Fredric Gordon

Fredric Gordon
Lahey Hospital and Medical Center · Department of Transplantation

MD

About

117
Publications
3,648
Reads
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8,631
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 1999 - present
Lahey Hospital and Medical Center
Position
  • Medical Director of Liver Transplantation
Education
September 1984 - May 1988
Boston University
Field of study
  • Medicine
September 1981 - May 1988
Boston University
Field of study
  • Medical Education

Publications

Publications (117)
Article
Though serum iron has been known to be associated with an increased risk of infection, hepcidin, the major regulator of iron metabolism, has never been systematically explored in this setting. Finding early biomarkers of infection, such as hepcidin, could help identify patients in whom early empiric antimicrobial therapy would be beneficial. We pro...
Article
Background: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) recurs in 15%-25% of patients transplanted for PSC. In the United States, PSC transplant patients are more likely to receive an organ from a living donor (LD) than patients without PSC. Our aims were to: 1) compare risk of PSC recurrence in LD versus deceased donor (DD) recipients; and 2) identify ri...
Article
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is accelerated following liver transplantation (LT). Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) near the EGF (rs4444903), IL28B (rs12979860), and PNPLA3 (rs738409) loci are associated with treatment response, fibrosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma in non-transplant hepatitis C but allograft population data is limited....
Article
Full-text available
To illustrate the application and utility of Geographic Information System (GIS) in exploring patterns of liver transplantation. Specifically, we aim to describe the geographic distribution of transplant registrations and identify disparities in access to liver transplantation across United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS) region 1. Based on UNOS da...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the leading indication for liver transplantation worldwide, and interferon-containing regimens are associated with low response rates owing to treatment-limiting toxic effects in immunosuppressed liver-transplant recipients. We evaluated the interferon-free regimen of the NS5A inhibitor ombitasvir c...
Article
Full-text available
Background & aims: Patients with detectable hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA at the time of liver transplantation universally experience recurrent HCV infection. Antiviral treatment before transplantation can prevent HCV recurrence, but existing interferon-based regimens are poorly tolerated and are either ineffective or contraindicated in most patient...
Article
Rapid allograft infection complicates liver transplantation (LT) in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Pegylated interferon-α and ribavirin therapy after LT has significant toxicity and limited efficacy. The effect of a human monoclonal antibody targeting the HCV E2 glycoprotein (MBL-HCV1) on viral clearance was examined in a randomized, double...
Article
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of peginterferon-α-2b plus ribavirin in patients with recurrent hepatitis C after orthotopic liver transplant. Reinfection of liver allografts in hepatitis C virus -infected transplant recipients begins immediately after transplantation. Treatment of these patients is challenging because of poor tolerability. A m...
Article
Ascites is the pathologic accumulation of fluid in the peritoneum. It is the most common complication of cirrhosis, with a prevalence of approximately 10%. Over a 10-year period, 50% of patients with previously compensated cirrhosis are expected to develop ascites. As a marker of hepatic decompensation, ascites is associated with a poor prognosis,...
Article
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major public health concern and a leading cause of chronic liver disease and liver transplantation. If the virus is not eradicated before liver transplantation, HCV infection can recur in almost all patients. Recurrent HCV after liver transplantation has a variable clinical course. Rarely, a severe cholestatic form...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Peginterferon-ribavirin therapy is the current standard of care for chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV). The rate of sustained virologic response has been below 50% in cases of HCV genotype 1 infection. Boceprevir, a potent oral HCV-protease inhibitor, has been evaluated as an additional treatment in phase 1 and phase 2 studi...
Article
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major public health concern and a leading cause of chronic liver disease and liver transplantation. If the virus is not eradicated before liver transplantation, HCV infection recurs in almost all patients. Recurrent HCV after liver transplantation has a variable clinical course. Rarely, a severe cholestatic form of...
Article
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with portal hypertension [portopulmonary hypertension (PPHTN)] occurs in 2% to 10% of patients with advanced liver disease and carries a very poor prognosis without treatment. Most hepatic transplantation centers consider moderate to severe PPHTN to be a contraindication to liver transplantation beca...
Article
An uncommon manifestation of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is systemic vasculitis associated with type II cryoglobulinemia (cryoglobulinemic vasculitis), a proliferative B cell disorder that transforms into B cell malignancy in 5-10% of patients. The monoclonal rheumatoid factors (mRF) that bear the WA cross-idiotype (Xid) are responsible for m...
Article
In regions with a limited deceased donor pool, living donor adult liver transplantation (LDALT) has become an important treatment modality for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cirrhosis. Studies have shown higher recurrence rates of HCC after LDALT in comparison with deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT). The aim of our study...
Article
Cholestatic allograft dysfunction following liver transplantation (LT) can result from many different underlying pathogenetic mechanisms and is a major cause of morbidity and graft loss. Although recurrence of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a described entity following LT, the diagnosis is difficult and requires exclusion of common risk fa...
Article
