Frederick Kroon

Frederick Kroon
University of Auckland · Department of Philosophy

PhD

About

90
Publications
7,150
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548
Citations
Citations since 2016
11 Research Items
219 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202201020304050
Introduction
Frederick Kroon is a professor of Philosophy at the University of Auckland. Frederick does research in the Philosophy of Language, Logic and Metaphysics. His current work is centred on fictionalism, nonexistence, reference, and Meinongianism.

Publications

Publications (90)
Article
In their recent ‘The ethical case for non-directed postmortem sperm donation’, Hodson and Parker outline and defend the concept of voluntary non-directed postmortem sperm donation, the idea that men should be able to register their desire to donate their sperm after death for use by strangers since this would offer a potential means of increasing t...
Chapter
This volume aims to provide an indication of how the discussion of fictionalism has advanced over the past ten to fifteen years, in particular since the publication in 2005 of Mark Kalderon’s Fictionalism in Metaphysics . But the rise of fictionalism as a trend in metaontology raises a fundamental concern: Is fictionalism more than just a loose col...
Chapter
According to dialetheists, there are true contradictions. Anti-dialetheists deny this. David Lewis famously thought that the dialetheist’s toleration of contradiction was beyond the pale and made dialogue between the two sides impossible. But this sceptical view presents him with at least two problems. First, what do we do about the apparent appear...
Chapter
The present chapter describes Mill's account of language and the wider goals that he sets for his account, such as its relation to logic and reasoning. While the main purpose of the chapter is expository, it also engages with the common perception among philosophers of language that Mill's views of language are outdated, apart, possibly, from his p...
Article
In our paper, we mount a novel argument, which trades on recent work by Roy Sorensen [2016 Sorensen, R. 2016. Unicorn Atheism, Nous 50, DOI: 10.1111/nous.12161 [Google Scholar]], following work by Saul Kripke, against Yablo's preferred reading of if-thenism, which is an attempt to read problematically ontologically committing sentences in a way tha...
Chapter
In this chapter I consider the need for consent in two cases of posthumous donation of parts of one’s body: organ donation and the donation of sperm to allow one’s partner to conceive a child after one’s death. What kind of consent is appropriate in these cases and why? In both cases, jurisdictions tend to prefer explicit consent, although many cou...
Article
Frederick Kroon is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Auckland. His main research areas are philosophical logic, ethics and rationality, philosophy of language and metaphysics. He has authored papers in these and other areas for a range of journals, including the Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, The Philosophical Review, The Jour...
Article
Full-text available
This paper compares standard conceptions of consent with the conception of consent defended by Kelton Tremellen and Julian Savulescu in their attempt to re-orient the ethical debate around posthumous sperm procurement and conception, as published in Reproductive BioMedicine Online in 2015. According to their radical proposal, the surviving partner’...
Chapter
This paper describes a certain interpretation of the Buddhists’ view of empty terms argued for by J.L. Shaw in his paper “Empty Terms: the Nyāya and the Buddhists”, and then defends a view of empty terms that in some ways bears a striking resemblance to what Shaw wants to say. The main aim in this paper to show how some of the intuitions that might...
Article
HatcherWilliam S.. The logical foundations of mathematics. Foundations and philosophy of science and technology series. Pergamon Press, Oxford etc. 1982, x + 320 pp. HatcherWilliam S.. Foundations of mathematics. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, London, and Toronto, 1968, xiii + 327 pp. - Volume 51 Issue 2 - Frederick W. Kroon
Chapter
Philosophy of language is a ‘philosophy of’ discipline, concerned with conceptual issues centring on the nature, origin and purpose of language, in all its multifarious uses. As such, it is a relatively new part of philosophy, unlike, say, metaphysics or ethics. The present chapter focuses on philosophy of language in Australasia, but because philo...
Article
Brentano famously changed his mind about intentionality between the 1874 and 1911 editions of Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint (PES). The 1911 edition repudiates the 1874 view that to think about something is to stand in a relation to something that is within in the mind, and holds instead that intentionality is only like a relation (it is ‘...
Article
