Fritz Dross

Fritz Dross
Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg | FAU · Department of the History and Ethics of Medicine

Professor Dr. phil.

About

51
Publications
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35
Citations

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
The Chair for the History of Medicine at the Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) is currently researching the provenance of human remains in the University Collections. Obviously, the by far largest number of those specimens is found in the Anatomical Collection, which is studied in close cooperation with the Institute of Func...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Dieser Beitrag ist Teil des Forums COVID-19: Perspektiven in den Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften. Seuchen sind als „Menschheitstrauma“ seit eh und je Gegenstand der Geschichtswissenschaft für alle Epochen. Auf der Grundlage von Rudolf Schlögls Konzept der „Vergesellschaftung unter Anwesenden“ möchte ich im Folgenden vorschlagen, S...
Article
During the “Third Reich,” the majority of German gynecologists and obstetricians did not hesitate to put themselves at the service of those in power. In 1933, many gynecologists initially only focused on the fact that the biopolitical objectives of the National Socialists matched their own long-standing demands for population policy measures and th...
Chapter
This chapter introduces the content and the methodological premises of the book Jewish Medicine and Healthcare in Central Eastern Europe. Integrating academic disciplines from medical history to philology and Jewish studies, the book geographically concentrates on what is today Poland and Germany (and the former Russian, Prussian and Austro-Hungari...
Book
Is ‘Jewish medicine’ a valid historical category? Does it represent a collective constituted by the interplay of medical, ethnic and religious cultures? Integrating academic disciplines from medical history to philology and Jewish studies, this book aims at answering this question historically by presenting comprehensive coverage of Jewish medical...
Chapter
In Risikodebatten manifestiert sich die gesellschaftliche Auseinandersetzung mit dem Neuen, dem Unbekannten, der Zukunft. Welche Praktiken, Artefakte oder auch natürlichen Prozesse eine Gesellschaft als riskant ansieht, erlaubt Rückschlüsse auf grundlegende Transformationsprozesse: Risikodiskurse wirken bei der Ausbildung staatlicher Institutionen,...
Chapter
In dem Begriff »Diversität« spiegeln sich einige der zentralen gesellschaftspolitischen Konflikte unserer Zeit wider. Verhandelt werden in diesem Kontext etwa Fragen von Integration, Chancengleichheit und Multikulturalismus. Historische Perspektiven spielen in solchen Debatten bislang jedoch kaum eine Rolle. Es entsteht so der Eindruck, Konflikte u...
Article
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The declaration of Leiden pronounces the demand to conserve pathological-anatomical collections as cultural heritage. Likewise, the Institute of Pathology of the Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg owns macroscopic pathological-anatomical specimens reaching back over 150 years. The purpose of this work is to examine the impact, meanin...
Chapter
In spätmittelalterlichen Nürnberger Quellen wird verschiedentlich eine merkwürdige Erkrankung geschildert: der „portzel“ (auch „purczel“). Erstmals für das Jahr 1387 vermerkt der frühneuzeitliche Chronist Johannes Müllner in seinen „Annalen der Reichsstadt Nürnberg“: „Sonsten soll sich dies Jahr eine neue Krankheit erhebt haben, die der gemeine Man...
Article
Purpose: Research into the activities of German medical specialist associations during the Nazi period is still in its initial stages even today. In the field of gynecology and obstetrics as well, most representatives of the discipline continued to take an attitude based on "concealment and forgetting", even after the turn of the millennium. In or...
Article
This paper provides insight into interdependent processes by which leprosy and foreignness were constructed in early modern Germany. The results are based on a case study and further source-samples from Imperial towns of the Swabian and Franconian district. As it seems the early modern period was characterized by an ambivalent attitude towards lepe...
Article
Full-text available
The paper deals with poor relief and health care provision by hospitals and hospital-like institutions in the imperial city of Nuremberg in 15th and 16th centuries southern Germany. It concentrates on the interplay and the functional connections of different types of charity. Thus, it is hoped to gain a more reliable base for analysing processes of...
Article
The article aims to explore the physicians' role at the Nuremberg "Sondersiechenalmosen" in the 15th and 16th centuries. Special attention is given to the question as to how the city's physicians, who claimed expert status superior to other healers and who had special authority to advise the authorities in keeping the city clean and healthy, declar...
Article
In historical research on late 19th-century Germany, in general, as well as in the historiography of medicine, the General Hospital is typically described as located in industrial towns and cities. In order to complement this picture this paper discusses the foundation (in 1888) and the early years of the "Fronberg-Hospital" of the Deaconry Motherh...
Article
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The article aims to give a concise overview on the health and social welfare politics of the kingdom of Prussia in the 19th century. Considering that Prussia in 19th century was a highly fragmented territory in terms of economical and social structure this is understood as part of unification policy. 19th century social welfare policy was not restr...
Article
The research for this paper was initiated by an Erlangen exhibition project on the history of homeopathy on the occasion of the 250th anniversary of Samuel Hahnemann's birth in 2005. The founder of homeopathic medicine received his doctor of medicine degree at the University of Erlangen in 1779. As Hahnemann spent only four months in Erlangen, home...
Article
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The article considers the position of the hospital in the discussion on health care between self-help and formal poor relief. This is done for the late 18th and early 19th centuries when besides the famous hospital foundations e.g. in Vienna and Würzburg, a lot of hospital foundations failed. Although hospitals had been considered to be quite usefu...
Article
Based on the wider thesis of the "grand renfermement", psychiatric asylums as well as hospitals (and prisons) should have developed to "total institutions" from late 18th century onwards by gaining public space and further resources devoted to the healing of the (mental) ill who had to be isolated from the healthy citizen following criteria of the...
Article
"Only the sick are poor" — this long time valid paradigm concerning publicly financed nursing of the sick was formulated by Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland in 1809. Based on the discourse on poverty in terms of poor relief as a public obligation the definitions of poverty and sickness became interrelated. The arguments that poverty causes diseases and t...
Article
"Only the sick are poor" - this long time valid paradigm concerning publicly financed nursing of the sick was formulated by Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland in 1809. Based on the discourse on poverty in terms of poor relief as a public obligation the definitions of poverty and sickness became interrelated. The arguments that poverty causes diseases and t...
Article
Full-text available
Die Perspektive der Dissertation über Krankenhaus und lokale Politik um 1800 zielt auf die historischen Umstände, unter denen neue Formen der Heilbehandlung gesellschaftlich und politisch akzeptabel wurden. Im Mittelpunkt stehen die Verhandlungen, die zur Einrichtung des ersten Armenkrankenhauses in Düsseldorf um 1800 führten. Der Kranke allein ist...

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