Recurrent hepatitis C after liver transplantation is a universal phenomenon. Graft reinfection occurs rapidly; once it is established, allograft cirrhosis and decompensation rapidly ensue in many patients. Treatment with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin is the standard of care among nontransplant patients with hepatitis C; however, the applicabi...
Article
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a generally progressive, sometimes fatal chronic hepatobiliary disorder for which no effective medical therapy now exists. This article describes the epidemiology of this disease, along with diagnosis and treatment options. Future research directions concerning PSC also are discussed.
Article
Des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin (DCP) and Lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive fraction of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP-L3) are surveillance markers used to detect hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Japan. This study evaluated their utility, alone or in combination, in a North American population. Patients with hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis were followe...
Article
Routine versus selective predonation liver biopsy (LBx) remains controversial for assuring the safety of right hepatic lobe live donor (RHLD). Between December 1999 and March 2007, 403 potential RHLD were evaluated; 142 donated. Indications for selective LBx were: abnormal liver function tests or imaging studies, body mass index (BMI) >28, history...
Article
Methasteron is a nutritional supplement used to increase weight or accelerate the build-up of muscle mass. The aim of this study was to describe 5 cases of hepatotoxicity in patients using methasteron seen at tertiary-care medical centers. A case report design was used. Five previously healthy patients who used methasteron developed jaundice 2 week...
Article
Pegylated interferon and ribavirin have been the standard treatment for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) since 2001. In the USA, hepatitis C is the most common blood-borne infection and the leading cause of cirrhosis requiring liver transplantation. Due to heightened awareness, more patients are being screened and diagnosed with CHC. Interferon-based ther...
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Full-text available
In patients with cirrhotic liver diseases, supplementation of linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid often does not alter the levels of arachidonic acid (AA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), suggesting the necessity to directly provide these nutrients. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled fashion, 9 cirrhotic patients...
Article
Lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive fraction of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP-L3%) has been reported to be useful in the early detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Japan. The aim of this prospective study was to compare the clinical utility of AFP-L3% with that of total AFP in North American patients. Patients with chronic hepatitis (CH) C virus-...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 or 3 have sustained virologic response rates of approximately 80% after receiving treatment with peginterferon and ribavirin for 24 weeks. We conducted a large, randomized, multinational, noninferiority trial to determine whether similar efficacy could be achieved with only 16 we...
Article
Wait-listed (n = 226) or post-liver transplantation (n = 241) chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV) were treated with adefovir dipivoxil for a median of 39 and 99 weeks, respectively. Among wait-listed patients, serum HBV DNA levels became undetectable (<1,000 copies/mL) in 59% and 65% at weeks 48 and...
Article
Clinicopathologic trends of recurrent hepatitis C after liver transplantation (LT) in hepatitis C (HCV) patients seem to have changed in recent years. Our aims were to define the current post-LT patterns of HCV recurrence and identify features of diagnostic and/or prognostic significance. Detailed analysis was performed on 92 HCV patients who under...
Article
Unlabelled: Aberrant expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in hepatocellular carcinoma was described in Asia. Using immunohistochemistry, we studied the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in hepatocellular carcinoma, chronic hepatitis, and cirrhosis in a US institution. A staining score of 0-5 representing the sum of an intensity score and a distribution sco...
Article
KEY CONCEPTS: 1. Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) in the nontransplant setting is a chronic, progressive liver disease characterized by diffuse stricturing of the biliary tree, cholestatic liver enzymes, and a compatible liver biopsy. 2. Cholangiography reveals irregularity of the bile duct wall, strictures, beading, and diverticula. 3. The typ...
Article
The Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scoring system, a validated objective liver disease severity scale, was adopted in February 2002 to allocate cadaveric organs for liver transplantation (LT). To improve transplantability before succumbing to advanced disease, patients with low-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are given extra points i...
Article
We present our program experience with 85 live donor adult liver transplantation (LDALT) procedures using right lobe grafts with five simultaneous live donor kidney transplants using different donors performed over a 6-year period. After an "early" 2-year experience of 25 LDALT procedures, program improvements in donor and recipient selection, preo...
Article
The development of de novo autoimmune liver disease after liver transplantation (LT) has been described in both children and adults. Reported herein is a case that is best characterized as post-LT de novo hepatitis with features of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH)-primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) overlap. A 56-year-old man underwent LT for decompensated l...
Article
PURPOSE: Hepatic hydrothorax (HH) occurs in 5% of cirrhotic patients. Current treatment includes repeated thoracentesis, trans-jugular intrahepatic porto-systemic shunt (TIPS), pleurodesis, pleuroperitoneal or peritoneovenous shunt. Use of indwelling tunneled pleural catheter (ITPC) in symptomatic HH has not been reported. We present our experience...
Article
Previous uncontrolled studies have suggested that patients with hepatic iron overload have a poor outcome after liver transplantation. We examined the effect of HFE mutations on posttransplantation survival in patients with hepatic iron overload. Two hundred sixty patients with end-stage liver disease and hepatic iron overload were enrolled from 12...
