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Frederico Gemesio Lemos

Frederico Gemesio Lemos
Universidade Federal de Catalão · Departamento de Ciências Biológicas / Instituto de Biotecnologia

PhD
Professor at Federal University of Catalão and Coordinator of the research group Cerrado Mammals Conservation Program

About

71
Publications
39,117
Reads
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559
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2007 - January 2016
Universidade Federal de Goiás
Position
  • Researcher and Animal Ecology/Vertebrates Professor

Publications

Publications (71)
Article
Cabassous tatouay occurs in moist forests, savannas, and grasslands of south, central, and northeastern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, northeastern Argentina, and Uruguay. Despite its wide distribution range, C. tatouay is scarcely recorded in some regions. This study aimed to: present new records of C. tatouay; compile the localities where the species...
Article
Full-text available
Human-modified landscapes have been threatening mammal populations worldwide. However, little is known about the genetic consequences of these impacts in long term for most species. Here, we analyzed the genetic diversity and population structuring of a top predator, the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), to investigate genetic signatures that cou...
Article
The hoary fox Lycalopex vetulus is the only wild canid endemic to Brazil, occurring mainly in open and mesic habitats of the Cerrado savanna and its ecotones. Here, we report the first photographic records of L. vetulus in a xeric habitat of a Caatinga dry forest–Cerrado savanna ecotone. We obtained four registers in the 2019 dry season through cam...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A brief communication in Brazilian virtual conference of the main result of hoary fox habitat selection research. We studied the space use of this vulnerable carnivore in an agroecosystem used for livestock production. We aligned foxes’ movement ecology with livestock management by searching for those habitats selected by foxes that also improve ca...
Article
Animal coloring serves several functions, including camouflage and thermoregulation. However, some individuals have anomalous coloring patterns due to excess (melanism) or deficiency (albinism, leucism, or piebaldism) in melanin production. Although these anomalies occur in several species, there are few cited cases. Here, we report the occurrence...
Chapter
Full-text available
Os canídeos compõem um grupo bem sucedido de mamíferos carnívoros, tanto no tempo passado como no presente. Apresentam uma distribuição ampla, são abundantes, bem adaptados e atualmente estão representados por muitas espécies. Além disso, desempenham um papel importante nas cadeias alimentares, controlando populações de presas e ajudando a manter a...
Article
Full-text available
We present new records of Hoary Fox, Lycalopex vetulus (Lund, 1842), and Pantanal Cat, Leopardus braccatus Cope, 1889, from a Cerrado-Caatinga-Atlantic Forest ecotone, Brazil. Records are based on three roadkilled specimens (two Hoary Foxes and one Pantanal Cat) from Vitória da Conquista, southern Bahia. Although highly anthropized, the region stil...
Article
The maintenance of viable carnivore populations along human-dominated landscapes depends on the understanding of the species requirements that are critical to the design of global actions focused on their conservation. Using resource selection function and a spatial analysis approach, we evaluated large carnivore habitat use in a disturbed landscap...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract.Mammalian carnivores are considered a key group in maintaining ecologicalhealth and can indicate potential ecological integrity in landscapes where they occur. Carni-vores also hold high conservation value and their habitat requirements can guide managementand conservation plans. The order Carnivora has 84 species from 8 families in the Ne...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity loss is currently one of the most important societal concerns worldwide, and it is caused mainly by habitat loss and fragmentation, biological invasion, and climate change (Vitousek et al. 1996, Newbold et al. 2015, Bellard et al. 2016). Introduced species can have positive effects on human well‐being, especially when used for liveliho...
Article
Full-text available
Mammalian carnivores are considered a key group in maintaining ecological health and can indicate potential ecological integrity in landscapes where they occur. Carnivores also hold high conservation value and their habitat requirements can guide management and conservation plans. The order Carnivora has 84 species from 8 families in the Neotropica...
Article
Full-text available
Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania spp. are parasites that infect multiple hosts including canids, considered bioaccumulators of parasites. Deforestation in the Cerrado biome has resulted in the exposure of wild canids to anthropized areas, where they may establish ecological and epidemiological relationships with domestic dogs. We evaluated the infe...
Article
Full-text available
The Hoary Fox, Lycalopex vetulus, is endemic to the Cerrado of Brazil, a savanna biome under severe anthropogenic pressure and with less than 20% of its original area undisturbed. The estimated number of mature individuals is 9,840-19,200 and it is estimated that the species has undergone a decline of 10% in the last ~12 years due to the joint effe...
Article
Full-text available
Reproduction is key to species survival, and reproductive physiology represents a high priority investigative area for conservation biology, as it provides a basic understanding of critical life-history traits, information that is helpful for the establishment of management strategies. Here, we generated knowledge about the reproductive endocrinolo...
Article
Full-text available
