Frison Christine

Frison Christine
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS) | FNRS · UCLouvain

Ph.D

About

66
Publications
16,552
Reads
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252
Citations
Introduction
FNRS-UCLouvain postdoc fellow, Christine is an international environmental lawyer, with a focus on law & governance for food & agriculture. Her current project 'Governing Seeds as a Commons for Food Security: A Normative Shift from Appropriation to Sharing' explores governance of genetic resources as digital sequence information. Member of the scientific platform "Louvain Partnership Research on Ecological & Social Transition", Christine often uses transdisciplinary research methods.
Additional affiliations
October 2020 - present
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS)
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2018 - September 2020
Université Libre de Bruxelles
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • I taught "International and European Environmental Law" (5 credits) to law students (approx. 60 students) in the Master of Laws, Specialized Master in Public International Law, Specialized Master in European Law and Master in Political Sciences programs.
September 2018 - September 2020
University of Antwerp
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • I taught law students (approx. 80 students) the "Advanced Course on International Law and Sustainable Development" (6 credits, 45 hours) in the Master of Laws program with Prof. Koen de Feyter.

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims at developing an original account of trust in the framework of large scale, international collective action institutions. Our research question focuses on the desired structures and mechanisms that are necessary to sustain the trust needed to uphold the effective operation of institutions for collective action. Our theoretical frame...
Book
Full-text available
This book shows how social sciences, and more especially law, can contribute towards reconfiguring current legal frameworks in order to achieving a better balance between the necessary requirements of agricultural innovation and the need for protection of agrobiodiversity. On the assumption that the concept of property can be rethought against the...
Article
Full-text available
Core sustainability issues concerning the governance of seeds revolve around knowledge aspects, such as intellectual property rights over genetic information or the role of traditional knowledge in plant breeding, seed production and seed use. While the importance of knowledge management for efficient and equitable seed governance has been emphasiz...
Article
Full-text available
Reading and writing DNA is now possible with an unprecedented speed and ease. To catch up with digitization of genetic resources, scientists need to join with all relevant stakeholders and design new global governance mechanisms for digital sequence information. We propose the establishment of a Multi‐stakeholder Committee on the Governance of Digi...
Book
Full-text available
This volume presents a comprehensive overview of biocultural rights, examining how we can promote the role of indigenous peoples and local communities as environmental stewards and how we can ensure that their ways of life are protected. With Biocultural Community Protocols (BCPs) or Community Protocols (CPs) are increasingly seen as a powerful wa...
Article
In light of the ongoing agrobiodiversity erosion process, we delve into the history of crop genetic resources governing instruments to show how the international agro- biodiversity regime has evolved from a limited appreciation of the contribution of farmers/peasants to a broader recognition of the critical role indigenous peoples, local communi...
Article
Climate change has increasing visible effects on the environment, particularly in the Arctic, where the sea-ice melted faster in 2020 than any time before. It directly threatens the Inuit people’s survival, whose livelihood is mainly based on traditional modes of subsistence (hunting, fishing and gathering). In light of the environmental crisis, th...
Article
Over the last decades, the pressure on the environment of marine areas beyond the national jurisdiction of States (ABNJ) has been steadily increasing. In addition to the already visible impact of activities such as deep-sea fishing and maritime traffic, the future development of several other activities, particularly the exploitation of gas, oil, m...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since the beginning of the twentieth century, a complex web of national, regional and international regulatory tools has developed to handle environmental degradation, but has not been governed in a coherent manner. Within the field of international environmental law, specific conventions address biodiversity conservation in two major ways: protect...
Preprint
Full-text available
Reading and writing DNA is now possible with an unprecedented speed and ease. Until 20 recently, the global political and legal instruments regulating genetic resources globally exclusively focused on access to physical genetic resources without considering possible consequences of their digitization. Following significant tensions in the various i...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The present study serves the science-and policy-based process on “digital sequence information on genetic resources” (DSI), which was established by decision 14/20 at the fourteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, in November 2018. It reports findings on how domestic measures address benefit-shari...
Article
Full-text available
Il n’y aura pas de transition si l’on s’en tient exclusivement à la dimension individuelle du changement. Il n’y aura pas de transition sans questionnement des positions de domination et de pouvoir. Comment engager une transition sans voix dissonantes, qui remettent en cause les jeux de pouvoir ? Il est pour moi inconcevable de changer nos modes de...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Le modèle « industriel » de production agricole en Afrique a des effets désastreux pour l'environnement, la santé et l'équilibre sociétal. Pour Emile Frison et Christine Frison, place doit être laissée à des systèmes agroécologiques diversifiés. Titre original : L'agriculture durable, une réponse aux défis alimentaires de l'Afrique. Les auteurs n...
Article
Full-text available