Post-mortem Sperm Retrieval (PMSR) is seldom requested in Australasia. The retrieval of sperm is permitted only by prior written consent or by order of the court. Sperm should be retrieved within 24 h following death; however, collection within 36 h may still be successful. The clinical response to such a request must be mindful of complex ethical...
Article
This is a survey of contemporary work on ‘fictionalism in metaphysics’, a term that is taken to signify both the place of fictionalism as a distinctive anti-realist metaphysics in which usefulness rather than truth is the norm of acceptance, and the fact that philosophers have given fictionalist treatments of a range of specifically metaphysical no...
Article
The question of the role of theory in the determination of reference of theoretical terms continues to be a controversial one. In the present paper I assess a number of responses to this question (including variations on David Lewis’s appeal to Ramsification), before describing an alternative, epistemically oriented account of the reference-determi...
Article
Dialetheists – those who think there are true contradictions, in defiance of the law of non-contradiction – think that their rejection of ex contradictione quodlibet means that they can’t be saddled with the claim that anything whatsoever is true (and, of course, false). But what precisely is wrong with trivialism, as Priest calls the position that...
Article
This article argues for a certain picture of the rational formation of conditional intentions, in particular deterrent intentions, that stands in sharp contrast to accounts on which rational agents are often not able to form such intentions because of what these enjoin should their conditions be realized. By considering the case of worthwhile but h...
Article
In Reference without Referents, Mark Sainsbury aims to provide an account of reference that honours the common-sense view that sentences containing empty names like �Vulcan� and �Santa Claus� are entirely intelligible, and that many such sentences ��Vulcan doesn�t exist�, �Many children believe that Santa Claus will give them presents at Christmas�...
Article
Full-text available
I'll begin this paper with an autobiographical example — an instance of a common enough kind of case involving agents who are faced with making a choice they strongly care about, but who have tendencies that incline them towards choosing an option they prefer not to choose. Later in the paper, I apply some of the general lessons learned from this c...
Article
This paper begins with a puzzle about certain temporal expressions: phrases like ‘Jones as he was ten years ago’ and ‘the Jones of ten years ago’. There are reasons to take these as substantival, to be interpreted as terms for temporal parts. But it seems that the same reifying strategy would also force us to countenance a host of less attractive p...
Article
This paper suggests that quantified negative existentials about fiction—statements of the form “There are some / many / etc. Fs in work W who don't exist”—offer a serious challenge to the theorist of fiction: more serious, in a number of ways, that singular negative existentials. I argue that the temptation to think that only a realist semantics of...
Article
Mill is a detractor of the view that proper names have meanings, defending in its place the view that names are nothing more than (meaningless) marks. Because of this, Mill is often regarded as someone who anticipated the theory of direct reference for names: the view that the only contribution a name makes to propositions expressed through its use...
Article
In his Why We Need A-Intensions, Frank Jackson argues that representational content [is] how things are represented to be by a sentence in the communicative role it possesses in virtue of what it means, a type of content Jackson takes to be broadly descriptive. I think Jackson overstates his case. Even if we agree that such representational propert...
Article
Kant's distinction between things in themselves and things as they appear, or appearances, is commonly attacked on the ground that it delivers a radical and incoherent ‘two world’ picture of what there is. I attempt to deflect this attack by questioning these terms of dismissal. Distinctions of the kind Kant draws on are in fact legion, and they ma...
Article
Résumé Dans The Varieties of Reference, Gareth Evans fait appel à l'universalité de «existe» et à la sémantique de l'opérateur «réellement» pour expliquer comment les conditions de vérit' correctes pour un 'noncé existentiel négatif de forme «N n'existe pas réellement» sont générées par ceci que le locuteur feint de parler de quelque chose. Plusieu...
Article
This paper suggests that quantified negative existentials about fiction - statements of the form "There are some / many / etc. Fs in work W who don't exist" - offer a serious challenge to the theorist of fiction: more serious, in a number of ways, that singular negative existentials. I argue that the temptation to think that only a realist semantic...
Article
