# Fredrik LundellKTH Royal Institute of Technology | KTH · Department of Mechanics

Fredrik Lundell

Professor in Experimental Fluid Mechanics

## About

126

Publications

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2,788

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Citations since 2017

Introduction

I am working with fluid physics of fibre suspensions and novel processes for nano structured biobased materials. Research interests are suspensions with non-spherical particles, utilisation of hydrodynamic structuring in combination with phase transitions of colloidal systems, hydrodynamic stability and fluid-structure interactions.

## Publications

Publications (126)

Nanocellulose is regarded as a green and renewable nanomaterial that has attracted increased attention. In this study, we demonstrate that nanocellulose materials can exhibit high thermal conductivity when their nanofibrils are highly aligned and bonded in the form of filaments. The thermal conductivity of individual filaments, consisting of highly...

Natural, high-performance fibers generally have hierarchically organized nanosized building blocks. Inspired by this, whey protein nanofibrils (PNFs) are assembled into microfibers, using flow-focusing. By adding genipin as a nontoxic cross-linker to the PNF suspension before spinning, significantly improved mechanical properties of the final fiber...

Textured hydrophobic surfaces that repel liquid droplets unidirectionally are found in nature such as butterfly wings and ryegrass leaves and are also essential in technological processes such as self-cleaning and anti-icing. In many occasions, surface textures are oriented to direct rebounding droplets. Surface macrostructures (>100 μm) have often...

Textured hydrophobic surfaces that repel liquid droplets unidirectionally are found in nature such as butterfly wings and ryegrass leaves and are also essential in technological processes such as self-cleaning and anti-icing. However, droplet impact on such surfaces is not fully understood. Here, we study, using a high-speed camera, droplet impact...

The nanostructure, primarily particle orientation, controls mechanical and functional (e.g., mouthfeel, cell compatibility, optical, morphing) properties when macroscopic materials are assembled from nanofibrils. Understanding and controlling the nanostructure is therefore an important key for the continued development of nanotechnology. We merge r...

Nanocelluloses are seen as the basis of high-performance materials from renewable sources, enabling a bio-based sustainable future. Unsurprisingly, research has initially been focused on the design of new material concepts and less on new and adapted fabrication processes that would allow large-scale industrial production and widespread societal im...

Understanding particle drift in suspension flows is of the highest importance in numerous engineering applications where particles need to be separated and filtered out from the suspending fluid. Commonly known drift mechanisms such as the Magnus force, Saffman force and Segré–Silberberg effect all arise only due to inertia of the fluid, with simil...

Threads of colloidal dispersions can be formed in microfluidic channel systems and are often used for analytical purposes or to assemble macroscopic structures from colloidal particles. Here, we report a combined experimental and numerical study of thread formation in channel systems with varying geometry. In the reference flow-focusing configurati...

Bio-based nanocellulosic materials are non-toxic, renewable, exhibit excellent barrier properties, and are suitable candidates for sustainable food packaging applications. Sizing and designing coating parameters for slot-coating process using nanocellulose suspensions is challenging due to complex shear-thinning rheology and the presence of a water...

The impact of liquid drops on a rigid surface is central in cleaning, cooling, and coating processes in both nature and industrial applications. However, it is not clear how details of pores, roughness, and texture on the solid surface influence the initial stages of the impact dynamics. Here, we experimentally study drops impacting at low velociti...

When two miscible fluids are brought into contact with each other, the concentration gradients induce stresses. These are referred to as Korteweg stresses and are analogous to interfacial tension between two immiscible fluids, thereby acting as an effective interfacial tension (EIT) in inhomogeneous miscible systems. EIT governs the formation of a...

Motion of elongated particles in shear is studied. In applications where particles are much heavier than the carrying fluid, e.g. aerosols, the influence of particle inertia dominates the particle dynamics. Assuming that the particle only experiences a local linear velocity profile, its rotational and translational motion are independent. However,...

Nanocellulosic coatings as a food packaging material are of commercial interest due to their nontoxic nature, renewability, and excellent barrier properties. Complex shear-thinning rheology poses challenges in designing and sizing equipment to pump, mix, and process the suspension and actual coating process. This study aims to determine the effecti...

The classical transition from laminar to turbulent flow is affected if solid particles are added. The transition behavior is a function of particle size d and solid volume fraction φ and the flow undergoes a smooth transition, as opposed to intermittent, if φ exceeds a certain threshold. In this work we show that, for particle-laden pipe flows with...