Redesigning a seed commons: A critical assessment of the multilateral system of access and benefit-sharing of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) The international treaty on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture aims to reach food security and promote sustainable agriculture. This articl...
Chapter
Full-text available
Agrobiodiversity is the continuum of wild to domesticated plant, animal and ecosystemic diversity sustaining people's livelihoods. This biodiversity results from an equally diverse set of culturally defined farming practices. To maintain both forms of diversity, access to genetic resources for food and agriculture (GRFA) is crucial. However, curren...
Article
Full-text available
Le Traité international sur les ressources phyto-génétiques pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture, adopté en 2001, vise la sécurité alimentaire et une agriculture durable. Cet article évalue la gestion commune des semences au regard de la littérature sur les communs. Deux constats sont posés : le traité maintient un déséquilibre de droits (exclusif/...
Data
Ce poster a pour objet de vulagriser les résultats de ma recherche doctorale, grâce au sketchnoting, réalisé par l'artiste Emilie Gobbo.
Presentation
Full-text available
Recently, blockchain technology has attracted a lot of attention in the innovation and technology field, inter alia following the popularization of cryptocurrencies (e.g. Bitcoin). A blockchain is a transparent, immutable and distributed ledger that is composed of a chain of cryptographically linked and time-stamped ‘blocks’ containing batched tran...
Article
The aim of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, adopted in 2001, is to promote food security and sustainable agriculture. This article assesses the joint management of seeds in light of literature about the “commons”. Two indings are put forward: the treaty maintains a rights imbalance (exclusive/individual...
Chapter
Full-text available
The joint challenges of food security and conservation of agrobiodiversity are making us rethink the issue of agricultural production. Food production has to increase so as to answer the growing needs of the world’s population. So far, agricultural and food policies have remained narrowly focused on increasing productivity by relying on an industr...
Book
Full-text available
The joint challenges of population increase, food security and conservation of agrobiodiversity demand a rethink of plant breeding and agricultural research from a different perspective. While more food is undeniably needed, the key question is rather about how to produce it in a way that sustains biological diversity and mitigates climate change....
Presentation
Full-text available
This conference PowerPoint presentation summarizes my PhD research on the Global Seed Commons
Preprint
Full-text available
Should we pay to use global genetic diversity? To this straightforward question there is no simple answer. However, I will oversimplify my thoughts and reply in a direct manner. To understand the question and how I answer it, it is important to distinguish three aspects: 1) What global genetic diversity? 2) Who uses it? and 3) For what purposes? Fu...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster summarizes my PhD research on the Global Seed Commons. I analyzed the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and its Multilateral System of Access and Benefit-sharing through the lens of the Theory of the Commons.
Research
S’intéresser à la gestion internationale des semences, c’est s’intéresser d’une part à nos modes de productions agricoles afin d’atteindre (ou non) la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle pour l’ensemble de la population mondiale et d’autre part à la protection de l’environnement et la lutte contre l’érosion de la biodiversité agricole. Cette thè...
Thesis
Full-text available
The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (2001) aims at reaching food security and promoting a sustainable agriculture. It does so by managing the conservation and sustainable use of seeds in a collective manner between its 140 member states. However, the economic and political neo-liberal background promotes pri...
Presentation
Full-text available
Cette présentation porte sur l’analyse du Traité International sur les Ressources Phytogénétiques pour l’Alimentation et l’Agriculture au regard de la théorie des communs.
Presentation
Full-text available
Creating a food secure world and reaching the 2015 Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) n° 2 ‘Zero Hunger’ requires inter alia to “promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge” (SDG Target 2.5). Exchanges of seeds, plant materials, their related inf...
Conference Paper
Creating a food secure world and reaching the 2015 Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) n° 2 ‘Zero Hunger’ requires inter alia to “promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge” (SDG Target 2.5). Exchanges of seeds, plant materials, their related inf...
Presentation
Full-text available
Access to seeds is crucial in creating a food secure world, especially for developing countries. While exchanges of seeds between farmers, breeders and researchers were a usual practice until the 1980s, the commodification of seeds through a number of trends including regulatory mechanisms, such as intellectual property rights and states’ sovereign...
Presentation
Full-text available
Access to seeds is crucial in creating a food secure world, especially for developing countries. While exchanges of seeds between farmers, breeders and researchers were a usual practice until the 1980s, the commodification of seeds through a number of trends including regulatory mechanisms, such as intellectual property rights and states’ sovereign...
Research
Full-text available
I participated in the international contest '3 minute thesis' for francophone universities: 'ma thèse en 180 secondes'. I explained my PhD research in 3 minutes in a simple, clear and concise manner. I won the First Prize for the UCLouvain university contest.
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims at developing an original account of trust in the framework of large scale, international collective action institutions. Our research question focuses on the structures and mechanisms that are necessary to sustain the trust needed to uphold the effective operation of institutions for collective action. Our theoretical framework for...