Identity claims often look nonsensical because they apparently declaredistinct things to be identical. I argue that this appearance is notjust an artefact of grammar. We should be fictionalists about such claims,seeing them against the background of speakers' pretense that their wordssecure reference to a plurality of objects that are then declared...
Chapter
Though Kuhn and Feyerabend introduced the idea of referential incommensurability, many have found their account problematic. Subsequent developments in the theory of reference which address some of these problems are reviewed here, from the Kripke and Putnam semantics to the Ramsey-Carnap-Lewis account of theoretical terms with recent modifications...
Article
A Realistic Theory of Categories: An Essay on OntologyChisholmRoderick M.New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996, ix + 146 pp., $49.95, $14.95 paper - Volume 38 Issue 2 - Frederick Kroon
Article
God, by definition, is all-powerful, all-good, all-wise, and all-knowing. Therein lies a problem for the theist, of course, for every one of these attributes has been the subject of fierce debate. In this paper I want to return to the debate by introducing a new problem for the idea that anyone could have the kind of perfect knowledge God is suppos...
Article
This paper deals with a philosophical question that arises within the theory of computational complexity: how to understand the notion of INTRINSIC complexity or difficulty, as opposed to notions of difficulty that depend on the particular computational model used. The paper uses ideas from Blum's abstract approach to complexity theory to develop a...
Article
Justification de l'attitude agent-rationaliste concernant la dissuasion nucleaire contre les critique irrationalistes qui lui sont opposees. L'A. souligne la rationalite de l'intention conditionnelle de dissuasion dans les circonstances nucleaires actuelles, et defend l'integrite deliberative de l'agent rationnel contre l'argument de la fragilite d...
Article
Quelle valeur de verite ont des affirmations d'emotion envers des etres fictionnels tels que ceux de livres et de films? En cherchant une reponse a cette question, l'A. pose le probleme de la croyance en la realite d'une fiction
Article
This paper provides a new solution to the epistemic paradox of ‘belief-instability’, a problem of rational choice which has recently received considerable attention (versions of the problem have been discussed by — among others — Tyler Burge, Earl Conee, and Roy Sorensen). The problem involves an ideally rational agent who has good reason to believ...
Article
Let g E(m, n)=o mean that n is the Gdel-number of the shortest derivation from E of an equation of the form (m)=k. Hao Wang suggests that the condition for general recursiveness mn(g E(m, n)=o) can be proved constructively if one can find a speedfunction s s, with s(m) bounding the number of steps for getting a value of (m), such that mn s(m) s.t...
Article
Critique de l'argument de Pollock contre la these de l'existentialisme logique. L'existence des propositions et proprietes depend de l'existence des entites individuelles qui y apparaissent comme constituants
Article
FineKit. First-order modal theories I—sets. Noûs, vol. 15 (1981), pp. 177–205. FineKit. First-order modal theories. Studia logica, vol. 39 (1980), pp. 159–202. FineKit. First-order modal theories III—facts. Synthese, vol. 53 (1982), pp. 43–122. - Volume 53 Issue 4 - F. W. Kroon
Chapter
It is often thought that there is a tight relationship between the metaphysical issue of realism, including scientific realism, and the semantic issue of how terms refer. Where conceded, this relationship is then commonly described in the following terms: if you are a descriptivist about the mechanism of term-reference, you are almost bound to be a...
Conference Paper
The high level languages here are simplified programming languages focussing attention on various facilities such as recursion and pushdown stores. They are assumed to have some kind of subroutine facility. The notion of power studied is obtained by ...
Article
The Church-Turing thesis is regarded by most philosophers, logicians, and mathematics as clearly correct, although R. L. Epstein and W. A. Carnielli point out in their classic text [Computability: computable functions, logic, and the foundations of mathematics. Pacific Grove, CA: Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole Adv. Books Software (1989)] that debates abou...
Article
Thesis-Princeton Includes bibliographical references. Microfilm of typescript.
Article
The Workshop is part of the Australasian Association of Philosophy (New Zealand Division) Annual Conference to be held in Auckland, New Zealand on 2-7 December 2001. The Workshop consists of seven talks and one roundtable discussion. The programme, including the abstracts of talks, follows.

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Project (1)
Project
Explore and evaluate strategies for the semantics of predicates that occur only in fiction and for the associated ontology and metaphysics.