Fibre collection on screens is here used as a collective name for any preferred or non-preferred deposition of fibres, appearing in e.g. paper manufacturing, recycling of elongated particles or equipment clogging. The fibre collection on screens is typically discussed on basis of the application and may distinguish between fibre collection being a...

Self-assembly of recombinant spider silk protein at air-liquid interfaces is used as a starting point to produce homogeneous fiber bundles. The film that is formed on a silk protein solution in a vertically placed syringe is subjected to repeated controlled extension and compression by an oscillating vertical motion. Thereby, a precise breakup of t...

The impact of liquid drops on a rigid surface is central in cleaning, cooling and coating processes in both nature and industrial applications. However, it is not clear how details of pores, roughness and texture on the solid surface influence the initial stages of the impact dynamics. Here, we experimentally study drop impacting at low velocities...

Hydrodynamic alignment of proteinaceous or polymeric nanofibrillar building blocks can be utilized for subsequent assembly into intricate three-dimensional macrostructures. The non-equilibrium structure of flowing nanofibrils relies on a complex balance between the imposed flow-field, colloidal interactions and Brownian motion. The understanding of...

Finite-size spherical particles in a square duct flow of an elastoviscoplastic fluid: an experimental study - Volume 883 - Sagar Zade, Tafadzwa John Shamu, Fredrik Lundell, Luca Brandt

Microstructured surfaces that control the direction of liquid transport are not only ubiquitous in nature, but they are also central to technological processes such as fog/water harvesting, oil-water separation, and surface lubrication. However, a fundamental understanding of the initial wetting dynamics of liquids spreading on such surfaces is lac...

An interface between two miscible fluids is transient, existing as a non-equilibrium state before complete molecular mixing is reached. However, during the existence of such an interface, which typically occurs at relatively short time scales, composition gradients at the boundary between the two liquids cause stresses effectively mimicking an inte...

Microstructured surfaces that control the direction of liquid transport are not only ubiquitous in nature, but they are also central to technological processes such as fog/water harvesting, oil-water separation, and surface lubrication. However, a fundamental understanding of the initial wetting dynamics of liquids spreading on such surfaces is lac...

The present experimental study addresses the flow of a Yield Stress Fluid with some elasticity (Carbopol gel) in a square duct. The behaviour of two fluids with lower and higher yield stress is investigated at multiple Reynolds numbers $Re^* \in$ (1, 200) and Bingham numbers $Bi \in$ (0.01, 0.35). A secondary flow consisting of eight vortices is ob...

Polydisperse fiber networks are the basis of many natural and manufactured structures, ranging from high-performance biobased materials to components of living cells and tissues. The formation and behavior of such networks are given by fiber properties such as length and stiffness as well as the number density and fiber-fiber interactions. Studies...

Particle image velocimetry and particle tracking velocimetry have been employed to investigate the dynamics of finite-size spherical particles, slightly heavier than the carrier fluid, in a horizontal turbulent square duct flow. Interface resolved direct numerical simulations (DNSs) have also been performed with the immersed boundary method at the...

We have performed direct numerical simulation of the turbulent flow of a polymer solution in a square duct, with the FENE-P model used to simulate the presence of polymers. First, a simulation at a fixed moderate Reynolds number is performed and its results compared with those of a Newtonian fluid to understand the mechanism of drag reduction and h...

An interface between two miscible fluids is transient, existing as a non-equilibrium state before complete molecular mixing is reached. However, during the existence of such an interface, which typically be at short timescales, composition gradients at the boundary between the two liquids cause stresses effectively mimicking an interfacial tension....

We report experimental observations of turbulent flow with spherical particles in a square duct. Three particle sizes, namely $2H/d_{p}=40$ , 16 and 9 ( $2H$ being the duct full height and $d_{p}$ being the particle diameter), are investigated. The particles are nearly neutrally buoyant with a density ratio of 1.0035 and 1.01 with respect to the su...

Polydisperse fibre networks are the basis of many natural and man-made architectures, ranging from high-performance bio-based materials to components of living cells and tissues. The formation and persistence of such networks are given by fibre properties such as length and stiffness as well as the number density and fibre-fibre interactions. Studi...

We experimentally investigate the influence of finite-size spherical particles in turbulent flows of a Newtonian and a drag reducing viscoelastic fluid at varying particle volume fractions and fixed Reynolds number. Experiments are performed in a square duct at a Reynolds number Re2H of nearly 1.1 × 10⁴, Weissenberg number Wi for single phase flow...

Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Particle Tracking Velocimetry (PTV) have been employed to investigate the dynamics of finite-size spherical particles, slightly heavier than the carrier fluid, in a horizontal turbulent square duct flow. Interface resolved Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) have also been performed with the Immersed Boundary Met...

We experimentally investigate the influence of finite-size spherical particles in turbulent flows of a Newtonian and a drag reducing viscoelastic fluid at varying particle volume fractions and fixed Reynolds number. Experiments are performed in a square duct at a Reynolds number $Re_{2H}$ of nearly $1.1\times10^4$, Weissenberg number $Wi$ for singl...

We have performed direct numerical simulation of the turbulent flow of a polymer solution in a square duct, with the FENE-P model used to simulate the presence of polymers. First, a simulation at a fixed moderate Reynolds number is performed and its results compared with those of a Newtonian fluid to understand the mechanism of drag reduction and h...

We report experimental observations of turbulent flow with spherical particles in a square duct. Three particle sizes namely: $2H/d_{p}$ = 40, 16 and 9 ($2H$ being the duct full height and $d_{p}$ being the particle diameter) are investigated. The particles are nearly neutrally-buoyant with respect to the suspending fluid. Refractive Index Matched...

A short review on the characterization of CNF and CNF organization using small angle X-rays/neutron scattering (SAXS/SANS).

Successful assembly of suspended nanoscale rod-like particles depends on fundamental phenomena controlling rotational and translational diffusion. Despite the significant developments in fluidic fabrication of nanostructured materials, the ability to quantify the dynamics in processing systems remains challenging. Here we demonstrate an experimenta...

Nanoscale building blocks of many materials exhibit extraordinary mechanical properties due to their defect-free molecular structure. Translation of these high mechanical properties to macroscopic materials represents a difficult materials engineering challenge due to the necessity to organize these building blocks into multiscale patterns and miti...

The increased availability and brilliance of new X-ray facilities have in the recent years opened up the possibility to characterize the alignment of dispersed anisotropic nanoparticles in various microfluidic applications, from hydrodynamic self-assemblies to flows in complex geometries. In such applications, it is vital to study the alignment of...

The focus of the present work is an experimental study of the behaviour of semi-dilute, opaque fibre suspensions in fully developed cylindrical pipe flows. Measurements of the normal and turbulent shear stress components and the mean flow were acquired using phase-contrast magnetic resonance velocimetry. Two fibre types, namely, pulp fibre and nylo...

Successful assembly of suspended nanoscale rod-like particles depends on fundamental phenomena controlling rotational and translational diffusion. Despite the significant developments in fluidic fabrication of nanostructured materials, the ability to quantify the dynamics in processing systems remains challenging. Here we demonstrate an experimenta...

New materials made through controlled assembly of dispersed cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) has the potential to develop into biobased competitors to some of the highest performing materials today. The performance of these new cellulose materials depends on how easily CNF alignment can be controlled with hydrodynamic forces, which are always in competi...

The increased availability and brilliance of new X-ray facilities have in the recent years opened up the possibility to characterize the motion of dispersed nanoparticles in various microfluidic applications. One of these applications is the process of making strong continuous filaments through hydrodynamic alignment and assembly of cellulose nanof...

In order to examine mechanical interactions between erythrocytes and a blood vessel surface, the frictional characteristics between erythrocytes and plates in plasma have been measured by an inclined centrifuge microscope. The frictional characteristics have been properly reproduced by a numerical simulation of a rigid erythrocyte model assuming a...

The motion of a single ellipsoidal particle in simple shear flow can provide valuable insights toward understanding suspension flows with nonspherical particles. Previously, extensive studies have been performed on the ellipsoidal particle with rotational symmetry, a so-called spheroid. The nearly prolate ellipsoid (one major and two minor axes of...

Nature's design of functional materials relies on smart combinations of simple components to achieve desired properties. Silk and cellulose are two clever examples from nature - spider silk being tough due to high extensibility, whereas cellulose possesses unparalleled strength and stiffness among natural materials. Unfortunately, silk proteins can...

Aiming at turbulent measurements in opaque suspensions, a simplistic methodology for measuring the turbulent stresses with phase-contrast magnetic resonance velocimetry is described. The method relies on flow-compensated and flow-encoding protocols with the flow encoding gradient normal to the slice. The experimental data is compared with direct nu...