Article
Liver transplantation (LT) has become the optimal treatment for stages I and II hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Based on our 20-year experience, changes in staging, techniques, and patient selection have improved survival over the past 20 years. Herein, we determine if pre-LT treatment for HCC alters the long-term outcomes in patients with HCC. Out...
Article
The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a frequent and incurable complication of cirrhosis, continues to rise. Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has been proposed as a treatment for unresectable, intrahepatic HCC limited in extent to the Milan criteria adopted by the United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS) in 1998. More recently, somew...
Article
Steatosis is a common finding that is seen in patients with both chronic hepatitis C and alcoholic liver disease; however, the extent of involvement in the former is generally minimal to mild. We present 2 patients who underwent live donor liver transplantation for end-stage liver disease that was caused by chronic hepatitis C (genotype 3) and alco...
Article
Severe macrosteatosis in the donor liver is considered a major predictive factor of primary graft non-function. Such livers are usually discarded despite an ever-growing need for donor livers. We report our recent experience in a patient (#1) who had an excellent outcome following liver transplantation (LT) of a 65-70% macrosteatotic graft and comp...
Article
A retrospective analysis of 51 primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) patients who underwent liver transplant (LT) identified 16 with xanthogranulomatous cholangiopathy (XGC) at the native liver hilum. Pre-LT clinical and laboratory data and post-LT course and outcome of patients with XGC were compared with the 35 PSC patients without XGC. The XGC an...
Article
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) may worsen liver function and decrease survival in some patients. The Child-Pugh classification has several drawbacks when used to determine survival in such patients. The survival of 231 patients at 4 medical centers within the United States who underwent elective TIPS was studied to develop st...
Article
Post–orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) recurrence of hepatitis C is virtually universal, but histological progression of disease is not. This study examines long-term clinical and liver histological features at and after OLT to elucidate factors predictive of hepatitis C recurrence and progression after OLT. A blinded retrospective review of c...
Article
The course and outcome of patients after liver transplantation (LT) for primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) are still debated. Our purpose is to define retrospectively, the post-LT clinicopathologic findings seen in 51 PSC patients with a follow-up of 2 to 14 years. Of the total 51 patients, 16 with native liver hilar xanthogranulomatous cholangio...
Article
Live donor adult liver transplantation (LDALT) utilizing right-lobe grafts is now acceptable as an alternative to cadaveric orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). However, some LDALTs fail and require urgent OLT or result in recipient death. Our aim was to determine the basis of LDALT failure. Liver specimens from 49 LDALT recipients were evaluate...
Article
Previous studies of healthy live-liver donors have suggested that complete liver regeneration occurs within a matter of weeks; however, there have been no long-term studies evaluating liver regeneration and few studies documenting long-term donor outcome. Fifty-one donors who provided right-lobe grafts underwent volumetric spiral computed tomograph...
Article
Although recurrent primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) after liver transplantation (LT) has been reported, the full spectrum of changes and progression to fibrosis and cirrhosis is not yet established. We performed a detailed retrospective clinicopathologic analysis of 43 patients who underwent LT for PBC. Eight patients (18.6%) had definite recurrent...
Article
The incidence of cryptogenic cirrhosis (CC) has decreased since the discovery of hepatitis C virus (HCV), still the etiology in 5% of cases with cirrhosis remains unresolved. Our aims were to define the clinicopathologic features of CC at liver transplantation (LT), evaluate the post-LT course with outcome and define the possible pathogenetic mecha...
Article
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a ubiquitous infectious agent that typically causes minimal disease in immunocompetant hosts. Organ transplant recipients are, however, at risk of reactivation of the disease due to immunosuppression. This can result in significant morbidity and rarely graft loss. Despite diagnostic laboratory advances, detection of the inf...
Article
Alcoholic cirrhosis with or without hepatitis C is a common indication for liver transplantation (LT). Comparative post-LT data for the 2 groups are not available. Our aim is to compare the clinicopathologic features of patients with alcoholic liver disease (ETOH) and ETOH/HCV at the time of and after LT and to determine the impact of concomitant h...
Article
We evaluated centrilobular histologic changes seen on post-orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) biopsies to refine the pathologic diagnosis by systematic study of morphologic and clinical data with possible identification of prognostic criteria. A total of 110 biopsies with zone 3 pathology from 59 patients were reviewed and correlated with clini...
Article
With the success of pediatric live donor liver transplantation (LDLT) and the continued shortage of cadaveric donors, adult-to-adult LDLT has been performed at some centers, including ours. We performed a detailed histologic review of all liver specimens obtained from 9 adult recipients at and after LDLT and correlated these findings with the patie...
Article
Life-threatening hypophosphatemia (phosphorus < 1.0 mg/dL) has been reported only once after liver resection for tumor and was associated with a significant increase in postoperative complications. Hypophosphatemia is associated with reversible cardiac dysfunction, hypoventilation, and impaired immunity. The purpose of this study was to determine t...
Article
Live donor adult liver transplantation (LDALT) is a safe and efficacious treatment for patients with end-stage liver disease. Case-control study. Hepatobiliary surgery and liver transplantation unit. From December 10, 1998, through April 10, 2000, a single team performed 15 LDALT procedures with 2 simultaneous living donor kidney transplants. Durin...