate leisure activity engagement in relation to the hierarchical model of life satisfaction. The hierarchical model of life satisfaction implies that experiences in life domains (e.g., work, family, leisure) are transmitted to a higher level of general well-being. The aim of the present study was to examine whether harmonious...
Article
Full-text available
A two-dimensional model on escape motives in activity engagement was developed in three studies. We suggested that motivation to escape the self through engagement in an activity partly derives from intentions to either prevent negative affect or to promote positive affect. A scale for measuring these intentional mindsets was developed consisting o...
Article
Full-text available
Two studies were conducted to investigate the paradoxical behavior of obsessively passionate individuals: they tend to continue involvement in their passion activity despite reporting the activity as a source of ill-being. We suggested that elevated self-esteem in activity engagement could be one such persistence-promoting factor. In Study 1, we fo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Note: the Escapism-scale published in the present paper is found in the following publication: Stenseng, F., Rise, J., & Kraft, P. (2012). Activity Engagement as Escape from Self: The Role of Self-Suppression and Self-Expansion. Leisure Sciences, 34(1), 19-38. doi: Doi 10.1080/01490400.2012.633849
Article
Full-text available
The Dualistic Model of Passion implies that a person can develop either a harmonious or an obsessive passion for a valued activity. This study applied this model to investigate outcomes from leisure activity engagement. A total of 198 subjects responded to a Web-based survey asking undergraduate students to participate in a study on leisure activit...
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Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (10)
Project
Disentangling a comprehensive ecological and developmental model of potential influences on pathways towards drop-out, spanning across several generations, including comprehensive data from pre-school to senior highschool, using a rich statistical material from several large scale studies, such as the Trondheim Early Secure Study (TESS) and the Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT) and the YoungHUNT-study, merged with national register data (FD-Trygd). Critically, the approach we take enables us to discount non-causal correlates of drop-out risks in ways that no previous investigation of this topic has been positioned to do, thereby bringing us closer to identifying true causal factors and processes, with particular focus on: • Transgenerational effects: e.g. to which extent do elements spanning across two- and three generations predict dropout from high school? • Social effects: e.g. how does the quality of relations to parents-, peers, and teachers inflict on dropout, and what are their relative importance? • Individual effects: e.g. how do individual factors, such as mental- and physical health, social competence, self-regulation, and gender, add to the dropout equation?
Project
To investigate the Two-Dimensional model of Escapism in a gaming context. Data is collected and preliminary analyses have been run.