Chapter
Full-text available
The right to food is a human right. It protects the right of all human beings to live in dignity, free from hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition. The right to food is protected under international human rights and humanitarian law. With almost 870 million people chronically undernourished in 2010–12, the number of hungry people in the world rem...
Book
This book, the first in a series that focuses on treaty implementation for sustainable development, examines key legal aspects of implementing the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at national and international levels. The volume provides a serious contribution to the current legal and political acad...
Chapter
Full-text available
Living within the environment's carrying capacity and managing the use of natural resources to meet the needs of current and future generations are tasks that societies have faced throughout history. The modern concept of sustainable development is used to describe the efforts of States to improve the quality of life of their citizens in a way that...
Book
This book, the first in a new series that focuses on treaty implementation for sustainable development, examines key legal aspects of implementing the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at national and international levels. The volume provides a serious contribution to the current legal and political...
Chapter
Full-text available
Biosafety Law: Looking Forward This book has addressed the legal aspects of implementing the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety by analysing the key issues that affect the design and implementation of national biosafety regulatory regimes, as well as the validity of existing regulations. First, the book has identified aspects of international law on b...
Book
Full-text available
The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture is a pivotal piece of recent legislation, providing a route map for the use of such resources for sustainable agriculture and food security. This book explains the different interests and views at stake between all players in the global food chain. It touches upon many iss...
Chapter
Full-text available
This introduction provides readers with a general overview on the content and structure of the book, the context in which the major issues related to plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA) emerged, its relevance for humankind and some interesting details of the negotiating and implementation process of the International Treaty on...
Chapter
Full-text available
The purpose of this chapter is to provide a general analysis of the comments made by the authors of the book chapters in the ongoing implementation of the Treaty. The reader will have noticed that, on the one hand, many authors remain fairly optimistic about the Treaty and note that considerable progress has been achieved in a very short period of...
Article
Full-text available
The article addresses the Treaty's challenges to stimulate innovation. The interface between IPR and the Treaty, and the wider framework for conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources are examined. We recognize that both IPRs and facilitated access to the globally pooled resources contribute to the innovation in the long-term, but...
Chapter
The international community is facing significant economic, social, and environmental challenges. In 1992, Agenda 21 of the Rio Conference on Environment and Development emphasized the need for a coherent understanding of biodiversity, biotechnology, and sustainable development. Almost twenty years later, scholars still identify an urgent need for...
Technical Report
Full-text available
While trade in valuable living organisms is an age‐old practice, research on and trade in genetic resources per se is relatively new. In a modern context, there are many overlapping and sometimes conflicting aspects to genetic resources. These include: biotechnology and biosafety, trade, intellectual property rights, conservation of the environment...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Afin de contribuer à l’établissement des positions belges sur un tel régime international et surtout d’obtenir des informations représentatives sur le degré de connaissance et de prise en compte par les acteurs belges des dispositions de la Convention sur la Diversité Biologique en matière d’accès aux ressources génétiques et de partage juste et éq...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In order to contribute to the establishment of Belgian positions on an international system and especially to obtain representative information on the degree of knowledge and the account taken by Belgian players of the provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity in terms of access to genetic resources and fair and equitable sharing of bene...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Annotated bibliography addressing the international pedigrees and flows of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. SGRP Information document submitted by the System-wide Genetic Resources Programme of the CGIAR to the Eighth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 8) and the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group...

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Projects

Projects (11)
Project
Reading and writing DNA is now possible with an unprecedented speed and ease. To catch up with digitization of genetic resources, scientists need to join with all relevant stakeholders and design new global governance mechanisms for digital sequence information.
Project
This research project focuses on the Biocultural Community Protocols (BCPs) that have developed in the past few decades throughout the world and more specifically those engaging with plants and associated traditional ecological knowledge over two continents. Our assumption is that that, with their aptitude to mobilize customary laws, non-Western ontologies and the stewardship of nature, BCPs are one of the hallmarks of biocultural jurisprudence. And they must be understood as an attempt to challenge Western legal categories and to advance indigenous peoples' and local communities' rights through the recognition of their traditional practices, customary laws, local institutions and ontologies. Project N° ANR-18-CE03-0003-01 funded by the French National Research Agency (ANR)