The persistent high deforestation rate and fragmentation of the Amazon forests are the main threats to their biodiversity. To anticipate and mitigate these threats, it is important to understand and predict how species respond to the rapidly changing landscape. The short-eared dog Atelocynus microtis is the only Amazon-endemic canid and one of the...
Article
The increase of contact between natural and rural areas is prominent in Brazil, due to agricultural activities and concern with the environmental conservation. In this context, domestic animals, wild fauna and humans are exposed to mutual exchange of parasites, microorganisms and diseases. We studied tick parasitism of wild carnivores and domestic...
Article
Studies on threatened species in highly modified and unprotected landscapes are necessary for the development of appropriate conservation policies. This is particularly important for species with large home ranges, such as the giant armadillo Priodontes maximus , whose occurrence in anthropogenic landscapes is poorly known despite its categorizatio...
Article
Full-text available
We surveyed infection by Trypanosoma spp. and Leishmania spp. in small wild mammals from Cumari, Goiás State aiming to investigate the diversity of trypanosomatid in a modified landscape of the Brazilian Cerrado (and possible infection overlapping with canids from the same area). Blood, skin, spleen, and liver samples were collected for parasitolog...
Article
Full-text available
The origin of the hepatitis B virus is a subject of wide deliberation among researchers. As a result, increasing academic interest has focused on the spread of the virus in di�ferent animal species. However, the sources of viral infection for many of these animals are unknown since transmission may occur from animal to animal, human to human, anima...
Article
Full-text available
Xenarthrans—anteaters, sloths, and armadillos—have essential functions for ecosystem maintenance, such as insect control and nutrient cycling, playing key roles as ecosystem engineers. Because of habitat loss and fragmentation, hunting pressure, and conflicts with domestic dogs, these species have been threatened locally, regionally, or even across...
Article
Full-text available
Satellite telemetry is an increasingly utilized technology in wildlife research, and current devices can track individual animal movements at unprecedented spatial and temporal resolutions. However, as we enter the golden age of satellite telemetry, we need an in-depth understanding of the main technological, species-specific and environmental fact...
Data
R-code for boosted beta regression (Fix acquisition rate). (R)
Data
Covariate partial effects on the variability of the fix acquisition rate. (PDF)
Data
Tagged individuals per species. (PDF)
Data
Covariate partial effects on the variability of the Overall fix success rate. (PDF)
Data
Trends in observed data. (PDF)
Data
Global dataset for boosted beta regressions. (CSV)
Data
Description of data fields in S1 Data. (CSV)
Data
Satellite telemetry articles published. (PDF)
Data
Distribution of response variables and covariates. (PDF)
Data
Unit purchase and operation costs. (PDF)
Data
R-code for boosted beta regression (Overall fix success rate). (R)
Data
Standardized data collection questionnaire. (PDF)
Data
Satellite telemetry evaluations. (PDF)
Article
Local attitudes towards carnivores often reflect the degree of damage they are perceived to cause. Consequently, understanding the interactions between people and these species is essential to conservation efforts. This study investigated local perceptions of three Cerrado canid species and current chicken management practices, to identify the pote...
Article
Full-text available
We describe the first record of cooperative predation by two crab-eating foxes (Cerdocyon thous) upon an adult short-tailed boa (Boa constrictor amarali) at a Brazilian Cerrado spot. Although it is known that C. thous forages in pairs or in small family groups, there has been no report of crab-eating foxes preying cooperatively on medium and large-...
Article
Animal activity patterns correspond to the individual diel cycle time and is an important attribute of species coexistence in ecological communities. However, activity patterns of most Neotropical species are still poorly understood. Based on an 8-year camera-trapping survey conducted between 2009 and 2017, we evaluated puma (Puma concolor) activit...
Working Paper
Full-text available
Studies on threatened species in highly modified and unprotected landscapes are necessary to the development of appropriate conservation and management policies. This is particularly important for species with large home-ranges, such as the giant armadillo ( Priodontes maximus ), whose occurrence in anthropogenic landscapes is poorly understood des...
Research
Full-text available
Field observation of a pair of crab-eating foxes (Cerdocyon thous) cooperatively preying a Boa constrictor in the surroundings of Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul, Midwest Brazil. Note accepted at Mastozoologia Neotropical.
Research
Full-text available
Field observation of a pair of crab-eating foxes (Cerdocyon thous) cooperatively preying a Boa constrictor in the surroundings of Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul, Midwest Brazil. Note accepted at Mastozoologia Neotropical.
Research
Full-text available
Popular report on the research initiative focused on the Hoary fox (Lycalopex vetulus), carried by the Universidade Federal de Goiás/Programa de Conservação Mamíferos do Cerrado since 2008, in partnership with other institutions, including the Fundação Parque Zoológico de São Paulo.
Article
Full-text available
The bush dog (Speothos venaticus) is a Neotropical canid with a wide geographic distribution. Although globally listed as Near Threatened, this species was listed as Vulnerable in a recent assessment by the Brazilian government. Few records of this mammal have been reported in the Brazilian Cerrado, and it is considered extinct in several localitie...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A Medicina da Conservação analisa as interações entre parasitos e doenças e suas ligações com o sinergismo que regula espécies e ecossistemas. Carnívoros desempenham um papel importante na regulação dos ecossistemas e a atual taxa de extinção de espécies deste grupo de mamíferos é um dos impactos antropogênicos negativos mais preocupantes para a co...