Significance
Protein nanofibrils formed by self-assembly have emerged as a promising foundation for the design of bio-based materials with enhanced mechanical properties or new functionality. To make use of the extraordinary properties of these structures in materials design, improved understanding of the assembly of the nanofibrils into macroscale...

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevFluids.2.019901

We analyse the angular velocity of a small neutrally buoyant spheroid log rolling in a simple shear. When the effect of fluid inertia is negligible the angular velocity ω equals half the fluid vorticity. We compute by singular perturbation theory how weak fluid inertia reduces the angular velocity in an unbounded shear, and how this reduction depen...

We analyze the angular velocity of a small neutrally buoyant spheroid log rolling in a simple shear. When the effect of fluid inertia is negligible the angular velocity ω equals half the fluid vorticity. We compute by singular perturbation theory how weak fluid inertia reduces the angular velocity in an unbounded shear, and how this reduction depen...

A spheroidal particle in simple shear flow shows surprisingly complicated angular dynamics; caused by effects of fluid inertia (characterized by the particle Reynolds number Rep) and particle inertia (characterized by the Stokes number St). Understanding this behavior can provide important fundamental knowledge of suspension flows with spheroidal p...

Experimental comparisons between imaging techniques serve to provide confidence in the validity of each technique for the study of multiphase flow systems. Such cross-validation can establish the limitations of each technique quantitatively. In the present paper, the authors report efforts made on the characterization of semi-dilute, mono-dispersed...

The alignment of anisotropic super-molecular building blocks is crucial to control the properties of many novel materials. In this study, the alignment process of cellulose nanofibrils in a flow focusing channel has been investigated using small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and modeled using the Smoluchowski equation, which requires a known flow f...

The measurement of fluid dynamic quantities are of great interest both for extending the range of validity of current correlations to be used in equipment design and for verification of fundamental hydrodynamic models. Studies where comparisons are made between imaging techniques serve to provide confidence on the validity of each technique for the...

This corrects the article DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.91.053023.

Combined Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Particle Tracking Velocimetry (PTV) measurements have been performed in dilute suspensions of rod-like particles in wall turbulence. PIV results for the turbulence field in the water table flow apparatus compared favorably with data from Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) of channel flow turbulence and...

We numerically analyse the rotation of a neutrally buoyant spheroid in a
shear flow at small shear Reynolds number. Using direct numerical stability
analysis of the coupled nonlinear particle-flow problem we compute the linear
stability of the log-rolling orbit at small shear Reynolds number, ${\rm
Re}_a$. As ${\rm Re}_a \to 0$ and as the box size...

This experimental study reports on the behavior of a filament attached to the
rear of a three- dimensional cylinder. The axis of the cylinder is placed
normal to a uniform incoming flow and the filament is free to move in the
cylinder wake. The mean position of the filament is studied as a function of
the filament length L. It is found that for lon...

We analyse the angular dynamics of a neutrally buoyant nearly spherical
particle immersed in a steady general linear flow. The hydrodynamic torque
acting on the particle is obtained by means of a reciprocal theorem, regular
perturbation theory exploiting the small eccentricity of the nearly spherical
particle, and assuming that inertial effects are...

This work describes the inertial effects on the rotational behavior of an oblate spheroidal particle confined between two parallel opposite moving walls, which generate a linear shear flow. Numerical results are obtained using the lattice Boltzmann method with an external boundary force. The rotation of the particle depends on the particle Reynolds...

The rotational motion of a prolate spheroidal particle suspended in shear flow is studied by a lattice Boltzmann method with external boundary forcing (LB-EBF). It has previously been shown that the case of a single neutrally buoyant particle is a surprisingly rich dynamical system that exhibits several bifurcations between rotational states due to...

We consider the rotation of small neutrally buoyant axisymmetric particles in
a viscous steady shear flow. When inertial effects are negligible the problem
exhibits infinitely many periodic solutions, the "Jeffery orbits". We compute
how inertial effects lift their degeneracy by perturbatively solving the
coupled particle-flow equations. We obtain...

We derive an effective equation of motion for the orientational dynamics of a
neutrally buoyant spheroid suspended in a simple shear flow, valid for
arbitrary particle aspect ratios and to linear order in the shear Reynolds
number. We show how inertial effects lift the degeneracy of the Jeffery orbits
and determine the stabilities of the log-rollin...