Article
Full-text available
The Brazilian savanna, also known as Cerrado, is one of the world's richest and most ecologically invaluable tropical savanna regions. There are few studies in Brazil about the diseases that affect the wild canids of this biome, which may be harmful to wildlife populations and public health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of a...
Data
Full-text available
Trypanosoma cruzi infectiveness rates (%) of each species at the tips of the phylogeny and values on the phylogenetic eigenvector 1 (P.E.V. 1) from Agnarsson et al. (2010). Infectiveness rates were determined as the total positive/total examined*100 in hemoculture or xenodiagnosis tests. Values are scales and normalized around 0 to have a comparabl...
Data
Trypanosoma cruzi infection rates in Brazil and species’ diet. (PDF) (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Little is known on the role played by Neotropical wild carnivores in the Trypanosoma cruzi transmission cycles. We investigated T. cruzi infection in wild carnivores from three sites in Brazil through parasitological and serological tests. The seven carnivore species examined were infected by T. cruzi, but high parasitemias detectable by hemocultur...
Data
Full-text available
Trypanosoma cruzi infectiveness rates (%) of Neotropical wild carnivores from this study and literature records. Infectiveness rate (INF) for each species based on parasitological tests (hemoculture, xenodiagnosis or fresh blood examination) was calculated by total positive/total examined*100. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
A onça-parda, Puma concolor, possui distribuição ampla no Brasil, ocorrendo em todos os biomas. O tamanho populacional efetivo foi calculado em cerca de 4.000 indivíduos, e em três gerações, ou 21 anos, estima-se que poderá ocorrer um declínio de mais de 10% da subpopulação nacional. As principais ameaças atuais para a espécie são: a supressão e fr...
Article
Full-text available
This species has a broad geographical distribution and is apparently tolerant to antropic disturbances, although not tolerant to urbanization. It is a carnivore present in all brazilian biomes and in many habitat types. Therefore, the species was classified as Least Concern (LC). There is connectivity with the populations in neighboring countries,...
Article
Full-text available
Chrysocyon brachyurus is mainly distributed throughout the Cerrado and Pampas’ biomes. A viability population model was elaborated (using Vortex) for the Cerrado from biological and demographic parameters presented at the Maned Wolf Action Plan Workshop, in 2005. Considering the information given by the model and the generation period (7 years), we...
Article
Full-text available
Justificativa A raposa-do-campo, Lycalopex vetulus, é a única espécie de canídeo brasileiro endêmica do Cerrado, bioma sob alta pressão antrópica e com menos de 20% de sua área original ainda em estado primitivo. Considerando as estimativas mais conservadoras, o Cerrado sofreu um desmatamento de 50% de sua área nos últimos 40 anos; destes, pode-se...
Article
Full-text available
In regions with a pronounced dry season, such as the Cerrado Biome (Brazilian savannah), climate seasonality may affect food availability for canid species and, consequently, their foraging behavior. We investigated seasonal variation in foraging group size of crab-eating foxes (Cerdocyon thous) and hoary foxes (Lycalopex vetulus) in the Cerrado re...
Article
Full-text available
The hoary fox (Lycalopex vetulus) is a small canid (2.5-4 kg), endemic to open landscapes of Cerrado. In contrast, the crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous) is larger (5-8 kg) and presents a wider distribution. We studied foraging group size, food habits, habitat use and parental care of these species from 2003 to 2009 in cattle farms in Goiás and Mina...
Article
Full-text available
We report threats to hoary (Lycalopex vetulus) and crab-eating foxes (Cerdocyon thous) at cattle farms in the southeast of Goiás state, Brazil, and on a federal road at Minas Gerais state, including the possible first documented crab-eating fox intentionally poisoned in Brazil. Greater awareness and understanding of threats faced by Brazilian carni...
Article
Full-text available
We present a species list of the mammals of the Estação Ecológica do Panga, a 404 ha Cerrado reserve in MinasGerais state, Brazil. Using methods ranging from camera traps to direct observations, we documented 46 species in thereserve. Among medium and large-sized mammals, the order Carnivora was the most commonly observed (N=12 species).The highest...
Thesis
Full-text available
Studies focusing syntopic species help to understand how they partition resources and coexist. The objective of this work was to describe the social system, habitat use and diet of the hoary fox (Pseudalopex vetulus) and the crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous), in an area of cattle farms in Central Brazil. It is also reported a confrontation between...
Article
Full-text available
Samples of Amphisbaena fuliginosa from the Cerrado biome are scarce and additional data are needed to clarify the geographic distribution and patterns of differentiation of this species. During field works at a cattle farm in the south of the state of Goiás, Central Brazil, we found an adult individual of A. fuliginosa. Our specimen represents the...
Article
Full-text available
This note describes an aggressive interaction between a crab-eating fox Cerdocyon thous and a hoary fox Pseudalopex vetulus observed on a cattle farm in the south of Goiás State, Central Brazil. The crab-eating fox chased and dis- placed the hoary fox, which was foraging at night in a pasture near a forest fragment. It is believed to be the first r...